Panch Ko Jhagaraa

Panch ( ਪੰਚ) = five (passions: lust, anger, greed, attachment, and pride), leader, ਚੌਧਰੀ, ਮੁਖੀ, ਪੰਜ ਕਾਮਾਦਿਕ…

Jhagaraa (ਝਗਰਾ) = dispute, variance, contention, scramble, affray, squabble, controversy, tussle, wrangling, scrimmage, quarrel…

Bhagat Kabeer Sahib says that all the quarrels in this world are of the “Panch” (ਚੌਧਰਪਣਾਂ…), egotism or Haumai whose faults are Bikaar such as lust, anger, greed, and so on…

  • ਕਹਤ ਕਬੀਰ ਪੰਚ ਕੋ ਝਗਰਾ ਝਗਰਤ ਜਨਮੁ ਗਵਾਇਆ ॥ ਝੂਠੀ ਮਾਇਆ ਸਭੁ ਜਗੁ ਬਾਧਿਆ ਮੈ ਰਾਮ ਰਮਤ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥੩॥੩॥੨੫॥: Kahat Kabeer panch ko jhagaraa jhagarat janamu gavaaiaa. Jhoothee maya sabhu jagu baadhiaa mai Raam ramat sukhu paaiaa ||3||3||25||: Says Kabeer, (all) the quarrels are of the “Panch”, and quarreling, the (human) life is wasted away. The false (ਮਿਥਿਆ) Maya has bound the whole world, but I have obtained Peace (ਆਤਮਕ ਆਨੰਦ by contemplating the Naam of) the Omniscience Lord. ||3||3||25|| (sggs 482).

The Gurbani here indicates that the Mayaic Budhi or the false ego-sense (Haumai) has defects such as lust, anger, greed, attachment, and pride (and their countless variations). For chieftainship, headman-ship, etc. (ਚੌਧਰਪਣਾਂ…), these Bikaar instigate all the quarrels in this world. In other words, man’s false ego-sense is the root-thought of all other thoughts that instigate all conflicts. In its inflated condition, the ego thus displays all the negativity.

Thus, man’s own thoughts, words, and actions guided by his false ego are the root cause of all his troubles, including religious fanaticism and bigotry. It’s the birth of this false ego that causes the bondage of objectivity and conceptualization, which, in turn, creates havoc in the forest of man’s body. From there it expands to engulf families, communities, nations and then the entire world.

  • ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਲੋਭੁ ਮੋਹੁ ਨਿਤ ਝਗਰਤੇ ਝਗਰਾਇਆ ॥: Kaamu krodhu lobhu mohu nit jhagarate jhagaraaeiaa: Lust, anger, greed and emotional attachment bring continual conflict and strife (sggs 984).
  • ਕਲਿਜੁਗ ਮਹਿ ਧੜੇ ਪੰਚ ਚੋਰ ਝਗੜਾਏ ॥: Kalijuga mahi dharre panch chor jhagarraae: In Kalijuga, the five thieves (i.e., all evil passions or Bikaar) instigate alliances and conflicts (sggs 366).
  • ਹਉਮੈ ਝਗੜਾ ਪਾਇਓਨੁ ਝਗੜੈ ਜਗੁ ਮੁਇਆ ॥: Haumai jgagrhaa paaionjhagrhai jag muiaa: Through egotism, the world is caught in conflict and strife, and it dies (in these quarrels and suffers…). (sggs 790).

The Gurbani asks us as to why do we waste human life in quarrels:

  • ਕਾਹੇ ਜਨਮੁ ਗਵਾਵਹੁ ਵੈਰਿ ਵਾਦਿ ॥: Kaahe janam gavavahu vair vaad: Why do you waste your life in hatred, vengeance and conflict? (sggs 1176).

Clearly, conflict is inevitable until the psychological construction “I” (false ego-sense or Haumai) does not dissolve. But how to dissolve it? By Awakening to the Jot (Mool…) within through the Shabad-Vichaar, Gur-Giaan…

  • ਸਾਚਿ ਸੂਚਾ ਸਦਾ ਨਾਨਕ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦਿ ਝਗਰੁ ਨਿਬੇਰਓ ॥੪॥੨॥: Saachi soochaa sadaa Nanak gur sabadi jhagaru niberao: O Nanak! (Who remains imbued-ਲੀਨ) in the Truth becomes Truthful (ਸੁੱਚੇ ਜੀਵਨ ਵਾਲਾ…); through the Gur-Shabad, (his Mayaic) conflicts are resolved. ||4||2|| (sggs 844).
  • ਅੰਤਰਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਬਦੁ ਧੁਨਿ ਜਾਗੈ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਝਗਰੁ ਨਿਬੇਰੈ ॥੩॥: Antari joti sabadu dhuni jaagai satuguru jhagaru nibairai: (Who becomes the Gurmukh) the Divine Light (Aatam Giaan, Divine Knowledge…) and the Mmelody of the Shabad (ਗੁਰ-ਸਬਦ ਦੀ ਮਿੱਠੀ ਲਗਨ…) within the Heart is awakened; the Satguru settles conflicts (of his Mayaic mind – he attains Aatam Giaan, Spiritual Wisdom…). ||3|| (sggs 489).
  • ਗੁਰ ਪੂਰੇ ਮਿਲਿ ਝਗਰੁ ਚੁਕਾਇਆ ॥: Gur poore mili jhagaru chukaaiaa: Meeting with the Perfect Gur (Giaan…), conflict is ended, (sggs 395).

Thus, in nutshell, the Gurbani asks us to become the Gurmukh (Spiritual Being, the follower of the Truth…). The Gurbani indicates that without becoming the Gurmukh, one cannot escape the inferno of the false ego-sense (Haumai).

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਹਉਮੈ ਅਗਨਿ ਨਿਵਾਰੀ ॥: Internalization of the spiritual Message of the Shabad (the Gurmukh-Hood State of Mind) eliminates Haumai (the root of vices or Bikaar). (sggs 943).
  • ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਕੇ ਭਗਤ ਨਿਰਵੈਰ ॥: Paarbram kae bhagat nirvair: The devotees of the Supreme Lord are beyond hate and vengeance (sggs 1145).