The Satgur’s Sword of Wisdom

The Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) asserts: (1) Giaan (Wisdom) is the Guru, (2) it’s our consciousness (Surat-ਸੁਰਤ) that needs to become a Sikh (ਸਿਖਿਆਰਥੀ, or learner, or student of the SGGS).

  • ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਮੈ ਸੋ ਗੁਰੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਜਾ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ਬਿਬੇਕੋੁ ॥੪॥੫॥: Says Kabeer, I have found that Guru, whose Name is “Bibek(u)” (Wisdom, Discerning Intelligence…). ||4||5|| (sggs 793).
  • ਗੁਰੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਗੁਰੁ ਰਿਦੈ ਧਿਆਨੁ ॥: Guru is my Giaan (Knowledge or Wisdom…), the Guru is (ever) within my Heart; this is my meditation (Dhiaan, Reflection, contemplation …). (sggs 864).
  • ਅੰਤਰਿ ਤੀਰਥੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਹੈ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਦੀਆ ਬੁਝਾਇ ॥: Deep within is the sacred shrine (Teerath) of Giaan (Spiritual Wisdom…), which the Satigur has revealed (sggs 587).
  • ਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਨਾਮ ਰਤਨੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥: The Jewel of Giaan (Wisdom) is obtained from the Guru (sggs 1044).
  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਹਰਿ ਤਤੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਾ ॥: Giaan (Wisdom) is obtained from the Satigur; (with this Giaan, one learns) to reflect on Hari (Mool, Universal Energy, Divine Virtues…). (sggs 163).

Satgur is “Giaan” and “Abinaasee”

The SGGS asserts that the Satgur (Knowledge of Truth – ਸਚਾ ਗਿਆਨ, Wisdom…) is “Abinaasee” (imperishable, everlasting, immortal, etc.). The SGGS further asserts that the Satgur abides in the mind of  everybody (“ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਸਾਚਾ ਮਨਿ ਵਸੈ”), but needs to be Awakened by churning the Gurbani!

  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਸਦਾ ਸਦਾ ਨਾ ਆਵੈ ਨਾ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਓਹੁ ਅਬਿਨਾਸੀ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਹੈ ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਰਹਿਆ ਸਮਾਇ ॥੧੩॥: My Satguru is Everlasting (Immortal, etc.), who neither comes nor goes. The Satguru is Imperishable (immortal), and pervades within all. ||13|| (sggs 759).
  • ਗੁਰੁ ਮੇਰੈ ਸੰਗਿ ਸਦਾ ਹੈ ਨਾਲੇ ॥: My Guru is always with me, near at hand (sggs 394).
  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਜਿਸ ਨੋ ਮਤਿ ਆਵੈ ਸੋ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਮਾਹਿ ਸਮਾਨਾ ॥: (One who) imbibes (accepts…) the Wisdom (intellect, understanding, sense, Bibek-Budhi…) of the Satigur’s Teachings, is absorbed into the Satigur (he permeates into the Satigur’s Teaching…). (sggs 797).

Sword in the Gurbani is a metaphor for Knowledge

Sword (“Kharragu-ਖੜਗੁ”, ਕਿਰਪਾਨ, ਤਲਵਾਰ …) is used in the SGGS as a metaphor for the Divine Knowledge (Giaan, or Spiritual Wisdom).

  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗੁ ਹਥਿ ਦੀਨਾ ਜਮਕੰਕਰ ਮਾਰਿ ਬਿਦਾਰੇ ॥: In the hands of (whosoever) the Satgur has placed the Sword of Spiritual Wisdom, (he) has overcome and killed the “Jamkankar” (has rended the danger of death to his spiritual life). (sggs 574).
  • ਕਾਢਿ ਖੜਗੁ ਗੁਰ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਕਰਾਰਾ ਬਿਖੁ ਛੇਦਿ ਛੇਦਿ ਰਸੁ ਪੀਜੈ ॥੩॥: Drawing out the Mighty Sword of the (ਗੁਰ ਗਿਆਨ) Gur’s Spiritual Wisdom, cut (ਵੱਢ ਵੱਢ ਕੇ) the poisonous (snake of Maya); and (thus one can) drink in the (Spiritual) Essence (ਆਤਮ ਰਸ, ਨਾਮ ਰਸ, ਗਿਆਨ ਰਸ …). ||3|| (sggs 1324).
  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਕਾ ਖੜਗੁ ਸੰਜੋਉ ਹਰਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਹੈ ਜਿਤੁ ਕਾਲੁ ਕੰਟਕੁ ਮਾਰਿ ਵਿਡਾਰਿਆ ॥: The sword and armor of the Satguroo is Hari Bhagti; whereby, (he has) smitten and removed the thorn of “Kaal” (thoughts, fear of death…). (sggs 312).

The Gurbani urges us to take up this Sword of the Divine Knowledge. Because, without applying the Divine Knowledge of the Gur-Shabad, a Sikh cannot hope for any positive change or improvement in life. According to the Gurbani, mere talk, mere reading, or mere memorizing of the Gurbani, or mere “Bhekh” (religious garbs, symbols…), etc., that are manufactured and propagated by the crafty Pujaaree system will not do the trick! Instead, the SGGS urges us to obtain the Sword of the Gur-Giaan.

  • ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਸੁਨਿ ਕਛੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਨ ਉਪਜਿਓ ਪਸੁ ਜਿਉ ਉਦਰੁ ਭਰਉ ॥: Listening to the Gurmat (Shabad-Giaan, Teaching of the Gurbani, etc.), (if) no Spiritual Wisdom (understanding of the Spiritual Life…) wells up within; (then it would be) like a beast (routinely) filling its belly (sggs 685).
  • ਗੁਰ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਖੜਗੁ ਹਥਿ ਧਾਰਿਆ ਜਮੁ ਮਾਰਿਅੜਾ ਜਮਕਾਲਿ ॥੭॥: Gur-Giaan (Gur-Wisdom) is the sword; (a person who holds this sword of Wisdom) in his hand, with this destroyer of (Aatmak or spiritual) death kills the Jamkaal (kills the fear of Aatmak or spiritual death by this sword of Wisdom). ||7|| (sggs 235).

The Satgur’s Sword is for the mind to wear!

This Sword of the Satgur’s Giaan or Wisdom (“Giaan Kharragu”) is for the mind to wear (Gurmukh-hood).

  • ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗੁ ਲੈ ਮਨ ਸਿਉ ਲੂਝੈ ਮਨਸਾ ਮਨਹਿ ਸਮਾਈ ਹੇ ॥੩॥: Taking up the Sword of the Spiritual Wisdom, struggle with the mind, and (all Mayaic desires, thoughts, ਫੁਰਨੇ, ਖੋਟੀ ਮਨਸਾ, etc., ) born of the mind are nipped within the mind. ||3|| (sggs 1022).
  • ਮਤਿ ਗੁਰ ਆਤਮ ਦੇਵ ਦੀ ਖੜਗਿ ਜੋਰਿ ਪਰਾਕੁਇ ਜੀਅ ਦੈ ॥: The “Gur” implanted the Almighty Sword of the Teachings (ਸਿੱਖਿਆ…) to illuminate the Divine Soul (ਆਤਮ ਦੇਵ…). (sggs 966).
  • ਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਅਤਿ ਖੜਗੁ ਕਰਾਰਾ ॥: From the “Gur”, I have obtained the supremely powerful sword of the Spiritual Wisdom (sggs 1087).

The reason this Sword of the Guru is for the mind to wear is that the mind (or Aatmaa) can ONLY wear the sword of the Wisdom (Giaan…)!

To this end, Baabaa Nanak with an example of “thread” (Janaeoo) reminds us that all other religious paraphernalia concocted and perpetuated by the fraudulent Pujaaree groups that you put on the ephemeral body-frame, in the end, all  will drop off the body (when the dead body-frame is placed on pyre or tossed into a cremation furnace)!

  • ਓਹੁ ਮੁਆ ਓਹੁ ਝੜਿ ਪਇਆ ਵੇਤਗਾ ਗਇਆ ॥੧॥: (Janaeoo or sacred thread) drops off (the body upon getting burnt in the pyre of that man, and he thus) departs without the thread (i.e., the religious symbol of thread does not continue with the soul)! (sggs 471).

Hence, the SGGS asserts that the Satguru (ਸਚਾ ਗਿਅਨ, true Wisdom, Knowledge of Truth…) is realized or obtained only when the mind ever stays in the Presnece of the Satguru (true Wisdom, Knowledge of Truth…).

  • ਨਾਨਕ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਤਾਂ ਮਿਲੈ ਜਾ ਮਨੁ ਰਹੈ ਹਦੂਰਿ ॥੨॥: O Nanak! The Satguru is met(i.e., true Wisdom is realized…) when the mind remains in (Satguru’s) Presence. ||2|| (sggs 84).

Purpose of wearing the Satgur’s Sword of Wisdom

The purpose of the Guru’s Sword of the Wisdom is to slay the head of Haumai (false ego-sense), Maya, duality, doubts, thoughts, desires, ਫੁਰਨੇ, ਕਲਪਨਾ, Bikaar (lust, anger, greed…) ignorance, etc.

Hence, the real proof of Wisdom according to the Gurbani is the annihilation of one’s Haumai (false ego-sense and all its faults such as lust, anger, greed, etc.), doubts, ignorance, mind’s wanderings

  • ਬਾਝੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਡੁਬਾ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ॥੨॥: Without Giaan (Wisdom), the world is drowning (in ignorance). ||2|| (sggs 138).
  • ਅੰਤਰਿ ਤਤੁ ਗਿਆਨਿ ਹਉਮੈ ਮਾਰੇ ॥: (Who reflects on the Shabad: Shabad-Vichaar) Within (him) “Tatt Giaan” (ਆਤਮ ਗਿਆਨ, Spiritual Wisdom…) awakens, (and with the help of this “Tatt Giaan”, he) kills his ego (sggs 128).
  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਊਪਜੈ ਤਾਂ ਇਹ ਸੰਸਾ ਜਾਇ ॥: When Giaan (Wisdom) wells up (within) through the Satigur, then (the mind’s) doubt gets dispelled. (sggs 1276).
  • ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗ ਪੰਚ ਦੂਤ ਸੰਘਾਰੇ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਜਾਗੈ ਸੋਇ ॥: (The person who) With the sword of the Spiritual Wisdom kill the five demons (i.e., ego and all its faults – lust, anger,greed, etc.), (he) remains Awake and Aware because of the Gurmat (Teaching of the Gurbani…). (sggs 1414).

Therefore, whatever we do, the Giaan-Guru asks us to use the intellect (Wisdom, commonsense, reasoning, Bibek, Akal…). The Gurbani asserts “other things lead to Satanic life” (“ਹੋਰਿ ਗਲਾਂ ਸੈਤਾਨੁ”). In other words, the Giaan-Guru does not want us to behave like sheep!

  • ਅਕਲੀ ਪੜ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ਕੈ ਬੁਝੀਐ ਅਕਲੀ ਕੀਚੈ ਦਾਨੁ ॥ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਆਖੈ ਰਾਹੁ ਏਹੁ ਹੋਰਿ ਗਲਾਂ ਸੈਤਾਨੁ ॥੧॥: One should read (Bani) with intelligence, and then understand its real essence (i.e., assimilate it). Also, one should use intelligence in giving charity. Says Nanak, this is the True Path; other things lead to Satanic life ||1|| (sggs 1245).

It should be noted that terms like Bhagti, Naam, Giaan, Gun (ਗੁਣ-Virtues), Shabad, Hukam, Universal Energy, Law of Nature, etc., are woven through and through (“ਓਤਿ ਪੋਤਿ”).

ਬਲਿਹਾਰੀ ਗੁਰ ਆਪਣੇ ਦਿਉਹਾੜੀ ਸਦ ਵਾਰ ॥ ਜਿਨਿ ਮਾਣਸ ਤੇ ਦੇਵਤੇ ਕੀਏ ਕਰਤ ਨ ਲਾਗੀ ਵਾਰ ॥: Hundred times a day, I am a sacrifice unto my “Gur” (i.e., Wisdom or Giaan-Guru), who without any delay made “Devtae” (i.e., noble men of Divine Virtues) out of “Maanaas” (i.e., those with  defective minds – devoid of Virtues). (sggs 462).

Filed Under: Bhagti, Devotion, Worship, Giaan, Wisdom, Ignorance, Gurbani, Naam, Shabad, Hukam, Sikhi, Sikh, Learner
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10 Comments Leave a comment

  1. Sikhism History

    Thank you for sharing this blog. This blog is very informative.

  2. Mohan Singh

    Very informative ji🙏

  3. Dharam Avtar Singh

    Thank you for the work you’re doing. I learn so much from reading your

  4. Prakash S Bagga

    From the contents of the blog it becomes quite clear that •ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਕਾ ਖੜਗੁ
    is HARiNAAMu. as envisaged in Gurbanee.

    • Yes Bhai Sahib Jio!
      Thank you!
      • ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਜਿਨੀ ਆਰਾਧਿਆ ਤਿਨ ਕੇ ਦੁਖ ਪਾਪ ਨਿਵਾਰੇ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗੁ ਹਥਿ ਦੀਨਾ ਜਮਕੰਕਰ ਮਾਰਿ ਬਿਦਾਰੇ ॥: Hari Hari Naamu jinee aaraadhiaa tin ke dukh paap nivaare. Satiguri Giaan Kharragu hathi deenaa jamakankar maari bidaare (sggs 574).

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