The Satgur’s Sword of Wisdom

The Gurmat Wisdom of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) asserts: (1) Giaan (Wisdom) is the Guru, (2) it’s our consciousness (Surat-ਸੁਰਤ) that needs to become a Sikh (ਸਿਖਿਆਰਥੀ or a learner).

  • ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਮੈ ਸੋ ਗੁਰੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਜਾ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ਬਿਬੇਕੋੁ ॥੪॥੫॥: Says Kabeer, I have found that Guru, whose Name is ‘Bibek(u)’ (Wisdom, discerning Intelligence…). ||4||5|| (sggs 793).
  • ਗੁਰੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਗੁਰੁ ਰਿਦੈ ਧਿਆਨੁ ॥: Guru is my Giaan (Knowledge or Wisdom…), the Guru is (ever) within my Heart; this is my meditation (Dhiaan, Reflection, contemplation …). (sggs 864).
  • ਅੰਤਰਿ ਤੀਰਥੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਹੈ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਦੀਆ ਬੁਝਾਇ ॥: Deep within is the sacred shrine (Teerath) of Giaan (Spiritual Wisdom…), which the Satigur has revealed (sggs 587).
  • ਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਨਾਮ ਰਤਨੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥: The Jewel of Giaan (Wisdom) is obtained from the Guru (sggs 1044).

Satgur is ‘Giaan’ and ‘Abinaasee’

Fittingly, the SGGS asserts that the Satgur is Giaan (Knowledge of Truth – ਸਚਾ ਗਿਆਨ, Wisdom…).

  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਹਰਿ ਤਤੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਾ ॥ ਮਤਿ ਮਲੀਣ ਪਰਗਟੁ ਭਈ ਜਪਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਮੁਰਾਰਾ ॥: Receiving Giaan (Wisdom) from the Satigur and reflecting on Hari Essence (Mool, True Nature or Jot Saroop…),  the polluted intellect becomes enlightened by understanding the Wisdom. (sggs 163).

Furthermore, Satgur is said to be ‘Abinaasee’ (imperishable, everlasting, immortal, etc.). The SGGS further asserts that the Satgur abides in the mind of  everybody (‘ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਸਾਚਾ ਮਨਿ ਵਸੈ’), but needs to be Awakened by churning the Gurbani through the Shabad Vichaar!

  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਸਦਾ ਸਦਾ ਨਾ ਆਵੈ ਨਾ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਓਹੁ ਅਬਿਨਾਸੀ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਹੈ ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਰਹਿਆ ਸਮਾਇ ॥੧੩॥: My Satguru (Sachaa Giaan or true Wisdom) is always there, everywhere, which neither comes nor goes. The Satguru is imperishable, and pervades within all. ||13|| (sggs 759).
  • ਗੁਰੁ ਮੇਰੈ ਸੰਗਿ ਸਦਾ ਹੈ ਨਾਲੇ ॥: My Guru is always with me, near at hand (sggs 394).

Sword in the Gurbani is a metaphor for Knowledge

Sword (‘Kharragu-ਖੜਗੁ’, ਕਿਰਪਾਨ, ਤਲਵਾਰ …) is used in the SGGS as a metaphor for the Knowledge (Giaan, or Wisdom).

  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗੁ ਹਥਿ ਦੀਨਾ ਜਮਕੰਕਰ ਮਾਰਿ ਬਿਦਾਰੇ ॥: The Satgur handed me a Sword of Spiritual Wisdom (i.e. Enlightenment) and with which I have ELIMINATED Jam Doot (i.e. Pain and Vices – ‘ਦੁਖ ਪਾਪ’). (sggs 574).
  • ਕਾਢਿ ਖੜਗੁ ਗੁਰ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਕਰਾਰਾ ਬਿਖੁ ਛੇਦਿ ਛੇਦਿ ਰਸੁ ਪੀਜੈ ॥੩॥: Drawing out the Mighty Sword of the (ਗੁਰ ਗਿਆਨ) Gur’s Spiritual Wisdom, cut (ਵੱਢ ਵੱਢ ਕੇ) the poisonous (snake of Maya); and (thus one can) drink in the (Spiritual) Essence (ਆਤਮ ਰਸ, ਨਾਮ ਰਸ, ਗਿਆਨ ਰਸ …). ||3|| (sggs 1324).
  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਕਾ ਖੜਗੁ ਸੰਜੋਉ ਹਰਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਹੈ ਜਿਤੁ ਕਾਲੁ ਕੰਟਕੁ ਮਾਰਿ ਵਿਡਾਰਿਆ ॥: The sword and armor of the Satguroo is Hari Bhagti; whereby, (he has) smitten and removed the thorn of ‘Kaal’ (thoughts, fear of death…). (sggs 312).

The Gurbani urges us to take up this Sword of Knowledge. Because, for example, without applying Knowledge of the Gur-Shabad, a Sikh cannot hope for any positive change or improvement in life.

According to the Gurbani, mere talk, mere reading, or mere memorizing of the Gurbani, or mere ‘Bhekh‘ (religious garbs, symbols…), etc., that are manufactured and propagated by the crafty Pujaaree-Vaad will not do the trick! Instead, the SGGS urges us to obtain the Sword of the Gur-Giaan.

  • ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਸੁਨਿ ਕਛੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਨ ਉਪਜਿਓ ਪਸੁ ਜਿਉ ਉਦਰੁ ਭਰਉ ॥: Listening to the Gurmat (Shabad-Giaan, Teaching of the Gurbani, etc.), (if) no Spiritual Wisdom (understanding of the Spiritual Life…) wells up within; (then it would be) like a beast (routinely) filling its belly (sggs 685).
  • ਗੁਰ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਖੜਗੁ ਹਥਿ ਧਾਰਿਆ ਜਮੁ ਮਾਰਿਅੜਾ ਜਮਕਾਲਿ ॥੭॥: Take up the Kharag (double-edged sword) of Enlightening Wisdom in your hand and kill the fear of (spiritual) death or Jamm. ||7|| (sggs 235).

The Satgur’s Sword is for the mind to wear!

This Sword of the Satgur’s Giaan or Wisdom (‘Giaan Kharragu’) is for the mind to wear (Gurmukh-hood).

  • ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗੁ ਲੈ ਮਨ ਸਿਉ ਲੂਝੈ ਮਨਸਾ ਮਨਹਿ ਸਮਾਈ ਹੇ ॥੩॥: I fight to overcome the desires of my mind with the double-edged Sword (Kharag) of Wisdom (of the Satguru). ||3|| (sggs 1022).
  • ਮਤਿ ਗੁਰ ਆਤਮ ਦੇਵ ਦੀ ਖੜਗਿ ਜੋਰਿ ਪਰਾਕੁਇ ਜੀਅ ਦੈ ॥: The “Gur” implanted the Almighty Sword of the Teachings (ਸਿੱਖਿਆ…) to illuminate the Divine Soul (ਆਤਮ ਦੇਵ…). (sggs 966).
  • ਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਅਤਿ ਖੜਗੁ ਕਰਾਰਾ ॥: I have obtained very double-edged sharp sword of Spiritual Wisdom from the Guru (Nanak). (sggs 1087).

The reason this Sword of the Guru is for the mind to wear is that the mind cannot wear a metal sword but ONLY the sword of the Wisdom or Giaan!

To this end, Baabaa Nanak with an example of ‘thread’ (Janaeoo) reminds us that all other religious paraphernalia concocted and perpetuated by the fraudulent Pujaaree groups that you put on the ephemeral body-frame, in the end, all will drop off the body when your dead body-frame is placed on pyre or tossed into a cremation furnace!

  • ਓਹੁ ਮੁਆ ਓਹੁ ਝੜਿ ਪਇਆ ਵੇਤਗਾ ਗਇਆ ॥੧॥: (Janaeoo or sacred thread) drops off (the body upon getting burnt in the pyre of that man, and he thus) departs without the thread (i.e., the religious symbol of thread does not continue with the soul)! (sggs 471).

Hence, the SGGS tells us that the Satguru (ਸਚਾ ਗਿਆਨ, true Wisdom, Knowledge of Truth…) is realized or Awakened within only when the mind (not just body-frame):

  •  Ever stays in the Presence of or connected to the Satguru’s true Wisdom, Knowledge of Truth – live Gur-Wisdom or Virtues in daily life .
  •  Ever talks about or recollects the Naam (Wisdom, Virtues, Shabad, Truth…).
  •  Never deserts Gur-Giaan or Wisdom in daily life.
  • Never serves or visits tombs (Samaadh, Marhee-Massan, etc.), Derra-Vaad Saadhdom (ਗੁਰੂ ਨੂੰ ਛੱਡ ਕੇ ਕਿਸੇ ਹੋਰ ਬਾਬੇ ਸਾਧਾਂ ਅਗੇ ਮੱਥਾ ਨਹੀ ਟੇਕਦਾ), etc.

The Gurbani confirms all this, and much more:

  • ਗੁਰ ਸਭਾ ਏਵ ਨ ਪਾਈਐ ਨਾ ਨੇੜੈ ਨਾ ਦੂਰਿ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਤਾਂ ਮਿਲੈ ਜਾ ਮਨੁ ਰਹੈ ਹਦੂਰਿ ॥੨॥: The ‘Gur Sabhaa – ਗੁਰ ਸਭਾ'(association or company of the Gur-Giaan or Wisdom) is not obtained by being near or far away (i.e., not obtained through Physical proximity – ਸਰੀਰ ਦੀ ਰਾਹੀਂ). O Nanak! Satiguru (Sachaa Giaan or True Wisdom…) is obtained if (a Sikh’s) mind is kept in Presence (i.e., connected to Sachaa Giaan or True Wisdom). ||2|| (sggs 84).
  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਜਾਣੀਐ ॥ ਜਿਤੁ ਮਿਲਿਐ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਖਾਣੀਐ ॥: (A person) is known to have met the Satiguru (Giaan or Wisdom of Truth…); if by this meeting the Naam (Wisdom, Virtues, Shabad, Truth…) is recollected or lived. (sggs 72).
  • ਜਿਨ ਕੰਉ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਭੇਟਿਆ ਸੇ ਹਰਿ ਕੀਰਤਿ ਸਦਾ ਕਮਾਹਿ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤੁ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਤਿਨ ਕੈ ਮਨਿ ਵਸਿਆ ਸਚੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਸਮਾਹਿ ॥: Those whom the Satiguru has met, ever engage in the divine Naam (Wisdom, Virtues, Shabad, Truth…). Divine Naam automatically abides in their mind and they are absorbed in the True Shabad. (592).
  • ਨਾਨਕ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਸੋ ਜਾਣੀਐ ਗੁਰੂ ਨ ਛੋਡੈ ਆਪਣਾ ਦੂਜੈ ਨ ਧਰੇ ਪਿਆਰੁ ॥੧॥: O Nanak! He alone is deemed united with his Guru, who does not forsake his Guru and does not love duality (second, Maya…). (sggs 1087).
  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਜਿਸ ਨੋ ਮਤਿ ਆਵੈ ਸੋ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਮਾਹਿ ਸਮਾਨਾ ॥: (One who) imbibes (accepts…) the Wisdom (intellect, understanding, sense, Bibek-Budhi, Truth…), is absorbed into the Satigur (he permeates into the Satigur’s Wisdom…). (sggs 797).
  • ਜੇ ਕੋ ਸਿਖੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਸੇਤੀ ਸਨਮੁਖੁ ਹੋਵੈ ॥ ਹੋਵੈ ਤ ਸਨਮੁਖੁ ਸਿਖੁ ਕੋਈ ਜੀਅਹੁ ਰਹੈ ਗੁਰ ਨਾਲੇ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਕੇ ਚਰਨ ਹਿਰਦੈ ਧਿਆਏ ਅੰਤਰ ਆਤਮੈ ਸਮਾਲੇ ॥ ਆਪੁ ਛਡਿ ਸਦਾ ਰਹੈ ਪਰਣੈ ਗੁਰ ਬਿਨੁ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ਕੋਏ ॥ ਕਹੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਸੁਣਹੁ ਸੰਤਹੁ ਸੋ ਸਿਖੁ ਸਨਮੁਖੁ ਹੋਏ ॥੨੧॥: If a Sikh turns (as ‘Sunmukhu’) to the Guru (i.e., whose mind – NOT body – remains connected with the Gur-Giaan or Wisdom, ਅੰਦਰੋਂ ਮਨ ਕਰਕੇ, ਸਰੀਰ ਕਰਕੇ ਨਹੀ). (That Sikh) remembers the Gur-Wisdom in his Heart, and maintains it within his mind. Renouncing selfishness and conceit, Gur-Wisdom remains always his Support (ਟੇਕ), and he does not consider anyone except the Gu-Wisdom (as his Support). Says Nanak! Hear, O Satsangees, such a Sikh can remain as ‘Sunmukhu’ (i.e., his mind remains united to the Wisdom of the Guru). (sggs 919).

Purpose of wearing the Satgur’s Sword of Wisdom

The purpose of the Guru’s Sword of the Wisdom is to slay the head of Haumai (false ego-sense), Maya, duality, doubts, thoughts, desires, ਫੁਰਨੇ, ਕਲਪਨਾ, Bikaar (lust, anger, greed…) ignorance, etc.

Hence, the real proof of Wisdom according to the Gurbani is the annihilation of one’s Haumai (false ego-sense and all its faults such as lust, anger, greed, etc.), doubts, ignorance, mind’s wanderings

  • ਅੰਤਰਿ ਤਤੁ ਗਿਆਨਿ ਹਉਮੈ ਮਾਰੇ ॥: (Who reflects on the Shabad: Shabad-Vichaar) Within (him) ‘Tatt Giaan’ (ਆਤਮ ਗਿਆਨ, Spiritual Wisdom…) awakens, (and with the help of this ‘Tatt Giaan’, he) kills his ego (sggs 128).
  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਊਪਜੈ ਤਾਂ ਇਹ ਸੰਸਾ ਜਾਇ ॥: When Giaan (Wisdom) wells up (within) through the Satigur, then (the mind’s) doubt gets dispelled. (sggs 1276).
  • ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗ ਪੰਚ ਦੂਤ ਸੰਘਾਰੇ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਜਾਗੈ ਸੋਇ ॥: (The person who) With the sword of the Spiritual Wisdom kill the five demons (i.e., ego and all its faults – lust, anger, greed, etc.), (he) remains Awake and Aware because of the Gurmat (Teaching of the Gurbani…). (sggs 1414).

Therefore, whatever we do, the Giaan-Guru asks us to use the intellect (Wisdom, commonsense, reasoning, Bibek, Akal…). The Gurbani asserts ‘other things lead to Satanic life’ (‘ਹੋਰਿ ਗਲਾਂ ਸੈਤਾਨੁ’). In other words, the Giaan-Guru does not want us to behave like sheep!

  • ਧ੍ਰਿਗੁ ਤਿਨਾ ਕਾ ਜੀਵਿਆ ਜਿ ਲਿਖਿ ਲਿਖਿ ਵੇਚਹਿ ਨਾਉ ॥ ਖੇਤੀ ਜਿਨ ਕੀ ਉਜੜੈ ਖਲਵਾੜੇ ਕਿਆ ਥਾਉ ॥ ਸਚੈ ਸਰਮੈ ਬਾਹਰੇ ਅਗੈ ਲਹਹਿ ਨ ਦਾਦਿ ॥ ਅਕਲਿ ਏਹ ਨ ਆਖੀਐ ਅਕਲਿ ਗਵਾਈਐ ਬਾਦਿ ॥ ਅਕਲੀ ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਸੇਵੀਐ ਅਕਲੀ ਪਾਈਐ ਮਾਨੁ ॥ ਅਕਲੀ ਪੜ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ਕੈ ਬੁਝੀਐ ਅਕਲੀ ਕੀਚੈ ਦਾਨੁ ॥ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਆਖੈ ਰਾਹੁ ਏਹੁ ਹੋਰਿ ਗਲਾਂ ਸੈਤਾਨੁ ॥੧॥: Accursed (i.e. worthless, ਲਾਹਨਤ ਯੋਗ) are lives of those who (on account of their selfishness and greed) read and write Naam (i.e. Giaan, Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…) to sell it. Whose crop (i.e. Naam) is destroyed in the fields, what harvest will they have? Without proper self-effort (to change ownself, search ownself etc.) they are not appreciated. (By engaging in selling Naam) to lose one’s intellect in vain – it is not called intellect. Only by using the intellect can ‘Sahib’ (Hukam: System-Rule-Law of Nature-ਨਿਯਮ, the divine Qualities-ਗੁਣ…) be understood. The right use of intellect brings honor everywhere. Only with intellect can we read and understand what is written. The wise man understands how to help the needy (Daan). Says Nanak, that this is the only right way of life; the devil (‘Saitaan(u)) is the one who tells otherwise (i.e. all work without Wisdom is devilish). ||1|| (sggs 1245).

It should be noted that terms like Bhagti, Naam, Giaan, Gun (ਗੁਣ-Virtues), Shabad, Hukam or Law of Nature, Universal Energy, etc., are woven through and through (‘ਓਤਿ ਪੋਤਿ’).

  • ਬਲਿਹਾਰੀ ਗੁਰ ਆਪਣੇ ਦਿਉਹਾੜੀ ਸਦ ਵਾਰ ॥ ਜਿਨਿ ਮਾਣਸ ਤੇ ਦੇਵਤੇ ਕੀਏ ਕਰਤ ਨ ਲਾਗੀ ਵਾਰ ॥: Hundred times a day, I am a sacrifice unto my ‘Gur’ (i.e., Wisdom or Giaan-Guru), who without any delay made ‘Devtae’ (i.e., noble men of Divine Virtues) out of ‘Maanaas’ (i.e., those with  defective minds – devoid of Virtues). (sggs 462).

10 comments

  1. Thank you for the work you’re doing. I learn so much from reading your
    entries.
    Waheguru.

  2. Yes Bhai Sahib Jio!
    Thank you!
    • ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਜਿਨੀ ਆਰਾਧਿਆ ਤਿਨ ਕੇ ਦੁਖ ਪਾਪ ਨਿਵਾਰੇ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗੁ ਹਥਿ ਦੀਨਾ ਜਮਕੰਕਰ ਮਾਰਿ ਬਿਦਾਰੇ ॥: Hari Hari Naamu jinee aaraadhiaa tin ke dukh paap nivaare. Satiguri Giaan Kharragu hathi deenaa jamakankar maari bidaare (sggs 574).

  3. From the contents of the blog it becomes quite clear that •ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਕਾ ਖੜਗੁ
    is HARiNAAMu. as envisaged in Gurbanee.

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