The Egg of Doubt Must Burst

So long a baby bird is enslaved in the eggshell, its not free to fly around. Similarly, mind we humans is enslaved in the eggshell of ‘DOUBT’ (‘Bharam-ਭਰਮ’) superstitions, and so on — we are mentally slave.

Doubt, superstations, rituals (Karamkaand) etc. is a crushing load on mind. This human life is an opportunity to unload the mind of this burden. We have the choice – either we can chose to carry this crushing load around longer and keep suffering throughout life or we can chose to end it HERE and NOW.

The Gurbani (the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, SGGS) addresses the human mind. It’s meant to change the mind (Soch or thinking) for good provided we are willing to change!

The Gurbani being mirror of the mind, it shows the mind its faults, defects, demerits, flaws, Bikaar ( i.e. lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride; and their countless variations). Whether to mend it or not is all up to an individual — personal choice!

For the doubt-ridden mind to become Awake, Aware or Enlightened (wise, sane, rational, prudent…), the Gurbani asserts it must burst open from its eggshell of doubt.

  • ਫੂਟੋ ਆਂਡਾ ਭਰਮ ਕਾ ਮਨਹਿ ਭਇਓ ਪਰਗਾਸੁ ॥ ਕਾਟੀ ਬੇਰੀ ਪਗਹ ਤੇ ਗੁਰਿ ਕੀਨੀ ਬੰਦਿ ਖਲਾਸੁ ॥੧॥ ਆਵਣ ਜਾਣੁ ਰਹਿਓ ॥ ਤਪਤ ਕੜਾਹਾ ਬੁਝਿ ਗਇਆ ਗੁਰਿ ਸੀਤਲ ਨਾਮੁ ਦੀਓ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ : (With the grace of Gur-Giaan or Wisdom) my mind is Enlightened and (as a result, now) the eggshell of doubt (Bharam, delusion) has been broken. The Breaking of the Eggshell was the Liberation of my Shackled (Mind). My Cycle of spiritual birth and death (Aavan Jaan) has Ended. The Flames (of Doubt, desires etc.) Are Extinguished with the Guru‘s spiritually cooling Naam (GiaanWisdom). ||1||Pause|| (sggs 1002).

Since the Gurbani addresses our mind, the Gurbani’s Wisdom is not about physical pain and suffering. Rather it is about the pain and suffering experienced at the level of the mind (Conscience). We are Guided by the Gurbani how to deal with it.

As asserted in the Gurbani, man’s pain and troubles are attributed to his doubt-ridden mind (‘ਭ੍ਰਮ ਕੀ ਕਾਈ’, ‘ਭ੍ਰਮ ਕੀ ਜਾਲੀ’…).

  • ਮਨੁ ਭੂਲਉ ਭਰਮਸਿ ਭਵਰ ਤਾਰ ॥ : The mind, deluded by doubt, buzzes (wanders) around like a bumblebee (sggs 1188).
  • ਰੋਗੁ ਭਰਮੁ ਭੇਦੁ ਮਨਿ ਦੂਜਾ ॥ : The disease of doubt (causes) separation and duality in the mind. (sggs 416).
  • ਭਰਮੇ ਭੂਲਾ ਦੁਖੁ ਘਣੋ ਜਮੁ ਮਾਰਿ ਕਰੈ ਖੁਲਹਾਨੁ ॥ : (The mind) gone astray in doubt, experiences great suffering, the doubt-Jum beats it to a pulp. (sggs 21).

Hence the Gurmat Wisdom of the SGGS indicates that what is called Jum (ਜਮ), in reality, is none other than the mind’s doubt, duality, confusion, Bikaar, superstitions, delusion, ignorance or absence of Naam (Wisdom, Virtues, Truth, etc.), etc.

  • ਅਵਰਿ ਪੰਚ ਹਮ ਏਕ ਜਨਾ ਕਿਉ ਰਾਖਉ ਘਰ ਬਾਰੁ ਮਨਾ ॥ ਮਾਰਹਿ ਲੂਟਹਿ ਨੀਤ ਨੀਤ ਕਿਸੁ ਆਗੈ ਕਰੀ ਪੁਕਾਰ ਜਨਾ ॥੧॥ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮਾ ਉਚਰੁ ਮਨਾ ॥ ਆਗੈ ਜਮ ਦਲੁ ਬਿਖਮੁ ਘਨਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ : O my mind! They are five (lust, anger, greed, etc.). I am but all alone. How can I protect my hearth and home (within, i.e., Virtues, Wisdom, good thoughts…). They daily kill and plunder (my Virtues, Wisdom, good thoughts…). Unto whom can I complain? (O my mind!) Utter the Naam of Raam; (because, stood) before you is (this) awful terrible, and numerous band of Jamm (i.e., lust, anger, greed, etc.). ||1||Pause|| (sggs 155).
  • ਪ੍ਰਭ ਸੁਆਮੀ ਕੰਤ ਵਿਹੂਣੀਆ ਮੀਤ ਸਜਣ ਸਭਿ ਜਾਮ ॥ : Without Prabh (Sach, Truth, Mool…), all friends and companions are like the Jum. (sggs 133).

Therefore, in order to bring the fearful, confused or wandering mind back to its Original Nature (i.e. Jot Saroop), it must be freed from the Jum of doubt (Bharam).

  • ਨਾਨਕ ਭ੍ਰਮ ਭਉ ਕਾਟੀਐ ਚੂਕੈ ਜਮ ਕੀ ਜੋਹ ॥੧॥ : O Nanak! (by Uniting with the Divine within) my doubts and fears get dispelled, and the stare (or fear of) Jum ends. ||1|| (sggs 256).
  • ਭੈ ਭਰਮ ਨਾਠੇ ਛੁਟੀ ਗਾਠੇ ਜਮ ਪੰਥਿ ਮੂਲਿ ਨ ਆਵੀਐ ॥ : (Remembering Naam), all fears and doubts are dispelled, the knot (tied in the mind) is untied, one does not walk on the path of spiritual death at all. (sggs 691).
  • ਭ੍ਰਮ ਭੈ ਤਰੇ ਛੁਟੇ ਭੈ ਜਮ ਕੇ ਘਟਿ ਘਟਿ ਏਕੁ ਰਹਿਆ ਭਰਪੂਰੇ ॥ : (He who remembers Naam), he crosses all the fears and doubts (of the world-ocean), all his fears about the Jum also disappear, he sees One (Rabb) pervading everybody. (sggs 825).
  • ਆਪੁ ਗਇਆ ਭ੍ਰਮੁ ਭਉ ਗਇਆ ਜਨਮ ਮਰਨ ਦੁਖ ਜਾਹਿ ॥ : The human being whose self-conceit is removed, his doubt and fear disappear, and his sorrows of birth and death disappear. (sggs 1093).

So long the mind remains doubt-ridden, one cannot become fearless, Wisdom-oriented, Virtues-oriented, Mool-abided etc.

  • ਅਭਿਆਗਤ ਏਹ ਨ ਆਖੀਅਹਿ ਜਿਨ ਕੈ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਭਰਮੁ ॥ : Whose mind is doubt-ridden cannot be called ‘Abhiaagat‘ (ascetic; hermit, renunciate, Saadhoo etc.). (sggs 1413).
  • ਸੁਣਿ ਸਿਖਵੰਤੇ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਬਿਨਵੈ ਛੋਡਹੁ ਮਾਇਆ ਜਾਲਾ ॥ : O learner (of the Gur-Wisdom: the Sikh, ਸਿੱਖਿਆ ਲੈਣ ਵਾਲਾ)! Listen to the Nanak’s entreaty (ਬੇਨਤੀ)! Renounce Maya-Jaal (bubble of illusion, snare, trap…). (sggs 503).

In fact, Bhagat Kabeer Ji has used very stern words for such people whose minds are filled with doubt yet call themselves Guru, spiritual teachers, Sant, Saadhoo, Brahm-Giaanee, Holy, Sri 108, Baabaa, etc.

  • ਕਬੀਰ ਮਾਇ ਮੂੰਡਉ ਤਿਹ ਗੁਰੂ ਕੀ ਜਾ ਤੇ ਭਰਮੁ ਨ ਜਾਇ ॥ : O Kabeer! Shave (the head of) the mother of that guru, through whom doubt is not dispelled. (sggs 1369).

So, a Guru has to be not only thorough, Perfect and forever but also free of doubt. In order to remove doubts of others, first, a Guru’s own mind has to be free of doubt! If not, such drowning teachers will drown others as well.

  • ਗੁਰਿ ਪੂਰੈ ਸਭੁ ਭਰਮੁ ਚੁਕਾਇਆ ॥ : The Perfect Guru has dispelled all doubts. (sggs 178).
  • ਗਲੀ ਜਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ਜਪਮਾਲੀਆ ਲੋਟੇ ਹਥਿ ਨਿਬਗ ॥ ਓਇ ਹਰਿ ਕੇ ਸੰਤ ਨ ਆਖੀਅਹਿ ਬਾਨਾਰਸਿ ਕੇ ਠਗ ॥੧॥ : Who have rosaries around their necks, and glittering jugs in their hands, (just because of such religious paraphernalia) they should not be called the Divine’s Sant — they are thugs of Banaras (i.e., religious conmen, robbers, cheats…). (sggs 476).

The Guru of Sikhs is the Giaan (Wisdom, Bibek) embedded in the Shabad of the SGGS, which is free of doubts!

The Wisdom of the SGGS can remove the mind’s doubts provided we are willing to engage in churning the Gurbani through Shabad-Vichaar to take the Wisdom and then apply it to daily life.

  • ਬਿਨੁ ਸਬਦੈ ਭਰਮੁ ਨ ਚੂਕਈ ਨਾ ਵਿਚਹੁ ਹਉਮੈ ਜਾਇ ॥੬॥ : Without the Shabad, doubt is not dispelled, and egotism is not eliminated from within. ||6|| (sggs 67).

Clearly, in order to destroy Haumai (false ego-sense), first Bharam (doubt) must go. It’s not the other way around.

  • ਮਨ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਹਉਮੈ ਰੋਗੁ ਹੈ ਭ੍ਰਮਿ ਭੂਲੇ ਮਨਮੁਖ ਦੁਰਜਨਾ ॥ : Those within whose mind is the disease of ego (Haumai – ਹਉਮੈ), those self-willed (Manmukhs), the evil beings (ਬਿਕਾਰੀ ਬੰਦੇ – corrupt people), are deluded by doubt (sggs 301).
  • ਸਭ ਕਿਛੁ ਘਰ ਮਹਿ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਨਾਹੀ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਟੋਲੈ ਸੋ ਭਰਮਿ ਭੁਲਾਹੀ ॥ : Sabh kichhu ghar mahi… (sggs 102).
  • ਆਲ ਜਾਲ ਮਾਇਆ ਜੰਜਾਲ ॥ ਹਉਮੈ ਮੋਹ ਭਰਮ ਭੈ ਭਾਰ ॥ : Household bondage (ਘਰਾਂ ਦਾ ਬੰਧਨ – snare…) is Maya’s entanglement. Egotism, attachment, doubt and fear are loads. (sggs 292).

Doubt (Bharam) relates to confusion about the mind’s Mool —Original Nature or Jot Saroop. Once the confusion of the doubt-ridden mind is kept out of the way, then the negative impact of Haumai (false ego-sense) starts thinning out and mind’s Jot Saroop begins to shine forth.

The Gurbani asserts that with the Grace of the Wisdom, both the doubt and the negative impact of Haumai (false ego-sense) are annihilated. If Bharam (doubt) is destroyed, false ego-sense is also destroyed. Furthermore, Wisdom also destroys our Mayaic thinking and related Karma.

  • ਗੁਰ ਪਰਸਾਦਿ ਭਰਮ ਕਾ ਨਾਸੁ ॥ : By the Grace of the Gur-Giaan or Wisdom, doubt is dispelled. (sggs 294).
  • ਭ੍ਰਮ ਕੇ ਪਰਦੇ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਖੋਲ੍ਹ੍ਹੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ : The Satigur (i.e., Sach Daa GiaanKnowledge of Truth) has removed the veil of doubt (from within). ||1||Pause|| (sggs 385).
  • ਗਿਆਨੁ ਭਇਆ ਤਹ ਕਰਮਹ ਨਾਸੁ ॥੩॥ : When the spiritual Wisdom wells up within, then the (love of Mayaic efforts or) deeds end. ||3|| (sggs 1167).
  • ਨਿਰਮਲ ਬਾਣੀ ਭਰਮੁ ਚੁਕਾਇਆ ॥ : Free of any contamination Bani of the Guru has dispelled all my doubts. (sggs 221).

Hence the Shabad Gurui urges us to bring about a ‘storm of the Wisdom‘ within through Shabad-Vichaar. This practice of the Gur-Shabad (ਸਬਦ ਕਮਾਈ) will remove our doubts, confusion, superstitions, Mayaic consciousness, duality, attachment, false ego-sense, desires, fear, wicked intellect, and so on. This all is clearly explained in the following verses:

  • ਦੇਖੌ ਭਾਈ ਗ੍ਹਾਨ ਕੀ ਆਈ ਆਂਧੀ ॥ ਸਭੈ ਉਡਾਨੀ ਭ੍ਰਮ ਕੀ ਟਾਟੀ ਰਹੈ ਨ ਮਾਇਆ ਬਾਂਧੀ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਦੁਚਿਤੇ ਕੀ ਦੁਇ ਥੂਨਿ ਗਿਰਾਨੀ ਮੋਹ ਬਲੇਡਾ ਟੂਟਾ ॥ ਤਿਸਨਾ ਛਾਨਿ ਪਰੀ ਧਰ ਊਪਰਿ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਭਾਂਡਾ ਫੂਟਾ ॥੧॥ : O brother, the storm of Spiritual Wisdom or Enlightenment has struck my mind. (This storm of Wisdom) has blown away my mind’s Bharam (doubts, confusion, superstition etc.) and bonds of Maya like the thatched walls of my hut. ||1||pause|| The pillar of my double-mindedness and the beam of my emotional bonds of the hut has come crashing down. The thatched roof of worldly desires (supported on the beam of attachment) has fallen to the ground and the pitcher of evil intellect has broken. ||1|| (sggs 331).
  • ਨਾਮੁ ਨ ਬੂਝਹਿ ਭਰਮਿ ਭੁਲਾਨਾ ॥: (Manmukhs) do not understand the Naam (Giaan or the Divine Knowledge); (as a result, they) wander, deluded by doubt. (sggs 1032).

In a nutshell, the Gurbani’s Wisdom wants us to change our thinking (Soch, thoughts). Accordingly, the Gurbani asks to search one’s ownself (transform it, change it etc.) — combat one’s own mind.

  • ਕਾਯਉ ਦੇਵਾ ਕਾਇਅਉ ਦੇਵਲ ਕਾਇਅਉ ਜੰਗਮ ਜਾਤੀ ॥ …: For me, to search ownself or to investigate my own mind (thoughts) and change it is Divine… (sggs 695).

In other words, to search ownself and change one’s thinking (Soch) for good is the real Bhagti, etc.

  • ਭ੍ਰਮ ਛੂਟੇ ਤੇ ਏਕੰਕਾਰ ॥੩॥ : When all doubts are gotten rid of, then what remains is the ONE (Creative, Universal Energy or Hukam: System-Rule-Law of Nature). (sggs 736).
  • ਭਗਤਿ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਮਤਿ ਸਤਿ ਕਰੀ ਭ੍ਰਮ ਬੰਧਨ ਕਾਟਿ ਬਿਕਾਰ ॥ : Through the way of Bhagti, the intellect gets imbued in Truth; doubts, fetters and Bikaar are cut away. (sggs 346).
  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਪ੍ਰਾਣੀ ਭਰਮੁ ਗਵਾਇ ॥ : Mortals who become the Gurmukh, get rid of doubt. (sggs 231).
  • ਇਕ ਮਨਿ ਏਕੁ ਧਿਆਈਐ ਮਨ ਕੀ ਲਾਹਿ ਭਰਾਂਤਿ ॥ : Removing doubt of the mind, contemplate the One with singular mind. (sggs 47).
  • ਆਪੁ ਸਵਾਰਹਿ ਮੈ ਮਿਲਹਿ ਮੈ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਸੁਖੁ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਫਰੀਦਾ ਜੇ ਤੂ ਮੇਰਾ ਹੋਇ ਰਹਹਿ ਸਭੁ ਜਗੁ ਤੇਰਾ ਹੋਇ ॥੯੫॥: If you REFORM yourself then you will Realize Me (i.e. God), and when you Realize Me (i.e. God), you will rejoice in Spiritual Bliss. O Farid, (reforming yourself) if you become Mine then the entire world would become yours. ||95|| (sggs 1382).

Hence, according to the SGGS, the key is one must mend his/her own mind (i.e., thinking or Soch) and remove doubt from his brain through the Wisdom or Bibek of the SGGS — reform your own mind yourself. Mere seeing or mere reading of the SGGS will not do the trick.

  • ਜਾਂ ਤਿਸੁ ਭਾਵੈ ਤਾ ਲਾਗੈ ਭਾਉ ॥ ਭਰਮੁ ਭੁਲਾਵਾ ਵਿਚਹੁ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਉਪਜੈ ਸਹਜੁ ਗਿਆਨ ਮਤਿ ਜਾਗੈ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਗੈ ॥੩॥ : When it pleases (a person’s own good nature – ਚੰਗੀ ਵਿਰਤੀ), it is then that person comes to embrace love (for the One Hukam – System or Law of Nature, Universal Energy…), and (then) the delusion of doubt departs from within him. (With the elimination of doubt from within) Sahaj wells up within (Natural state of Being…), the Intellect awakens to Spiritual Wisdom. By the Grace of the Gur (-Giaan – Bibek, Wisdom), he gets united within (with Truth, Hukam…). (sggs 91).
  • ਭਰਮੁ ਚੁਕਾਇਆ ਸਦਾ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥ : Eternal Sukh (ਸੁਖ-Happiness, Peace, Joy…) is attained when doubts are dispelled. (sggs 114).ਛੂਟੈ ਸੰਸਾ ਮਿਟਿ ਜਾਹਿ ਦੁਖ ॥ : With the eradication of doubt, Dukha (ਦੁਖ-suffering, sorrow…) is eliminated. (sggs 343).
  • ਹਮਰਾ ਭਰਮੁ ਗਇਆ ਭਉ ਭਾਗਾ ॥ : With the eradication of my doubt, (my) fear ran away. (sggs 655).
  • ਗਇਆ ਭਰਮੁ ਰਹਿਆ ਪਰਮਾਨੰਦਾ ॥੩॥੨੦॥ : (My) doubt has been eliminated, and Supreme Bliss has remained behind. ||3||20|| (sggs 327).
  • ਭਰਮੇ ਭੂਲੀ ਰੇ ਜੈ ਚੰਦਾ ॥ ਨਹੀ ਨਹੀ ਚੀਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿਆ ਪਰਮਾਨੰਦਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ : O Jai Chand, the entire world is gone astray in doubt. (As a result it) has not realized God, the source of supreme Bliss. ||1||Pause|| (sggs 526).

7 comments

  1. who is a sikh.in my view sikh is a learner and not a religion . sikh could be hindu or muslim.. he may have long hair or may be clean shaved.his religion has to be his duty towards all creatures of GOD.

  2. Sat Sri Akaal Dr. T. Singh ji
    You have rightly said that Man’s repeated suffering is indicated to be due to doubts and due to such doubts Dhaarmic con-artists exists and poor and novice people go to these self styled Godman(BABA) for the pursuit of divine knowledge.
    It is a practical thing which is not only applicable to gurmat gyan but also equally applicable to all disciplines of life. After going through such article i am also getting the answers to my doubts.
    Thanks and regards
    G.S.

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