Bhangaar

The Hukkaa (or Hukka, hubble-bubble, ਹੁੱਕਾ…) smokers, after each smoking session, empty the burnt tobacco and coal from the Hukkaa’s Chilam (the top head part or bowl that holds the coal and tobacco during the smoking session) in a small nearby pit.

They also use this pit as a spit-container to discard their spit while clearing their throats during the smoking session.

Literally, this pit (that collects waste…) is called Bhangaar ( ਭੰਗਾਰ ).

  • ਕਬੀਰ ਬੈਸਨੋ ਹੂਆ ਤ ਕਿਆ ਭਇਆ ਮਾਲਾ ਮੇਲੀਂ ਚਾਰਿ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਕੰਚਨੁ ਬਾਰਹਾ ਭੀਤਰਿ ਭਰੀ ਭੰਗਾਰ ॥: O Kabeer! What good is it to appear like a devotee of Vishnu, and wear four Maalaa (rosary)? On the outside, you (pretend to) look like pure gold (i.e., pious, holy, pure, Mahaatamaa…); but on the inside, you are stuffed with filth or Bhangaar (Bikaar: lust, anger, greed, corruption, falsehood, etc.).  (sggs 1372).

Here, Bhagat Kabeer Jee is comparing those who wears all sorts religious robes, religious symbols, or religious paraphernalia, etc. with Bhangaar (ਭੰਗਾਰ), if on the inside they are full of inner garbage (lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride…).

  • ਨਾਵਹੁ ਧੋਵਹੁ ਤਿਲਕੁ ਚੜਾਵਹੁ ਸੁਚ ਵਿਣੁ ਸੋਚ ਨ ਹੋਈ ॥੬॥: (O Pandit!) You bathe (at the shrines or Teerath), wash (your outer body-frame), put Tilak (on the forehead) (and consider it a pious deed), but without pious conduct this outward purity is of no value (actually this delusion is also Kali Yuga). (sggs 903).

In other words, Bhagat Kabeer Jee is saying that what’s the use of one’s external display of religiosity if on the inside one is full of the filth of impurities, Bikaars or ਖੋਟ (lust, anger, greed, etc.).

Most of us are only vaguely aware that we have a burdensome false ego-sense or Haumai (whose faults include inner garbage of Bikaar).

It’s rarely we glimpse our obsession with self-importance. The Gurbani indicates that in order to sow the sublime seed of Naam (Wisdom, virtues…) in the body-field, we need to clear it of the weeds: inner garbage or pollution – Bhangaar (ਭੰਗਾਰ).

  • ਕਰਤੂਤਿ ਪਸੂ ਕੀ ਮਾਨਸ ਜਾਤਿ ॥ ਲੋਕ ਪਚਾਰਾ ਕਰੈ ਦਿਨੁ ਰਾਤਿ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਭੇਖ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਮਲੁ ਮਾਇਆ ॥ ਛਪਸਿ ਨਾਹਿ ਕਛੁ ਕਰੈ ਛਪਾਇਆ ॥: (Although one born from human category) belongs to the human specie, but his deeds are that of animals. (However, he) day and night humbugs or show off to people (that he is a human, ਬੰਦਾ…)! Outside (on his body) is the religious dress but in his mind is the filth of Maya. (However, the filth of the mind) cannot concealed by trying to conceal it with (outwardly wearing religious robes). (sggs 267).
  • ਹਉਮੈ ਕਰਤ ਭੇਖੀ ਨਹੀ ਜਾਨਿਆ ॥ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਵਿਰਲੇ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨਿਆ ॥੧॥: Acting in egotism (Haumai), wearing religious robes, (Mool) is not known (i.e, Realized). Rare is (the person) whose mind, by becoming the Gurmukh, becomes accustomed to Bhagti ||1|| (sggs 226).

The Gurbani emphasizes on the inner Purity. Purity means transparency to Truth, and the Purified Vision means Pure Heart or mind.

In the purified Vision, there is no Haumai (false ego-sense, or the garbage of Bikaar). On the contrary, in the impure vision there is division in consciousness (duality, Doojaa Bhaav).

When the mind turns towards it Jot Saroop (True Nature), it abandons its mistaken identification with the fleeting body-frame. Thus, true inner purity is the absence of negative impact of false ego-sense (Haumai), the false self.

  • ਇਉ ਕਹੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਨ ਤੂੰ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਰੂਪੁ ਹੈ ਅਪਣਾ ਮੂਲੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ ॥੫॥: Thus says Nanak – O mind! You are embodiment of Pure Light (Pure Consciousness, Pure Nature, Original or Real Nature, Wisdom, Virtues – Jot Saroop …)! Recognize your Mool (ਅਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ, recognition of mind’s Original or True Nature – Jot Saroop…) ||5|| (sggs 441).

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