Crowds of people follow the path of Pakhand

The Gurbani asserts crowds and crowds of people are attracted to the path of Pakhandvaad (ਪਖੰਡਵਾਦ) in the world — the path of Karamkaand (empty rituals …), the path of hypocrisy, pilgrimage, path of those who desire name and fame and want to be worshiped by others (self-glory, ਅਪਣੀ ਪੂਜਾ ਕਰਾਉਣੀ), the path of Pujaaree System, the path of Pandit / Brahmins (and those who follow them), the path of pretension/humbug/prudery, the path of falsehood/corruption/fraud/deception/ostentatious shows, the path of Derravaad, and so on.

To put it in simple Punjabi: ਤੀਰਥ ਵਰਤ ਆਦਿਕ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਪਖੰਡੀ ਸਾਧਾਂ/ਸੰਤਾ ਦੇ ਡੇਰਿਆਂ ਵਾਲਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਮਾਇਕੀ ਰਸਤਾ, ਝੂਠ ਜਾਂ ਦੁਰਮਤ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਮਾਇਆ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਠੱਗਾਂ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਅੰਧਵਿਛਵਾਸ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਦਿਖਾਵੇ ਜਾਂ ਦੇਖਾ ਦੇਖੀ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਢੋਂਗ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਪਰਪੰਚ ਜਾਂ ਅਡੰਬਰ ਰਚਣ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਤੀਰਥਾਂ ਤੇ ਜਾਣਾਂ ਅਤੇ ਇਸਨਾਨ ਕਰਨੇ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ …

The Gurbani roars:

  • ਕਬੀਰ ਜਿਹ ਮਾਰਗਿ ਪੰਡਿਤ ਗਏ ਪਾਛੈ ਪਰੀ ਬਹੀਰ ॥ ਇਕ ਅਵਘਟ ਘਾਟੀ ਰਾਮ ਕੀ ਤਿਹ ਚੜਿ ਰਹਿਓ ਕਬੀਰ ॥੧੬੫॥: O Kabeer! The crowds follow the path which the Pandits have taken (the path of falsehood, Pakhand, Karamkaand…). (But) There is a rugged or precipitous cliff on the way to “Raam” (Mool, Source, Truth…); Kabeer is climbing that cliff (alone!). ||165|| (sggs 1373).
  • ਵਰਤ ਨੇਮੁ ਸੁਚ ਸੰਜਮੁ ਪੂਜਾ ਪਾਖੰਡਿ ਭਰਮੁ ਨ ਜਾਇ ॥:  (Mind’s) doubt does not depart with pomp or ostentation (Pakhand) such as ritualistic fasts, vows, (outer) purity, restraint and worship ceremonies. (sggs 1423).

The path of Pakhandvaad or Karamkaand (ਝੂਠ, rituals…) is easy (ਸੌਖਾ). So it attracts people. Consequently, the crowds of people follow this path, as sheep follow sheep (ਦੇਖਾ ਦੇਖੀ, ਹੋਰਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਕਰਦਿਆਂ ਦੇਖ ਕੇ, ਦਿਖਾਵੇ ਦੀ ਖਾਤਰ, ਲੋਕ ਲਾਜ ਦੀ ਖਾਤਰ, ਲੋਕਾਂ ਵਿਚ ਚੰਗਾ ਅਖਵਾਣ ਲਈ…).

However, the Gurbani’s edict is that this path of Karamkaand will never free anybody from Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, etc.), doubts (ਭਰਮ), Maya., wrong resolutions, stubborn-mindedness

  • ਦੇਖਾ ਦੇਖੀ ਸਭ ਕਰੇ ਮਨਮੁਖਿ ਬੂਝ ਨ ਪਾਇ ॥: The Manmukh (who hs no understanding of the Gurmat…) does everything seeing (other people do, ਦੇਖਾ ਦੇਖੀ, ਨਕਲ ਕਰ ਕੇ, ਹੋਰਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਕਰਦਿਆਂ ਦੇਖ ਕੇ, ਦਿਖਾਵੇ ਦੀ ਖਾਤਰ…), but he (himself) has no understanding (he does not understand the true way of living, ਸਹੀ ਜੀਵਨ ਜੀਊਣ ਦੀ ਸਮਝ…). (sggs 28).
  • ਦੇਖਾ ਦੇਖੀ ਸ੍ਵਾਂਗੁ ਧਰਿ ਭੂਲੇ ਭਟਕਾ ਖਾਹਿ ॥੧੩੫॥: (ਦੇਖਾ ਦੇਖੀ, ਨਕਲ ਕਰ ਕੇ, ਹੋਰਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਕਰਦਿਆਂ ਦੇਖ ਕੇ, ਦਿਖਾਵੇ ਦੀ ਖਾਤਰ…, people ) look at one another and disguise (in religious robe, impersonation, ਸਾਂਗ ਬਣਾ ਲੈਣਾਂ…), but they are deluded and lost (from the true Way of life-ਸਹੀ ਰਾਹ ਤੋਂ ਖੁੰਝੇ ਹੋਏ ਇਹ ਲੋਕ ਭਟਕਦੇ ਹਨ). ||135|| (sggs 1371).
  • ਜੇ ਜਾਣਸਿ ਬ੍ਰਹਮੰ ਕਰਮੰ ॥ ਸਭਿ ਫੋਕਟ ਨਿਸਚਉ ਕਰਮੰ ॥: If (you) know the Way of the Brahm, (then you would) definitely know that all rituals are of no value. (sggs 1353).
  • ਗਲੀ ਜਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ਜਪਮਾਲੀਆ ਲੋਟੇ ਹਥਿ ਨਿਬਗ ॥ ਓਇ ਹਰਿ ਕੇ ਸੰਤ ਨ ਆਖੀਅਹਿ ਬਾਨਾਰਸਿ ਕੇ ਠਗ ॥੧॥: Galee jinnaah… (sggs 476).

What the Gurbani is telling us here we can see routinely taking place in our own cities, towns, communities, Gurdwaras, and so on!

  • ਭੇਖ ਦਿਖਾਇ ਜਗਤ ਕੋ ਲੋਗਨ ਕੋ ਬਸਿ ਕੀਨ ॥:  (People) exhibit various garbs (disguises, external appearance, robes…) in the world to win people on their side (to overpower, to bring under, to make crowds of followers…). (Dasam Granth 140).

To the contrary, Bhagat Kabeer Sahib says that the Way of the Sach (ਸਚ – Truth…) is difficult and treacherous (the path of the Gurmat, Naam…). It’s like walking on the razor’s edge! So it does not attract people. Hence, only a rare one realizes Truth!

  • ਹਿਰਦੈ ਸਚੁ ਏਹ ਕਰਣੀ ਸਾਰੁ ॥ ਹੋਰੁ ਸਭੁ ਪਾਖੰਡੁ ਪੂਜ ਖੁਆਰੁ ॥੬॥: Enshrine Truth (Naam, Shabad, Divine Knowledge, Gurmat…) in your Heart; this is the most excellent action. All other hypocritical actions and worship bring only ruin. ||6|| (sggs 1343).

As a result, the true Bhagats or Gurmukhs are always alone (i.e., the crowds of people don’t follow them). Because, not too many want to follow the Way of the Truth – the Path “sharper than a two-edged sword”!!

  • ਚਾਲਾ ਨਿਰਾਲੀ ਭਗਤਾਹ ਕੇਰੀ ਬਿਖਮ ਮਾਰਗਿ ਚਲਣਾ ॥ ਲਬੁ ਲੋਭੁ ਅਹੰਕਾਰੁ ਤਜਿ ਤ੍ਰਿਸਨਾ ਬਹੁਤੁ ਨਾਹੀ ਬੋਲਣਾ ॥ ਖੰਨਿਅਹੁ ਤਿਖੀ ਵਾਲਹੁ ਨਿਕੀ ਏਤੁ ਮਾਰਗਿ ਜਾਣਾ॥: The devotees’ lifestyle is unique and distinct; they follow the most difficult path. They renounce greed, avarice, pride and desire; they do not talk too much. The path they take is sharper than a two-edged sword, and finer than a hair (sggs 918).

The Gurbani further explains to us as to why the true Bhagats or Gurmukhs are always alone (i.e., why the crowds of people don’t follow them).

The nature of Sansaar or a Sansaaree (world or a worldly person…) is contrary to that of the Bhagti or the Bhagat. Accordingly, the Gurbani reminds us that there can never be a Jorr (ਜੋੜ: ਮੇਲ, ਪ੍ਰੀਤੀ, connection, link, bond, union, alliance, association…) between a Sansaaree (worldly person) and a Bhagat!

  • ਭਗਤਾ ਤੈ ਸੈਸਾਰੀਆ ਜੋੜੁ ਕਦੇ ਨ ਆਇਆ ॥: There can never be any alliance (ਜੋੜ) between the devotees (ਭਗਤ, Gurmukh…) and the worldly people (ਦੁਨੀਆਦਾਰ). (sggs 145).

This is why the Gurbni asserts that true Bhagats are very “rare”. Because, the challenges in this quest (the Way of Sach-ਸਚ, Truth…) are many and need courage to surmount them. It’s a uphill climb!

  • ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਪਾਵੈ ਜਨੁ ਕੋਈ ॥੧॥: A rare “Janu” (Gurmukh, Bhagt, Daas…) obtains the “Gurmati Bhagti” (understanding of the Gur-Shabad, Naam, Hukam…) ||1|| (sggs 879).

Why Bhagats/Gurmukhs are “rare”? They are “rare” because, as the Gurbani asserts, everybody in the world knows “Phaasan Kee Bidhi” (“ਫਾਸਨ ਕੀ ਬਿਧਿ” = How to be trapped in Maya; how to be snared; how to be subjugated; how to get entangled; ਫੰਧੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਪੈਣਾਂ, ਫਸਣ ਦਾ ਢੰਗ, ਫਸਣ ਦਾ ਤਰੀਕਾ, ਫਸਣ ਦਾ ਰਸਤਾ, ਫਸਣ ਦੀਆਂ ਕਰਤੂਤਾਂ, ਫਸਣ ਦੇ ਕਰਮਕਾਂਡ…). However, very rare one knows the “Chhootan Kee” Bidhi (“ਛੂਟਨ ਕੀ” = how to be Living LiberatedMukat; how to escape Maya; how to be emancipated, how not to get cheated …).

  • ਫਾਸਨ ਕੀ ਬਿਧਿ ਸਭੁ ਕੋਊ ਜਾਨੈ ਛੂਟਨ ਕੀ ਇਕੁ ਕੋਈ ॥: Everyone knows how to be caught, but rarely anyone knows how to escape (sggs 331).

Pakhandvaad (ਪਖੰਡਵਾਦ) is the “Phaasan Kee Bidhi” (“ਫਾਸਨ ਕੀ ਬਿਧਿ”), while the Gurmat is the “Chhootan Kee” Bidhi (“ਛੂਟਨ ਕੀ”). So, the Gurbani strongly urges all of us to give up Pakhandvaad (ਪਖੰਡਵਾਦ), because,  Bhagati cannot be practiced through Pakhand:

  • ਛੋਡਿ ਛੋਡਿ ਰੇ ਪਾਖੰਡੀ ਮਨ ਕਪਟੁ ਨ ਕੀਜੈ ॥:  O hypocrite mind, renounce and abandon your hypocrisy; do not practice deception (fraud, duplicity, trickery…. (sggs 973).
  • ਪਾਖੰਡਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਨ ਹੋਵਈ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਨ ਪਾਇਆ ਜਾਇ ॥:  Through hypocrisy, Bhagti cannot be done, and Paarbrahm is not Realized (sggs 849).
Filed Under: Corruption, Crookedness, Gurbani, Rituals, Karamkaand
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4 Comments Leave a comment

  1. Prakash S Bagga

    With increase in population the rate of growth of ignorance is exponential . This is perhaps a Natural Phenomena. The sacred teachings get corrupted in their true interpretations by self interested people
    and thr real essence gets lost.

  2. Darshan Singh Pritam

    Veer jio,
    Waheguru ji ka Khalsa Waheguru ji ki Fateh.
    Very truly stated the situation of today’s Sikh World living their lives under this elusion that by carrying out false rituals they get blessed.
    There are numbers of Karmkands are performed in Sikh Society, as Biparvadees are performing.
    Mostly all Karamkands are copied from neibour hood religion (SanattanDharam).
    Thanks Veer jio You are blessed, doing excellent SEWA for Sikh Sangat.

    • T. Singh Post author

      Dear Veer Darshan Singh Pritam Jio, thank you for taking the time to share your Vichaar.

      There are numbers of Karmkands are performed in Sikh Society, as Biparvadees are performing.
      Mostly all Karamkands are copied from neibour hood religion (SanattanDharam).

      When the Gurdwaras were under the control of highly unethical, immoral and greedy Udasi Mahants (Pujaaree or clergymen who were anti-Wisdom of the SGGS…), to attract crowds of people (for Golak-money!), they diluted the Gurmat (Teachings of the Gurbani), and made it a mixture of Brahmani Mati (Sanattan Mati…) and Gurmat.

      As a result, the available Teekaas of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib are this mixture of Brahmani Mati (Sanattan Mati…) and Gurmat.

      Accordingly, this is what goes on today. Although the Gurdwaras are no more run by those Mahants, per se; but those who control them today (Bhais, Ragis, Parchaaraks, Dere-ਡੇਰੇ…) follow the same mentality that of those Udasi Mahants!!

      Greed, Maya’s hunger (ਮਾਇਆ ਦੀ ਭੁੱਖ), etc., has turned the Dharma into a mundane business (ਧਰਮ ਨੂੰ ਧੰਧਾ ਬਣਾ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਹੈ).

      The Truth of the Gurbani warns us about the greedy and Pakhandee Pujaaree system:

      • ਪੰਡਿਤ ਲੋਗਹ ਕਉ ਬਿਉਹਾਰ ॥: It is the business (ਵਿਹਾਰ, ਧੰਧਾ…) of the Pandits (who love Maya-ਮਾਇਆ ਨਾਲ ਪਿਆਰ ਕਰਨ ਵਾਲੇ) to (manipulate letters or Bani for Golak-ਬਾਣੀ ਨੂੰ ਵਾਚ ਕੇ ਮਾਇਆ ਇਕੱਤ੍ਰ ਕਰਨਾ…). (sggs 343).
      • ਲੋਭੀ ਕਪਟੀ ਪਾਪੀ ਪਾਖੰਡੀ ਮਾਇਆ ਅਧਿਕ ਲਗੈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (sggs 359).
      • ਪਾਹਨ ਬੋਰੀ ਪਿਰਥਮੀ ਪੰਡਿਤ ਪਾੜੀ ਬਾਟ ॥੧੩੭॥ (sggs 1371).
      • ਅਖੀ ਤ ਮੀਟਹਿ ਨਾਕ ਪਕੜਹਿ ਠਗਣ ਕਉ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (sggs 662).

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