The Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) calls mind “Pavan Man(u) – ਪਵਨ ਮਨੁ” (i.e., wind like – wavering, restless, wandering, Mayaic…), and “Pardaesee – ਪਰਦੇਸੀ” (i.e., wandering mind, strange, alien, foreigner, looking for happiness outside, animal-natured mind, ਥਾਂ ਥਾਂ ਭਟਕਣ ਵਾਲਾ…) — buffeted by the winds of desire (Trishanaa, Maya).
- ਮਨੂਆ ਪਉਣੁ ਬਿੰਦੁ ਸੁਖਵਾਸੀ ਨਾਮਿ ਵਸੈ ਸੁਖ ਭਾਈ ॥: O brother! If the wind-like mind comes to rest in Peace, even for an instant, (such real Bairagee mind) abides in the Peace of the Naam (sggs 634).
the Gurbani is written at the level of the mind — it’s for the mind to reflect upon it, understand it, and then live its Wisdom in daily life, here and now, not after death!
In nutshell, the Gurbani is the mind’s Mirror, which reveals to a mind its true face — its flaws, faults, defects, demerits, false ego-sense (Haumai), hypocrisy, deceptions, doubt, falsehood, fraud, Pakhand, duality, Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, etc.).
But this will not happen until we gain insights into the disorder created by the thinking (Soch) of the conditioned or “Pardaesee” mind. Doubt-ridden, it’s this mind that wanders from Tirath to Tirath, shrine to shrine, Deraa to Deraa, from tombs to tombs, from Jotish to Jotish, bathing in one pond to another, and so on.
- ਮਨੁ ਪਰਦੇਸੀ ਜੇ ਥੀਐ ਸਭੁ ਦੇਸੁ ਪਰਾਇਆ ॥੭॥: If the mind becomes a stranger (to its Mool, within), then all the world becomes a stranger to him. ||7||(sggs 767).
- ਕਬੀਰ ਮਨੁ ਪੰਖੀ ਭਇਓ ਉਡਿ ਉਡਿ ਦਹ ਦਿਸ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਜੋ ਜੈਸੀ ਸੰਗਤਿ ਮਿਲੈ ਸੋ ਤੈਸੋ ਫਲੁ ਖਾਇ ॥੮੬॥: O Kabeer! The mind has become like a bird; it soars and flies in the ten directions (desires chasing sense objects, wanderings, etc.). According to the company it (i.e., mind) keeps, similar is the fruit (i.e. Giaan or knowledge) it eats ||86|| (sggs 1369).
As soon as a person wakes up in the morning and till he /she goes to bed in the night, the mind driven by Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride, jealousy, doubt, falsehood, Haumai, etc.) wanders around all day!
- ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਕੇਤੜਿਆ ਜੁਗ ਭਰਮਿਆ ਥਿਰੁ ਰਹੈ ਨ ਆਵੈ ਜਾਇ ॥: (Man’s) this mind wanders through so many states; it does not remain stable and it continues coming and going. (sggs 513).
For example, depending on the situation, when the lusty mind dies, it may be reborn the very next moment as a greedy mind, or an angry mind, or an attached mind, or an haughty or arrogant mind, or a jealous mind, or a stubborn mind, or a corrupt mind, or an ignorant mind, or a wise mind, or a merciful mind, or a contented mind, or an enemy, or a friend, or a slanderer, and so on. This nonstop cycle of birth and death of the mind continues all day along, everyday!
Hence, the Gurbani asks us to bring this wandering mind Home!
- ਮੇਰੇ ਮਨ ਪਰਦੇਸੀ ਵੇ ਪਿਆਰੇ ਆਉ ਘਰੇ ॥: O my dear stranger mind, please come Home! (sggs 451).
- ਮਨ ਰੇ ਥਿਰੁ ਰਹੁ ਮਤੁ ਕਤ ਜਾਹੀ ਜੀਉ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਢੂਢਤ ਬਹੁਤੁ ਦੁਖੁ ਪਾਵਹਿ ਘਰਿ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਘਟ ਮਾਹੀ ਜੀਉ ॥: O my mind! Remain steady (within) and do not wander around outside (searching for Amrit-Naam, Amrit-Giaan, Sukh or Happiness or Anand…). By searching around on the outside, you will only suffer great pain(for the remedy is within, not outside); Amrit (that will make you Happy…) is found Within the Heart. (sggs 598).
Once the wandering mind liberates itself from the outer domination and traced it’s steps back to its True Nature (Jot Saroop) within, it’s said to have come Home (ਮਨ ਦਾ ਟਿਕਾ, frozen mind). Understandably, the Gurbani never gets tired of reminding the mind of its Reality (Jot Saroop).
Now, the question is: Why does the mind become “Pardaesee” in the first place? Let’s find the answer from within the Gurbani.
- ਇਸੁ ਮਨ ਮਾਇਆ ਕਉ ਨੇਹੁ ਘਨੇਰਾ ॥: This mind is so much in love with Maya (sggs 1038).
- ਮਨ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਹਉਮੈ ਰੋਗੁ ਭ੍ਰਮਿ ਭੂਲੇ ਹਉਮੈ ਸਾਕਤ ਦੁਰਜਨਾ ॥: Those who are separated from their Mool (Saakat, Mayadhaaree, Manmukh), within their mind is the disease of ego (Haumai). These perverse wander strayed in doubt and ego (sggs 1424).
Due to its hunger or love for Maya (ਮਾਇਆ ਦੀ ਭੁੱਖ, ਮੋਹ), naturally, the mind dances to the tune of Maya. A mind attached to Maya (Bhav Saagar) becomes a sick and weak mind. Such mind creates movement — desires or thoughts-stuff (imaginations, fancies, Phurne-ਫੁਰਨੇ, etc.).
Furthermore, the Gurbani compares the wandering mind with a camel. The habit of wandering around is peculiar about the camel. Similarly, the camel-mind, the crow-mind, the dog-mind, the elephant-mind, the frog-mind, the animal-mind, etc., wanders around as well.
- ਕਰਹਲੇ ਮਨ ਪਰਦੇਸੀਆ ਕਿਉ ਮਿਲੀਐ ਹਰਿ ਮਾਇ ॥: O my wandering, camel -like mind – (think) how will you meet Hari (Mool…) which (takes care of you like) Mother). (sggs 234).
In nutshell — according to the Gurbani — the mind wanders because it has abandoned, deserted or deprived itself of the Divine Wisdom. And, it will keep wandering until it gets dissolved in the Divine Wisdom like a salt-doll gets dissolved in water! Lack of Wisdom gives rise to relativist consciousness or false ego-sense (Haumai), which creates confusion or psychic disturbances. Everything is only subsequent to this modification of the consciousness.
- ਮਨੂਆ ਡੋਲੈ ਦਹ ਦਿਸ ਧਾਵੈ ਬਿਨੁ ਰਤ ਆਤਮ ਗਿਆਨਾ ॥: Without being devoted to (absorbed, pleased…) in “Aatam Giaan” (Spiritual Knowledge), the mind wavers and wanders in ten directions (due to hunger for Maya). (sggs 1013).
- ਨਾ ਮਨੁ ਚਲੈ ਨ ਪਉਣੁ ਉਡਾਵੈ ॥: The mind (of a person of Shabad-Vichaar) does not waver, and he is not buffeted by the winds of desire (Trishanaa, Maya). (sggs 1040).
The “Pardaesee” or the wind-like wandering mind will get established in its Heart-Home (Nij Ghar) within once it has become frozen!
When in liquid form, water spreads around in every direction. But when water is frozen and thus becomes ice, water stops running around, moving around, or spreading around. Not only that, when water is frozen into a block, it serves as a seat!
Similarly, in order to arrest the “Pardaesee” or wandering mind, the Gurbani urges us to freeze the mind! Only then the Truth is realized and one gets rid of ignorance, doubt, Maya, or wrong identity, and one realizes his Original State (Jot Saroop)!
But how the wavy and turbulent mind can be frozen, arrested, settled? Specially, when it’s on fire — the fire of Maya’s hunger (desires, Trishnaa, doubts, Bikaars – lust anger, greed, etc.)!
The Gurbani shows us the Way out — the Gur-Shabad is like ice (“ਹਿਵ ਸੀਤਲੁ ਸਬਦੁ”), which can cool the mind with Aatam-Giaan (Gurmat, Teaching of the Gurbani, Wisdom or Divine Knowledge of the Gurbani…).
Hence, according to the Gurbani, the sure and common sense solution is this: Since the mind is being plundered without the Divine Knowledge, the Gurbani asks us to fill this vacuum with the Divine Knowledge, obtained through the Shabad-Vichaar!
- ਗੁਰ ਪਰਸਾਦੀ ਜੀਵਤੁ ਮਰੈ ਤਾ ਮਨ ਹੀ ਤੇ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨੈ ॥: (A Gurmukh) by the Grace of the Gur (Giaan, Wisdom of the Gur-Shabad…), remains dead (from Maya, Haumai, duality, Bikaar, doubt…) while yet alive, (consequently, his) mind becomes content in itself (i.e., does not wander around). (sggs 647).
Hence — according to the Gurbani — it’s only the Divine Knowledge (Aatam-Giaan, Spiritual Wisdom…) that can freeze or stabilize the doubt-ridden mind (“ਗਿਆਨ ਕਾ ਬਧਾ ਮਨੁ ਰਹੈ”, sggs 469). There is no shortcut.
The Gur-Shabad helps us resolve the riddle! Through the Wisdom of the Gur-Shabad (Divine Knowledge, Aatam-Giaan, Gurmati, Naam…), the mind settles down, and becomes firm and composed (ਅਡੋਲ, ਟਿਕਾਓ ਵਿਚ, Sahaj…). Free of Bikaars (lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride), the mind so purified in its thinking and behavior and actions becomes fit to transcend Bhav Saagar (Maya…) into Sukh Saagar.
- ਸਚੁ ਕਹੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਚੇਤਿ ਰੇ ਮਨ ਜੀਅੜਿਆ ਪਰਦੇਸੀਆ ॥੩॥: Says Nanak – O my stranger mind! Remember the Truth. ||3|| (sggs 439).
- ਖਖਾ ਇਹੈ ਖੋੜਿ ਮਨ ਆਵਾ ॥ ਖੋੜੇ ਛਾਡਿ ਨ ਦਹ ਦਿਸ ਧਾਵਾ ॥: KHAKHA (a letter of the Gurmukhi alphabet): When the mind (who has realized Giaan or spiritual Knowledge) comes to remain in the “Khorr” (of Heart, Mool, Jot-Saroop, ਅੰਤਰ-ਆਤਮਾ ਰੂਪ ਖੁੱਡ ਵਿੱਚ, etc.), (then) it does not leave this “Khorr” to wander in the ten directions. (sggs 343).
Hence — according to the Gurbani — ONLY that person can become a Sikh who has brought his mind Home and makes it follow the Divine Life. In other words, Sikhi is to dispel the darkness of ignorance by applying the Divine Wisdom “ਗਿਆਨ ਅੰਜਨੁ — Giaan Anjanu“. Accordingly, the Wisdom of the Gurbani repeatedly reminds that hypocrisy and pretense cannot take us closer to Divinity. Only the purity of our mind can do so.
- ਮਨ ਖੁਟਹਰ ਤੇਰਾ ਨਹੀ ਬਿਸਾਸੁ ਤੂ ਮਹਾ ਉਦਮਾਦਾ ॥ ਖਰ ਕਾ ਪੈਖਰੁ ਤਉ ਛੁਟੈ ਜਉ ਊਪਰਿ ਲਾਦਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: O defective mind (flawed, deceitful, ਖੋਟਾ ਮਨ), no faith can be placed in you; you are very intoxicated (with Maya). The donkey’s leg-chain is only removed, after the load is placed on his back (i.e., similarly, O mind, you can free yourself from fetter or bondage of Maya by loading yourself with the Divine Wisdom or Brahm-Giaan). ||1||Pause|| (sggs 815).
In nutshell, the Gurmati’s edict is : The mind will remain “Neeghariaa” (unstable, wandering around, homeless) until the mind has not given up its Bikaar and cravings (Trishanaa, desires…), and until it has not realized its True Nature, it will NOT abide (ਟਿਕਨਾ).
- ਹਰਿ ਕਥਾ ਤੂੰ ਸੁਣਿ ਰੇ ਮਨ ਸਬਦੁ ਮੰਨਿ ਵਸਾਇ ॥ ਇਹ ਮਤਿ ਤੇਰੀ ਥਿਰੁ ਰਹੈ ਤਾਂ ਭਰਮੁ ਵਿਚਹੁ ਜਾਇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: O mind! Listen to the Divine sermon (Divine Virtues, Giaan or Wisdom…), and enshrine the Shabad (Upadesh, Giaan or Wisdom, Virtues…) within the mind. (As a result) your intellect will remain stable and steady (i.e., will stop wandering around), and then doubt will depart from within (the mind). ||1||Pause|| (sggs 491).
In nutshell, the Gurbani asserts that this wandering mind will freeze or stop wandering only once it has become “Pang” (cripple) with the Wisdom of the Gur-Shabad.
- ਕਤ ਜਾਈਐ ਰੇ ਘਰ ਲਾਗੋ ਰੰਗੁ ॥ ਮੇਰਾ ਚਿਤੁ ਨ ਚਲੈ ਮਨੁ ਭਇਓ ਪੰਗੁ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Where should I go? (Now) my (inner) Home (mind, Heart…) is elated with the Wisdom. My mind does not go out wandering (anymore). My mind has (now) become a cripple. ||1||Pause|| (sggs 1195).
- ਕਬੀਰ ਗੂੰਗਾ ਹੂਆ ਬਾਵਰਾ ਬਹਰਾ ਹੂਆ ਕਾਨ ॥ ਪਾਵਹੁ ਤੇ ਪਿੰਗੁਲ ਭਇਆ ਮਾਰਿਆ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਬਾਨ ॥੧੯੩॥: O Kabeer! (I) have become mute (do not utter bad), mad (intoxicated with Wisdom…) and deaf (do not hear bad). (My mind) has become crippled, for the Satigur has pierced it with the Arrow (of his Wisdom). ||193|| (sggs 1374).