Gurbani Says Burn Mind’s Bikaar in Fire!

The Gurbani calls ‘Haumai‘ (false ego-sense) a chronic disease.

The faults of this ‘Haumai’ are Bikaar such as lust, anger, greed, attachment and pride (including their countless variations), which blinds us to Wisdom and Virtues.

However, although Haumai (false ego-sense) along with all its faults is a chronic mental disease, it is curable for the Gurbani says it also contains its medicine (‘ਦਾਰੂ’, cure) — if one practices ‘Gur Kaa Shabad in daily life or if one lives daily life in accordance with the Wisdom of the Gur-Shabad!

  • ਹਉਮੈ ਦੀਰਘ ਰੋਗੁ ਹੈ ਦਾਰੂ ਭੀ ਇਸੁ ਮਾਹਿ ॥ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਕਰੇ ਜੇ ਆਪਣੀ ਤਾ ਗੁਰ ਕਾ ਸਬਦੁ ਕਮਾਹਿ ॥: Ego is a chronic disease, but it contains its own cure as well. (This disease of one’s egotism will get cured within only) if (one) favors (himself) — if one practices ‘Gur Kaa Shabad in daily life or if one lives daily life in accordance with the Wisdom of the Gur-Shabad. (sggs 466).

The Gurbani also tells us that Bikaar, as well as Virtues (ਗੁਣ) reside within everyone. Neither Bikaar nor Virtues can be yanked out of the human mind. Instead, we can learn how to use them properly in life.

  • ਇਸੁ ਦੇਹੀ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਪੰਚ ਚੋਰ ਵਸਹਿ ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਲੋਭੁ ਮੋਹੁ ਅਹੰਕਾਰਾ ॥ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਲੂਟਹਿ ਮਨਮੁਖ ਨਹੀ ਬੂਝਹਿ ਕੋਇ ਨ ਸੁਣੈ ਪੂਕਾਰਾ ॥: Within this body dwell the five thieves: lust, anger, greed, attachment, and pride. They plunder the Amrit (-Naam, Virtues, Wisdom, etc., from within the body), but the Manmukhs do not realize it; (but once they are plundered, and so suffer, then…) no one hears their cry shout (i.e., then no one can help them). (sggs 600).
  • ਅਵਗੁਣੀ ਭਰਪੂਰ ਹੈ ਗੁਣ ਭੀ ਵਸਹਿ ਨਾਲਿ ॥: (The mortal) is overflowing with demerits, but the Divine Virtue dwells within him as well. (sggs 936).
  • ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਜੀਅ ਮਹਿ ਚੋਟ ॥: Lust and anger (i.e. all evil passions) are the wounds of the Jeev (or mind, because they inspire us do evil) (sggs 152).

Instead, what’s in our power is to free the mind from the bad impact of Bikaar (ਬੁਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਭਾਵ). In other words, what’s in power is to keep them in check, under control or under healthy balance. That is, remove or burn their bad effects from the mind (ਬੁਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਭਾਵ). In other words, we should know where and how to use our energy positively.

As a healthy balanced is achieved, our confidence rises, and the divine Virtues (ਗੁਣ) Awaken that are lying dormant within – Truth (ਸਤ), contentment (ਸੰਤੋਖ), mercy (ਦਯਾ), patience (ਧੀਰਜ), Sahaj (ਸਹਜ-Natural State of Being), Wisdom (ਗਿਆਨ)…..

Toward this end, the Gurmat Giaan or Wisdom of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) urges us to burn the bad effects of Bikaar from the mind (ਬੁਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਭਾਵ) by living daily life in accordance with the Wisdom of the Gur-Shabad.

The Gurbani says identification of a Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ ਦੀ ਪਹਚਾਣ) is that he burns away the bad impact of Bikaar from his mind, including Haumai (false ego-sense).

  • ਗੁਰ ਕਾ ਸਿਖੁ ਬਿਕਾਰ ਤੇ ਹਾਟੈ ॥: The Sikh of the Guru recoils (withdraws, ਹਟ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ…) from Bikaars (sggs 286).

In other words, according to SGGS, the target of a Sikh in life is to drive away bad impression of Bikaar, negativity, doubts (ਭਰਮ), ignorance, duality

  • ਪੰਚ ਬਿਕਾਰ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਬਸੇ ਰਾਚੇ ਮਾਇਆ ਸੰਗਿ ॥: The five Bikaar (i.e., lust, anger, greed etc.) dwell in the mind of one who is engrossed in Maya (sggs 297).
  • ਮਨੁ ਭੂਲੋ ਬਹੁ ਚਿਤੈ ਵਿਕਾਰੁ ॥: The misled mind thinks much of perversion (lust, anger, greed, etc.). (sggs 222).
  • ਮੁਸਨਹਾਰ ਪੰਚ ਬਟਵਾਰੇ ॥ ਸੂਨੇ ਨਗਰਿ ਪਰੇ ਠਗਹਾਰੇ ॥੨॥ ਉਨ ਤੇ ਰਾਖੈ ਬਾਪੁ ਨ ਮਾਈ ॥ ਉਨ ਤੇ ਰਾਖੈ ਮੀਤੁ ਨ ਭਾਈ ॥ ਦਰਬਿ ਸਿਆਣਪ ਨਾ ਓਇ ਰਹਤੇ ॥ ਸਾਧਸੰਗਿ ਓਇ ਦੁਸਟ ਵਸਿ ਹੋਤੇ ॥੩॥: The five (thieves or Bikaar: lust, anger, greed, etc.) are the plunderers and the highway robbers (ਡਾਕੂ). The thugs descend upon the unguarded (body-) village. ||2|| Our mothers and fathers cannot save us from them. Friends and brothers cannot protect us from them. They cannot be restrained by wealth or cleverness. Only through the association of the Guru (Gur-Shabad, Wisdom…), can those villains be brought under control. (sggs 182).

Implication of this edict of the Gurbani (ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ਦਾ ਫੈਸਲਾ) is that, regardless of one’s external ‘Adammbar‘ (‘ਅਡੰਬਰ’: external religious displays, shows, pomp, ostentation…), one remains a phony Sikh until his mind has not turned away from Bikaar!

  • ਰਾਜਾ ਬਾਲਕੁ ਨਗਰੀ ਕਾਚੀ ਦੁਸਟਾ ਨਾਲਿ ਪਿਆਰੋ ॥: The king (mind) is just  immature or ignorant, and his city (body) is vulnerable; because the mind is in love with his wicked enemies (Bikaar: lust, anger, greed, etc.). (sggs 1171).
  • ਦੇਸੁ ਛੋਡਿ ਪਰਦੇਸਹਿ ਧਾਇਆ ॥ ਪੰਚ ਚੰਡਾਲ ਨਾਲੇ ਲੈ ਆਇਆ ॥੪॥: Leaving your country, you wander in foreign lands. (But your Mayaic mind) brings the five pariahs (i.e., Bikaar: lust, anger, greed, etc.) with it. ||4|| (sggs 1348).

In fact, the SGGS asserts that what is called Jamm (ਜਮ), in reality, is none other than the mind’s Bikaar, doubt (Bharam), confusion, ignorance or absence of Naam (Wisdom, Virtues, Truth, etc.)…

  • ਅਵਰਿ ਪੰਚ ਹਮ ਏਕ ਜਨਾ ਕਿਉ ਰਾਖਉ ਘਰ ਬਾਰੁ ਮਨਾ ॥ ਮਾਰਹਿ ਲੂਟਹਿ ਨੀਤ ਨੀਤ ਕਿਸੁ ਆਗੈ ਕਰੀ ਪੁਕਾਰ ਜਨਾ ॥੧॥ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮਾ ਉਚਰੁ ਮਨਾ ॥ ਆਗੈ ਜਮ ਦਲੁ ਬਿਖਮੁ ਘਨਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: O my mind! They are five (lust, anger, greed, etc.). I am but all alone. How can I protect my hearth and home (within, i.e., Virtues, Wisdom, good thoughts…). They daily kill and plunder (my Virtues, Wisdom, good thoughts…). Unto whom can I complain? (O my mind!) Utter the Naam of Raam; (because, stood) before you is (this) awful terrible, and numerous band of Jamm (i.e., lust, anger, greed, etc.). ||1||Pause|| (sggs 155).
  • ਜਮ ਦਰਿ ਬਾਧਉ ਮਰੈ ਬਿਕਾਰੁ ॥: (A doubt-ridden mind) dies (Aatmak death-ਆਤਮਕ ਮੌਤ) when impacted by Jamm (i.e., lust, anger, greed, etc.). (sggs 904).
  • ਜਹ ਮਹਾ ਭਇਆਨ ਦੂਤ ਜਮ ਦਲੈ ॥ ਤਹ ਕੇਵਲ ਨਾਮੁ ਸੰਗਿ ਤੇਰੈ ਚਲੈ ॥: Where there is big scary Jamm (i.e., Bikaar: lust, anger, greed, etc.) will try to crush (i.e., ruin, break, trample you.), there only the Naam (Giaan or Wisdom) will come in handy in life. (sggs 264).

So, the Gurbani’s edict (ਫੈਸਲਾ) is: Burn all Bikaar in fire. But, what kind of fire?

  • ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਲੋਭੁ ਛੋਡੀਐ ਦੀਜੈ ਅਗਨਿ ਜਲਾਇ ॥: Let go lust, anger and greed, and burn them in the fire (sggs 519).
  • ਅਨਿਕ ਅਡੰਬਰ ਮਾਇਆ ਕੇ ਬਿਰਥੇ ਤਾ ਸਿਉ ਪ੍ਰੀਤਿ ਘਟਾਵਉ ॥: There are numerous ‘Addambar’ of Maya. They are useless. (So) withhold (your) love from these (sggs 529).

Now, since Bikaar are not gross objects, they cannot be burnt in the gross fire that we know of! Then, what kind of fire is it that the Gurbani is talking about here?

It is the subtle fire of the Divine Wisdom (Brahm-Giaan…), which can roast the seed of Bikaar, doubts, ignorance, etc.

  • ਦਿਸਟਿ ਬਿਕਾਰੀ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਭਾਗੀ ਐਸਾ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨੁ ॥੨॥: Such is the (blessing of) Brahm Giaan (Divine Wisdom) that corrupt vision and corrupt thinking (wickedness, foolishness, block-headedness, ignorance…) run away. ||2|| (sggs 1339).
  • ਭਰਮ ਅੰਧੇਰ ਬਿਨਾਸ ਗਿਆਨ ਗੁਰ ਅੰਜਨਾ ॥: The Divine Wisdom (is such) collyrium that destroys the darkness of doubts (from the mind). (sggs 456).

The Gurbani tells us that this can be accomplished with proper Understanding (ਸੂਝ-ਬੂਝ) obtained by churning the Gurbani or Shabad-Vichaar and then constantly bathing the mind in that divine Knowledge in our daily life. A person of divine Knowledge or Brahm-Giaan is called Brahm-Giaanee.

  • ਇਹੁ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ਬਿਕਾਰੁ ਸੰਸੇ ਮਹਿ ਤਰਿਓ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨੀ ॥: This world is engrossed in Bikaar and doubts. Only the Brahm Giaanee (the one who possesses spiritual Knowledge) swims across (this world full of Bikaar and doubt). (sggs 13).
  • ਜਮ ਦਰਿ ਬਾਧੇ ਮਾਰੀਅਹਿ ਛੂਟਸਿ ਸਾਚੈ ਨਾਇ ॥੨॥: Those impacted by Jamm (lust, anger, greed, etc.) can be saved only through the True Naam (Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…). ||2|| (sggs 1331).

This Divine Wisdom is called the ‘Kharragu‘ (‘ਖੜਗੁ’: sword) of the ‘Satiguru‘ (i.e., Sword of Wisdom) in the Gurbani. If Bikaar don’t get burnt in the fire of Prachand Giaan (ardent or fiery Wisdom), they will come back or not leave in the first place!

  • ਗਿਆਨ ਖੜਗੁ ਲੈ ਮਨ ਸਿਉ ਲੂਝੈ ਮਨਸਾ ਮਨਹਿ ਸਮਾਈ ਹੇ ॥੩॥: Taking up the Sword of the Spiritual Wisdom, struggle with the mind, and (all Mayaic desires, thoughts, ਫੁਰਨੇ, ਖੋਟੀ ਮਨਸਾ, etc., ) born of the mind are nipped within the mind. ||3|| (sggs 1022).
  • ਗਿਆਨੁ ਪ੍ਰਚੰਡੁ ਬਲਿਆ ਘਟਿ ਚਾਨਣੁ ਘਰ ਮੰਦਰ ਸੋਹਾਇਆ ॥: In the Heart or mind (of that person who loves Naam: Wisdom…) the bright light of the Wisdom shines brightly, all his senses become the possessors of beautiful spiritual life. (sggs 775).

According to the Gurbani, it is this sword of the Divine Wisdom which can cut asunder the mind’s ignorance, Bikaar, doubt…

  • ਨਾਨਕ ਹਉਮੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਜਲਾਇਆ ॥: O Nanak! Ego has been burnt away through the Shabad (sggs 1189).
  • ਜਿਉ ਮੰਦਰ ਕਉ ਥਾਮੈ ਥੰਮਨੁ ॥ ਤਿਉ ਗੁਰ ਕਾ ਸਬਦੁ ਮਨਹਿ ਅਸਥੰਮਨੁ ॥: As a pillar supports a building, similarly, the Gur-Shabad is the mind’s support. (sggs 282).

The idea is to change the mind’s Bikaaree nature or thinking (Soch), which is there because of Durmat (corrupt thinking, wickedness, block-headedness, foolishness, ignorance…). Now, the question is: How can we acquire this subtle fire of Brahm-Giaan (Wisdom)? The Gurmat Wisdom the SGGS is here for our mind’s rescue, provided we are interested to be rescued!

  • ਦੀਵਾ ਮੇਰਾ ਏਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਦੁਖੁ ਵਿਚਿ ਪਾਇਆ ਤੇਲੁ ॥ ਉਨਿ ਚਾਨਣਿ ਓਹੁ ਸੋਖਿਆ ਚੂਕਾ ਜਮ ਸਿਉ ਮੇਲੁ ॥੧॥: The One Naam (which provides Light of Wisdom or Truth in my life…) is my lamp; I have put the oil of my Dukh or suffering into it. With the Light (of that Naam’s lamp), the oil (of my Dukh) has dried up and I escape my connection with the Jamm (lust, anger, greed, etc.). ||1|| (sggs 358).

The Gurbani is written for the human mind that needs to change its bad habits, bad thinking and bad actions, here and now, not after death. As medicine is for the alive people not for dead, similarly, the Wisdom of the Gurbani is for the minds of the living people, not for animals, stones, or dead people. It’s the mind that has been shut up and confined, as a chick in an eggshell (of doubt, Karamkaand, ignorance, Bikaar or demerits, religious paraphernalia, and so on).

  • ਮਨ ਕਮੀਨ ਕਮਤਰੀਨ ਤੂ ਦਰੀਆਉ ਖੁਦਾਇਆ ॥ ਏਕੁ ਚੀਜੁ ਮੁਝੈ ਦੇਹਿ ਅਵਰ ਜਹਰ ਚੀਜ ਨ ਭਾਇਆ ॥: I am ‘Kameen’ (mean, crooked, wicked…); O Divine! You are Benevolent (Gratuitous, Kind). Please, bless me with this one thing (i.e., Naam: Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…); everything else is poison, and does not tempt me. (sggs 1291).

When all Bikaar get replaced with Virtues via understanding (Soojh Boojh) and living by the Wisdom of the Gurmat, this is what happens:

  • ਗਗਨ ਨਗਰਿ ਇਕ ਬੂੰਦ ਨ ਬਰਖੈ ਨਾਦੁ ਕਹਾ ਜੁ ਸਮਾਨਾ ॥ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਪਰਮੇਸੁਰ ਮਾਧੋ ਪਰਮ ਹੰਸੁ ਲੇ ਸਿਧਾਨਾ ॥੧॥ ਬਾਬਾ ਬੋਲਤੇ ਤੇ ਕਹਾ ਗਏ ਦੇਹੀ ਕੇ ਸੰਗਿ ਰਹਤੇ ॥ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਮਾਹਿ ਜੋ ਨਿਰਤੇ ਕਰਤੇ ਕਥਾ ਬਾਰਤਾ ਕਹਤੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: From the “Gagan Nagar” (i.e., mind, brain…), not even a drop (of bad thought…) rains down. Where is the ‘Naad’ (noise of Bikaar: lust, anger, greed, etc.), which was contained in it? (This is all the kindness of of the) the Divine (Wisdom, Virtues…) who has destroyed all Mayaic tumult of my mind. ||1|| Where have (lust, anger, greed, etc.) gone that were attached to the body? They  (i.e., Bikaar) used to dance in the mind (Mayaic dance), and always talked about body-consciousness or sense-gratification (where have they gone now?). ||1||Pause|| (sggs 480).
  • ਸਜਣ ਸੇਈ ਨਾਲਿ ਮੈ ਚਲਦਿਆ ਨਾਲਿ ਚਲੰਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ॥ ਜਿਥੈ ਲੇਖਾ ਮੰਗੀਐ ਤਿਥੈ ਖੜੇ ਦਿਸੰਨਿ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: (Virtues – ਗੁਣ) alone are my friends, who (always) travel along with me; and where the accounts are called for (i.e., wherever I’m in trouble, my Virtues) appear standing with me. ||1||Pause|| (sggs 729).

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