Gurbani Stresses To Strive For Detachment

Jagat (this material world) and its enchanting attractions overpower the Jeeva (individual being) rather easily. Our attachment to the worldly possessions and objects (with a sense of belonging) feed our Haumai (false ego-sense). However, the fleeting (temporary or ephemeral) nature of worldly possessions and objects can disturb the mind and ruin anybody’s day. The Gurmukh (Wise One) knows this truth. The Gurbani draws attention to the truth that mere spiritual knowledge is of no consequence and that the purpose of this knowledge is to attain a state of detachment ( ਬੈਰਾਗੁ – Bairaag) with regard to worldly matters. Bairaag (ਬੈਰਾਗੁ) implies a state of mind that springs from one’s sense of discerning intellect (Viveka) – this subtle sense of discrimination helps one to know the difference between what is right and wrong; what is real and unreal; what is fleeting and permanent; what is truth and falsehood; and so on.

  • ਕਬੀਰ ਤਰਵਰ ਰੂਪੀ ਰਾਮੁ ਹੈ ਫਲ ਰੂਪੀ ਬੈਰਾਗੁ ॥ ਛਾਇਆ ਰੂਪੀ ਸਾਧੁ ਹੈ ਜਿਨਿ ਤਜਿਆ ਬਾਦੁ ਬਿਬਾਦੁ ॥੨੨੮॥: O Kabeer! (This world, burning in the fire of Bikaars – lust, anger, greed, attachment, etc. – the Name of) the Lord is the tree, and detachment (from Bikaars, the worldly objects, etc.) is the fruit. The Holy person (the Gurmukh), who has abandoned useless arguments, is the shade of this tree. ||228|| (sggs 1376).
  • ਨਾਮਿ ਰਤੇ ਸਦਾ ਬੈਰਾਗੀ ॥: Those who are attuned to the Divine Name, remain detached forever (sggs 230).
  • ਸਚਿ ਰਤੇ ਸਦਾ ਬੈਰਾਗੀ ਹਉਮੈ ਮਾਰਿ ਮਿਲਾਵਣਿਆ ॥੪॥: Those who are attuned to the Truth (ਸਦਾ-ਥਿਰ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰੇਮ-ਰੰਗ ਵਿਚ), remain detached forever. Subduing their egotism, they are united with (the Truth). ||4|| (sggs 117).
  • ਬਿਨੁ ਬੈਰਾਗ ਨ ਛੂਟਸਿ ਮਾਇਆ ॥੧॥: Without detachment, Maya cannot be gotten rid of (cannot be liberated from Maya, etc.). ||1|| (sggs 329).
  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਬਿਬੇਕ ਬੁਧਿ ਹੋਇ ॥: The Gurmukh is blessed with spiritual wisdom and a discerning intellect (sggs 317).
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Filed Under: Gurbani, Renunciation, Detachment
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