Hukam and Dynamic Universe

This universe is dynamic – ever changing. Nothing here stays forever. Everything we see is changeful, fleeting, impermanent, ephemeral, or perishable. Nothing our physical eyes can see in it is ageless (…ਜੋ ਦੀਸੈ ਚਲਣਹਾਰੁ: Jo deesai chalanahaaru (sggs 31).

The Gurbani tells us there is the ageless Hukam (Divine Order; Cosmic Order; Divine Command; Eternal Law…) in the Universe.

The thought of “Hukam” is very essential part of the the Gurbani’s Teaching. Accordingly, Baabaa Nanak made it very clear in the outset of the SGGS that everything and everybody is subject to this Divine “Hukam“, whether we know it not.

  • ਹੁਕਮੈ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਹੁਕਮ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥: Hukamai andar isabhu ko baahari hukam n koi: Everyone is subject to Hukam; no one is beyond (exempt or outside of) Hukam. (sggs 1).

Other aspects of the Divine “Hukam” as indicated in the Gurbani include: a) It is all prevailing; b) It is beyond any mundane description; c) it must be obeyed or accepted (ਭਾਣਾ ਮੰਨਣਾਂ)…

Those who live the Hukam (ਭਾਣਾ ਮੰਨਣਾਂ) are called Gurmukhs (the followers of Truth, whose mind is linked to Antar-Aatmaa or whose Akal – ਅਕਲ – follows Gurbani and restrains the mind instead of following the mind, Sach Santokhee, his state is that of “Ik Mann Ik Chit“, ਮਾਇਆ ਵਿਚ ਉਦਾਸੀ…).

Those who don’t do the Hukam or oppose (ਵਿਰੋਧ-ਭਾਣੇ ਵਿਚ ਨਹੀ ਚਲਣਾਂ) the Hukam are called Manmukhs (the deniers of Truth, whose mind escapes through senses and run after sense-objects or whose Akal follows the mind’s dictates, ਮਾਇਆ ਨਾਲ ਜੁੜਿਆ…).

These two different groups of people live together on earth. However, the Gurbani asks us to become the Gurmukhs and do the Hukam (ਚਾਲਹਿ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਹੁਕਮਿ ਰਜਾਈ ॥: Chaalahi Gurmukhi hukami rajaaee, sggs 227).

But how can one do the Lord’s “Hukam” (“Bhaanaa Mannanaa...” )? To be abided in “Hukam” is accepting life as it presents to oneself. It is simply saying “Yes, I accept” (ਭਾਣਾ ਮੰਨਣਾਂ). In other words, it is just accepting one’s all joy and suffering as the Supreme Lord’s Hukam or Bhaanaa

  • ਸੋਈ ਸਿਆਣਾ ਸੋ ਪਤਿਵੰਤਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਲਗੈ ਜਿਸੁ ਮੀਠਾ ਜੀਉ ॥: Soee siaanaa so pativantaa hukam lagai jis meethaa jeeou: Only that person is wise and honorable, unto whom the Hukam seems sweet (sggs 108).

We all are endowed with Vivek-Budhi (an innate sense of right and wrong, discerning intellect, discriminating intellect…). Animals lack it. This is what separates us humans from animals. Therefore, we humans carry tremendous responsibility to abide by the Hukam. (ਕਬੀਰ ਰਾਮੈ ਰਾਮ ਕਹੁ ਕਹਿਬੇ ਮਾਹਿ ਬਿਬੇਕ ॥, sggs 1374 ).

In nutshell, to live, obey, accept or do the Hukam is simply living according to the Gurmat (Gur-Giaan, Divine Wisdom of the Gurbani…) – using our senses or physical receptors according to the Gurmat, Gur-Giaan, Shabad-Giaan

To put it otherwise, to abide in the Divine Hukam is, in essence, the same as to be connected to His Shabad, Naam or Bani. In other words, understanding of Hukam is the Realization of Gur-Shabad, Naam or Bani.  As the Gurbani tells us, to realize Hukam, one has to become the Gurmukh.

  • ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ ॥੮॥: Gur kai sabadi Hukamu pachhaanu ||8||: Through the Guru-Shabad, recognize the Hukam. ||8|| (sggs 223).
  • ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਹੈ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਦੀਆ ਬੁਝਾਇ ਜੀਉ ॥੫॥: Eko Naamu Hukamu hai Nanak satguru deeaa bujhaai jeeou ||5||: O Nanak! The Satguru has given me this Understanding that the (Lord’s) One Naam is the Hukam (ਪਰਮਾਤਮਾ ਦਾ ਨਾਮ ਜਪਣਾ ਹੀ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਦਾ ਹੁਕਮ ਹੈ). ||5|| (sggs 72).
  • ਸਚਾ ਤੇਰਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਣਿਆ ॥: Sachaa taeraa hukam Gurmukh jaaniaa: True is the Divine Hukam, and it is known to the Gurmukh (sggs 144).
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2 Comments On This Post

  1. Gurpreet Singh

    Satkar jog gurmukh T.Singh ji
    Everybody (manmukh) is running after obtaining so-called mysterious Naam from Pakhandi Babas(Sant,Guru) and they are just en-cashing this by telling them reciting(repeating) some wordly name. O pagal logo ki nahi gurbani vich, sara gyan bhareya pya hai lor hai sirf khojan di, gurbani-vichar di. Everything about NAAM is written in this article.
    NAAM=HUKAM(ORDER) of AKAAL PURAKH=DHUR KI BANI=SARE SACHKHAND DI COMMON AWAAZ=RAM-RAS=ANHAD-NAAD=TRANSCENDENTAL VIBERATORY SOUND

    regards
    Gurpreet Singh

    • Thank you for the wonderful comment Ji.
      ਸੋ ਐਸਾ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਈਐ ਮਨ ਮੇਰੇ ਜੋ ਸਭਨਾ ਉਪਰਿ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਚਲਾਏ ॥ (sggs 89).

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