This universe is dynamic – ever changing. Nothing here stays forever. Everything we see is changeful, fleeting, impermanent, ephemeral, or perishable. Nothing our physical eyes can see in it is ageless (…ਜੋ ਦੀਸੈ ਚਲਣਹਾਰੁ: Jo deesai chalanahaaru (sggs 31).
The Gurbani tells us there is the ageless Hukam (Divine Order; Cosmic Order; Law of Nature, etc.) in the Universe.
The thought of “Hukam” is very essential part of the the Gurbani’s Teaching (Gurmati). Accordingly, Baabaa Nanak made it very clear in the outset of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) that everything and everybody is subject to the Divine “Hukam“, whether we know it not.
- ਹੁਕਮੈ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਹੁਕਮ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥: Everyone is subject to Hukam; no one is beyond (exempt or outside of) Hukam. (sggs 1).
Other aspects of the Divine “Hukam” as indicated in the Gurbani include: a) It is all prevailing; b) it is beyond any mundane description; c) it is to be accepted (ਭਾਣਾ ਮੰਨਣਾਂ) – to live according to the Gurmati, using our senses or physical receptors according to the Gurmati …
Those who live the Hukam are called Gurmukhs (the followers of Truth, whose mind is linked to Antar-Aatmaa or whose Akkal – ਅਕਲ, intellect – follows Gurbani and restrains the mind instead of following the mind. He is Sach Santokhee, his state is that of “Ik Mann Ik Chit“, ਮਾਇਆ ਵਿਚ ਉਦਾਸੀ…).
Those who don’t live the Hukam or oppose (ਵਿਰੋਧ – ਭਾਣੇ ਵਿਚ ਨਹੀ ਚਲਣਾਂ) the Hukam are called Manmukhs (the deniers of Truth, whose mind escapes through senses and run after sense-objects or whose Akkal (intellect) follows the mind’s dictates, ਮਾਇਆ ਨਾਲ ਜੁੜਿਆ…).
These two different groups of people live together on earth. However, the Gurbani asks us to become the Gurmukhs and live the Hukam (ਚਾਲਹਿ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਹੁਕਮਿ ਰਜਾਈ ॥: Chaalahi Gurmukhi hukami rajaaee, sggs 227).
But how can one do the Lord’s “Hukam” (“Bhaanaa Mannanaa...” )? To be abided in “Hukam” is accepting life as it presents to oneself. It is simply saying “Yes, I accept” (ਭਾਣਾ ਮੰਨਣਾਂ). In other words, it is just accepting one’s all joy and suffering as the Divine Hukam or Bhaanaa…
- ਸੋਈ ਸਿਆਣਾ ਸੋ ਪਤਿਵੰਤਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਲਗੈ ਜਿਸੁ ਮੀਠਾ ਜੀਉ ॥: Only that person is wise and honorable, unto whom the Hukam seems sweet (sggs 108).
We all are endowed with Vivek-Budhi (an innate sense of right and wrong, discerning intellect, discriminating intellect…). Animals lack it. This is what separates us humans from animals. Therefore, we humans carry tremendous responsibility to abide by the Hukam. (ਕਬੀਰ ਰਾਮੈ ਰਾਮ ਕਹੁ ਕਹਿਬੇ ਮਾਹਿ ਬਿਬੇਕ ॥, sggs 1374 ).
In nutshell, to live, accept or do the Hukam is simply living according to the Gurmati (Gur-Giaan, Divine Virtues or Wisdom of the Gurbani…) – using our senses or physical receptors according to the Gurmati…
To put it otherwise, to abide in the Divine Hukam is, in essence, the same as to be connected to the Shabad, Naam or Bani. In other words, understanding of Hukam is the Realization of Shabad, Naam or Bani. But, as the Gurbani tells us, to realize Hukam, one has to become the Gurmukh.
- ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ ॥੮॥: Through the Guru-Shabad, recognize the Hukam. ||8|| (sggs 223).
- ਸਚਾ ਤੇਰਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਣਿਆ ॥: True is the Divine Hukam, and it is known to the Gurmukh (sggs 144).
- ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਹੈ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਦੀਆ ਬੁਝਾਇ ਜੀਉ ॥੫॥: Eko Naamu Hukamu hai Nanak satiguri deeaa bujhaai jeeou ||5|| (sggs 72).