Bhagti

As indicated in the Gurbani – for a Sikh Bhagti (also spelt Bhakti…) is to Realize the Gurmat or Gur-Giaan (i.e., ਸਿਖ ਵਾਸਤੇ ਗੁਰਮਤ ਲੈਣਾ ਹੀ ਭਗਤੀ ਹੈ, i.e., ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਮਾਰਗ = ਭਗਤੀ ਮਾਰਗ…) In other words, It is to thoroughly Understand the Gurbani through the Shabad-Vichaar. Which, In turn, helps in becoming “One” with our Mool within (i.e., become Ik Mann Ik Chit…), which is the purpose of human birth.

  • ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਮਤਿ ਤੂੰ ਲੇਹਿ ਇਆਨੇ ॥ ਭਗਤਿ ਬਿਨਾ ਬਹੁ ਡੂਬੇ ਸਿਆਨੇ ॥: Gur kee mati toon lehi iaane. Bhagti binaa bahu doobe siaane (sggs 288).
  • ਯਾ ਜੁਗ ਮਹਿ ਏਕਹਿ ਕਉ ਆਇਆ ॥: Yaa Yug mahi ekahi kaou aaiaa (sggs 251).

Thus, Bhagti is not just repetition of some “Mantra” or singing of the Gurbani; or singing of the devotional songs; or sitting in some peculiar posture (“ਬਗੁਲ ਸਮਾਧਿ”) with half closed eyes staring in the sky or the nose; or counting beads (ਮਾਲਾ ਫੇਰਨੀ) with the Maya infatuated mind (ਮਨ ਵਿਚ ਮਾਇਆ ਦੀ ਭੁੱਖ)…

  • ਜਬ ਕੀ ਮਾਲਾ ਲਈ ਨਿਪੂਤੇ ਤਬ ਤੇ ਸੁਖੁ ਨ ਭਇਓ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Jab kee maalaa laee nipoote tab te sukhu n bhaio ||Rahaaou|| (sggs 856).
  • ਗਾਵਹਿ ਗੀਤ ਨ ਚੀਨਹਿ ਆਪੁ ॥: Gaavahi geet n cheenahi aapu (sggs 903).
  • ਅਖੀ ਤ ਮੀਟਹਿ ਨਾਕ ਪਕੜਹਿ ਠਗਣ ਕਉ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Akhee t meetahi naak pakar rahi thagan kaou sansaar||Rahaaou|| (sggs 662).

Thus, in essence, Bhagti is the way of searching the mind and Understanding onself to Realize the Mool within (Source, Origin, ਆਪਣਾ ਆਪ ਚੀਨਣਾ, ਆਪਣਾਂ ਆਪ ਖੋਜਣਾ, ਅਪਣਾਂ ਆਪ ਬੁਝਣਾ, ” ਚੀਨਹਿ ਆਪੁ”, “ਆਪਾ ਚੀਨੈ”…) through the earnest Shabad-Vichaar. Therefore, its real aim is to eradicate the mind’s “filth” (Durmat, Bikaars, crookedness, doubt-ਭਰਮ…), and Realize the Mool (ਮੂਲ) within by attaining Understanding (ਸੂਝ-ਬੂਝ) of the Gurbani (the Gurbani’s Divine Knowledge, Aatam-Giaan…); and then live it – act spiritually in accordance with the Divine Hukam (Bhaanaa …).

  • ਮਨਿ ਮੈਲੈ ਭਗਤਿ ਨ ਹੋਵਈ ਨਾਮੁ ਨ ਪਾਇਆ ਜਾਇ ॥: Mani mailai bhagti n hovaee naamu n paaiaa jaai (sggs 39).
  • ਸਾਚੀ ਭਗਤਿ ਤਾ ਥੀਐ ਜਾ ਹਰਿ ਵਸੈ ਮਨਿ ਆਇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Saachee bhagti taa theeai jaa hari vasai mani aai ||1||Rahaaou|| (sggs 35).
  • ਜਨ ਨਾਨਕ ਬਿਨੁ ਆਪਾ ਚੀਨੈ ਮਿਟੈ ਨ ਭ੍ਰਮ ਕੀ ਕਾਈ ॥੨॥੧॥: Jan Nanak binu aapaa cheenai mitai n bhram kee kaaee ||2||1|| (sggs 684).

Bhagti is Divine Life (Gurmukh Lifestyle) that springs from Awareness of One’s godly Nature (Joti-Svaroopa), Divine Virtues (ਗੁਣ), and so on. In essence, as the Gurbani indicates, Bhagti is essentially to become absorbed in the Love of the Naam (Aatam-Giaan…).

  • ਨਾਨਕ ਭਗਤੀ ਨਾਮਿ ਸਮਾਇ ॥੩॥: Nanak bhagti Naami samaai ||3|| (sggs 289).

And the Naam – as the Gurbani asserts – is no other than the Giaan-Padaarath (Divine Knowledge, Spiritual Wisdom, Gurmat, Shabad-Giaan, Aatam-Giaan …):

  • ਗੁਰ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਪਦਾਰਥੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਹੈ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੋ ਦੇਇ ਦ੍ਰਿੜਾਇ ॥: Gur Giaanu padaarathu naamu hai hari naamo dei drirhaai (sggs 759).

Thus, the Gurbani emphasizes Realization or Experience of the Aatam-Giaan (Spiritual Wisdom …) rather than dogmas or empty rituals. In nutshell (ਮੁੱਕਦੀ ਗਲ), we are asked by the Gurbani to see the world as the Gurbani sees it.

But, the Gurbani indicates that such person who has Realized Bhagti is very “rare”. Because, the challenges in this quest are many and need courage to surmount them. However, as the Gurbani asserts – without the Bagati – doubts cannot be dispelled.

  • ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਪਾਵੈ ਜਨੁ ਕੋਈ ॥੧॥: Gurmati bhagti paavai janu koee ||1|| (sggs 879).
  • ਭਗਤਿ ਬਿਨਾ ਸਹਸਾ ਨਹ ਚੂਕੈ ਗੁਰੁ ਇਹੁ ਭੇਦੁ ਬਤਾਵੈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Bhagti binaa sahasaa nah chookai guru ihu bhedu bataavai ||1||Rahaaou|| (sggs 830).

The nature of Sansaar or a Sansaaree (world or a worldly person…) is contrary to that of the Bhagti or the Bhagat. Accordingly, the Gurbani reminds us that there can never be a Jorr (ਜੋੜ: ਮੇਲ, ਪ੍ਰੀਤੀ, connection, link, bond, union, alliance, association…) between a Sansaaree and a Bhagat!

  • ਭਗਤਾ ਤੈ ਸੈਸਾਰੀਆ ਜੋੜੁ ਕਦੇ ਨ ਆਇਆ ॥: Bhagataa tai saisaareeaa jorru kde n aaiaa (sggs 145).
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18 Comments On This Post

  1. Jagjit

    Thank you for this post. I was wondering if you could write a blog post explaining ” we are asked by the Gurbani to see the world as th”e Gurbani sees it.”

    It would be a great help.

    • Thank you Jagjit Ji for taking time to comment on this post.

      “I was wondering if you could write a blog post explaining ” we are asked by the Gurbani to see the world as th”e Gurbani sees it.””

      The Gurbani (i.e., the Giaan of the Gurbani – Gurmat) is meant to be applied.

      Thus, to see the world as the Gurbani does is essentially to unbrokenly live the Gurbani – after having Understood the Gurbani throughly, then apply it to daily life.

      ਸਚਹੁ ਓਰੈ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਉਪਰਿ ਸਚੁ ਆਚਾਰ ॥੫॥ (sggs 62).
      ਫਰੀਦਾ ਅਮਲ ਜਿ ਕੀਤੇ ਦੁਨੀ ਵਿਚਿ ਦਰਗਹ ਆਏ ਕੰਮਿ ॥੧੦੦॥ (sggs 1383).
      ਸਚੁ ਕਰਣੀ ਸਬਦੁ ਹੈ ਸਾਰੁ ॥ (sggs 114).
      ਭਾਈ ਰੇ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਸਾਚਿ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਸਾਚੋ ਸਾਚੁ ਕਮਾਵਣਾ ਸਾਚੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਮਿਲਾਉ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (sggs 30).
      ਇਹੀ ਅਚਾਰ ਇਹੀ ਬਿਉਹਾਰਾ ਆਗਿਆ ਮਾਨਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਹੋਇ ਤੁਮ੍ਹ੍ਹਾਰੀ ॥ ਜੋ ਇਹੁ ਮੰਤ੍ਰੁ ਕਮਾਵੈ ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋ ਭਉਜਲੁ ਪਾਰਿ ਉਤਾਰੀ ॥੩॥੨੮॥ (sggs 377).
      ਕਰਣੀ ਬਾਝਹੁ ਘਟੇ ਘਟਿ ॥ (sggs 25).
      ਗੁਰਿ ਕਹਿਆ ਸਾ ਕਾਰ ਕਮਾਵਹੁ ॥ (sggs 832).
      ਅਮਲੁ ਕਰਿ ਧਰਤੀ ਬੀਜੁ ਸਬਦੋ ਕਰਿ ਸਚ ਕੀ ਆਬ ਨਿਤ ਦੇਹਿ ਪਾਣੀ ॥ (sggs 24).

      Simply put: It is seeing through the eyes of the Shabad-Vichaar.

      ਆਖਣੁ ਵੇਖਣੁ ਬੋਲਣਾ ਸਬਦੇ ਰਹਿਆ ਸਮਾਇ ॥ (sggs 35).
      ਬਿਨੁ ਸਬਦੈ ਸੁਣੀਐ ਨ ਦੇਖੀਐ ਜਗੁ ਬੋਲਾ ਅੰਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ਭਰਮਾਇ ॥ (sggs 429).
      ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦੀ ਦਰੁ ਜੋਈਐ ਮੁਕਤੇ ਭੰਡਾਰਾ ॥ (1009).
      ਅੰਤਰਿ ਦੇਖਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨਿਆ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਰਾਂਗਨਹਾਰਾ ॥ (sggs 1331)

  2. Gurpreet Singh

    Satkar jog Gurmukh T.Singh Jio
    Sat bachan ji.
    ਯਾ ਜੁਗ ਮਹਿ ਏਕਹਿ ਕਉ ਆਇਆ ॥: Yaa Yug mahi ekahi kaou aaiaa (sggs 251).
    ਜਨ ਨਾਨਕ ਬਿਨੁ ਆਪਾ ਚੀਨੈ ਮਿਟੈ ਨ ਭ੍ਰਮ ਕੀ ਕਾਈ ॥੨॥੧॥: Jan Nanak binu aapaa cheenai mitai n bhram kee kaaee ||2||1|| (sggs 684).
    ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਪਾਵੈ ਜਨੁ ਕੋਈ ॥੧॥: Gurmati bhagti paavai janu koee ||1|| (sggs 879).
    ਭਗਤਾ ਤੈ ਸੈਸਾਰੀਆ ਜੋੜੁ ਕਦੇ ਨ ਆਇਆ ॥: Bhagataa tai saisaareeaa jorru kde n aaiaa (sggs 145).
    regards
    GS

    • Thank you Bhai Sahib Gurpreet Singh Ji.

      •ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਚੰਚਲ ਮਤਿ ਤਿਆਗੀ ॥ ਕੇਵਲ ਰਾਮ ਭਗਤਿ ਨਿਜ ਭਾਗੀ ॥੩॥੧॥੧੯॥ (sggs 327).

  3. Baljinder Singh

    Very well written veer ji! thank you…

  4. Nirmal Singh

    Dear Veer T Singh ji,
    Your Gurbani Article are very detailed and analysed many thanks.
    Can you please write about Hirda as well. Where it is? is it heart? or Man Mandir? Kind Regards Nirmal Singh

    • Gurpreet Singh

      Pyare jio
      Hirda is that void space(akaas-tat) in chest where Naam(Dhur ki bani, anhad naad,Shabad-dhun) is enlightened and listened without these eyes, and ears. It is called Dasam Dwar(Nij Ghar,Shiv Puri etc.) . It is not the Heart that pumps the blood and not mann that resides in Trikuti.
      regards
      Gurpreet Singh

  5. Gurpreet Singh

    Satkar jog Gurmukh T.Singh jio
    Thanks to that moment when i visited this site and my inward journey towards my mool started.
    Hirdey jin kai har vase tit ghat hai pargas…
    Hirdey kamal pargaseya laga sehaj dhyan…
    Hirdey kamal ghat brahm na china kahe bhaya sanyasi…
    Hirdey Har Har Har dhun upji Har japiye mastak bhag jio…
    Hirdey naam vasaye ho ghar baithe guru dhyaye ho…
    regards
    GS

  6. Amarjit singh

    Veerjee gurufateh.I am visiting this site for first time.Thanx for article&i like it ,may be due to paucity of space u have written Bhagti is not just repetition of some mantras or singing of gurbani and not elaborated on it .Sir bhagti starts when we listened divine gurbani&recite &enjoy peace and these r not empty rituals.Then devoting time it increases but gurmukh have to divide time for kirat kirni& seva which again is part of living of gursikh.

    • Thanks Veer Ji for taking time to comment on this post.

      “may be due to paucity of space u have written Bhagti”

      Yes, these blog posts are kept short and to the point – easy to focus, read, and digest. These posts are not meant to be lengthy articles, for this blog is not the platform for such lengthy writings. Secondly, I am neither a scholar (ਵਿਦਵਾਨ) nor a professional writer, nor I want to be one.

      “Sir bhagti starts when we listened divine gurbani&recite &enjoy peace”

      What is Kirtan according to the Gurbani? The kirtan according to the Gurbani, the Kirtan is:
      ਅਨਦਿਨੁ ਕੀਰਤਨੁ ਕੇਵਲ ਬਖ੍ਯ੍ਯਾਨੁ ॥: Andinu Keertanu keval bakhyaanu (sggs 281).

      “and these r not empty rituals”

      Yes, but, according to the Gurbani, it does become meaningless when (for example listening…):
      ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਸੁਨਿ ਕਛੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਨ ਉਪਜਿਓ ਪਸੁ ਜਿਉ ਉਦਰੁ ਭਰਉ ॥: Gurmati suni kashu giaan n upjio pasu jiou udar bharaou (sggs 685).

      “divide time for kirat kirni& seva”

      According to the Gurbani, what is seva? Here is Gurbani:
      ਨਾਮੁ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਸੇਵ ॥੧॥: Naam hamaarai Gur kee sev ||1|| (sggs 1145).
      ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਸੇਵਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਦ੍ਰਿੜੳਏ ॥: Satgur sevaa naam drirhaae (sggs 1175).
      ਸਤਗੁਰ ਕਾ ਭਾਣਾ ਮੰਨਿ ਲਈ ਵਿਚਹੁ ਆਪੁ ਗਵਾਇ ॥ ਏਹਾ ਸੇਵਾ ਚਾਕਰੀ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਸੈ ਮਨਿ ਆਇ ॥: Satgur kaa bhaanaa mann layee vichahu aap gavaai. Ehaa sevaa chaakree Naam vasai manni aai (sggs 34).
      ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਸੇਵਨਿ ਆਪਣਾ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦੀ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ॥: Satigur sevan aapanaa gur sabadee veechaar (sggs 1415).
      ਸੇਵਾ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਰਹਸਿ ਗੁਣ ਗਾਵਾ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਾ ॥: (sggs 1255).
      ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਸੇਵਿਆ ਸਬਦਿ ਵੀਚਾਰਾ ॥: (sggs 1049).

      Now, again, according to the Gurbani, what is Naam?
      ਗੁਰ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਪਦਾਰਥੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਹੈ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੋ ਦੇਇ ਦ੍ਰਿੜਾਇ ॥: Gur Giaanu padaarathu naamu hai hari naamo dei drirhaai (sggs 759).
      ਬੂਝਹੁ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਸਬਦੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਿ ॥: (sggs 840).

      Gurfateh Ji. Bhul Chuk Maaf

      • Gurpreet Singh

        Sat bachan ji
        Pareya nahi bhed bhujiya pawna…
        Pare sune kya hoye jo sehaj na milya soi…
        regards
        GS

      • Amarjit singh

        Gurufateh jee
        Thanks for quick response.
        Guru maharaj mehar karain issi bi ass marg te chaliay

        • Gurpreet Singh

          Pyare Jio
          Charan sharan gur ek painda jai chal satgur kot painda aage hoye lait hai…
          Sach de Gyna marg val ek kadam chalna bahut okha hai(kyunki pehla da sara pareya suneya anpareya karna pavega , man-mat(sakat mat) to gurmat da dharni hona pavega) je oh kadam tusi chal leya tan tuhada mool(chit, ram, hans, suraj etc. ) tuhade mann(bagla,kiran,jot etc.) nu apne aap ji khic panda jayega ji.
          Ik aughat ghati ram ki tis chard raheya kabir…
          Je tuhade mann vich is marag te turan da furna otheya hai tan Insha Alha(Akala purak, Hukam di marji naal) tuhanu andar di taraf jaan di khic jaroor pavegi ji.
          regards
          Das Gurpreet Singh

  7. Ripz

    Hello Sir,

    The Article was great and I could relate to all except the last part— that there can be no connection between Sansaari and Bhagat.

    A Sansaari can be bhagat too, one living a life of care giver, having all the material things in life and yet deeply connected with the divine and seeing and feeling that one is one with onself ( which is higher self). If I am in love with my Divine or Lord or pure energy and in turn a good human being then how difficult can it be to seperate the two!! Isnt it about how open, progressive, humanitarian and evolved one is??

    I am just wanting a perspective !!!

    • 1. According to the Gurbani:
      •ਸੇਵਾ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ॥: Seva sursti sabad veechaar (sggs 1343).
      2. According to the Gurbani, the Way or the Lifestyle of the Bhagat is “Niraalee” (unique, extraordinary, peculiar, excellent, lonely, distinct, ਅਦਭੁਤ, ਸੁੰਦਰ, ਭਿੰਨ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਰ ਦਾ, ਜੁਦਾ, ਏਕਾਂਤ, ਅਦੁਤੀ, ਅਜੀਬ…):
      •ਭਗਤਾ ਕੀ ਚਾਲ ਨਿਰਾਲੀ ॥: Bhagataa kee chaal niraalee (sggs 918).
      3. According to the Gurbani, as such, there can be no “Jorr” beween the worldly persons (Manmukh, Saakat…) and the Bhagat. This is the Gurbani’s edict:
      •ਭਗਤਾ ਤੈ ਸੈਸਾਰੀਆ ਜੋੜੁ ਕਦੇ ਨ ਆਇਆ ॥: Bhagataa tai saisaareeaa jorru kde n aaiaa (sggs 145).

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