Living Dead

In order to impart the Truth (ਸਚ) to masses, as examples (ਹਵਾਲਾ), all the 35 contributors of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) have used terms in their Bani (ਬਾਣੀ) that were prevailing in common language spoken by average citizens of their time. BUT, WITH DIFFERENT OR CHANGED MEANINGS!

A case in point is ‘Mukti-ਮੁਕਤਿ’ – literally meaning liberation, freedom, emancipation, salvation, etc.

The crafty and deceptive Pujaaree groups and the Pujaaree system have brainwashed people to believe in his concocted concept that liberation is an after death occurrence.

This fraud of the Pujaaree is going on for a long time.

The Gurbani assertively rejects this manufactured idea or fantasy of the corrupt Pujaaree-Vaad.

Instead, the Gurbani believes in liberation while alive (“Jeevan Mukati-ਜੀਵਨ ਮੁਕਤਿ”), here and now – NOT AFTER DEATH!

Although the SGGS exposed and rejected this fraud of the cunning Pujaaree several centuries ago, however, this fraud is still ongoing, including Sikhi!

  • ਬੇਣੀ ਕਹੈ ਸੁਨਹੁ ਰੇ ਭਗਤਹੁ ਮਰਨ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਕਿਨਿ ਪਾਈ ॥੫॥: Says Baynee – O Bhagat! Listen (to this truth): Nobody has ever attained liberation after death. ||5|| (sggs 93).
  • ਮੂਏ ਹੂਏ ਜਉ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਦੇਹੁਗੇ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਨ ਜਾਨੈ ਕੋਇਲਾ ॥: If You liberate me after I am dead, no one will know that I am liberated. (sggs 1292).

In fact, the Way of the Gurbani is so pure that a Wise person (i.e., a Gurmukh, ਗਿਆਨੀ) even gives up the desire for liberation!

  • ਰਾਜੁ ਨ ਚਾਹਉ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਨ ਚਾਹਉ ਮਨਿ ਪ੍ਰੀਤਿ ਚਰਨ ਕਮਲਾਰੇ ॥: (O Prabhoo, I) neither desire for empire (Bhugati or materiality) nor liberation (Mukti); (my) mind longs for the love of your lotus feet (Virtues, Wisdom, Naam, Hukam…). (sggs 534).
  • ਮੁਕਤਿ ਬਪੁੜੀ ਭੀ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਤਿਆਗੇ ॥: A spiritually Wise forsakes even liberation (sggs 1078).

Now, the question is: Liberation from what?

As per the Gurbani, we must liberate ourselves — here and now — from fetters or bonds (‘ਗਲੀ ਜੰਜੀਰ’, ‘ਬੰਧਨ’) such as doubt (ਭਰਮ), ignorance of one’s Jot Saroop (True Nature, Mool…), Haumai and its countless faults or demerits (Bikaar: lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride, jealousy, slandering, dishonesty, stubborn mindedness…), Maya, etc.

  • ਨਾਨਕ ਅਉਗੁਣ ਜੇਤੜੇ ਤੇਤੇ ਗਲੀ ਜੰਜੀਰ ॥ ਜੇ ਗੁਣ ਹੋਨਿ ਤ ਕਟੀਅਨਿ ਸੇ ਭਾਈ ਸੇ ਵੀਰ ॥: O Nanak! As many as are the demerits (Bikaar…), so many are the chains (bonds, Bandhan…) around (one’s) neck. If (one) possesses the Divine Virtues, then the chains are cut away; (hence Virtues) are (one’s) true brothers and mates. (sggs 595).
  • ਬੰਧਨ ਤੋੜੇ ਸਦਾ ਹੈ ਮੁਕਤਾ ॥: One who breaks out of bondage is liberated forever. (sggs 125).

Once liberated from these fetters through the Satguru or True Wisdom (ਸਚਾ ਗਿਆਨ) — ignorance, Haumai, demerits, Bikaar, doubt, etc. — liberation is realized, HERE and NOW, NOT after death! Only those who possess Bibek-Budh (discriminating intellect) understand this.

  • ਗੁਰ ਪਰਸਾਦੀ ਹਉਮੈ ਛੁਟੈ ਜੀਵਨ ਮੁਕਤੁ ਸੋ ਹੋਇ ॥: by the Grace of the Gur (Giaan, Wisdom…), man is rid of the Haumai (false ego-sense) and then he becomes liberated whilst alive. (sggs 948).
  • ਬਿਨੁ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਕਿਨੈ ਨ ਪਾਈ ॥: Without the Satgur (True Wisdom, ਸਚਾ ਗਿਆਨ), no one is liberated. (sggs 1343).
  • ਪਾਵੈ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਨ ਹੋਰ ਥੈ ਕੋਈ ਪੁਛਹੁ ਬਿਬੇਕੀਆ ਜਾਏ ॥: Go and consult the men of discrimination, (without the Satgur – True Wisdom, ਸਚਾ ਗਿਆਨ) nobody can find liberation anywhere else. (sggs 920).

Towards that end, the Gurbani urges us to first accept that the death of our physical body is inevitable. Therefore, we are time and again reminded: whatever is born will die. For example, this body is born, so it must die. So, the Gurbani asks us to give up the hope of living forever or thinking that this body will never die…

  • ਪਹਿਲਾ ਮਰਣੁ ਕਬੂਲਿ ਜੀਵਣ ਕੀ ਛਡਿ ਆਸ ॥ …: First accept death and give up the desire for life (i.e., give up attachment to body…)… (sggs 1102).

Once accepted this reality through the Shabad-Vichaar (Reflection on the Gur-Shabad...), we become living dead. Because, by accepting this through the Gurmat (Wisdom, Giaan, Upadesh or Way of the, SGGS), we remove the death out of the way (ਜੀਵਨ ਦੀ ਤਾਂਘ, ਸਰੀਰ ਦਾ ਮੋਹ, body-consciousness…). A big hurdle indeed!

  • ਆਪੁ ਛੋਡਿ ਜੀਵਤ ਮਰੈ ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਵੀਚਾਰ ॥: Abandon your self-conceit (love of one’s own existence…), and remain dead while yet alive through the Vichaar (Reflection…) of the Gur-Shabad (sggs 34).

Thus, once we have taken the death out of the way (i.e. become Jeevanmukat), Aapaa Bhaav (Haumai, false ego-sense, love of one’s own existence, body-consciousness…) gets annihilated.

  • ਜੀਵਨ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਜਿਸੁ ਰਿਦੈ ਭਗਵੰਤੁ ॥: He is living liberated in whose mind Bhagvant abides (i.e., Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…). (sggs 294).

The Gurbani tells us that when we so die while yet alive, then we stand to realize the noble attainment (ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤੀ) – the transformation or freezing of the wandering mind.

  • ਮਨੁ ਮਾਰੇ ਜੀਵਤ ਮਰਿ ਜਾਣੁ ॥: Whoever kills his mind, knows the state of being dead while yet alive (sggs 1343).

This is the state of turning away from the worldly ways (Maya), Haumai, Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, etc. – Manmukh, Saakat or Mayadhaaree Lifestyle.

  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਮਿਲਿਐ ਉਲਟੀ ਭਈ ਭਾਈ ਜੀਵਤ ਮਰੈ ਤਾ ਬੂਝ ਪਾਇ ॥: O brother! Meeting the Satgur (True Wisdom, ਸਚਾ ਗਿਆਨ), then the man understands, he turns away (from Bikaar, demerits…), and remains living dead. (sggs 602).

Accordingly, this is the Awakened State (ਆਤਮਕ ਜਾਗ). This is the state of True Bhagti, Pooran-Giaan, the Gurmukh Lifestyle.

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਹੋਇ ਬਹੁਰਿ ਨਹੀ ਮਰਨਾ ॥੪॥੬॥੯॥: Become the Gurmukh, and you will never have to die again (spiritual death –  ਆਤਮਕ ਮੌਤ). ||4||6||9|| (sggs 872).

Thus, the Gurbani tells us we can become living dead or liberated through “ਗੁਰ ਪਰਸਾਦੀ – Gur Parasaadee” (the Grace of the Gur-Wisdom, Aatam-Giaan…). Realization of this Wisdom requires self-effortsnobody else can do it for you! The Gurbani uses this simple to understand example: If you are hungry, you have to eat yourself to satisfy your hunger. You cannot ask somebody else to eat for you! Can you?

  • ਬਿਨੁ ਖਾਏ ਬੂਝੈ ਨਹੀ ਭੂਖ ॥: Without eating, hunger is not satisfied. (sggs 1149).

Hence, the SGGS emphasizes one must read the Gurbani himself, understand it through Shabad-Vichaar, and then apply its Wisdom to one’s day-to-day living. Mechanical, robotic, or ritualistic reading of the Gurbani as propagated by the deceptive Pujaaree groups will not do the trick.

  • ਸਾਚੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਸਦਾ ਹੈ ਮੁਕਤਾ ਮਾਇਆ ਮੋਹੁ ਚੁਕਾਇਦਾ ॥੫॥: (The Gurmukh) through the True Shabad (i.e., Upadesh, Wisdom…) is liberated forever; he renounces emotional attachment to Maya. ||5|| (sggs 1066).
  • ਜੈਸੇ ਧਰਤੀ ਸਾਧੈ ਬਹੁ ਬਿਧਿ ਬਿਨੁ ਬੀਜੈ ਨਹੀ ਜਾਂਮੈ ॥ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨੁ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਨ ਹੋਈ ਹੈ ਤੁਟੈ ਨਾਹੀ ਅਭਿਮਾਨੈ ॥੨॥: As the land may be prepared in many ways, but nothing sprouts without being planted. Similarly without the ‘Raam Naam‘ (Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…), no one is liberated, nor is egotistical pride eradicated. ||2|| (sggs 1205).

In nutshell, according to the Gurbani, Liberation comes from true understanding (ਸੂਝ-ਬੂਝ). If learning (ਆਤਮਕ ਵਿੱਦਿਆ, Shabad Giaan or Wisdom…) does not translate into understanding, no Liberation will come! This is the Gurbani’s edict (ਫੈਸਲਾ). Baabaa Nanak says:

  • ਮੁਕਤਿ ਨਹੀ ਬਿਦਿਆ ਬਿਗਿਆਨਿ ॥: Liberation does not come from (spiritual) teaching or learning without understanding (sggs 903).

Hence, true or real Mukti (liberation) is to continuously remain in Bliss (Ananad) while alive — freedom from both Dukh and Sukh…

  • ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੀ ਆਗਿਆ ਆਤਮ ਹਿਤਾਵੈ ॥ ਜੀਵਨ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਸੋਊ ਕਹਾਵੈ ॥ ਤੈਸਾ ਹਰਖੁ ਤੈਸਾ ਉਸੁ ਸੋਗੁ ॥ ਸਦਾ ਅਨੰਦੁ ਤਹ ਨਹੀ ਬਿਓਗੁ ॥ ਤੈਸਾ ਸੁਵਰਨੁ ਤੈਸੀ ਉਸੁ ਮਾਟੀ ॥ ਤੈਸਾ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਤੈਸੀ ਬਿਖੁ ਖਾਟੀ ॥ ਤੈਸਾ ਮਾਨੁ ਤੈਸਾ ਅਭਿਮਾਨੁ ॥ ਤੈਸਾ ਰੰਕੁ ਤੈਸਾ ਰਾਜਾਨੁ ॥ ਜੋ ਵਰਤਾਏ ਸਾਈ ਜੁਗਤਿ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਓਹੁ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਕਹੀਐ ਜੀਵਨ ਮੁਕਤਿ ॥੭॥: One who, in his soul (mind), loves the Divine Hukam (Law of Nature, True Knowledge, Virtues…), is said to be Jeevan Mukta – liberated while yet alive. As is joy, so is sorrow to him. In that state, there is everlasting Bliss and no separation (from Wisdom, Virtues…). As is gold, so is dust to him. As is nectar, so is bitter poison to him. As is honor, so is dishonor to him. As is the beggar, so is the king to him. Whatever (Prabh) sets in rotation, that is his way. O Nanak! That being is known as living  Liberated (Jeevan Mukta, living dead, etc.). ||7|| (sggs 275).

3 replies on “Living Dead”

Satkar jog gurmukh T.Singh jio,
Sat bachan ji

>>This is the state of turning away from the worldly ways or Mayaic efforts (Manmukh / Saakat Lifestyle, “ਸਾਕਤ ਸਿਉ ਕਰਿ ਉਲਟੀ ਰੇ” …) through the Gurmat (Aatam-Giaan).<>ਗੁਰ ਪਰਸਾਦੀ ਜੀਵਤੁ ਮਰੈ ॥: Gur Parasaadee Jeevatu Marai (sggs 662).<<

Das Gurpreet Singh

This state of ” Living Dead” is the very beginning of an enlightened self though it may seem contradictory at first look. Saul Bellow in his novel Herzog seems to suggest a similar idea when he propounds the theory ” live as you are dead”.

Thank you Barjinder Ji for sharing Bellow’s suggestion.
In fact, the Gurbani indicates that the Bhagti (Devotion…) is to live as one is dead.
• ਏਹਾ ਭਗਤਿ ਜਨੁ ਜੀਵਤ ਮਰੈ ॥: Ehaa bhagati jan jeevat marai (sggs 365).

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