The Gurbani urges us to constantly inquire, reflect, contemplate, investigate, directly look into, etc. (i.e., Vichaar): Where I came from? Where did I originate, and where will I go and merge? How am I bound, and how do I obtain liberation? How do I merge intuitively into the Eternal? Who comes, and who goes? What is mind? Who is the sufferer? What is the Truth?” Who is hidden? Who is liberated? Who is our Real mother and father?…
- ਕਵਨੁ ਸੁ ਗੁਪਤਾ ਕਵਨੁ ਸੁ ਮੁਕਤਾ ॥ ਕਵਨੁ ਸੁ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਜੁਗਤਾ ॥ ਕਵਨੁ ਸੁ ਆਵੈ ਕਵਨੁ ਸੁ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਕਵਨੁ ਸੁ ਤ੍ਰਿਭਵਣਿ ਰਹਿਆ ਸਮਾਇ ॥੧੨॥: “Who is hidden? Who is liberated? Who is united, inwardly and outwardly? Who comes, and who goes? Who is permeating and pervading the three worlds?” (sggs 939).
- ਕਤ ਕੀ ਮਾਈ ਬਾਪੁ ਕਤ ਕੇਰਾ ਕਿਦੂ ਥਾਵਹੁ ਹਮ ਆਏ ॥: (sggs 156).
In other words, one’s Spiritual Identity is present in the answer to the this Inner Inquiry: ““Who am I?”.
As repeatedly indicated in the Gurbani, there are only two different groups of people living together on earth: Gurmukhs (the followers of Truth, truthful living, whose mind is linked to Antar-Aatmaa or whoose Akal – ਅਕਲ – follows Gurbani and restrains the mind instead of following the mind, Such Santokhee, his state is that of “Ik Mann Ik Chit“…) and Manmukhs (the deniers of Truth, truthful living, whose mind escapes through senses and run after sense-objects or who’s Akal follows the mind’s dictates…).
A Giaanee (ਗਿਆਨੀ, Wise…) is a Gurmukh. A Giaanee always identifies with his Joti-Svaroopa (Mool, Origin, Source, True Nature…). He does not involve in Mayaic-consciousness, entanglements…
- ਪ੍ਰਣਵਤਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਕੈਸਾ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਆਪੁ ਪਛਾਣੈ ਬੂਝੈ ਸੋਇ ॥: Prays Nanak, what is nature of the Giaanee (the knower of the Truth…)? (A true Giaanee is he who) recognizes his Mool (ਮੂਲ, Source, Jot…), that (Mool-realized Giaanee) understands (sggs 25).
- ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਬੰਧਨ ਤੇ ਮੁਕਤਾ ॥: Brahm Giaanee – the knower of Truth – is free from worldly entanglements (sggs 273).
In other words, it is the Giaanee, the Enlightened Being (the Gurmukh…), who sees beyond duality (Doojaa-Bhaav…) and knows the oneness of all (i.e., he sees no difference). He is the Illumined (Awakened, Aware…) one, filled with the Light (“ਪੂਰਨ ਜੋਤਿ”…).
On the other hand, the Manmukhs (the opposite of a Giaanee or Gurmukh, the majority category…) identify with their fleeting body (status, titles, position, caste or Jaat-Paat, family of birth, education, and so on. Such consciousness is indicative of body-consciousness, bondage, entanglements…
A Giaanee ever revels in the Divine Shabad for the sake of Brahm-Giaan (Aatam-Giaan…). Detached, he perceives the Reality present in everything and everywhere. He understands that the ability to learn True Giaan (Divine Knowledge…) is a faculty available only to human beings. So he uses this precious and rare human life to realize the Truth.
- ਸੋ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਈ ॥: He alone is a Giaanee (ਗਿਆਨ-ਵਾਨ), who has focused his consciousness on the Shabad (sggs 831).
To transcend Mayaic-consciousness (duality…), the Gurbani urges us to adopt the Giaanee’s perception, discernment, or intuitive faculty. The Gurbani encourages us to see the Giaanee’s Spiritual Wisdom regarding our Mool (ਮੂਲ, Source, Origin, Essential Nature, ਅਸਲੇ ਨੂੰ ਪਛਾਣ…).
- ਆਪੁ ਬੀਚਾਰੇ ਸੁ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਹੋਈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Who reflects ownself ( ਆਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਨੂੰ, ਆਪਣੇ ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ ਨੂੰ, ਆਪਣੇ ਅਸਲੇ ਨੂੰ ਵਿਚਾਰਦਾ ਹੈ – ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ ਦੀ ਪੜਤਾਲ) is truly Giaanee (Wise – ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ ਦੀ ਸੂਝ ਬੂਝ ਵਾਲਾ) ||1||Pause|| (sggs 152).
To appreciate the view point of a true Giaanee (one who is immersed in Aatam-Giaan, True Content – ਸਚ ਸੰਤੋਖ – …), the Gurbani asks us to become the Gurmukhs (the Giaanee…).
- ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਪਰਚੈ ਸੁ ਸਬਦਿ ਗਿਆਨੀ ॥ By becoming the Gurmukh, through the Shabad, (one) becomes the Giaanee (knower, etc., of the Truth) (sggs 941).
But the Gurbani also indicates that it is difficult for the mortal (Jeeva or an individual being…) to be aware of this Teaching of the Gurbani always because the Jeeva is caught in the cycle of repeated suffering due to his love for Maya.
As the Gurbani repeatedly indicates to us, it is difficult to always realize our Mool (our true self, Truth, God…) because of our constant involvement with the daily activities in this material world. Our Bikaars (passions, negativity, sense-gratifications…) keep us immersed in duality – joy and sorrow, likes and dislikes, praise and slander, ups and downs, and so on. These worldly entanglements delude and obstruct us from realizing the essential truth of our Mool (True Nature, Joti-Svaroopa…).
Our Mool is both far and near. It all depends what we do with this rare opportunity of human life (ਕਰਮੀ ਆਪੋ ਆਪਣੀ ਕੇ ਨੇੜੈ ਕੇ ਦੂਰਿ ॥: Karamee aapo aapanee ke nerrai ke doori, sggs 8).
He seems far to those (e.g., Manmukhs) who are preoccupied with the material world (Maya…) and near to those who are always established in His Presence within (as the Gurmukhs, Giaanees…). A true Giaanee (not fake and fraud Giaanees) perceives only Him as the ever Present Truth or Reality and (in ਸਚ ਸੰਤੋਖ-true contentment…) remains detached to the happenings of the mirage-like, enchanting world.