We all can attest to this fact that Dharma has been used almost exclusively in a religious or spiritual context but it is not. In reality it is a scientific concept. Also this term ‘Dharma’ has no English equivalent word.
The word Dharma comes from the Sanskrit root ‘Dhri’, which means ‘to hold’. Therefore, Dharma refers to that innate characteristic or Eternal Nature which constantly exists with a particular object — the Eternal function or True Nature of beings. In short, we can describe the term Dharma as ‘The universal Order’.
For example, heat is the natural Dharma of fire, liquidity is the natural Dharma of water, light is the natural Dharma of sun, to produce plants is the natural Dharma of a seed, energy is the natural Dharma of electricity, and so on. Hence, the word Dharma referrers to and expresses the vital or Essential Nature of men, animals, all other creatures, metals, and so on. Dharma, therefore, is a comprehensive term that refers to the immutable Law of Nature (Hukam…).
In nutshell, for a heat or water or wind or gravitational force to become ‘Without Dharma’ is to forget or give up their Inherited Qualities (ਗੁਣ-Virtues) or duty (ਫਰਜ).
At the human level, similarly, for a person to become ‘Without Dharma’ (become A-Dharmee, ਅਧਰਮੀ) is to forget or give up one’s Inherited Qualities (ਗੁਣ-Virtues), duty or responsibilities (ਫਰਜ, ਜਿੰਮੇਵਾਰੀ), the Gurmukh or Divine Lifestyle, etc.
The Gurmat Wisdom of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) asserts Rabb is One (i.e., One Universal Energy), and One is spreaded everywhere. Since Rabb is One, the true Dharma must also be One or same everywhere in the world like gravity — the Universal Dharma of ‘Sach-ਸਚ-Truth‘ or Virtues (ਗੁਣ-Gun).
Rest are just man-made, organized and institutionalized religions — ‘Mazhab-ਮਜ਼ਹਬ’.
Religion is a Judaeo-Christian term and the term ‘Mazahb‘ is from Abrahamic traditions.
The Sikh Gurus did not use or accept the term religion or Mazhab.
In nutshell, religion lives in the past and in the future, whilst Dharma lives in the present (i.e., NOW)!
However, a great tragedy of the humankind is that these institutionalized and organized religions have hijacked the True Dharma.
- ਏਕੋ ਧਰਮੁ ਦ੍ਰਿੜੈ ਸਚੁ ਕੋਈ ॥: If some one grasps this – there is but one Dharma of Truth. (sggs 1188).
- ਕਬੀਰਾ ਜਹਾ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਤਹ ਧਰਮੁ ਹੈ ਜਹਾ ਝੂਠੁ ਤਹ ਪਾਪੁ ॥: O Kabeer! (Within a person, if) there is Giaan (Spiritual Wisdom, Divine Knowledge, Aatm–Giaan…) there is Dharma; (if within him) there is falsehood, there is sin (corrupt thinking). (sggs 1372).
- ਖਤ੍ਰੀਆ ਤ ਧਰਮੁ ਛੋਡਿਆ ਮਲੇਛ ਭਾਖਿਆ ਗਹੀ ॥: The Khatris have abandoned their Dharma (their duty of defending the country, people…), (for the sake of livelihood- ਰੋਜੀ ਦੀ ਖਾਤਰ) they have adopted the language (lifestyle, manners…) of those whom they call ‘Malaesh-ਮਲੇਛ’ (sinners, vacuous, tyrant Mohammedan invaders, mindless, wicked). (sggs 663).
Hence, Dharma or Sikhi should reflect in one’s character (ਕਿਰਦਾਰ, conduct, thoughts, actions…), in fulfilling one’s responsibilities (ਜਿੰਮੇਵਾਰੀਆ ਦਾ ਨਿਭਾਉਣਾਂ), the Way of daily life, etc. In other words, Dharma or Sikhi should reflect in one’s Quality of daily life (Giaan or Wisdom, ਗੁਣ or Virtues) — inner Qualities such as Truth (ਸਤ), honesty (ਇਮਾਨਦਾਰੀ), contentment (ਸੰਤੋਖ), mercy (ਦਯਾ), patience (ਧੀਰਜ), Sahaj (ਸਹਜ-Natural State of Being), Wisdom (ਗਿਆਨ), humility (ਮਨ ਨਿਮਾਣਾ, ਬੁਧਿ ਗਰੀਬੀ), sweet speech (ਮਿਠ ਬੋਲੜਾ)….
The next form of Wisdom (Giaan-ਗਿਆਨ) is the divine Virtues (ਗੁਣ-Gun), which then appears in daily life (Gurmukh Lifesyle).
- ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਗਿਆਨ ਭੇਟਿ ਗੁਣ ਗਾਹੀ ॥੭॥: Those who become Gurmukh, merge in Wisdom and live (daily life) of Virtues. ||7|| (sggs 226).
- ਗੁਣ ਵੀਚਾਰੇ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਸੋਇ ॥: (One who) contemplates the Divine Virtues is spiritually Wise. (sggs 931).
- ਵਿਣੁ ਗੁਣ ਕੀਤੇ ਭਗਤਿ ਨ ਹੋਇ ॥: Without acquiring Virtues, Bhagti can not be performed. (sggs 4).
- ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਣੈ ਸੁ ਹਰਿ ਗੁਣ ਵਖਾਣੈ ॥: Who recognizes or understands the Hukam lives (daily life) of Virtues. (sggs 109).
Ironically, in this world, the biggest lies (ਝੂਠ) are told in the name of Dharma, specially by those who have made Dharma their business (ਧੰਧਾ, ਦੁਕਾਨਦਾਰੀ…)!
As a result, the biggest gossip (ਗੱਪ – a false story, tattle, prattle, rumor, hearsay, chit-chat, etc.) goes in the name of Dharma.
- ਓਹੁ ਗਲ ਫਰੋਸੀ ਕਰੇ ਬਹੁਤੇਰੀ ਓਸ ਦਾ ਬੋਲਿਆ ਕਿਸੈ ਨ ਭਾਇਆ ॥: He (i.e., the prattler, Manmukh) babbles on and on (ਗੱਲਾਂ ਵੇਚਣੀਆਂ, ਗੱਲਾਂ ਦੀ ਖੱਟੀ ਖਾਣੀ, etc.), but the words he speaks please no one (sggs 303).
Also called ‘Srest-ਸ੍ਰੇਸਟ-Best’ Dharma in the Gurbani, this Universal Dharma or Order is observed at the level of the mind (Surat, consciousness). It’s so because this true Dharma is the Eternal function or Original Nature (Inner Nature) of beings in relationship with ‘Sach-Truth’ or Virtues (Pure or ‘Nirmal Karma’, Wisdom…). It asks us to Awaken the eternal ‘Sach-Truth’ or truthfulness within so that the human narcissism is replaced, and one seeks companionship of divine Virtues or Wisdom (Gurmukh Lifestyle).
- ਸਰਬ ਧਰਮ ਮਹਿ ਸ੍ਰੇਸਟ ਧਰਮੁ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਜਪਿ ਨਿਰਮਲ ਕਰਮੁ ॥: Of all Dharma, the best Dharma is ‘Naam(u) Japi’ (understand the Gurbani and obtain Giaan or Wisdom, Virtues…) and do Pure Karma (ਪਵਿਤ੍ਰ ਆਚਰਣ, conduct…). (sggs 266).
Hence, Dharma = Purpose in life, Truth seeking, living daily life with Virtues or inherited True Nature (Jot Saroop), earnestly fulfilling one’s responsibilities (duty, ਫਰਜ, ਜਿੰਮੇਵਾਰੀ).
Accordingly, the Wisdom of the SGGS tells us that a person without Virtues (ਗੁਣ) is as useless as a cow without milk; a bird without wings; vegetation or crop without water; an emperor without respect, etc.
- ਦੁਧ ਬਿਨੁ ਧੇਨੁ ਪੰਖ ਬਿਨੁ ਪੰਖੀ ਜਲ ਬਿਨੁ ਉਤਭੁਜ ਕਾਮਿ ਨਾਹੀ ॥ ਕਿਆ ਸੁਲਤਾਨੁ ਸਲਾਮ ਵਿਹੂਣਾ ਅੰਧੀ ਕੋਠੀ ਤੇਰਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਨਾਹੀ ॥੧॥: A cow without milk; a bird without wings; vegetation without water – totally useless! What is an emperor, without respect? The chamber of the soul is so dark, without the Naam (i.e., ਗੁਣ, Virtues, Wisdom, Truth…. ||1|| (sggs 354).
To put it otherwise, the Wisdom (Giaan) of the SGGS teaches us the principle of basic unity (Oneness) and equality and how to build a peaceful, loving, harmonious, just, truthful, successful, purposeful, positive society and life. If people cannot treasure these universal Virtues, then that’s people’s problem, NOT Gurmat’s problem (ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ਵਧੀਆ ਸਮਾਜ ਤੇ ਸਾਨੂੰ ਵਧੀਆ ਇਨਸਾਨ ਬਣਾਂਉਦੀ ਹੈ).
Hence, To be a Dhaarmic person has nothing to do with one’s physical or external appearance.
- ਜੋ ਧਰਮੁ ਕਮਾਵੈ ਤਿਸੁ ਧਰਮ ਨਾਉ ਹੋਵੈ ਪਾਪਿ ਕਮਾਣੈ ਪਾਪੀ ਜਾਣੀਐ ॥: He, who lives Dharma (lives daily life of Truth, Virtues, Wisdom, duty…) is a Dhaarmic person (Virtuous…), and if he acts contrary to Dharma is known a ‘Paapee’. (sggs 138).
- ਸਭ ਤੇ ਊਤਮ ਇਹੁ ਕਰਮੁ ॥ ਸਗਲ ਧਰਮ ਮਹਿ ਸ੍ਰੇਸਟ ਧਰਮੁ ॥: This (i.e., to live Virtues in life, Naam…) is the most exalted Karma. Of all Dharma, this is the most sublime and excellent Dharma. (sggs 895).
To the contrary, all organized and institutionalized religions are observed at the level of the physical body-frame (Karamkaand or formalities, religious paraphernalia, etc.). The Gurbani’s Dharma is not a religion!
Hence, they are brain washing systems for social control. They are about tribal survival and conquest. Each claims exclusively true, and all others evil. They use violence if you don’t agree with their exclusive claims. Ask Professor Giordano Bruno who was burned alive for saying ‘Earth goes around the sun’, contrary to the Church teaching!
Accordingly, there is the Pujaaree-Vaad (ਪੁਜਾਰੀ ਲਾਣਾ) in Sikhi; there is the Hindu Pujaaree system; there is the Muslim Pujaaree system; there is the Christian Pujaaree system, and so on. And, by by nature, Pujaaree is greedy, corrupt, crafty, conman…
No Dharma without Virtues (ਗੁਣ-Gun)
The Gurmat Wisdom of the SGGS tells us that there can be no true Dharma without Virtues (ਗੁਣ-Gun). Opposite of Virtues (‘Gun’) is demerits (‘Avgun’ or ‘Aougun’, defects, faults, flaws…). The Gurbani calls defects (‘Avgun’) as chains or noose around one’s neck (‘Janjeer’, ‘Phaahaa’), human enemies, thieves that steal human Goodness, etc.
- ਨਾਨਕ ਅਉਗੁਣ ਜੇਤੜੇ ਤੇਤੇ ਗਲੀ ਜੰਜੀਰ ॥ ਜੇ ਗੁਣ ਹੋਨਿ ਤ ਕਟੀਅਨਿ ਸੇ ਭਾਈ ਸੇ ਵੀਰ ॥: O Nanak! As many as are the demerits (Bikaar…), so many are the chains (bonds, Bandhan…) around (one’s) neck. If (one) possesses the Divine Virtues, then the chains are cut away; (hence Virtues) are (one’s) true brothers and mates. (sggs 595).
Therefore, the SGGS teaches the entire mankind — including ALL Sikhs (learners, ਸਿਖਿਆਰਥੀ) — to follow the Dharma of Virtues.
Hence, in nutshell, clearly, the Gurmat (Wisdom, Upadesh, ਸਿਖਿਆ or Way of the SGGS) wants us to awaken the Divine Virtues (Gun-ਗੁਣ) within in order to be a true Dhaarmic person!
No wonder the SGGS asks all to share in the Divine Virtues!
For a Sikh can awaken within the Divine Virtues (Gun-ਗੁਣ) by remaining a good Sikh; a Hindu can awaken within the Divine Virtues by remaining a good Hindu; a Muslim can awaken within the Divine Virtues by remaining a good Muslim; a Bodhi can awaken within the Divine Virtues by remaining a good Bodhi; a Christian can awaken within the Divine Virtues by remaining a good Christian; a Jew can awaken within the Divine Virtues by remaining a good Jew; and so on.
However, the crafty Pujaaree systems of all these organized religions will NOT let it happen! Instead, they will make sure the people remain divided, ignorant, without the Divine Virtues (Gun-ਗੁਣ)…
Understandably, the SGGS breaks the corrupt Pujaaree system. They have turned their man-made religions into a Mayaic or mundane business (ਧੰਧਾ)!
- ਕਰਮ ਧਰਮ ਪਾਖੰਡ ਜੋ ਦੀਸਹਿ ਤਿਨ ਜਮੁ ਜਾਗਾਤੀ ਲੂਟੈ ॥: Whosoever perform show off Draarmic rituals (like bathing at Teerath, etc.) and hypocrisies, are plundered by the ‘Jam(u)’ (Doubt, Bikaar: lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride…), the tax collector (sggs 747).
Accordingly, for the betterment of the human society, all contributors of the SGGS tried their best to break the corrupt and stagnant Pujaaree systems. They knew that without breaking these corrupt Pujaaree systems, people cannot be steered away from the lifestyle of ‘Bhangaar‘ they propagate.
Gurbani’s Universal Dharma of ‘Sach’ – Truth
Where there is corruption, there can be no Dharma. Hence, the Gurbani rejects all man-made religions, for they promote corruption. The truth is falsehood cannot propagate Truth.
- ਸਰਮੁ ਧਰਮੁ ਦੁਇ ਛਪਿ ਖਲੋਏ ਕੂੜੁ ਫਿਰੈ ਪਰਧਾਨੁ ਵੇ ਲਾਲੋ ॥: Modesty (ਹਯਾ, shame, etc.) and Dharma both have vanished, and falsehood moves about as the chief (Pardhaanu-ਚੌਧਰੀ). (sggs 722).
- ਕਾਦੀ ਕੂੜੁ ਬੋਲਿ ਮਲੁ ਖਾਇ ॥ ਬ੍ਰਾਹਮਣੁ ਨਾਵੈ ਜੀਆ ਘਾਇ ॥ ਜੋਗੀ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ਅੰਧੁ ॥ ਤੀਨੇ ਓਜਾੜੇ ਕਾ ਬੰਧੁ ॥੨॥: Telling lies, the Qazi eats filth (of taking bribe and what pertains to others …). The Brahmin kills (inflicts pain on people by mistreating and misguiding them: ਆਤਮ-ਘਾਤੀ..), and then takes (cleansing, ਤੀਰਥ-ਇਸਨਾਨ) baths. The Yogi is (mentally or spiritually) blind, and does not know the way of life (ਜੀਵਨ ਦੀ ਜਾਚ). These three are the cause of destruction of spiritual life (of their own and other people by leading them astray from the Way of Truth.) ||2|| (sggs 662).
The Universal Dharma of Sach (Truth) the SGGS reminds the entire humankind of is for the good of the entire mankind.
- ਬੋਲੀਐ ਸਚੁ ਧਰਮੁ ਝੂਠੁ ਨ ਬੋਲੀਐ ॥: Speak the ‘Sachu’ Dharma (i.e. to speak Truth is Dharma), and do not speak falsehood (sggs 488).
The Gurbani’s Universal Dharma wants the entire humanity to escape from Bhav Saggar to Sukh Saagar and awaken the Divine Virtues (ਗੁਣ-Gun) or Giaan (Wisdom) within.
A Brahmin can do that; a Muslim can do that; a Yogi can do that, a Sikh can do that; a Khalsa can do that, list goes on and on.
Let’s take a few examples from the Gurbani:
For example, a person who identifies himself as a Sikh or Khalsa can awaken the universal Virtues (Gun-ਗੁਣ) within, without changing his man-made religion:
- ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਜਨ ਭਏ ਖਾਲਸੇ ਪ੍ਰੇਮ ਭਗਤਿ ਜਿਹ ਜਾਨੀ ॥: O Kabeer! Those persons become ‘Khaalsae’ (ਖਾਲਸੇ) who have realized the Prem Bhagti (ਗੁਰਮਤ ਦਾ ਪੂਰਾ ਗਿਆਨ; Perfect Understanding of the Gur-Shabad, Gur-Giaan, or Divine Wisdom of the Gurbani…). (sggs 655).
- ਸੋ ਸਿਖੁ ਸਖਾ ਬੰਧਪੁ ਹੈ ਭਾਈ ਜਿ ਗੁਰ ਕੇ ਭਾਣੇ ਵਿਚਿ ਆਵੈ ॥: O brother! He alone is a Sikh, a friend, and a relative, who walks in the Way of the Gur-Bhaanaa (Divine Hukam, Gurmat, the Gurbani’s Giaan or Wisdom…). (sggs 601).
A person who identifies himself Brahmin can also awaken the universal Virtues (Gun-ਗੁਣ) within, without changing his man-made religion:
- ਬ੍ਰਹਮਣੁ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨ ਇਸਨਾਨੀ ਹਰਿ ਗੁਣ ਪੂਜੇ ਪਾਤੀ ॥: He alone is a Brahmin, who takes his cleansing bath in the Brahm-Giann (spiritual wisdom), and whose leaf-offerings in worship are the Divine Virtues. (sggs 992).
A person who identifies himself Muslim can also awaken the universal Virtues (Gun-ਗੁਣ) within, without changing his man-made religion:
- ਪੰਜਿ ਨਿਵਾਜਾ ਵਖਤ ਪੰਜਿ ਪੰਜਾ ਪੰਜੇ ਨਾਉ ॥ ਪਹਿਲਾ ਸਚੁ ਹਲਾਲ ਦੁਇ ਤੀਜਾ ਖੈਰ ਖੁਦਾਇ ॥ ਚਉਥੀ ਨੀਅਤਿ ਰਾਸਿ ਮਨੁ ਪੰਜਵੀ ਸਿਫਤਿ ਸਨਾਇ ॥ ਕਰਣੀ ਕਲਮਾ ਆਖਿ ਕੈ ਤਾ ਮੁਸਲਮਾਣੁ ਸਦਾਇ ॥: There are five prayers and five times of day for prayer; the five have five names. Let the first be truthfulness (truth in thoughts, speech, deeds…). Let the second be earning honest living (Imaandaree Dee Kirat). Let the third be good will for all (Sarbatt Daa Bhalaa Karanaa). Let the fourth be the pure mind and intentions (Neeyat or motives…). And, let the fifth be the Divine Praise (i.e., continually living and sharing the Divine Wisdom and Virtues in life). (With these five Namaaj, elevate your conduct – ਕਰਣੀ) repeat the creed of good deeds, and then, you may call yourself a (true) Muslim. (sggs 141).
A person who identifies himself Yogi can also awaken the universal Virtues (Gun-ਗੁਣ) within, without changing his man-made religion:
- ਮੁੰਦਾ ਸੰਤੋਖੁ ਸਰਮੁ ਪਤੁ ਝੋਲੀ ਧਿਆਨ ਕੀ ਕਰਹਿ ਬਿਭੂਤਿ ॥ ਖਿੰਥਾ ਕਾਲੁ ਕੁਆਰੀ ਕਾਇਆ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਡੰਡਾ ਪਰਤੀਤਿ ॥ ਆਈ ਪੰਥੀ ਸਗਲ ਜਮਾਤੀ ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤੈ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤੁ ॥: (O Yogi!) Make contentment your ear-rings; make hard work your begging bowl and bag; and remembering (that one day this body will turned into ashes) the ashes you apply to your body. Let (the remembrance) of death be the patched coat you wear, let the body free of Bikaar (lust, anger, greed etc.) be your ‘Kuaaree Kaya’ (i.e., ‘Kuaaree Kaya’ = remaining FREE of Bikaar), and let trust (conviction, confidence or faith in Hukam) be your walking stick. See the brotherhood of all mankind as the highest order of Yogis. Only by obeying the Hukam can the mind be conquered. And, for the one who has conquered the mind, there is nothing left to conquer in the whole world)! (sggs 6).
If all this happens, then, regardless of what worldly religion a person identifies with, everybody will have the same Divine Virtues (ਗੁਣ-Gun) — Oneness, Sameness, universal Love, universal Brotherhood, universal Citizenship…
The Divine Virtues (Gun-ਗੁਣ) build a fence of Dharma around a person. As a result, there will be more love, less hatered and bloodshed in the name of religion or god.
However, the Gurbani’s this universal Dharma of Virtues requires people to change.
- ਜਿਨਿ ਕਰਿ ਉਪਦੇਸੁ ਗਿਆਨ ਅੰਜਨੁ ਦੀਆ ਇਨ੍ਹ੍ਹੀ ਨੇਤ੍ਰੀ ਜਗਤੁ ਨਿਹਾਲਿਆ ॥: He taught me and given me the healing eyedrops of spiritual Wisdom so that with my spiritual eyes, I visualize the world (sggs 470).
That’s where the problem is — people don’t want to change or mend their thinking. Since the organized religions see no material gain in teaching their followers to change, they stick to their antagonistic adherents and engage in foolish acts in the name of their religion and god.
Dharma revealed by the SGGS is universal
First off, Dharma of the Gurmat is Dharma of GIAAN (Divine Wisdom or Knowledge, Virtues…). It’s NOT a Dharma of AGIAANEE (ignorant, unvirtuous, corrupt thinking…)! The Gurbani claims that every action performed in the Light of the Gur-Wisdom becomes Dharma. On the other hand, every deed done contrary to the Gur-Wisdom is Paap (corrupt thinking, demerits, Bikaar, ਬੁਰੀ ਸੋਚ, ਭੇੜੇ ਵਿਚਾਰ, ਅਉਗਣ…).
- ਕਬੀਰਾ ਜਹਾ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਤਹ ਧਰਮੁ ਹੈ ਜਹਾ ਝੂਠੁ ਤਹ ਪਾਪੁ ॥ (sggs 1372).
The Giaan or spiritual Knowledge of the SGGS is meant to raise conditioned consciousness to the level of Immortal Consciousness. Thus the the SGGS puts the entire mankind back on the path (Panth) of living the True Dharma (Virtues, Wisdom). Its Divine Guidance and Universal Message is for the improvement and welfare of the whole mankind.
- ਹਰਿ ਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਲੈ ਊਤਮ ਧਰਮਾ ॥: Obtain the Divine Naam (Spiritual Knowledge, Virtue…), this is the Highest Dharma (sggs 834).
- ਠਾਕੁਰੁ ਗਾਈਐ ਆਤਮ ਰੰਗਿ ॥: Live by the Divine (Virtues, Wisdom, Hukam or Law of Nature…) with the complete involvement of the Soul (mind – ਮੰਨ ਕਰਕੇ). (sggs 680).
However, the members of the Gurdwara committees and the illiterate and crafty Pujaaree-Vaad (Raagees, Bhais, Kathaakaar, preachers, Deraavaad Baabaa, etc.) have shamelessly hijacked and tortured the real Gurmat and its Supreme Message with concocted Karamkaand (rituals), plundering masses in the process. The wicked Pujaaree system has connected people to mere body-consciousness (Maya) instead of the Gur-Giaan (spiritual Knowledge of the Gurbani…) or Naam.
Regardless of which institutionalized religion, the Pujaaree system of every religion wants to close people’s minds shut and contained, as a chick in a eggshell! Also, they make people emotional so they don’t think logically. As a result, people believe whatever the Pujaaree-Vaad tattles (ਗੱਪ) in the name of dharma and god.
The result is – as Bhagat Kabeer Jee says:
- ਦੀਨੁ ਬਿਸਾਰਿਓ ਰੇ ਦਿਵਾਨੇ ਦੀਨੁ ਬਿਸਾਰਿਓ ਰੇ ॥ ਪੇਟੁ ਭਰਿਓ ਪਸੂਆ ਜਿਉ ਸੋਇਓ ਮਨੁਖੁ ਜਨਮੁ ਹੈ ਹਾਰਿਓ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਸਾਧਸੰਗਤਿ ਕਬਹੂ ਨਹੀ ਕੀਨੀ ਰਚਿਓ ਧੰਧੈ ਝੂਠ ॥ ਸੁਆਨ ਸੂਕਰ ਬਾਇਸ ਜਿਵੈ ਭਟਕਤੁ ਚਾਲਿਓ ਊਠਿ ॥੧॥: O madman! You have forgotten your Dharma (of Virtues, Sach or Truth, Duty of life-ਫਰਜ…); you have forgotten your Dharma. Like animals, you fill your belly and sleep; you have wasted and lost this human life. ||1||Pause|| You never join ‘Saadhsangati’ (Gur-Giaan-Wisdom, Truth…). You are engrossed in false pursuits (of mind’s Bikaar: lust, anger, greed, etc.). Wandering like a dog, a pig, a crow you will depart (from this world). ||1|| (sggs 1105).
What a tragedy! To reverse this situation in Sikhi, we must read the Gurbani ourselves, churn it through Shabad-Vichaar to understand its true meanings, and then apply it in daily life. Consider Baabaa Nanak’s precious words:
- ਨਾਨਕ ਨਿਗੁਰਿਆ ਗੁਣੁ ਨਾਹੀ ਕੋਇ ॥ ਮੁਹਿ ਫੇਰਿਐ ਮੁਹੁ ਜੂਠਾ ਹੋਇ ॥੧॥: O Nanak! Who are without Giaan (Wisdom, Truth…) have no Divine Virtues. Defilement within comes from by turning away (from Giaan, Wisdom, Truth…). (sggs 1240).
- ਅਸਮਾਨ ਮ੍ਯ੍ਯਿਾਨੇ ਲਹੰਗ ਦਰੀਆ ਗੁਸਲ ਕਰਦਨ ਬੂਦ ॥: In the mind, a stream flows (i.e., the stream of Wisdom, Virtues, Amrit, Truth, Universal Energy…); take your bath in it. (sggs 727).
- ਸਜਣ ਸੇਈ ਨਾਲਿ ਮੈ ਚਲਦਿਆ ਨਾਲਿ ਚਲੰਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ॥ ਜਿਥੈ ਲੇਖਾ ਮੰਗੀਐ ਤਿਥੈ ਖੜੇ ਦਿਸੰਨਿ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: (Virtues – ਗੁਣ) alone are my friends, who (always) travel along with me; and where the accounts are called for (i.e., wherever I’m in trouble, my Virtues) appear standing with me. ||1||Pause|| (sggs 729).
If we were to understand this Universal Dharma of the SGGS, then all organized or Institutionalized religions manufactured by the crafty Pujaary system will collapse, leaving behind standing alone the Gurmat’s Universal Dharma of ‘Nirmal Karma’ (Virtues, Giaan, ‘Sach’ or Truth…)!
- ਗੁਣ ਸੰਗ੍ਰਹਿ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਰਿਦੈ ਨਿਵਾਸੀ ਭਗਤਿ ਰਤੀ ਹਰਖਾਈ ॥੫॥: The seeker enshrines the Divine within the Heart and thereby gathers divine virtues imbued with Bhagti and achieves contentment. (sggs 1273).
- ਕਬੀਰ ਨਿਰਗੁਣ ਨਾਮ ਨ ਰੋਸੁ ॥ ਇਸੁ ਪਰਚਾਇ ਪਰਚਿ ਰਹੁ ਏਸੁ ॥੪॥੯॥: Says O Kabeer! Let there not be estrangement with the formless Naam (Divine Virtues), instead conform to it and get used to it ||4||9|| (i.e. live it in daily life – never forget it) (sggs 325).