The Giaan-Guru (Sri Guru Granth Sahib, SGGS) in that sense is an emperor, unselfishly having only the best interest of the learner or student (i.e., Sikh) at heart, while expecting nothing in return.
If a person is disease-stricken, his mere reading of the medicine’s label without taking the medicine will not cure him. In order to be cured of the disease and related pain, one has to take the medicine and stop mere reading the label. Similarly, if you have food in front of you and you are hungry, isn’t your responsibility to make effort and put that food in your mouth? Are you just going to chant “food, food” and hope your hunger will be satisfied? In fact, the Divine has given you the food, and now it’s your responsibility to put it in your mouth!
- ਬਿਨੁ ਖਾਏ ਬੂਝੈ ਨਹੀ ਭੂਖ ॥: Without eating, hunger is not satisfied. (sggs 1149).
- ਖਾਂਡ ਖਾਂਡ ਕਹੈ ਜਿਹਬਾ ਨ ਸ੍ਵਾਦੁ ਮੀਠੋ ਆਵੈ ॥ ਅਗਨਿ ਅਗਨਿ ਕਹੈ ਸੀਤ ਨ ਬਿਨਾਸ ਹੈ ॥ ਬੈਦ ਬੈਦ ਕਹੈ ਰੋਗ ਮਿਟਤ ਨ ਕਾਹੂ ਕੋ॥ ਦਰਬ ਦਰਬ ਕਹੈ ਕੋਊ ਦਰਬਹਿ ਨ ਬਿਲਾਸ ਹੈ ॥ ਚੰਦਨ ਚੰਦਨ ਕਹਤ ਪ੍ਰਗਟੈ ਨ ਸੁਬਾਸੁ ਬਾਸੁ ॥ ਤੈਸੇ ਗਿਆਨ ਗੋਸਟਿ ਕਹਤ ਨ ਰਹਤ ਪਾਵੈ॥ ਕਰਨੀ ਪ੍ਰਧਾਨ ਭਾਨ ਉਦਤਿ ਅਕਾਸ ਹੈ ॥: By merely uttering the word “sugar, sugar” one cannot taste the sweetness of sugar. By merely uttering the word “fire, fire” one cannot drive the cold away. By merely uttering the word “doctor, doctor” one cannot cure the illness. By merely uttering the word “money, money” one cannot have money (or enjoy it). By merely uttering the word “Chandan, Chandan” one cannot make its fragrance appear (i.e., cannot manifest or experience sandalwood’s fragrance). Similarly, by merely uttering the word “Knowledge” one cannot live it. “Karanee” is supreme (practice, implementation, ਅਮਲ, ਕਮਾਈ, Putting the Shabad Giaan – Knowledge / Wisdom – to work, live it, do it, etc.), like the rising sun in the sky (Kabit Savaiye, Bhai Gurdaas).
The Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) does not get tired of incessantly reminding us that the Divine (Rabb or Universal Energy, Divine Wisdom or Virtues…) resides within all beings. If the Divine is within, then the Divine Grace is also within. Implication is that if the Divine Grace is within everybody, then each one is responsible to put forth efforts to Awaken it and use it. In other words, everybody has to favor himself and become kind or compassionate (“ਮਿਹਰਵਾਨ”) to himself. No third-party or an outside agency will come to do it for you. For it cannot be made to an order!
- ਜਾ ਤੂੰ ਤੁਸਹਿ ਮਿਹਰਵਾਨ ਅਚਿੰਤੁ ਵਸਹਿ ਮਨ ਮਾਹਿ ॥ ਜਾ ਤੂੰ ਤੁਸਹਿ ਮਿਹਰਵਾਨ ਨਉ ਨਿਧਿ ਘਰ ਮਹਿ ਪਾਹਿ ॥ ਜਾ ਤੂੰ ਤੁਸਹਿ ਮਿਹਰਵਾਨ ਤਾ ਗੁਰ ਕਾ ਮੰਤ੍ਰੁ ਕਮਾਹਿ ॥ ਜਾ ਤੂੰ ਤੁਸਹਿ ਮਿਹਰਵਾਨ ਤਾ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚਿ ਸਮਾਹਿ ॥੧॥: When you are kind to yourself, then (the Truth, Divine Wisdom or Virtues…) spontaneously come to dwell within the mind. When you are kind to yourself, then you obtain (realize) the nine treasures within. When you are kind to yourself, then you live according to the Gur-Mantra (Naam, Shabad, Truth, Wisdom, Virtues…). O Nanak! When you are kind to yourself, then you get absorbed in the Truth. ||1|| (sggs 518).
For example, if you are hungry, you have to eat food yourself. You cannot ask someone else to eat the food for you. If your child is hungry and whining, try telling him, “stop whining, I will eat food for you!”. Let’s see what the child would say!!
Similarly, if you want to get married, you cannot substitute someone else to take the “Phere” for you. You have to do it yourself. If you substitute someone else, then that person also takes your bride/bridegroom!
Hence, the SGGS alerts us that if one wants to realize or abide in his Mool (Truth, Jot Saroop, Wisdom, Virtues, etc. – the purpose of life), you cannot ask someone else to do it for you. You have to do it yourself and engage in Bhagti yourself. Accordingly, the Gurbani Teaches us that one has to resolve the affair of his life himself, through his own efforts (Shabad-Vichaar to obtain the Amrit of the Divine Wisdom of the Gur-Shabad…). Thus the Gurbani’s Divine Wisdom (Brahm Giaan) not only makes man Hari-like but also avers that this great privilege has got its own severe responsibilities!
- ਆਪਣ ਹਥੀ ਆਪਣਾ ਆਪੇ ਹੀ ਕਾਜੁ ਸਵਾਰੀਐ ॥੨੦॥: (So long there is breath — Praan) With own hands (with effort, ਉੱਦਮ ਕਰ ਕੇ: Shabad-Vichaar …), resolve your own affair yourself. ||20|| (sggs 474).
- ਜੋ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਖੋਜਹਿ ਸੇਈ ਪਾਵਹਿ ਹੋਰਿ ਫੂਟਿ ਮੂਏ ਅਹੰਕਾਰੀ ॥੨੦॥: Those who seek Prabhu (i.e., Mool …), they obtain (i.e., realize their Mool within ); others die fragmented in their egotism (i.e., die without realizing their Mool). ||20|| (sggs 911).
- ਜਿਨੀ ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਇਆ ਗਏ ਮਸਕਤਿ ਘਾਲਿ ॥: Those who pondered over the Naam (Wisdom, Truth…), they departed after putting in toil (fulfilling life’s work successfully). (sggs 8).
- ਆਪੈ ਜਪਹੁ ਆਪਨਾ ਜਾਪ ॥੫॥: Aapai japahu aapanaa jaap (sggs 343).
The Gurbani reminds us that the purpose (“Kaaj“) of human life is to realize one’s Mool (Truth, True Nature or Jot Saroop, Brahm-Giaan, Divine Life of Wisdom or Virtues…). Furthermore, the Gurbani time and again remindsto have the direct and personal experience of it.
- ਯਾ ਜੁਗ ਮਹਿ ਏਕਹਿ ਕਉ ਆਇਆ ॥: (Man) has come into this world to become One (ਇਕ ਹੋਣ ਵਾਸਤੇ ). (sggs 251).
- ਭਈ ਪਰਾਪਤਿ ਮਾਨੁਖ ਦੇਹੁਰੀਆ ॥ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਮਿਲਣ ਕੀ ਇਹ ਤੇਰੀ ਬਰੀਆ ॥ ਅਵਰਿ ਕਾਜ ਤੇਰੈ ਕਿਤੈ ਨ ਕਾਮ ॥ ਮਿਲੁ ਸਾਧਸੰਗਤਿ ਭਜੁ ਕੇਵਲ ਨਾਮ ॥੧॥: (You) have obtained (this) human body. This is your chance (time, opportunity…) of uniting Gobind. All other efforts (Trickery, Pakhand, or bussiness in the name of Dharma) will be of no use (to your mind). (Therefore) Associate with the Guru (Giaan, Wisdom or Bibek) and unite the Naam (Giaan, Wisdom…) alone ||1|| (sggs 12).(sggs 12).
- ਆਪਣਾ ਕਾਰਜੁ ਆਪਿ ਸਵਾਰੇ ਹੋਰਨਿ ਕਾਰਜੁ ਨ ਹੋਈ ॥ ਜਿਤੁ ਕਾਰਜਿ ਸਤੁ ਸੰਤੋਖੁ ਦਇਆ ਧਰਮੁ ਹੈ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਬੂਝੈ ਕੋਈ ॥੩॥: (Jeev-individual being) resolves his own affair (i.e., the Purpose of life of Mool Realization) himself; anyone else cannot do this work (for him). (As a consequent of this Union with his Mool, the Divine Virtues such as) truth, contentment, mercy and Dharma happen; (but) how rare is that, who by becoming the Gurmukh, understands it! ||3|| (sggs 361).
The Gurbani brings us to the very frontier of the Divine Knowledge (Brahm-Giaan) and makes us face the immensity of the One Divine (Rabb, Universal energy…). Although, to dive in it is up to us; however, the Gurbani never gets tired of reminding us if we have taken the plunge!
- ਕਵਨ ਕਾਜ ਸਿਰਜੇ ਜਗ ਭੀਤਰਿ ਜਨਮਿ ਕਵਨ ਫਲੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥: For what purpose (we are) born in the world? What (have we) gained by taking the birth (i.e., have we used it for the purpose of realizing one’s Mool within: Source, Jot, Prabhu, Hari, Raam, Gobind…)? (sggs 970).
- ਕਬੀਰ ਇਹੁ ਤਨੁ ਜਾਇਗਾ ਕਵਨੈ ਮਾਰਗਿ ਲਾਇ ॥ ਕੈ ਸੰਗਤਿ ਕਰਿ ਸਾਧ ਕੀ ਕੈ ਹਰਿ ਕੇ ਗੁਨ ਗਾਇ ॥੨੮॥: O Kabeer! This body will perish; put it on the good path. So, associate with the “Saadh” (Gur-Giaan, Wisdom, Virtues…) and live life of Virtues. ||28|| (sggs 1365).
Mool-realization simply means “I am full”, “I don’t require anything at all” — full to the brim with “ਸਤੁ ਸੰਤੋਖੁ ਗਿਆਨ” (“Satu Santokhu Giaan“)! It is Freedom from Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, etc.), and living daily life with Divine Virtues such as Truth (ਸਤ), contentment (ਸੰਤੋਖ), mercy (ਦਯਾ), patience (ਧੀਰਜ), Sahaj (ਸਹਜ-Natural State of Being), Wisdom (ਗਿਆਨ)…
Now, can someone else realize the purpose (“Kaaj“) of life for someone else? The Gurbani’s answer is NO! For it comes only by one’s own “Uddam” (effort, hard work: Shabad-Vichaar).
Perhaps now we can appreciate as to why Mool-realization cannot be made to an order or given to somebody as a mundane gift wrapped up as a ready-made package!
It’s a personal experience. This is essentially what the Gurbani is telling us in a reasoning way. To look at it from an another angle, to know if it is sugar (not something else!) and to know if it is sweet, one must taste it. Because the proof of the sweetness is in the mouth not in the sugar! Of course one can begin by asking around, but, it is only by tasting it one’s all doubts will dissolve and his knowledge will become first hand and unshakable.
- ਉਦਮੁ ਕਰੇਦਿਆ ਜੀਉ ਤੂੰ ਕਮਾਵਦਿਆ ਸੁਖ ਭੁੰਚੁ ॥: Make the self-effort; with this performance or practice “Sukh” (Joy, Peace…) is enjoyed. (sggs 522).
Accordingly, the Gurbani never gets tired of reminding us that the Truth is not outside – it is within! If the Truth was outside of us, then one could go in a group (company, crowd, hoard of people…). However, since the Truth is not outside of us but within us, we cannot go there in a company or a group! In other words, the Truth cannot be collective because it is not objective. It is subjective. It is our Innermost core. Thus, the path has to be traveled alone. As such, the Gurbani says only you can penetrate it. Nobody else can neither penetrate it for you nor go with you. Thus, if it is an outside answer, it cannot be reached. Unless it undulates within “I am That – Jot Saroop“, we will not be able to understand. It cannot come from outside, because all objective understanding is impermanent.
- ਸਭ ਕਿਛੁ ਘਰ ਮਹਿ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਨਾਹੀ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਟੋਲੈ ਸੋ ਭਰਮਿ ਭੁਲਾਹੀ ॥: (The Divine Virtues, Wisdom, Spiritual tranquility, Naam, Shabad, Amrit, Prabh, ਆਤਮਕ ਸੁਖ…) all that is within the Heart-Home; not outside. Who searches outside is deluded by doubts (sggs 102).
- ਮਨ ਰੇ ਥਿਰੁ ਰਹੁ ਮਤੁ ਕਤ ਜਾਹੀ ਜੀਉ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਢੂਢਤ ਬਹੁਤੁ ਦੁਖੁ ਪਾਵਹਿ ਘਰਿ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਘਟ ਮਾਹੀ ਜੀਉ ॥: O my mind! Remain steady (within) and do not wander around outside (searching for Amrit-Naam, Amrit-Giaan, Sukh or Happiness or Anand…). By searching around on the outside, you will only suffer great pain(for the remedy is within, not outside); Amrit (that will make you Happy…) is found Within the Heart. (sggs 598).
The Gurbani indicates our efforts (Shabad-Vichaar) needs to be coupled with surrender (submission of Haumai or false ego-sense). When effort is coupled with surrender, the effort becomes “effortless effort” (“ਸਹਜਿ ਸੁਭਾਏ”)! If we rely only on our effort (without surrendering the mind), we will not succeed. Similarly, if we just sit back and relax (i.e., no efforts: No Shabad-Vichaar) and wait for the Divine Grace or Blessing first, we will not succeed either. According to the Gurbani, “everything is within”. This “everything” also include the Divine Grace and Blessing!
The Gurbani tells us in the onset that success (Mool-abidance) is made possible by Gurprasaadi (ਗੁਰਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ): Grace or Blessing of the Gur-Giaan (Divine Wisdom of the SGGS…)! The Gurbani reveals the daily life of such person (Gurmukh Lifestyle) as follows:
- ਤਤੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਲਾਇ ਧਿਆਨੁ ਦ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਸਮੇਟਿਆ ॥: Withdrawing attention (from worldly distractions, extroversion, etc., he) fixes the attention on the Divine Wisdom (sggs 520).
Thus, the possibility of success in resolving our primary “Kaaj” arises only when we have done all that we can do (i.e., giving our 100% first). In other words, we need to put our faith (ਭਰੋਸਾ) in action. It is not enough to have faith (ਭਰੋਸਾ) in a doctor, one has to take the medicine to get cured!
- ਸਗਲ ਉਦਮ ਮਹਿ ਉਦਮੁ ਭਲਾ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਜਪਹੁ ਜੀਅ ਸਦਾ ॥: Of all self-efforts, the best self-effort is to persistently engage in Naam-Jap (Understanding the Gurbani’s Giaan or Wisdom…). (sggs 266).
- ਥਿਰੁ ਘਰਿ ਬੈਸਹੁ ਹਰਿ ਜਨ ਪਿਆਰੇ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਤੁਮਰੇ ਕਾਜ ਸਵਾਰੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: O beloved “Hari Jan”! Remain steady in the Heart-Home (with full attention and stillness, ਅਡੋਲ, ਹਿਰਦੇ-ਘਰ ਵਿਚ ਟਿਕ ਕੇ…). The Satigur (Divine Guide, ਸੱਚ ਦਾ ਗਿਆਨ…) resolves your “Kaaj” (i.e., the Purpose of life of becoming One with your Mool, within). ||1||Pause|| (sggs 201).
We learn from the Gurbani that the spiritual living (Gurmukh Lifestyle) is subtler than than all other life-styles. In other words, the art of spiritual living is subtler than all other arts, more demanding than all other sciences, more precise than literature, more adventurous than space-walk!
To avoid such arduous lifestyle required for Mool-abidance, the human mind’s tendency is to look for a “ready-made” package! Which, unequivocally, invites sheer fraud!
The entire Gurbani’s spirit asks us to remember one thing: If we want something as sublime as Mool-realization and want it cheaply in the form of a “ready-made” package, we put ourselves in a position to be cheated and fooled by the religious con-artists!