The mind is dual power.
If we want to put it in words (for the discussion purposes): the lower mind and the Higher Mind. In other words, a part of the mind is the lower mind and the other part is the Higher Mind.
- ਮਨ ਤੇ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨਿਆ ਚੂਕੀ ਅਹੰ ਭ੍ਰਮਣੀ ॥: Man te manu maaniaa chookee aham bhramanee: The (lower) mind is reconciliated with the (Higher) Mind, and the ego’s wandering ways come to an end (sggs 227).
Again, if we want to continue putting it in words, the lower mind is the sense of individuality in each one of us (Haumai, false ego-sense); it is attached to Maya (“ਮਨੁ ਮਾਇਆ ਮੈ ਫਧਿ ਰਹਿਓ”), wayward, external (our outer or false nature), ego-driven, Adharmee (ਅਧਰਮੀ), impure (Ashudh-ਅਸੁੱਧ), selfish (ਸਵਾਰਥੀ), Manmukhi (self-willed, ਅਪਣੇ ਭਾਣੇ ਵਿਚ ਚਲਣ ਵਾਲਾ), false (ਝੂਠਾ), deluded, conditioned, ignorant, Bikaaree (perplexed, agitated, changeful…), Mayadhaaree, Saakat, and so on. Entangled in Maya, this wayward mind is the sufferer, for it is so restless and ignorant (the state of delirium, or perpetual slumber…) that it will foolishly stick its hand in fire or the mouth of the snake (ਚੰਚਲ ਮਤਿ ਬਾਰਿਕ ਬਪੁਰੇ ਕੀ ਸਰਪ ਅਗਨਿ ਕਰ ਮੇਲੈ ॥, sggs 1266)!
On the other hand, the Higher Mind can be said to be our Inner Nature (or True Nature: Joti-Svaroopa); it is transcendent or detached from Maya, Dharmee (ਧਰਮੀ or Dharmraj-ਧਰਮਰਾਜ), True (ਸੱਚਾ-ਸੁੱਚਾ), ਸੱਤ-ਸਰੂਪ (embodiment of Truth), Pure (Shudh-ਸੁੱਧ), Unselfish, ਪਰਮਾਰਥੀ, All-Good, All-Giaan (Knowledge), Unconditioned, Changeless, the Gurmukh, Amrit, Awake, and so on.
The outer mind pulls out into the illusory world of the gross objects-emotions-thoughts, and the Inner Mind (Dharmnraj…) pulls iInwards – towards the Mool (the Source). Whenever the outer mind overrules the Inner Mind, then the Inner Mind (ਧਰਮੀ or ਧਰਮਰਾਜ) automatically and spontaneously records – ਲੇਖਾ, whether its becoming more ignorant (filthier, etc.) or wiser (pure, etc.), etc. Baabaa Nanak:
- ਲਿਖਿ ਨਾਵੈ ਧਰਮੁ ਬਹਾਲਿਆ ॥੨॥: Likhi naavai Dharmu bahaliaa ||2||: (The Lord) has installed the Dharma (Dharmraj) to record the account (ਲੇਖਾ). ||2|| (sggs 463).
Whenever there is the reference of conquering, controlling, or annihilating the mind, it pertains to the lower (external (lower, Haumai…) mind only. Now perhaps we can appreciate the fact that we cannot “kill” the entire mind – because, as discussed above, the half of the mind is Dharma, Joti-Svaroopa, etc., which can only be Experienced or Realized but not killed. The Gurbani wants us to move towards the Inner Mind with the help of the outer mind – ਨਾਨਕ ਮਨ ਹੀ ਤੇ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨਿਆ ਨਾ ਕਿਛੁ ਮਰੈ ਨ ਜਾਇ ॥ (sggs 514).
In other words, the Goal is to make the two pieces ONE again. If the lower mind keeps improving and thus keeps moving Upwards to it’s Higher Status, both pieces link – duality or ਦੂਜਾ ਭਾਵ ends – and become the ONE (Whole, Saabat Soorat, Pooran-Brahm, etc.).
- ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਸਕਤੀ ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਸੀਉ ॥ ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਪੰਚ ਤਤ ਕੋ ਜੀਉ ॥ ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਲੇ ਜਉ ਉਨਮਨਿ ਰਹੈ ॥ ਤਉ ਤੀਨਿ ਲੋਕ ਕੀ ਬਾਤੈ ਕਹੈ ॥੩੩॥:(By identifying with Maya) This mind also becomes Maya, (by identifying with its Mool within) this mind also becomes Mool (Hari, Raam, Jot…), and (due to identification) with the body (made) of the five-elements, this mind also becomes body-like (ਸਰੀਰ ਰੂਪ). When this mind is restrained (channeled and guided Upward), and remains in the State of Beatitude (Enlightenment), it talks about the three worlds. ||33|| (sggs 342).
In nutshell, the mind can only be reconciled with the mind. Thus, the mind can only be removed with the mind, or the mind can only be instructed with the mind (ਹਉਮੈ ਦੀਰਘ ਰੋਗੁ ਹੈ ਦਾਰੂ ਭੀ ਇਸੁ ਮਾਹਿ ॥, sggs 466).)…