>SYMPTOMS OF A SELF-REALIZED PERSON

ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਨਿਹਚਲੁ ਹਿਰਦੈ ਵਸੀਅਲੇ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮੂਲੁ ਪਛਾਣਿ ਰਹੈ ॥:
Ihu manu nihachalu hiradai vaseeale gurmukhi moolu pachhaani rahai:
By becoming the Gurmukh, when one Realizes his Mool (Source, Jot...),
then his mind (that has become stable-ਅਡੋਲ) abides in the Heart within (sggs 945).
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In the companion article — "Self-Realization" — an attempt was made to reflect on Self-realization.

Now, the question is: Can we tell if someone is Self-realized? We cannot tell. Only a Brahm-Giaanee (or Self-Realized Being...) knows...

  • ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਕੀ ਮਿਤਿ ਕਉਨੁ ਬਖਾਨੈ ॥ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਕੀ ਗਤਿ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਜਾਨੈ ॥: Brahm Giaanee ki miti kaun bakhainai. Brahm Giani ki gati Brahm Giaanee Jaanai: Who can estimate the limit of a Brahm Giaanee? Only a Brahm Giaanee (himself) knows (the state of his mind). (sggs 273).

Based on the pointers given in the Gurbani, one can tell if he is getting close to such a state of Self-Realization. The purpose of this Gurbani Reflection is to attempt to understand and reflect on the symptoms of a Self-realized person (the Gurmukh) as indicated in the Gurbani (Sri Guru Granth Sahib, SGGS). These symptoms can be used as a tool for self-analysis.

In Self-realization (Chauthaa Pad, Turiyaa Avasthaa, Dasam Duaar, Pure Consciousness, Sahaj Avasthaa, etc.), a devotee through his direct experience comes to know all Truth to be known about his Source (Mool, Jot...). His intelligence becomes securely anchored in Aatam-Giaan, Bibek-Budhi, ecstasy of the Soul Bliss within...

In this sublime State, his false ego-sense (Haume) as the doer gets dissolved. In the Light of the Gurbani, symptoms of such a Realized person may be grouped and looked into as follows:

  • What is the condition of his mind?
  • How does he express that condition?
  • How does he control his senses?
  • How does he utilize his senses?
Condition Of A Self-realized Person's Mind

Ego guided or Mayaic intelligence is liable to mistakes. To put it otherwise, when a man identifies himself with the material body or material life (Maya or body-consiousness), he is bound to reap the good or bad results of his Mayaic efforts. This is so because such person is guided by the false consciousness of himself as the doer (ego-center).

On the contrary, however, a Realized person does not make mistakes because his wisdom is guided by the Pure Consciousness (Joti-Svaroopa, True Nature, Mool, etc.). On account of his Unconditioned Awareness, he feels not the ego but Parmeshar working in all his actions. The seeker becomes one with the Omnipresent Cosmic Principle, and transcend Mayaic entanglements.

This human body is likened to a city with nine gates (two eyes, two ears, two nostrils, one mouth, the anus and the genitals). The Gurbani time and again reminds us that all these nine gates are defiled due to Mayaic entanglements. The mind free to escape through these defiled gates binds the soul in clutches of the material bondage.

One who is Enlightened dwells in the Infinite Cosmic Wisdom, beyond the bodily nine gates. Thus, having mastered his mind with the Wisdom obtained through the Shabad-Vichaar, he frees himself from Mayaic efforts. In this way he enjoys the state beyond all miseries, including repeated suffering.

By remaining fixed in the Mool within (Source, Jot...), his mind is no longer disturbed by any external happenings. Thus, having penetrated the dense forest of delusion, he becomes indifferent to all that has been heard and all that is to be heard. He becomes indifferent to all the books, all the vanities of the world, and so on.  At this point he has nothing left to follow, because, he has already attained everlasting Spiritual Perfection within.

He has completely relinquished all varieties of sense gratifications, which arise from mental concoctions. He is truly contented in his True Nature (Joti-Svaroop).  He remains undisturbed even amidst the so called "filth" or "impurities" of the material world (Maya). His mind has become one with his Mool (Source, Origin...).

Transcended the three modes of material nature (Maya), he is situated on the platform of Pure Consciousness, Fourth State, the Tenth Gate, etc. Thus, he has his consciousness attuned to the Divine Consciousness within (Mool, Jot...).

The unstruck melody of the Shabad vibrates in the mind of such a Realized Being (the Gurmukh). There he feels Infinite Joy, Spiritual Silence, Sahaj, Bliss, and no sorrows. His heart revels in absolute Happiness and Peace.

The mind's contamination is its duality (Doojaa Bhaav). The mind of a the Gurmukh is free of impurities of such a pluralistic phenomena (Maya).  Although he lives in amidst of this world of pluralities, yet he remains unaffected by it. His mind possesses immunity to the effects of likes and dislikes. His mind ever remains satisfied and satiated (Sat Santokh).

The seeds of Spiritual ignorance of the Gurmukh get roasted in the fire of Divine Wisdom (Aatam-Giaan, Bibek Budhi of the Gurbani). By thus living in the undivided Shabad-Surti, his body-garment becomes immersed in the water of Divine Love. He ever bathes (Ishnaan) in the pool of Truth within.

The mind of such realized person remains intuitively absorbed in his Mool (Source, Joti...). Upon realizing the Shabad-Surti, deep within the Pure Self of such an individual takes place the meditation. By meditating on the Divine Naam (Giaan, Shabad, Hukam...), egoism (Haumai) and ignorance are eliminated; and one’s inner being becomes overflowing with the true Ambrosial Nectar (Amrit of the Naam). Those who taste and are satisfied with this sublime Essence become fearless. Those who drink it in, day and night, by the Grace of the Gur-Giaan, are never again to experience repeated suffering.

  • ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਸਬਦਿ ਉਜਾਰੋ ਦੀਪਾ ॥ ਬਿਨਸਿਓ ਅੰਧਕਾਰ ਤਿਹ ਮੰਦਰਿ ਰਤਨ ਕੋਠੜੀ ਖੁਲ੍ਹ੍ਹੀ ਅਨੂਪਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਬਿਸਮਨ ਬਿਸਮ ਭਏ ਜਉ ਪੇਖਿਓ ਕਹਨੁ ਨ ਜਾਇ ਵਡਿਆਈ ॥ ਮਗਨ ਭਏ ਊਹਾ ਸੰਗਿ ਮਾਤੇ ਓਤਿ ਪੋਤਿ ਲਪਟਾਈ ॥੧॥ ਆਲ ਜਾਲ ਨਹੀ ਕਛੂ ਜੰਜਾਰਾ ਅਹੰਬੁਧਿ ਨਹੀ ਭੋਰਾ ॥ ਊਚਨ ਊਚਾ ਬੀਚੁ ਨ ਖੀਚਾ ਹਉ ਤੇਰਾ ਤੂੰ ਮੋਰਾ ॥੨॥: Satigur Sabadi ujaaro deepaa ...: The Satguru's Shabad is like the light of the lamp (through which the Light of Giaan emanates - ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ ਦਾ ਚਾਨਣ). (When the Giaan-Light from this Lamp of the satguru's Shabad enters in the body-temple) It dispels the darkness of ignorance from the body, and opens the beautiful chamber of Jewels (ਆਤਮਕ ਗੁਣ-ਰਤਨਾਂ ਦੀ). ||1||Pause|| (When the Giaan-Light of Spiritual Life -ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ ਦਾ ਚਾਨਣ- enters, and one realizes Mool within, one becomes) wonderstruck with Darshan. He cannot describe glory and grandeur (of this State). He becomes intoxicated and enraptured with it (ਮਸਤ). He becomes wrapped in it (ਸੁਰਤ ਦਾ ਮੂਲ ਵਿਚ ਡੁੱਬ ਜਾਂਣਾ ), through and through (as threads wrapped in weft). ||1|| (In this Giaan-Light of the Satguru's Shabad) no worldly entanglements (Maya's entanglements: attachments of family life...) can trap him, and no trace of egotistical intellect remains. (Then in the body-temple, only) The Highest and the Greatest (Parameshar) is seen, and no curtain (that can) separate (one from Him) remains. (Then one says, O Lord!) "I am Yours, and You are mine" ||2|| (sggs 821).
  • ਤਹ ਪਾਵਸ ਸਿੰਧੁ ਧੂਪ ਨਹੀ ਛਹੀਆ ਤਹ ਉਤਪਤਿ ਪਰਲਉ ਨਾਹੀ ॥ ਜੀਵਨ ਮਿਰਤੁ ਨ ਦੁਖੁ ਸੁਖੁ ਬਿਆਪੈ ਸੁੰਨ ਸਮਾਧਿ ਦੋਊ ਤਹ ਨਾਹੀ ॥੧॥ ਸਹਜ ਕੀ ਅਕਥ ਕਥਾ ਹੈ ਨਿਰਾਰੀ ॥ ਤੁਲਿ ਨਹੀ ਚਢੈ ਜਾਇ ਨ ਮੁਕਾਤੀ ਹਲੁਕੀ ਲਗੈ ਨ ਭਾਰੀ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Tah paavas sindhu dhoop nahee chhaheeaa tah utapat parlaou naahee: There (in the Sahaj Avasthaa-Natural State of being, ਗਿਆਨ ਅਵਸਤਾ, Awakened State, the State of Spiritual Wisdom...) is no rain, ocean, sunshine, shade, creation or destruction (in other words, there remains no Mayaic thughts, or any longing, desire, impulse or lust for places or things symbolized by all these). No birth or death (i.e., in that Sahaj Avasthaa, there is no longing for life or fear of death), no pain or pleasure is felt there (i.e., in that Sahaj Avasthaa, there is no longing for Sukha or repulsion of Dukha). There is only the Sunn Samaadhi (the state devoid of Mayaic thoughts or evil-mindedness), and no duality (i.e., in that Sahaj Avasthaa, nothing else can approach - no feeling of "I, me, you" remains there, no Mayaic thoughts arise there, etc.). ||1|| The description of the State of Sahaj is indescribable and sublime. (This state of Sahaj Avasthaa cannot be compared with any Sukha of this world, therefore, it cannot be said that) it is lower or higher (than any Sukha of the world, etc.). ||1||Pause|| (sggs 333).
  • ਸੁਖੁ ਦੁਖੁ ਦੋਨੋ ਸਮ ਕਰਿ ਜਾਨੈ ਅਉਰੁ ਮਾਨੁ ਅਪਮਾਨਾ ॥ ਹਰਖ ਸੋਗ ਤੇ ਰਹੈ ਅਤੀਤਾ ਤਿਨਿ ਜਗਿ ਤਤੁ ਪਛਾਨਾ ॥੧॥ ਉਸਤਤਿ ਨਿੰਦਾ ਦੋਊ ਤਿਆਗੈ ਖੋਜੈ ਪਦੁ ਨਿਰਬਾਨਾ ॥ ਜਨ ਨਾਨਕ ਇਹੁ ਖੇਲੁ ਕਠਨੁ ਹੈ ਕਿਨਹੂੰ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਨਾ ॥੨॥੧॥: Sukhu dukhu dono sam kar jaanai aouur maanu apmaanaa ...: One who knows that pain and pleasure are both the same, and honor and dishonor as well, who remains detached from joy and sorrow, realizes the true essence in the world ||1||. Renounce both praise and blame; seek instead the state of Nirvaanaa (Aatmic Avasthaa devoid of Vaasnaa). O servant Nanak, this is such a difficult game; only a rare Gurmukh understands it! ||2||1|| (sggs 219).
  • ਓਇ ਸਦਾ ਅਨੰਦਿ ਬਿਬੇਕ ਰਹਹਿ ਦੁਖਿ ਸੁਖਿ ਏਕ ਸਮਾਨਿ ॥ ਤਿਨਾ ਨਦਰੀ ਇਕੋ ਆਇਆ ਸਭੁ ਆਤਮ ਰਾਮੁ ਪਛਾਨੁ ॥੪੪॥: Oi sadaa anand bibek rahahi dukh sukh ek samaan. Tinaa nadaree eko aaiaa sabh aatam Raam pachhaan ||44||: They (Gurmukhs) dwell forever in bliss and discriminative intelligence; they look upon pain and pleasure as one and the same. They see the One Lord in all, and realize the omnipresence of the Supreme Soul everywhere ||44|| (sggs 1418).
Thus, a Self-realized person — the knower of his Mool — is ever unattached, free of sorrows, impartial, possesses even patience and purified nature. He is enlightened, free of pride, most humble, kind, full of humility, full of spiritual bliss and peace. He acts in goodness, free from all worldly entanglements (Maya). He eats the food of Divine Knowledge (Aatam-Giaan, Bibek-Budhi...), he depends only on the One Parmeshar and His Naam, he ever remains absorbed in the Naam, he never suffers any doom, his mind is annihilated, he helps save other souls, he is always Awake, he is free of haughty intellect, he is living liberated, he is worry-free and pure. In truth, he himself is the exalted and Formless Parmeshar. He is the Highest of High.... (sggs 272-274).
  • ਨਾਨਕ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਆਪਿ ਪਰਮੇਸੁਰ ॥੬॥: Nanak Brahm Giaanee aap Permesur ||6||: O Nanak! The Brahm Giaanee himself is the exalted Lord ||6|| (sggs 273).
As indicated in the Gurbani, the Infinite Consciousness is beyond any mundane description. Since the Self-realized person is linked to that Infinite Consciousness, the state of his mind is also beyond any description. What has been described herein is not even a thumbnail sketch of his mental condition. Now, moving on the next step, how does he express this mental condition?

How Does He Express Himself?

A fool can not be identified as long as he does not speak. As soon as he opens his mouth, he reveals himself. Similarly, one of the most important qualities of a man in God Consciousness (the Gurmukh) is his speech — the way he expresses his mind. The immediate symptom of a God Conscious man is that he speaks only of the Truth and matters related to Spirituality. This is the sum and substance of his expression or speech. To him, the speech of the Divine Naam is the most sweetest thing in the world.

If one speaks about all kind of nonsense related to worldly matters (Maya), he is not a Gurmukh; because such person has taken refuge in his own mental concoctions or body-consciousness. To the contrary, the the Gurmukh has taken refuge in his Mool within (Source, Joti...).

The mind settled in the Union with its Mool within, knows that he is the eternal servitor of the Lord. Therefore, instead of gratifying his own senses, he engages them in glorifying the Divinity. Thus, through his pure Bhagti (through Shabad-Vichaar), he always remains linked to his True Being within (Mool); never descends to material plane (Mayaic or body-consciousness).

There is contradiction about the person who has not yet become the Gurmukh — he may speak like a wise, but he behaves like an ignorant fool. There is no such contradiction about a Mool-realized person. He speaks wise as well as behaves wise.

  • ਹਰਿ ਬਿਨੁ ਕਛੂ ਨ ਲਾਗਈ ਭਗਤਨ ਕਉ ਮੀਠਾ ॥: Hari binu kachhoo na laagaee bhagtan kaou meethaa: Without their Mool, nothing appears sweet to His devotees (sggs 708).
  • ਸਦਾ ਸਦਾ ਹਰਿ ਗੁਣ ਰਵਹਿ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਸਹਜ ਧਿਆਨੁ ॥: Sadaa Sadaa Hari gun ravahi antari sahaj dhiaanu (sggs 1418).

The person firmly established in Universal Truth does not mistake the body as his real Self; to him the body-consciousness ("I-ness") is the product of deluded consciousness and the source of repeated pain and delusion. He sees the sorrows, pleasures, disease, fear, restlessness, old age, and death experienced by his body not pertaining to him. He sees himself the Timeless, Spaceless, and All-pervading Pure Consciousness (Mool) which encompasses within Itself everything like butter in milk. He sees the whole universe strung on the One as many beads strung on the same thread. He sees no division between himself and others. He sees One, non-dual, Infinite Light of Consciousness as the sole Universal Reality, which is omnipotent and omnipresent and dwells in all beings equally. He sees no "I, me, mine" or "others". He sees all beings of the Universe as his own family. He sees no substance in objectivity, and he is beyond the feeling of "likes and dislikes". He sees rise of no desires in his mind for objective experience. He sees the mirage-like world appearance as unreal, whose reality is the reality of its Substratum which is Unconditioned Consciousness. He remains peaceful and pure at Heart, but outwardly he engages in appropriate actions but remain unattached and unaffected by them like a lotus flower. When he wakes up the whole Universe wakes up with him, when he sleeps the whole Universe sleeps with him, and when he eats the whole Universe eats with him.

  • ਜਿਨ ਕੈ ਹਿਰਦੈ ਏਕੰਕਾਰੁ ॥ ਸਰਬ ਗੁਣੀ ਸਾਚਾ ਬੀਚਾਰੁ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਭਾਣੈ ਕਰਮ ਕਮਾਵੈ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਾਚੇ ਸਾਚਿ ਸਮਾਵੈ ॥: Jin kai hiradai ekankaar. Sarab gunee saachaa beechaar. Gur kai bhaanai karam kamaavai. Nanak saache saachi samaavai: Those who have the One Universal Lord within their Hearts, possess all Divine Virtues; they contemplate the Truth. One who acts in harmony with the Divine Will (Hukam), O Nanak, he remains absorbed (ਲੀਨ) in the True Lord (sggs 905).

How Does He Control His Senses?

One who does not remain in Shabad-Surti is subjected to fateful material consciousness (Maya) — unceasing demands of the senses. Degradation of a material conscious person starts with contemplation on sense objects instead of the Gur-Shabad or Naam (Aatam-Giaan...).

How does a man without control over his senses causes himself into the pitch darkness of spiritual ignorance? Here is a step-by step analysis of his descent.  His brooding over objects of the senses causes attachment to them. From such attachment, lust or craving develops; from unfulfilled lust or craving, anger arises; from anger, mental delusion arises; from delusion comes bewilderment or loss of memory of the Mool; the loss of such memory causes loss of intelligence or the discriminating faculty (Bibek-Budhi); upon loss of intelligence or discrimination, one falls down into the material consciousness (Mayaic life-eats poison of Maya); which, in turn, brings annihilation of his spiritual life.

  • ਉਰਝਿ ਰਹਿਓ ਇੰਦ੍ਰੀ ਰਸ ਪ੍ਰੇਰਿਓ ਬਿਖੈ ਠਗਉਰੀ ਖਾਵਤ ਹੇ ॥੧॥: Urjh rahio indree ras prerio bikhai thagouree khavat hai ||1||: (Man) lured in the pleasures of the senses is eating poison (of Bikaars, sense-objects, etc., ||1|| (sggs 821).
  • ਕਾਮ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਤ੍ਰਿਸਨਾ ਕੇ ਲੀਨੇ ਗਤਿ ਨਹੀ ਏਕੈ ਜਾਨੀ ॥: Kaama krodh trsnaa ke leene gati nahee ekai jaanee: Man indulged in lust, anger and greed does not know the way of the Lord (sggs 1123).
Thus, the tentacles of the sensory apparatus are far-reaching than one can ever imagine. The Gurmukh knows it very well! But, how does he control his senses, knowing they are so strong and impetuous that they can seize the mind of even a man of a high degree of Enlightenment and discrimination (Bibek-Budhi)? How does he control his senses knowing well that even a sound of an ankle bell can bring a seeker near Perfection to his total ruin?

The Gurmukh possesses two formidable lines of defense in his disposal. First, he keeps the senses under complete control and check. This is his outer defense line. Second, he keeps his consciousness focused on the Gur-Shabad (Aaatam-Giaan, Bibek-Budhi of the Gurbani...).  This is the inner defense line. This outer and inner control keeps him Spiritually fit, unwavering, and steady.

Our body has two sets of sensors — the sensor of nerves, and the sensor of sensory apparatus. The sensor of nerves keeps our organs, limbs, and muscles functional. The sensor of sensory apparatus keeps our brain informed of the outside world of sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing. A Self-realized person can control both sensors at will, because he never let them act independently. Through constant practice, he is able control them according to his own plan.

The best example or analogy can be given that of a tortoise. The tortoise's defense consists of his outer shell. He extends his six limbs or senses (four legs, head and a tail) out of the shell for particular purpose. However, as soon as he feels harm or danger, he immediately withdraws them within the armor of his shell. Similarly, a Spiritually wise person (the Gurmukh) withdraws his six senses — five senses of perception and the mind — the moment he feels danger of worldly temptation!

Senses are liken to venomous serpents. Like snakes, the senses do not like to be restricted. Rather, they like to act not only loosely but also without any control. A Spiritual seeker needs to be very strong to control these serpents — like a snake charmer, who never allows his snakes to act on their own.

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਕੋਈ ਗਾਰੜੂ ਤਿਨਿ ਮਲਿ ਦਲਿ ਲਾਈ ਪਾਇ ॥: Gurmukh koee gaararroo tini mali dali laaee paae: The Gurmukh, Spiritual Being, is a snake-charmer (who knoews how to neutralize the poison and leave the Maya-snake without fangs); he has thrown her down (this snake of Maya), he has trampled and crushed her under his feet (sggs 510).
  • ਆਸ ਅਨਿਤ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮਿਟੈ ਨਾਨਕ ਨਾਮ ਅਰੋਗ ॥੧॥: Aas anit Gurmukh mitai Nanak naam arog ||1||: Desires for transitory things (ਨਾਸ-ਵੰਤ ਪਦਾਰਥਾਂ ਦੀ ਆਸ) are effaced for (the person) who has become the Gurmukh; O Nanak; Naam alone keeps (that person) free of the disease (of desires etc.) ||1|| (sggs 254).

Thus, along with mental-control, a Spiritually Wise also has physical or self-control.  He knows that, without mental-control, physical control will not last too long!  Physically restricting or fasting senses from their objects will not remove taste or longing for them! Therefore, he constantly exercises discrimination (Bibek-Budhi). As a result, he can retire his senses from the objects of perception as soon as he detects temptation.

Once the seeker has developed his inner-purity, the mind grows richer in its receptivity, alertness, comprehension, and in its power of apprehension. Such a mind becomes fit for appreciating the Higher Taste of the Divine Consciousness. Through the sincere practice of attaching our attention to the Higher Taste, one becomes able to detach his senses from the lower taste of material objects (Maya).

  •  ਰਾਰਾ ਰਸੁ ਨਿਰਸ ਕਰਿ ਜਾਨਿਆ ॥ ਹੋਇ ਨਿਰਸ ਸੁ ਰਸੁ ਪਹਿਚਾਨਿਆ ॥ ਇਹ ਰਸ ਛਾਡੇ ਉਹ ਰਸੁ ਆਵਾ ॥ ਉਹ ਰਸੁ ਪੀਆ ਇਹ ਰਸੁ ਨਹੀ ਭਾਵਾ ॥੩੫॥: Raaraa (a letter of the Gurmukhi alphabet) ras niras kar jaaniyaa. Hoyi niras su ras pahichaaniyaa. Ih ras chhade oh ras aavaa. Oh ras peeyaa ih ras nahee bhaavaa ||35||: I have found worldly tastes to be tasteless. Becoming tasteless, I have realized that spiritual taste. Abandoning these worldly tastes, I have found that spiritual taste. Drinking in that (Higher) taste, this taste of mundane objects is no longer pleasing ||35|| (sggs 342).
How Does He Utilizes His Senses?

All desires can be lumped in four types: Dharma, Artha, Kaam, and Moksha or Mokha. The first three types of desires — Dharma, Artha, and Kaam — relate to the material realm, and are also referred to as "Bhugti" or "Bhukti" in the scriptures.  The fourth desire called Moksha, also referred to as "Mukti", relates to the celestial realm. Thus, it amounts to only two types of desires, Bhugti and Mukti. The Men of Realization call these two desires as two witches. As long as these two witches (Bhugti and Mukti) reside in one's mind, until then Bhagti (undertsnading of the Gur-Shabad...) and Mool-realization will not manifest in him.

The instinct of sense gratification corrupts one's sensory apparatus. Consequently, through the corrupted sense of sight, man lusts after material objects; through the corrupted sense of hearing, man craves to hear the slow poison of flattery and other sounds that rouse his material nature; through the corrupted sense of smell, he is enticed toward wrong environments and actions; through the corrupted sense of taste, he is lures to consume such foods and drinks that destroy his physical and mental well being; and contaminated sense of touch lusts him for indulgence in physical comforts and lust.

Thus, an average person (the Manmukh, Saakat...) is slave of his sensory apparatus or four kinds of desires noted above. Consequently, he is directed by the dictation of his senses. On the contrary, the Gurmukh being the master of his senses — they are directed by his dictation or plan.  He never allow them to act independently.

Just as a tortoise, a Spiritually Wise utilizes his senses for particular purpose. However, as soon as he feels harm or danger in the form of worldly temptations, he immediately withdraws them within at his will. A true seeker utilizes his senses only for some particular purpose — to selflessly serve God and his creation. He withdraws them otherwise. Instead of using them for his own sense gratification, he ever keeps them occupied in selfless service (Sevaa). How does he manage to do that?

He keeps his mind in Shabad-Surti (Aatm-Giaan, Bibek-Budhi of the Gurbani...). He uses his speech glorifying the Divine Naam, his hands doing the Spiritual Service, his ears hearing the Divine Glories, his eyes seeing the omnipresence of the Divine, his tongue tasting the Nectar of the Divine Naam, his nose smelling the fragrance of the Divine Naam within, his legs traveling on the road to link with his Mool within, his head and false ego in offering his obeisance unto the Divine within, and so on. He has only one desire — to fulfill the desire of the Divine! Thus, the senses can be fully controlled only by the strength of our sincere Bhagti (by obtaining Giaan or Wisdom of the Gurbani through Shabad-Vichaar).

  • ਦਿਲ ਮਹਿ ਜਾਨਹੁ ਸਭ ਫਿਲਹਾਲਾ ॥ ਖਿਲਖਾਨਾ ਬਿਰਾਦਰ ਹਮੂ ਜੰਜਾਲਾ ॥ ਮੀਰ ਮਲਕ ਉਮਰੇ ਫਾਨਾਇਆ ਏਕ ਮੁਕਾਮ ਖੁਦਾਇ ਦਰਾ ॥੮॥: Dil mahi jaanahu sabh philhaalaa ...:You must know in your heart that everything is temporary. Family, household and siblings are all entanglements. Kings, rulers and nobles are mortal and transitory; only God’s Gate is the permanent place. ||8| (sggs 1084).

The Gurbani asserts that, without restraining desires, one can not even begin Bhagti. That is to say, it's imperative to free mind from all kinds of desires — material as well as celestial. We have only one mind. If we do not empty it of material desires, we can not fill it with Bhagti. Its that simple! 

Mind is the only cause of our material bondage or liberation from it. Simply put: The mind attached to the material objects (Maya) becomes the cause of our bondage, and the mind detached from material objects becomes the cause of our attainment of the Divine Status. A mind devoid of desires becomes free of evil passions — lust, anger, greed, emotional attachment, pride, enviousness and stubborn mindedness. Such person is Jeevanmukta or living-liberated.

  • ਆਦਿਤ ਕਰੈ ਭਗਤਿ ਆਰੰਭ ॥ ਕਾਇਆ ਮੰਦਰ ਮਨਸਾ ਥੰਭ ॥: Aadit kare bhagti aarambh. Kaya mandar mansaa thamb: Begin the Bhagti, and restrain the desires within the temple of the body (sggs 344).
From this discussion, it becomes clear that the mind withdrawn from the objects of the world (Maya) and senses sees itself as Pure Consciousness, which is the vision of the Reality or Totality. To put is otherwise, a true seeker attains oneness with the Cosmic Consciousness by remaining pure in the midst of Maya. When the selfishness and falsehood of the mind cease to exist, there arise in the heart all Divine Virtues, and there is equal vision everywhere: the vision of the Cosmic Truth.
  • ਜੈਸੇ ਜਲ ਮਹਿ ਕਮਲੁ ਨਿਰਾਲਮੁ ਮੁਰਗਾਈ ਨੈ ਸਾਣੇ ॥ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਭਵ ਸਾਗਰੁ ਤਰੀਐ ਨਾਨਕ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਖਾਣੇ ॥ ਰਹਹਿ ਇਕਾਂਤਿ ਏਕੋ ਮਨਿ ਵਸਿਆ ਆਸਾ ਮਾਹਿ ਨਿਰਾਸੋ ॥ ਅਗਮੁ ਅਗੋਚਰੁ ਦੇਖਿ ਦਿਖਾਏ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਤਾ ਕਾ ਦਾਸੋ ॥੫॥: Jaise jal mahi kamal niraalam muragaaee nai saane...: The lotus flower floats untouched upon the surface of the water, and the duck swims through the stream (i.e., without getting feathers wet); (similarly) O Nanak! With consciousness focused on the Shabad, one crosses over the terrifying world-ocean (of Maya). One who enshrines the One his mind, remains unaffected by hope in the midst of hope (worldly desires), he lives quietly (i.e., while living in the world or in the midst of Maya, he remains uneffected by it - a mode of emancipation). And the one who sees himself and inspires others to see the Unfathomable and Imperceptible, Nanak is his Daas ||5|| (sggs 938).
A Self-realized person is like butter. Water added to milk will mix with milk. However, the milk that has become butter will float on water, without going through any adulteration. Similarly, the true one (the Gurmukh) who churns the butter of Realization within, finds himself impervious, inwardly and outwardly, to all attachments to sense objects even when he lives amidst them.
  • ਬਿਖਮੁ ਭੁਇਅੰਗਾ ਅਨਤ ਤਰੰਗਾ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਪਾਰਿ ਲੰਘਾਏ ॥: Deh paavou jeenu Bujhi Changaa Raam ...: This treacherous world-ocean is rocked by countless waves (of Bikaars), but becoming the Gurmukh (one) is carried across. (sggs 575).
  • ਦੇਖੌ ਭਾਈ ਗ੍ਹਾਨ ਕੀ ਆਈ ਆਂਧੀ ॥ ਸਭੈ ਉਡਾਨੀ ਭ੍ਰਮ ਕੀ ਟਾਟੀ ਰਹੈ ਨ ਮਾਇਆ ਬਾਂਧੀ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਦੁਚਿਤੇ ਕੀ ਦੁਇ ਥੂਨਿ ਗਿਰਾਨੀ ਮੋਹ ਬਲੇਡਾ ਟੂਟਾ ॥ ਤਿਸਨਾ ਛਾਨਿ ਪਰੀ ਧਰ ਊਪਰਿ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਭਾਂਡਾ ਫੂਟਾ ॥੧॥: Dekho bhaayee giaan kee aayee andhee ...: Behold, O brother! (When) the storm of Spiritual Wisdom comes, (then) the thatched hut of doubt gets blown away; supported by bonds of Maya (this thatched hut of doubt) cannot continue to remain behind (the storm of Spiritual Wisdom or Aatam-Giaan). ||1||Pause|| (As a result) The pillar of duality of the puzzled (i.e., wavering mind, ਮਨ ਦੀ ਇਹ ਡਾਵਾਂ-ਡੋਲ ਹਾਲਤ) drops, and the beam of attachment (supported on the pillar of duality) comes crashing down. The thatched roof (supported on the beam of attachment) of desires caves in, and the pitcher of wicked intellect breaks down. ||1|| (sggs 331)..
  • ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦੀ ਸਭੁ ਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਪਛਾਨਿਆ ॥: Gur Sabadee sabh Brahm pachhaaniaa: Through the Gur-Shabad, I have realized that all is Brahm (sggs 1043).

— T. Singh
www.gurbani.org