The Gurbani manifested from the Divine Hukam. Accordingly, it soars to the vivid heights of subtlety. When the Divine Hukam expresses through the true and the wise ones (God-Realized Beings), it becomes Bani or Gurbani.
- ਹਉ ਆਪਹੁ ਬੋਲਿ ਨ ਜਾਣਦਾ ਮੈ ਕਹਿਆ ਸਭੁ ਹੁਕਮਾਉ ਜੀਉ ॥: Haou aapahu boli n jaanadaa mai kahiaa sabhu hukamaaou jeeou (sggs 763).
The Gurbani (Sri Guru Granth Sahib, SGGS) makes it very clear that Hukam, Shabad, Guru, God, Naam (Lord's Name), Divine Light, Word, etc., are virtually synonymous. Further, the Gurbani makes it very clear that Hukam, Shabad, or Naam pervades all. It permeates the universe as butter in the milk, and fire in the wood. It is the unstruck celestial sound current that vibrates, creates, guides, controls, directs, sustains, and animates every particle of the cosmos.
The Gurbani declares that everything and everybody in the universe is controlled by God's Hukam (Eternal Law, Command, Bhaanaa...). None can escape it. What it means is that to be in His Hukam is the same as to be connected to His Shabad or Naam. To put it otherwise, the intuitive understanding of God's Hukam is the realization of His Shabad or Naam. Therefore, the Shabad is Hukam and the Hukam is Shabad (or Naam).
The Gurbani indicates that by - becoming the Gurmukh - recognizing the Hukam with Gurmat (Aatam-Giaan, Bibek-Budhi, Divine Knowledge of the Gurbani...), we become linked to our Mool within (ਮੂਲ-Source, Origin...).
- ਗੁਰਮਤੀ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਬੂਝੀਐ ਹੁਕਮੇ ਮੇਲਿ ਮਿਲਾਈ ਰਾਮ ॥: Gurmatii hukamu boojheeai hukame meli milaaee raam (sggs 569).
- ਏਨਾ ਅਖਰਾ ਮਹਿ ਜੋ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਬੂਝੈ ਤਿਸੁ ਸਿਰਿ ਲੇਖੁ ਨ ਹੋਈ ॥੨॥: Enaa akharaa mahi jo gurmukhi boojhai tisu siri lekhu n hoee ||2|| (sggs 432).
In this way, the entire Gurbani is the Hukam. If only a particular Shabad is called Hukamnama - pronounced Hukamnaamaa - of the day, does it mean that rest of the Gurbani is not Hukamnaamaa for that day?
Therefore, as we can see, to call a particular Shabad selected by randomly opening a page a "Hukamnaamaa" is a fallacy. This is how the simpletons are led by the clever Pujaaree group (priests) into, dogmas, rituals, and cermonies from which Baabaa Nanak tried to liberate us. The fact is that each and every Word or Shabad of the SGGS is Hukamanaamaa; for it is given to all of us to hear / read, to perceive and believe, and than contemplate and become one with it (i.e, constantly live it).
Unfortunately, we expect everything ready-made, including sublime thing such as Hukam (i.e., Naam, Shabad, God-Realization...). For example, instead of doing Kirtan ourselves, we like some one else to do it for us (e.g., hired Raagees or Bhais, etc.); instead of doing Path - pronounced Paath - ourselves (reading of SGGS), we like to hire Pathi - pronounced Paathees (professional readers of the SGGS) - to do it for us; instead of reading Gurbani ourselves, we want some one else to read it for us and then pass it on to us as a ready-made package; and so on.
The great ones tell us to remember one thing: If we want something as sublime as God Realization and want it cheaply in the form of a "ready-made" package, we put ourselves in a position to be cheated and fooled by the religious con-artists!
The purpose of reading or listening to the Gurbani is to develop Divine Understanding (Aatam-Giaan...), and then act upon it. If that does not happen, then, according to the Gurbani, there is no difference between a human being engaged in reading or listening to Gurbani and a beast engaged in filling its belly.
- ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਸੁਨਿ ਕਛੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਨ ਉਪਜਿਓ ਪਸੁ ਜਿਉ ਉਦਰੁ ਭਰਉ ॥: Gurmati suni kashu giaan n upjio pasu jiou udar bharaou (sggs 685).
- ਪੜਿਐ ਨਾਹੀ ਭੇਦੁ ਬੁਝਿਐ ਪਾਵਣਾ ॥: parhiai naahee bhedu bujhiai paavanaa (sggs 148).
- ਬਿਨੁ ਬੂਝੇ ਪਸੂ ਭਏ ਬੇਤਾਲੇ ॥੬॥: Binu boojhai pasu bhaye betaale ||6|| (sggs 224).
In addition to the Divine Grace - which is ever present within all of us, self-efforts (Uddam) are must for Spiritual Awakening. If some one does not know Gurmukhi, the SGGS has been written and traslated into many languages. The Gurbani is Gian-Kalaa (source of the Divine Knowledge-Giaan). The ultimate purpose of reading the Gurbani must be then attaining its Intuitive Understanding, without which, as the Gurbani says, one cannot link back to his Mool (ਮੂਲ-Source, Origin...).
Therefore, with utmost Love and sincerety we must read the SGGS ourselves, and the same time try to Understand it! The important thing is not how much we read or how many Akhand Paaths we perform or participate in, rather, the important thing is how much we Understand! And then live it in our day-to-day life (implementation - ਅਮਲ). The Sikhi is the Way of the Soul - Sahaj Maarag - not stubborn mindedness (foolishness-"ਮੂਰਖੁ ਢੀਠਾ"!
- ਪੜੇ ਸੁਨੇ ਕਿਆ ਹੋਈ ॥ ਜਉ ਸਹਜ ਨ ਮਿਲਿਓ ਸੋਈ ॥੧॥: Parre sune kiaa hoee. Jaou sahaj n milio soee ||1|| (sggs 655).
Today, technology is helping bring the Gurmat into the homes of millions of people, Sikhs and otherwise. There is a blessing in all this of course, but there is a real danger that one will fall under the impression that owning a holy book or having a database (on the computer or internet) is equivalent to having a True Understandingbeing (ਸੂਝ-ਬੂਝ) of the Gurbani. Therefore, it goes without saying that the database on the internet or computer discs is merely a tool, and not a substitute for learning (Understanding), Karnee and Amal (implementation or living it).
- ਫਰੀਦਾ ਅਮਲ ਜਿ ਕੀਤੇ ਦੁਨੀ ਵਿਚਿ ਦਰਗਹ ਆਏ ਕੰਮਿ ॥੧੦੦॥: Freedaa amal ji keete dunee vichi dargah aaye kammi (sggs 1383)
For some reason, if someone for some reason is absolutely in no position to read the SGGS oneself, or for some reason you have no access to SGGS at all, a few cyber links are provided below.