Son Born Before his Mother!

The Gurus and Bhagats were not only God-Connected Within, they were also excellent communicators, poets, writers, and presenters. They effectively used idioms / metaphors to explain very complex spiritual Messages. Hence, impregnated with spiritual Wisdom or suggestions, numerous idioms can be found in SGGS.

Since the entirety of the Gurbani is for the Mind, idioms / metaphors etc. express the subtlety of the spiritual experiences of the Gurus and Bhagats, draw the reader’s attention, awaken senses, amplify the Message, capture subtle nuances of spirituality, they create imagery in the mind and make the reader see things in a new way, improve understanding, and so on.

When the Truth that has not been personally experienced, one can not grasp it directly. However, with the help of analogies, similes, allegories, metaphors, idioms, euphemism, symbolic expressions, apostrophe, personification, hyperboles, litotes, metonymy, figurative or mystic representations and illustrations, etc., the Truth becomes relatively easier to grasp. Hymns of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) often employ them to deliver the universally relevant message.

There are multiple similar expressions. For example:

The purpose of employing this tool is to drive the Wisdom (Giaan) into heads of the immature learners (i.e. Sikhs, ਸਿਖਿਆਰਥੀ).

The Gurus and Bhagats frequently employ such statements as a teaching tool to help seekers of Truth (ਸਚ) break free from the chains of fear, ignorance, doubts (ਭਰਮ), Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride; and their countless variations), etc., and thus Enlighten us in the process.

Since all human languages are dynamic, the current form of these idioms may not be exactly the same as they appear in the SGGS.

Consider the following Shabad (NOTE: the accompanied English translation is from a readily available online Teekaa, which is merely literal or dictionary meanings, thus NOT much useful. However, later, we will go over each verse separately and try to understand its deeper Message):

  • ਪਹਿਲਾ ਪੂਤੁ ਪਿਛੈਰੀ ਮਾਈ ॥ ਗੁਰੁ ਲਾਗੋ ਚੇਲੇ ਕੀ ਪਾਈ ॥੧॥ ਏਕੁ ਅਚੰਭਉ ਸੁਨਹੁ ਤੁਮ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਭਾਈ ॥ ਦੇਖਤ ਸਿੰਘੁ ਚਰਾਵਤ ਗਾਈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਜਲ ਕੀ ਮਛੁਲੀ ਤਰਵਰਿ ਬਿਆਈ ॥ ਦੇਖਤ ਕੁਤਰਾ ਲੈ ਗਈ ਬਿਲਾਈ ॥੨॥ ਤਲੈ ਰੇ ਬੈਸਾ ਊਪਰਿ ਸੂਲਾ ॥ ਤਿਸ ਕੈ ਪੇਡਿ ਲਗੇ ਫਲ ਫੂਲਾ ॥੩॥ ਘੋਰੈ ਚਰਿ ਭੈਸ ਚਰਾਵਨ ਜਾਈ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਬੈਲੁ ਗੋਨਿ ਘਰਿ ਆਈ ॥੪॥ ਕਹਤ ਕਬੀਰ ਜੁ ਇਸ ਪਦ ਬੂਝੈ ॥ ਰਾਮ ਰਮਤ ਤਿਸੁ ਸਭੁ ਕਿਛੁ ਸੂਝੈ ॥੫॥੯॥੨੨॥: First, the son was born, and then, his mother. The guru falls at the feet of the disciple ||1|| Listen to this strange thing, O Siblings of Destiny! I saw the lion herding the cows. ||1||Pause|| The fish of the water gives birth upon a tree. I saw a cat carrying away a dog ||2||. The branches are below, and the roots are above. The trunk of that tree bears fruits and flowers ||3||. Riding a horse, the buffalo takes him out to graze. The bull is away, while his load (cart) has come home ||4||. Says Kabeer, one who understands this hymn, and chants the Lord’s Name, comes to understand everything ||5||9||22|| (sggs 481).

Here in the foregoing Shabad we have some more seemingly strange expressions — Son born before his mother, etc.

How can a child be born first, and then his or her mother later?

Seems not only illogical, but also unnatural. The Gurbani does not support unnatural birth.

Baabaa Nanak discards the entrenched beliefs in magic and miracles like virgin birth and resurrection from death. He discourages the
magical thinking inherent among the followers of organized and institutionalized religions by emphasizing reason and logical thinking in understanding Creator and human life.

  • ਜੰਮਣੁ ਮਰਣਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਹੈ ਭਾਣੈ ਆਵੈ ਜਾਇ ॥ : It is Hukam (i.e. System-Rule-Law of Nature, ਨਿਯਮ), which causes birth and death — birth and death occur according to Hukam (i.e. according to the biology of birth and death). (sggs 472).
  • ਮਿਲਿ ਮਾਤ ਪਿਤਾ ਪਿੰਡੁ ਕਮਾਇਆ ॥ ਤਿਨਿ ਕਰਤੈ ਲੇਖੁ ਲਿਖਾਇਆ ॥ : Mother and father create a child through sexual union according to the Hukam (System-Rule-Law of Nature, Cosmic Law, ਨਿਯਮ) – biology of the reproduction of life. (sggs 989).
  • ਮਾਤ ਪਿਤਾ ਸੰਜੋਗਿ ਉਪਾਏ ਰਕਤੁ ਬਿੰਦੁ ਮਿਲਿ ਪਿੰਡੁ ਕਰੇ ॥ : The (sexual) union of the mother’s egg and the father’s semen form a new body. (sggs 1013).
  • ਮਾ ਕੀ ਰਕਤੁ ਪਿਤਾ ਬਿਦੁ ਧਾਰਾ ॥ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਸੂਰਤਿ ਕਰਿ ਆਪਾਰਾ ॥ : The infinite Hukam (Universal System-Rule-Law of Nature, Cosmic Law, ਕੁਦਰਤੀ ਨਿਯਮ) fashions human body with beautiful features from father’s semen and mother’s egg. (sggs 1022).
  • ਜੈਸੇ ਮਾਤ ਪਿਤਾ ਬਿਨੁ ਬਾਲੁ ਨ ਹੋਈ ॥: As there is no child without (sexual union of) a mother and father (sggs 872).

The majority of us conduct ourselves through broken or conditioned consciousness ( i.e. no more Original, Intact or ‘Saabat‘). In the aforementioned Shabad — which is impregnated with spiritual suggestions — Bhagat Kabeer Jee talks about many other ‘strange’ things. He draws our attention to them and also challenges us to understand their purport.

The following is our attempt understanding this Shabad’s deeper Message. What’s your? Please share.

ਪਹਿਲਾ ਪੂਤੁ ਪਿਛੈਰੀ ਮਾਈ ॥ ਗੁਰੁ ਲਾਗੋ ਚੇਲੇ ਕੀ ਪਾਈ ॥੧॥: Pahilaa poot(u) pishairee maaee. Guru laago chele kee paaee. ||1||: Initially, the mind was Intact (‘Poot’-mind) — Total or Holistic Consciousness (‘Saabat Soorat’). But later, due to the lure of senses, mind becomes illusioned, divided, and the ‘puppet’ of Maya or ‘Maaee’ (‘Maaee-ਮਾਈ’ = mother — mind adopts Durmat, wicked or Mayaic consciousness its mother). Maya essentially is the corruption of one’s conditioned consciousness (Haumai or false ego-sense).

  • ਇਉ ਕਹੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਨ ਤੂੰ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਰੂਪੁ ਹੈ ਅਪਣਾ ਮੂਲੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ ॥੫॥ : This is what Nanak says: O my mind, you are the ‘Jot Saroop’ or embodiment of Light (God)! Recognize your Mool (ORIGIN, Source…) ||5|| (sggs 441).

Thus, the Jeeva being essentially part (Ans-ਅੰਸ) of the divine heritage (‘Gurmat’, Wisdom, Mool, Jot Saroop…), surrenders to the deluded mind (‘Chele-ਚੇਲੇ’ – or becomes follower of the Mayaic mind), and thus has become the disciple of his deluded consciousness (ਅੰਤਰ ਆਤਮਾਂ ਦੀ ਆਵਾਜ ਮੰਨ ਪਿਛੇ ਲਗ ਗਈ.,ਮੱਤ ਮਨ ਦੇ ਪਿਛੇ ਲਗ ਗਈ…).

In fact the state of ‘purity’ (Undivided Consciousness) is none other than our True Nature as Jot Saroop we all were born with as infants. We are That Truth-Awareness-Bliss. This state of Ultimate Truth was not only born with us, but It never left us! This leads to the following question:

If It never left us then how did we lose track of It?

Our false ego-sense (Haume) has intervened as partition between our deluded mind and its True Nature as Jot Saroop. That’s all!

  • ਅੰਤਰਿ ਅਲਖੁ ਨ ਜਾਈ ਲਖਿਆ ਵਿਚਿ ਪੜਦਾ ਹਉਮੈ ਪਾਈ ॥ ਮਾਇਆ ਮੋਹਿ ਸਭੋ ਜਗੁ ਸੋਇਆ ਇਹੁ ਭਰਮੁ ਕਹਹੁ ਕਿਉ ਜਾਈ ॥੧॥: Within (the Jeeva – an individual being) dwells the Invisible Rabb, but (the Jeeva) cannot comprehend this because (within the Jeeva) lies the veil of false ego-sense (Haumai). In attachment to Maya, all the world is asleep. Tell me, how can this doubt (of the Jeeva) be dispelled? ||1|| (sggs 205).
  • ਇਹੁ ਸਰੀਰੁ ਮਾਇਆ ਕਾ ਪੁਤਲਾ ਵਿਚਿ ਹਉਮੈ ਦੁਸਟੀ ਪਾਈ ॥: This body is the puppet of Maya. The evil of egoism is within it (sggs 31).

This false ego-sense is nothing but disturbance on the surface of the Infinite Pool of the Undivided or Intact Consciousness (Saabat-ਸਾਬਤ); resulting in relativist consciousness or subject-object relationship (Maya’s dualistic principle) where the world of differences, names, shapes, cause, effect, time and space is seen.

Simply put: our mind becomes impure or tainted when it’s impacted with the negative impact of false ego-sense (Haumai) or the sense of worldly objects, otherwise it’s of the Pure Nature or Jot Saroop. The Gurbani wants us to recognize this ‘Mool’ of our mind.

ਏਕੁ ਅਚੰਭਉ ਸੁਨਹੁ ਤੁਮ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਭਾਈ ॥ ਦੇਖਤ ਸਿੰਘੁ ਚਰਾਵਤ ਗਾਈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Ek achanbhou sunahu tumh bhaaee. Dekhat singh(u) charaavat gaaee ||1|| Rahaaou ||: The mind in its True Nature is fearless, untainted or Jot Saroop. But due to its forgetfulness of its own mighty divine status (Jot Saroop), it’s engaged in gratifying the defiled senses instead (ਮਨੋ-ਕਾਮਨਾਵਾਂ, ). This is like ‘the lion herding the cows’!

  • ਕੂੜੈ ਕੀ ਪਾਲਿ ਵਿਚਹੁ ਨਿਕਲੈ ਸਚੁ ਵਸੈ ਮਨਿ ਆਇ ॥: (When) the wall of falsehood is torn down from within, Truth comes to dwell in the mind. (sggs 591).

The Gurmat Wisdom of the SGGS urges us to tear down the partition (wall, veil or curtain) of the false ego-sense (Haumai), doubt, Bikaar (lust, anger, greed…), etc. that separates us from our Mool, and inhibits us from experiencing ‘Anand’!

ਜਲ ਕੀ ਮਛੁਲੀ ਤਰਵਰਿ ਬਿਆਈ ॥ ਦੇਖਤ ਕੁਤਰਾ ਲੈ ਗਈ ਬਿਲਾਈ ॥੨॥: Jal kee mashulee tarvari biaaee. Dekhath kutaraa lai gaee bilaaee ||2||: Water is the support of the fish. It cannot survive without it. The Fish of the mind whose support was the water of Naam (‘Raam Udak’, Hukam, Shabad, Wisdom…) has settled on the tree of Bikaar (i.e, lust anger, greed, etc…).

  • ਪੰਚ ਬਿਕਾਰ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਬਸੇ ਰਾਚੇ ਮਾਇਆ ਸੰਗਿ ॥: The five Bikaar (i.e., lust, anger, greed etc.) dwell in the mind of one who is engrossed in Maya (sggs 297).

Thus, the Bikaar-ridden Jeev has also attached his children to Bikaar. Also, the cat of Trishanaa (desires…) have captured the dog of patience (contentment, ਸਬਰ, ਸੰਤੋਖ).

ਤਲੈ ਰੇ ਬੈਸਾ ਊਪਰਿ ਸੂਲਾ ॥ ਤਿਸ ਕੈ ਪੇਡਿ ਲਗੇ ਫਲ ਫੂਲਾ ॥੩॥: Talai re baisaa oopari soolaa. Tis kai ped lage fal foolaa ||3||: The picture of the inverted tree painted in words and unveiled here serves as a beautiful allegory of the Jeeva’s separation from Truth. Tree with its roots above and the branches below signifies branches of Bikaar have become Jeeva’s base or roots instead of Truth. Obviously, such tree is going to bear similar fruits of Bikaar.

  • ਮਨਮੁਖੁ ਊਧਾ ਕਉਲੁ ਹੈ ਨਾ ਤਿਸੁ ਭਗਤਿ ਨ ਨਾਉ ॥ ਸਕਤੀ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਵਰਤਦਾ ਕੂੜੁ ਤਿਸ ਕਾ ਹੈ ਉਪਾਉ ॥: The Manmukh is like the inverted lotus; he has neither Bhagti nor Naam. He deals in Maya; (thus) his efforts are false. (sggs 511).

In short, such inverted tree signifies a Manmukh lifestyle, as oppose to a Gumukh Lifestyle.

ਘੋਰੈ ਚਰਿ ਭੈਸ ਚਰਾਵਨ ਜਾਈ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਬੈਲੁ ਗੋਨਿ ਘਰਿ ਆਈ ॥੪॥: Ghorai chari bhais charaavan jaaee. Baahari bail(u) goni ghari aaee ||4||: Man’s desires and fears are the ‘buffalo’. His deluded mind soaked with desires and fears is the ‘horse’. Manmat (‘buffalo’ – ਮਨਮਤ, self-will, baser desires, fears…) ride on the negative and defiled mind (‘horse’, or the body of defiled senses…), making the mind wander wildly in egoity in all directions.

  • ਮਾਤਾ ਭੈਸਾ ਅੰਮੁਹਾ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਕੁਦਿ ਕੁਦਿ ਚਰੈ ਰਸਾਤਲਿ ਪਾਇ ॥੨॥: The intoxicated bull (of the deluded and Bikaaree mind) wanders around wildly. It romps (in false ego-sense) and eats (the crop of Bikaar, Maya …) and then is ruined completely (live a hellish existence or low life…). ||2|| (sggs 326).

Bull is known for his patience (Dheeraj). Because of man’s slavery to sense-pleasures, his patience (‘bull’) has left him, instead, leeches of worldly cravings have found home in him (‘gon ghar aaee-ਗੋਨਿ ਘਰਿ ਆਈ ‘). To say it otherwise: the ‘bull’ of the mind wander around, while he has left the bag (‘Gon’) home, in which he was supposed to collect the Naam.

  • ਮਨੁ ਕਰਿ ਬੈਲੁ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਕਰਿ ਪੈਡਾ ਗਿਆਨ ਗੋਨਿ ਭਰਿ ਡਾਰੀ ॥ : I have made my mind an ox, and my consciousness walking the path (of life as told by the Guru), and I have filled my sack with Wisdom and have loaded it on the (ox of the mind). (sggs 1123).

Thus, the man has accepted the false, mirage-like deceptive world-appearance (Maya) as Reality and driven the Truth out of his life. Uncontrolled dsire is the sign of an agitated or defiled mind still caught in the throes of materialistic pursuits.

A man of Wisdom, on the other hand, is blissful because he is poised in his Jot Saroop and hence his happiness is unconditional, which constitutes total freedom. The Naam is indicated in the Gurbani to be an antidote to ills of human mind. The pyre burns a dead body, but the Gurbani says that desire burns an alive body!

ਕਹਤ ਕਬੀਰ ਜੁ ਇਸ ਪਦ ਬੂਝੈ ॥ ਰਾਮ ਰਮਤ ਤਿਸੁ ਸਭੁ ਕਿਛੁ ਸੂਝੈ ॥੫॥੯॥੨੨॥: Kahaat Kabeer ju is pad boojhai. Raam ramat tis(u) sabh(u) kish(u) soojhai ||5||9||22||: Here Bhagat Kabeer Jee says that whosoever comprehends the purport of this hymn, and by dwelling in the Naam, he attains holistic understanding or awareness of life and the physical body. Freeing himself from bondage, he realizes his Jot Saroop, within.

The Gurbani puts tremendous emphasis on proper understanding. It deepens or unfolds within with churning the Gurbani through Shabad-Vichaar. Control (of the body-mind-intellect apparatus) is at its best when we change through proper understanding and not through reactions, fear or anger.

Just as all counting has to begin with the number one, right understanding of life has to start with the NOW, not some other time or place. With proper understanding born of concentration, attention and alertness, desires and fears don’t take root in the mind.

  • ਬਿਨੁ ਬੂਝੇ ਮਿਥਿਆ ਸਭ ਭਏ ॥: Without understanding, all are false (sggs 269).
  • ਗਿਆਨ ਰਤਨਿ ਸਭ ਸੋਝੀ ਹੋਇ ॥: With the jewel of spiritual wisdom, total understanding is obtained (sggs 364).


  1. a very important tool to interpret Gurbani in different ages and cultures. Guru Sahib used these tools, such as metaphors, etc., so that appropriate translations in the natural languages suitable in different times and cultures may be achieved. Gurbani teachings are applicable in all cultures, but the terms used must be translated in language appropriately understood in a particular culture and times. Thank you jee for bringing it up with suitable examples.

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