Seven Days of a Sikh

In addition to analogies, similes, allegories, metaphors, idioms, euphemism, symbolic expressions, figurative or mystic representations and illustrations, the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) has also used days of the week etc. to hammer Wisdom (Giaan) into our heads.

Days of the week and Gurbani (SGGS)

In short, the word ‘Sikh‘ simply means ‘learner’ (ਸਿਖਿਆਰਥੀ).

Starting with the name ‘Sunday’, the Gurbani asserts a Sikh‘s Sunday would be when he engages in Bhagti — (1) learning, realizing or awakening the Wisdom of the SGGS (Giaan Bhagti or Gurmat Bhagti) and Virtues within, (2) and then live daily life accordingly! With the help of Understanding obtained through this persistent Bhagti, a person will be successful in impeding the flow of desires (Trishanaa, Vaasanaa, sense-slavery etc.) — ‘Mansaa thambh-ਮਨਸਾ ਥੰਭ’.

  • ਬਾਰ ਬਾਰ ਹਰਿ ਕੇ ਗੁਨ ਗਾਵਉ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਗਮਿ ਭੇਦੁ ਸੁ ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਪਾਵਉ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਆਦਿਤ ਕਰੈ ਭਗਤਿ ਆਰੰਭ ॥ ਕਾਇਆ ਮੰਦਰ ਮਨਸਾ ਥੰਭ ॥ ਅਹਿਨਿਸਿ ਅਖੰਡ ਸੁਰਹੀ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਤਉ ਅਨਹਦ ਬੇਣੁ ਸਹਜ ਮਹਿ ਬਾਇ ॥੧॥: (Says Kabeer!) I live by the divine Virtues all the time. Reaching the Guru’s feet (i.e. Gur-Wisdom), I have discovered this secret by which one can meet ‘Hari’ (i.e. Mool, Source, Jot Saroop…) ||1||Pause|| (A person who by living the divine Virtues all the time’) begins Bhagti, this Bhagti serves as a pillar to his body-home (i.e. his mind and senses do not wander around), Scented with Bhagti, his Consciousness (Surat) remains constantly attached (at the Gur-feet) day and night. Then, dwelling in unbroken (divine Consciousness or Surat…), the mind (as it were) plays the flute (of the divine Consciousness..)! ||1|| (sggs 344).

Next — on account of the Bhagti he already started — the Gurbani says a Sikh’s Monday would be when Giaan-Amrit starts trickling down in the mind. By tasting (this Amrit, the mind immediately becomes free of all Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride.)

  • ਸੋਮਵਾਰਿ ਸਸਿ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਝਰੈ ॥ ਚਾਖਤ ਬੇਗਿ ਸਗਲ ਬਿਖ ਹਰੈ ॥: Monday: (By living the divine Virtues all the time) the cooling or soothing Amrit trickles within. By tasting (this Amrit), the mind immediately becomes free all Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride.). (sggs 344).

Next, the Gurbani tells a Sikh’s Tuesday would be when he, as if, has built a fortress (of Virtues, Bhagati, Wisdom…) around his mind. Furthermore, he also understands the way of working of Bikaars (lust, anger, greed etc.) as to how they function. The implication is that, once one understands how Bikaars operate and attack, they cannot assault him for he will be alert, awake and aware.

  • ਮੰਗਲਵਾਰੇ ਲੇ ਮਾਹੀਤਿ ॥ ਪੰਚ ਚੋਰ ਕੀ ਜਾਣੈ ਰੀਤਿ ॥: Tuesday: (By living the divine Virtues all the time, he, as if) builds a fortress (of Virtues, Bhagati, Wisdom…) around his mind. He understands the method of (attacking) of the five thieves (i.e. Bikaar). (sggs 344).

Next, the Gurbani asserts a Sikh’s Wednesday would be when his Budhi becomes Enlightened with the Gur-Giaan (Wisdom, Aatam Giaan. Light of Naam.

  • ਬੁਧਵਾਰਿ ਬੁਧਿ ਕਰੈ ਪ੍ਰਗਾਸ ॥ ਹਿਰਦੈ ਕਮਲ ਮਹਿ ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਬਾਸ ॥: Wednesday: (By living the divine Virtues all the time, he) enlightens his Budhi (intellect, understanding, Wisdom…), and makes the abode of ‘Hari’ in the Heart-Lotus. (sggs 344).

Next, the Gurbani says a Sikh’s Thursday would be when he transcends Maya‘s entanglements. Also, transcending the doubt about trinity, he becomes immersed in One Rabb.

  • ਬ੍ਰਿਹਸਪਤਿ ਬਿਖਿਆ ਦੇਇ ਬਹਾਇ ॥ ਤੀਨਿ ਦੇਵ ਏਕ ਸੰਗਿ ਲਾਇ ॥: Thursday: (By living the divine Virtues all the time, he) discharges the influence of Maya in the flow (of Bhagti, Wisdom,  Virtues…). He thus gets trinity immersed in One Rabb. (sggs 344).

Next, the Gurbani tells a Sikh’s Friday would be when his intellect (ਸੋਚ, Budhi), and applies the Gur-Wsdom to his daily life. In other words, now the intellect follows the Gur-Wisdom when he transacts with the world of gross objects, the field of emotions, and the realm of thoughts. He thus constantly struggles with his our mind.

  • ਸੁਕ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਸਹਾਰੈ ਸੁ ਇਹ ਬ੍ਰਤਿ ਚੜੈ ॥ ਅਨਦਿਨ ਆਪਿ ਆਪ ਸਿਉ ਲੜੈ ॥: Friday: (By living the divine Virtues all the time, he) makes the good earnings (of this Bhagti, Virtues, Wisdom…) the support (of his life), and battles with himself all the time (i.e. keeps his mind from recurring Bikaar). (sggs 344).

Next, the Gurbani asserts a Sikh’s Saturday would be when, applying the Gurmat Wisdom, he keeps the Jot (Light) stable within.

  • ਥਾਵਰ ਥਿਰੁ ਕਰਿ ਰਾਖੈ ਸੋਇ ॥ ਜੋਤਿ ਦੀ ਵਟੀ ਘਟ ਮਹਿ ਜੋਇ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਭੀਤਰਿ ਭਇਆ ਪ੍ਰਗਾਸੁ ॥ ਤਬ ਹੂਆ ਸਗਲ ਕਰਮ ਕਾ ਨਾਸੁ ॥੭॥: Saturday: (By living the divine Virtues all the time, he) keeps the Light stable within, (as a result of) the wick of the divine Light within, he sees only the divine Light shines inside and outside (i.e., he sees the Light of the one Rabb within himself and in the entire creation), and then all his (evil thinking or evil) actions are destroyed. (sggs 344).

Gurbani speaks at the level of the mind

The Gurbani unequivocally speaks at the level of the mind (ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ ਅੰਦਰ ਦੀਆਂ ਗੱਲਾਂ ਕਰਦੀ ਹੈ…). Hence, it’s the mind that needs to become a Sikh.

  • ਸਬਦੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਧੁਨਿ ਚੇਲਾ ॥: The Shabad (i.e. Giaan or Wisdom is my) Guru. (Not the body, but) abidance of the Consciousness (i.e., my mind or Soch-ਸੋਚ) is the disciple (of this Shabad-Guru). (sggs 943).
  • ਜੇ ਕੋ ਸਿਖੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਸੇਤੀ ਸਨਮੁਖੁ ਹੋਵੈ ॥ ਹੋਵੈ ਤ ਸਨਮੁਖੁ ਸਿਖੁ ਕੋਈ ਜੀਅਹੁ ਰਹੈ ਗੁਰ ਨਾਲੇ ॥: If a Sikh turns (as ‘Sunmukhu’) to the Guru (i.e., whose mind – NOT body – remains connected with the Gur-Giaan or Wisdom, ਅੰਦਰੋਂ ਮਨ ਕਰਕੇ, ਸਰੀਰ ਕਰਕੇ ਨਹੀ). (That Sikh) remembers the Gur-Wisdom in his Heart, and maintains it within his mind. (sggs 919).
  • ਗੁਰੁ ਸਿਖੀ ਦਾ ਸਮਝਣਾ ਜੋਤੀ ਜੋਤਿ ਜਗਾਵਣਹਾਰਾ।: To understand Sikhi is to have the ‘Joti’ (mind, consciousness, Surat-ਸੁਰਤ…) Awakened to ‘Joti’ (Mool, True Nature, Wisdom or Gur-Giaan…). (Bhai Gurdaas, Vaar 28).

That said, Sikhi is the Internal Way of life. Therefore, Sikhi has to be lived in Sahaj Maarag — Natural State of Being, state of Wisdom, Gurmukh Lifestyle, divine life etc. (‘ਸਿਖੀ ਸਿਖਿਆ ਗੁਰ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ॥: Sikhi sikhiaa gur veechaari’). (sggs 465).

  • ਗੁਰਸਿਖੀ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਬੀਜਿਆ ਤਿਨ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਫਲੁ ਹਰਿ ਪਾਏ ॥: The Gursikhs who have sown Naam-Amrit, they have received ‘Hari’ (Mool, Source, Jot Saroop…) as the Amrit-Fruit. (sggs 302).
  • ਜਿਥੈ ਜਾਇ ਬਹੈ ਮੇਰਾ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਸੋ ਥਾਨੁ ਸੁਹਾਵਾ ਰਾਮ ਰਾਜੇ ॥ ਗੁਰਸਿਖੀ ਸੋ ਥਾਨੁ ਭਾਲਿਆ ਲੈ ਧੂਰਿ ਮੁਖਿ ਲਾਵਾ ॥ ਗੁਰਸਿਖਾ ਕੀ ਘਾਲ ਥਾਇ ਪਈ ਜਿਨ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਵਾ ॥: (The mind or Heart…) in which the True Wisdom (Satiguru-ਸਚਾ ਗਿਆਨ) becomes established (Awakened), that (mind or Heart-) Place becomes Beautiful. Gur-Sikhs (learners of the SGGS) seek out that Place (in which the Wisdom abides) for they want to become like that. Gur-Sikhs who ponder on the Naam (Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…), their efforts fall in the right place. (sggs 450).
  • ਗੁਰੂ ਸਮੁੰਦੁ ਨਦੀ ਸਭਿ ਸਿਖੀ ਨਾਤੈ ਜਿਤੁ ਵਡਿਆਈ ॥: (This is the true bath or Ishanaan of a Sikh) the Guru (as if) is the ocean, His teachings (as if) are all rivers, bathing in (this Gur-Wisdom, Gur-Sikhya…) (i.e, by attuning consciousness to it) glory is obtained. (sggs 150).
  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਬਿਗਸੈ ਸਹਜਿ ਸੁਭਾਇ ॥: The Gurmukh blossoms forth through Sahaj. (sggs 1173).

Gurbani says ALL hours, days, months, seasons etc. are AUSPICIOUS

Briefly, an ‘hour’ is a 1/24th of the total period of rotation of the earth on its axis. This rotation causes day and night depending upon which half of the earth faces the Sun. There is nothing sacrosanct about this number of 24 hours that make our day. In addition, earth orbits around the Sun once a year (once in 365 days, and about 6 hours). In turn, the year is divided into 12 months. The seasons result from this rotation as well.

Apparently, the durations of days, months, years and seasons are arbitrarily chosen by humans. However, the Gurbani says they all are equally auspicious in the eyes of the divine Hukam (System-Rule-Law of Nature, Universal Energy…). Thus, the Gurbani asserts there is NO inauspicious day, hour, month, year, season etc.

  • ਹਰਿ ਸਿਮਰਨ ਕੀ ਸਗਲੀ ਬੇਲਾ ॥: Every time is a good time to remember Hari (Mool, Source, Naam: Giaan, Virtues…). (sggs 1150).
  • ਜੇ ਵੇਲਾ ਵਖਤੁ ਵੀਚਾਰੀਐ ਤਾ ਕਿਤੁ ਵੇਲਾ ਭਗਤਿ ਹੋਇ ॥: If we keep thinking of setting a special time (for Bhagti), then Bhagti cannot happen at any time.. (sggs 35).
  • ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋਈ ਦਿਨਸੁ ਸੁਹਾਵੜਾ ਜਿਤੁ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਆਵੈ ਚਿਤਿ ॥ ਜਿਤੁ ਦਿਨਿ ਵਿਸਰੈ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਫਿਟੁ ਭਲੇਰੀ ਰੁਤਿ ॥੧॥ : O Nanak! The day is beautiful (auspicious), the day ‘Prabh’ (Mool, Jot Saroop) dwells in the mind. Know that day and that season (i.e., time etc.) is accursed (inauspicious) the day and season ‘Paarbrahm’ (Sukh Saagar, integrated mind) is forgotten. (sggs 318).
  • ਥਿਤੀ ਵਾਰ ਸਭਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਸੁਹਾਏ ॥: All the lunar days and the week days look beauteous if one contemplates the Shabad (Naam, Upadesh, Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…). (sggs 842).

That said, it is sheer ignorance and superstition to believe how the days of a week can be divided into ‘AUSPICIOUS’ and ‘INAUSPICIOUS’ when the periods of spin and rotation of earth and other planets are determined by the System-Rule-Laws of Nature!!

  • ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਵੇਲਾ ਸਚੁ ਨਾਉ ਵਡਿਆਈ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ ॥: That is ‘Amrit Velaa‘ when the (mind) is engaged in reflecting on the True Naam (i.e. drinking the Amrit of the Naam: Giaan, Wisdom, Virtues…). (sggs 2).
  • ਥਿਤੀ ਵਾਰ ਸੇਵਹਿ ਮੁਗਧ ਗਵਾਰ ॥: Only idiots and fools observe the lunar days and the week days (i.e., good and bad, omens). (sggs 843).
  • ਮਾਹ ਦਿਵਸ ਮੂਰਤ ਭਲੇ ਜਿਸ ਕਉ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰੇ ॥: The months days and moments (Sangraand, etc.) are AUSPICIOUS when (we) become good (wise, Virtuous…). (sggs 136).
  • ਮਾਹਾ ਰੁਤੀ ਸਭ ਤੂੰ ਘੜੀ ਮੂਰਤ ਵੀਚਾਰਾ ॥ ਤੂੰ ਗਣਤੈ ਕਿਨੈ ਨ ਪਾਇਓ ਸਚੇ ਅਲਖ ਅਪਾਰਾ ॥: (O Paarbrahm!) You can be Reflected upon through all the months, all the seasons, all the hours, and all the moments (i.e., there is no specific time, place, or season for Reflection or Vichaar). O True, Unseen and Infinite (Paarbrahm)! No one has obtained You by calculations (sggs 140).

Hence, the Gurbani indicates that assumed or fabricated (ਮੰਨ-ਘੜੰਤ) limitations of place or time for engaging in Bhagti is nothing but utter foolishness, which will only impede or block Bhagti. The Gurbani declares:

  • ਥਿਤੀ ਵਾਰ ਤਾ ਜਾ ਸਚਿ ਰਾਤੇ ॥ ਬਿਨੁ ਨਾਵੈ ਸਭਿ ਭਰਮਹਿ ਕਾਚੇ ॥੭॥: The lunar days or the week days become beneficial only when (the mind) becomes imbued in Truth (sggs 842).
  • ਨਾਨਕ ਜਿਤੁ ਵੇਲਾ ਵਿਸਰੈ ਮੇਰਾ ਸੁਆਮੀ ਤਿਤੁ ਵੇਲੈ ਮਰਿ ਜਾਇ ਜੀਉ ਮੇਰਾ ॥੫॥: O Nanak! That moment when (I) forget my Suaamee (Universal Energy, Hukam…) — at that moment, (my) mind or soul dies (spiritual death-ਆਤਮਕ ਮੌਤੇ) ||5|| (sggs 562).
  • ਭੇਖੁ ਭਵਨੀ ਹਠੁ ਨ ਜਾਨਾ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਸਚੁ ਗਹਿ ਰਹੇ ॥੧॥: I know nothing about religious robes, pilgrimages or stubbornness; O Nanak, I only hold tight to the Truth ||1|| (sggs 843).

Aptly, the Gurbani asks:

  • ਭਾਈ ਰੇ ਭਗਤਿਹੀਣੁ ਕਾਹੇ ਜਗਿ ਆਇਆ ॥: O brother! What is the meaning of coming into the world of a person who is deprived of Bhagti? (sggs 64).
  • ਪ੍ਰਾਣੀ ਤੂੰ ਆਇਆ ਲਾਹਾ ਲੈਣਿ ॥ ਲਗਾ ਕਿਤੁ ਕੁਫਕੜੇ ਸਭ ਮੁਕਦੀ ਚਲੀ ਰੈਣਿ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: O mortal, you came to earn a (Spiritual) Profit. What Kufakarhe are you attached to (Karamkaand, undesirable work, useless or Mayaic activities, Manmukh or Saakat lifestyle, ਫੱਕੜੀ ਪੈਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਕੰਮ, ਖੁਆਰੀ ਵਾਲੇ ਕੰਮ, ਫਜੂਲ ਕੰਮ…)? Your life-night is coming to its end. ||1||Pause|| (sggs 43).

13 comments

  1. dear sir
    Thanks and regards for your reflections on the terms ‘saram’ and ‘sochai soch na hovai’ in the Japji.May waheguru always guide you in the selfless effort of yours of spreading the message of the shabad Guru to the common people.

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