Part 1: Stubborn Mindedness-ਮਨ ਹਠ

What is Stubborn Mindedness?

Stubborn mindedness = Mann Hath (ਮਨ ਹਠ)…

First thing first – the Gurmat Wisdom of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) emphatically rejects stubborn mindedness (ਮਨ ਹਠ).

It is essentially pig-mindedness. Thus, a stubborn minded person is sometime called a pigheaded!

From a spiritual standpoint, a foolish, a hypocrite (Pakhand), spiritually weak and ignorant person etc. finds strength in stubborn mindedness.

  • ਮਨਹਠਿ ਕਰਮ ਕਰੇ ਸੋ ਛੀਜੈ ॥ ਬਹੁਤੇ ਭੇਖ ਕਰੇ ਨਹੀ ਭੀਜੈ ॥: Whosoever acts stubborn-mindedly, his (spiritual life – ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ) is weakened. (Such a person) wears a lot of religious attire, but (thus his mind is not soaked in the love of the Lord). (sggs 1059).

In short, a weak or ignorant mind is a small mind (inflated with egotism, close, narrow, unreceptive, unwise etc.), which is always restless and obstinate. A stubborn-minded person lets his (or her) stubbornness dictate his daily life and ultimately gets ruined!

  • ਮਨਹਠਿ ਕੀਚੈ ਅੰਤਿ ਵਿਗੋਵੈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: (Forgetting Hukam: System,-Rule-Law of Nature, ਨਿਯਮ…) man acts in stubborn mindedness and is ultimately ruined. ||1||Pause|| (sggs 356).
  • ਇਕਿ ਹਠੁ ਕਰਿ ਮਰਹਿ ਨ ਕੀਮਤਿ ਪਾਏ ॥: Many people die in stubbornness. But such a person (who dies in stubbornness) does not appreciate (human life). (sggs 496).

A stubborn person does not use his discerning intellect (or Bibeek-Budhi). Instead, he uses his inflated false ego-sense (Haumai), foolishness, stupidity, ignorance, narrow-mindedness, fanaticism etc.

  • ਅਹੰਮੇਵ ਸਿਉ ਮਸਲਤਿ ਛੋਡੀ ॥ ਗੁਰਿ ਕਹਿਆ ਇਹੁ ਮੂਰਖੁ ਹੋਡੀ ॥: I have abandoned my dealings (counsels, union etc.) with egotism. The Guru has told (me) that this (egotism or Haumai) is foolish and stubborn (i.e., it makes a person foolish and stubborn). (sggs 1347).

Being a Manmukh-Saakat-Mayadhaaree (egoistic (Haumai), blind-minded etc.), he has no idea what he is doing or saying.

  • ਸੇ ਮਨਮੁਖ ਜੋ ਸਬਦ ਨ ਪਛਾਨਹਿ ॥: They alone are Manmukhs who do not Realize the Shabad (sggs 1054).
  • ਮਾਇਆਧਾਰੀ ਅਤਿ ਅੰਨਾ ਬੋਲਾ ॥ ਸਬਦੁ ਨ ਸੁਣਈ ਬਹੁ ਰੋਲ ਘਚੋਲਾ ॥: One who is attached to Maya is (spiritually) very much blind and deaf (to the Gur-Shabad…). (In such conditioned state), he is unable to listen (i.e., don’t pay attention…) to the Shabad; (but, in love or hunger of Maya) he makes much uproar and tumult (ਰੌਲਾ-ਗੌਲਾ, noise, chatter, etc.).
  • ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਕਉਰਾ ਬਿਖਿਆ ਮੀਠੀ ॥ ਸਾਕਤ ਕੀ ਬਿਧਿ ਨੈਨਹੁ ਡੀਠੀ ॥ ਕੂੜਿ ਕਪਟਿ ਅਹੰਕਾਰਿ ਰੀਝਾਨਾ ॥ ਨਾਮੁ ਸੁਨਤ ਜਨੁ ਬਿਛੂਅ ਡਸਾਨਾ ॥੨॥ ਮਾਇਆ ਕਾਰਣਿ ਸਦ ਹੀ ਝੂਰੈ ॥ …: Amrit (i.e., Divine Naam) seems bitter, and poison sweet. Such is the condition of Saakat (one separated from Truth), which I have seen with my own eyes. He is fond of falsehood, fraud and egotism. If he (i.e., Saakat — separated from Truth) hears Divine Naam (i.e., Divine Knowledge, Giaan…), he feels like he has been stung by a scorpion ||2||. He continually yearns for Maya… (sggs 892).

The stubborn mindedness, thus, is the lack of Wisdom, Soojh Boojh or understanding, clarity, attention, alertness, earnestness etc. It is the result of lack of awareness, and it is synonymous to the state of self-will, selfishness, falsehood, unbelief, affliction, hardness of Heart, impenitence, heinousness, fanaticism, crookedness, evil-mindedness, mental-weakness, immaturity, false-ego-sense of the raw or undisciplined mind. Such person, although, may be aware of thinking, feeling and acting but is unaware of his True Nature (Jot Saroop).

Hence, the meaning and outcome of stubborn mindedness is totally opposite to the Sahaj Avasthaa or Sahaj Maarag of the Gurbani (Sahaj=Natural State of Being, Giaan-Avasthaa or the state of Wisdom…). Consequently, any actions performed in mental stubbornness are repudiated and rejected in the Gurbani.

  • ਅਗਿਆਨੀ ਅੰਧਾ ਬਹੁ ਕਰਮ ਦ੍ਰਿੜਾਏ ॥ ਮਨਹਠਿ ਕਰਮ ਫਿਰਿ ਜੋਨੀ ਪਾਏ ॥ ਬਿਖਿਆ ਕਾਰਣਿ ਲਬੁ ਲੋਭੁ ਕਮਾਵਹਿ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਕਾ ਦੋਰਾਹਾ ਹੇ ॥੯॥: The ignorant (of spiritual life – ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ ਤੋਂ) and blind (in love of Maya – ਮਾਇਆ ਦੇ ਮੋਹ ਵਿਚ) cling to all sorts of rituals. They stubborn-mindedly perform these rituals, and are consigned to repeated suffering for the sake of poison (Maya), they act in greed and possessiveness; and duality of evil-mindedness. ||9|| (sggs 1055).
  • ਭੇਖੁ ਭਵਨੀ ਹਠੁ ਨ ਜਾਨਾ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਸਚੁ ਗਹਿ ਰਹੇ ॥੧॥: I know nothing about religious robes, pilgrimages or stubbornness; O Nanak, I only hold tight to the Truth ||1|| (sggs 843).
  • ਮਨਿ ਪਰਤੀਤਿ ਨ ਆਈਆ ਸਹਜਿ ਨ ਲਗੋ ਭਾਉ ॥ ਸਬਦੈ ਸਾਦੁ ਨ ਪਾਇਓ ਮਨਹਠਿ ਕਿਆ ਗੁਣ ਗਾਇ ॥: O mind! You have no conviction (of Truth, etc.) and you have not embraced love (for the Truth) with Sahaj (Natural State of Being, Wisdom or Giaan-Avasthaa etc.). You do not enjoy the sublime taste of the Shabad – what (is the use of) singing Praises stubborn-mindedly? (sggs 549).

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