Paap and Punn

The sense of likes and dislikes (or Pair of opposites) is Doojaa Bhaav (or duality, Mayaic consciousness…). The Gurbani Teaches us to transcend it.

Paap = ਪਾਪ; literally means sin, vice, Dukrit (ਦੁਕ੍ਰਿਤ), Ashubh
Punn = ਪੁੰਨ, Sukrit (ਸੁਕ੍ਰਿਤ), i.e. the opposite of Paap, Shubh

  • ਦੁਕ੍ਰਿਤ ਸੁਕ੍ਰਿਤ ਮੰਧੇ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ਸਗਲਾਣਾ ॥ ਦੁਹਹੂੰ ਤੇ ਰਹਤ ਭਗਤੁ ਹੈ ਕੋਈ ਵਿਰਲਾ ਜਾਣਾ ॥੧॥: Dukrit Sukrit mandhe sansaar sagalaanaa. Duhahoon te rahat bhagatu hai koee viralaa jaanaa ||1||: The whole world is engrossed in bad actions and good actions. The Bhagat (God’s devotee, the Gurmukh, Aatm-Giaanee…) is above both, but those who understand this are very rare. ||1|| (sggs 51).

In other words, the emphasis should not be just on avoiding Ashubh, but emphasis should also be on knowing what the Shubh is as well! The Gurbani further reveals to us:

  • ਹਉ ਵਿਚਿ ਪਾਪ ਪੁੰਨ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ ॥: In Haumai (false ego-sense, man) has the notion of Paap and Punn. (sggs 466).
  • ਹੁਕਮੈ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਹੁਕਮ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਹੁਕਮੈ ਜੇ ਬੁਝੈ ਤ ਹਉਮੈ ਕਹੈ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥: Hukamai andar sabhu ko baahar hukam na koi. Nanak hukamai je bujhai ta houmai kehai na koi: Everyone is subject to Hukam; no one is beyond (exempt or outside of) Hukam. O Nanak! One who understands Hukam, does not speak in ego (i.e., that person does not live in Haumai or ego) (sggs 1).

Thus, in essence, in the Gurbani (as the Gurbani indicates), Paap is simply acting against Hukam (not living with Bhaanaa, Truth…). In other words, it is acting in Manmukhtaa or Saakat lifestyle (lifestyle marked by greed, ignorance, ਅਵਿੱਦਿਆ, Haumai, love of Maya, attachment to the body-frame, etc.).

And Punn is acting in accordance with the Hukam (Bhaanaa Mannanaa – ਭਾਣਾਂ ਮੰਨਣਾਂ). In other words, it is acting in Gurmukhtaa (Aatm-Giaan, Wisdom, fully Awakened or Enlightened State, etc.).

In nutshell, acting against the Hukam is “Apraadh” or Paap, and doing the Hukam is Punn. To say it otherwise, it’s all Shubh when – in the Gurmukh Consciousness or Saabat Soorat – we act in Hukam. That is the Real Profit (Laahaa) that goes with us or that helps us link to the Sachkhand (the realm of Truth…), within.

On account of doubts, ignorance, duality, Haumai, our love of maya, etc., the majority of us (99.9 percent category) either do not understand the Hukam or don’t believe it; hence, wander around (ਕੁਰਾਹੇ ਪੈ ਕੇ ਭਟਕਣਾਂ).

  • ਹੁਕਮੁ ਨ ਜਾਣਹਿ ਬਪੁੜੇ ਭੂਲੇ ਫਿਰਹਿ ਗਵਾਰ ॥: Hukam na jaanahi bapure bhoolahi phirahi gavaar: The wretched fools do not know Hukam; they wander around making mistakes. (sggs 66).
  • ਪਾਪ ਪੁੰਨ ਕੀ ਸਾਰ ਨ ਜਾਣੀ ॥ ਦੂਜੈ ਲਾਗੀ ਭਰਮਿ ਭੁਲਾਣੀ ॥ ਅਗਿਆਨੀ ਅੰਧਾ ਮਗੁ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ਫਿਰਿ ਫਿਰਿ ਆਵਣ ਜਾਵਣਿਆ ॥੫॥: Paap Punn kee saar n jaanee…: (one who) understands not the significance of Paap and Punn, is attached to duality, and is lost in doubt. The ignorant, blind (mentally blind due to his love for Maya) man knows not the Right Path (Gurmukh Lifestyle), and (consequently) comes and goes again and again. ||5|| (sggs 110).

Since the Divine Hukam is not in our control (on the contrary we are under the control of the Hukam!), the Gurbani tells us that we have no control over both Paap and Punn.

  • ਪਾਪ ਪੁੰਨ ਹਮਰੈ ਵਸਿ ਨਾਹਿ ॥Punn paap hamarai vasi naahi: Paap and Punn are not under our control. (sggs 899).

The Gurbani further explains to us that it is our mind that feeds both Paap and Punn. For our Manasaa (Budhi, intellect – ਬੁੱਧੀ, ਅਕਲ…) carries dictates of the mind.

  • ਮਨ ਕਾ ਕਹਿਆ ਮਨਸਾ ਕਰੈ ॥ ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਪੁੰਨੁ ਪਾਪੁ ਉਚਰੈ ॥: man kaa kahiaa manasaa karai. Ih manu punn paap oucharai: Man carries out the dictates of his mind. This mind feeds on Punn and Paap (sggs 832).

Then how are we not to get subject to Paap and Punn? As indicated before, only the Bhagats are above (without, devoid of, etc.) the both Paap and Punn. For they are ever established in the Fourth State (transcending of the Mayaic consciousness).

  • ਚਉਥੇ ਸੁੰਨੈ ਜੋ ਨਰੁ ਜਾਣੈ ਤਾ ਕਉ ਪਾਪੁ ਨ ਪੁੰਨੰ ॥: Chayuthai sunnai jo nar jaanai taa kayu paap na punnam: One who is established in the Fourth State (beyond Maya), is not subject to Paap or Punn. (sggs 943).
  • ਨਾਮ ਤਤੁ ਕਲਿ ਮਹਿ ਪੁਨਹਚਰਨਾ ॥: INaam tatu kali mahi punahacharanaa: In Kali, only the Naam Tatu (“ਨਾਮ ਤਤੁ” – the One Reality, the One Supreme Life Consciousness…), is atonement (for Bikaar…). (sggs 254).

4 replies on “Paap and Punn”

ਮੇਰਾ ਇਹ ਵਿਚਾਰ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਦੁਬਾਰਾ ਜਨਮ ਨਹੀਂ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਅਗਰ ਇਸ ਦੀ ਜਗਾ ਇਹ ਕਿਹਾ ਜਾਵੇ ਕਿ ਜੋ ਪ੍ਰਾਣੀ ਚਾਓੁਥੀ ਅਵਸਥਾ ਵਿਚ ਨਹੀਂ ਪਹੁੰਚਾ ਓੁਹ ਸਹੀ ਫੈਸਲਾ ਨਹੀਂ ਕਰ ਸਕੇਗਾ ਅਤੇ ਦੁਬਿਧਾ ਵਿਚ ਰਹੇਗਾ। ( ਫਿਰ ਫਿਰ ਆਵਣ ਜਾਵਣਿਆ )( ਕਿਸੇ ਸਿਟੇ ਤੇ ਨਾ ਪਹੁਚਣਾ )
ਫਰੀਦ ਜੀ ਵਲੋਂ ਜੋ ਦੁਬਾਰਾ ਨਾ ਜਨਮ ਵਾਰੇ ਕਿਹਾ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ ਵਿਚਾਰਨ ਯੋਗ ਹੈ।

Veer Ji,
As I understood each shabad in SGGS is like Theorem in Geometry.
To be proved : Rahau line
Proof: Lines above and below the rahau line.
I will be very thank full if you write an article related to following shabad (It seems contradiction to rebirth as farid ji says atma is with body in grave) .

(Farid Ji)Gora se niminia basen ruha mal
Janam na hoe duji war
with regards

@bsingh, Thanks.

ਪਾਂਚਉ ਇੰਦ੍ਰੀ ਨਿਗ੍ਰਹ ਕਰਈ ॥ ਪਾਪੁ ਪੁੰਨੁ ਦੋਊ ਨਿਰਵਰਈ ॥੨੭॥: Panchaou indree Nigrah karaee. Paapu Punnu do-oo niravaraee ||27||: One who controls his five senses (ਗਿਆਨ-ਇੰਦਰਿਆਂ) rises above both Paap and Punn (i.e., being truly contented, whatever he does is free from self-interest and Bikaar or perversions, etc.). ||27|| (sggs 341).

Veer ji,

I am reading your articles sice 6 months.
Articles are very logical and systematic written to explain the point using gurbani.

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