Manmukh is Filthy As a Crane

  • ਮਨਮੁਖੁ ਸਦਾ ਬਗੁ ਮੈਲਾ ਹਉਮੈ ਮਲੁ ਲਾਈ ॥: Manamukh sadaa bagu mailaa houmai malu laaee: The Manmukh (self-willed, materialistic, ego being, denier of truthful living …) will always be filthy crane (Manmukh is like a hypocrite crane -ਬਗਲੇ ਵਾਂਗ ਪਖੰਡੀ); he is smeared with the filth of ego. (sggs 129). 

Why a crane?  The Gurbani exposes the conduct of the hypocrite (ਪਖੰਡੀ) crane as follows.

  • ਅੰਦਰਹੁ ਅੰਨਾ ਬਾਹਰਹੁ ਅੰਨਾ ਕੂੜੀ ਕੂੜੀ ਗਾਵੈ ॥ ਦੇਹੀ ਧੋਵੈ ਚਕ੍ਰ ਬਣਾਏ ਮਾਇਆ ਨੋ ਬਹੁ ਧਾਵੈ ॥ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਮੈਲੁ ਨ ਉਤਰੈ ਹਉਮੈ ਫਿਰਿ ਫਿਰਿ ਆਵੈ ਜਾਵੈ ॥ ਨੀਂਦ ਵਿਆਪਿਆ ਕਾਮਿ ਸੰਤਾਪਿਆ ਮੁਖਹੁ ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਕਹਾਵੈ ॥ ਬੈਸਨੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਮ ਹਉ ਜੁਗਤਾ ਤੁਹ ਕੁਟੇ ਕਿਆ ਫਲੁ ਪਾਵੈ ॥ ਹੰਸਾ ਵਿਚਿ ਬੈਠਾ ਬਗੁ ਨ ਬਣਈ ਨਿਤ ਬੈਠਾ ਮਛੀ ਨੋ ਤਾਰ ਲਾਵੈ ॥ ਜਾ ਹੰਸ ਸਭਾ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ ਕਰਿ ਦੇਖਨਿ ਤਾ ਬਗਾ ਨਾਲਿ ਜੋੜੁ ਕਦੇ ਨ ਆਵੈ ॥ ਹੰਸਾ ਹੀਰਾ ਮੋਤੀ ਚੁਗਣਾ ਬਗੁ ਡਡਾ ਭਾਲਣ ਜਾਵੈ ॥ ਉਡਰਿਆ ਵੇਚਾਰਾ ਬਗੁਲਾ ਮਤੁ ਹੋਵੈ ਮੰਞੁ ਲਖਾਵੈ ॥:: Anadarahu annaa, baaharu anna…: Blind inwardly (blind from the mind – ਮਨੋਂ ਅੰਨਾ), and blind outwardly (from conduct or deeds – ਕਾਲੀਆਂ ਕਰਤੂਤਾਂ), he sings (ਝੂਠੀ ਮੂਠੀ) falsely. He washes his body, and draws ritual marks (on his body), and greatly runs after wealth. But (inspite of all this) the filth of his egotism is not removed from within, and over and over again, he comes and goes in reincarnation. Engulfed in sleep (sleeping in love with Maya – ਗ਼ਫ਼ਲਤਿ ਦੀ ਨੀਂਦ), and tormented by lust, he chants the Lord’s Name with his mouth. He is called a Vaishnav (devotee of Vishanu), but he is bound to deeds of egotism; by threshing only husks, what can be gain (i.e., by thrashing just husks, no grains can be obtained)? Sitting among the swans, the crane does not become one of them; sitting there, he keeps staring at the fish. And when the gathering of swans look and see, they realize that they can never form an alliance with the crane (ਬਗਲਿਆਂ ਨਾਲ ਉਹਨਾਂ ਦਾ ਜੋੜ ਫਬਦਾ ਨਹੀ). (Because) The swans peck at the diamonds and pearls, while the crane chases after frogs. The poor crane (eventually) flies away (from the gathering of swans), so that his secret (of his conduct, mentality, falsehood, etc.) will not be exposed. (sggs 960).
  • ਮਨਮੁਖ ਕਰਮ ਕਰੇ ਬਹੁਤੁ ਅਭਿਮਾਨਾ ॥ ਬਗ ਜਿਉ ਲਾਇ ਬਹੈ ਨਿਤ ਧਿਆਨਾ ॥:: Manmukh karam kare bahut abhimaanaa. Bag jiou laai behai nit dhiaanaa: Manmukhs (those in material or ego consciousness) perform their actions in much pride (arrogance, ਅਭਿਮਾਨ, etc.). (Acting in pride – ਹੰਕਾਰੀ ਹੋਇਆ) They sit, like storks, pretending to meditate (but, while pretending to be meeditating, stroks keep staring at fish or frogs!) (sggs 230).
  • ਉਦਕ ਮਾਹਿ ਜੈਸੇ ਬਗੁ ਧਿਆਨੁ ਮਾਡੈ ॥੧॥ ਕਾਹੇ ਕਉ ਕੀਜੈ ਧਿਆਨੁ ਜਪੰਨਾ ॥ ਜਬ ਤੇ ਸੁਧੁ ਨਾਹੀ ਮਨੁ ਅਪਨਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥:: Udak maahi jaise bagg dhiaan maadai. ||1|| Kaahai kaou keejai dhiaan japannaa. Jab te sudh naahee mann apnaa ||1||Rahaaou||: The heron (standing in the water) appears to be meditating, but it is concentrating on the water (to catch a fish). ||1|| Why do you practice meditation or chanting, when your mind is not pure? ||1||Pause|| (sggs 485).
  • ਮਨਹਠਿ ਜੋ ਕਮਾਵੈ ਤਿਲੁ ਨ ਲੇਖੈ ਪਾਵੈ ਬਗੁਲ ਜਿਉ ਧਿਆਨੁ ਲਾਵੈ ਮਾਇਆ ਰੇ ਧਾਰੀ ॥:: Mannhathi jo kamaavai til na lekhai paavai bagul jiou dhiaan laavai Maya re dhaaree: One who acts (performs religious acts, etc.) through stubbornness is of no account at all (his actions are of no avail); (because) like a crane, he pretends to meditate, but he is still stuck in Maya (i.e., he is Mayadhaaree – ਮਾਇਆ ਧਾਰੀ) (sggs 687). 

The Gurbani asserts that the conduct of the Manmukh is just as hypocrite as the crane (ਬਗਲੇ ਵਾਂਗ ਪਖੰਡੀ). He will pretend to meditate (Simran); he will attend religious places, religious ceremonies, pilgrimage, ablutions, and so on. But all his activities are ਪਖੰਡ (hypocrisy) like the crane. His mind is always fixed on corruption, falsehood, or untruthfulness.

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