The Gurmat (teaching, Upadesh, Brahm-Giaan, Spiritual Wisdom, or the Way of the SGGS…) is a Sidhaant (ਸਿਧਾਂਤ), not a doctrine. Shortly, in the pages to follow, we will attempt at seeing the difference between a Sidhaant and a doctrine.
There are difficulties in translating many words into English. For example, there is no equivalent to this Sanskrit term “Sidhaant” in English.
Consequently, many rush to use the term “doctrine” to translate the term “Sidhaant“, or to describe the Gurmat.
As we will see in the following pages, it does not seem appropriate to translate the term “Sidhaant” as “doctrine” , because both terms “Sidhaant” (ਸਿਧਾਂਤ) and “doctrine”are totally opposite (contrary…).
- ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਮੋ ਕਉ ਕੀਨੋ ਦਾਨੁ ॥ ਅਮੋਲ ਰਤਨੁ ਹਰਿ ਦੀਨੋ ਨਾਮੁ ॥ ਸਹਜ ਬਿਨੋਦ ਚੋਜ ਆਨੰਤਾ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਕਉ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਮਿਲਿਓ ਅਚਿੰਤਾ ॥੧॥ ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਕੀਰਤਿ ਹਰਿ ਸਾਚੀ ॥ ਬਹੁਰਿ ਬਹੁਰਿ ਤਿਸੁ ਸੰਗਿ ਮਨੁ ਰਾਚੀ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਭੋਜਨ ਭਾਉ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਲੀਚੈ ਨਾਉ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਉਧਾਰ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਭਰੇ ਭੰਡਾਰ ॥੨॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਕਾਰਜ ਪੂਰੇ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਲਥੇ ਵਿਸੂਰੇ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਹਮਾਰੈ ਬੈਰੀ ਮੀਤਾ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤੋ ਹੀ ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਵਸਿ ਕੀਤਾ ॥੩॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਹਮ ਕੀਆ ਦਿਲਾਸਾ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਹਮਾਰੀ ਪੂਰਨ ਆਸਾ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤ ਹਮ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ਕਉ ਸਗਲ ਸਿਧਾਂਤੁ ॥ ਅਚਿੰਤੁ ਹਮ ਕਉ ਗੁਰਿ ਦੀਨੋ ਮੰਤੁ ॥੪॥: The Satigur (ਸੱਚ ਦਾ ਗਿਆਨ, Brahm-Giaan, Divine Wisdom…) has blessed me with this gift – the Priceless Jewel of Naam (Shabad, Hukam, Upadesh, Wisdom…). Nanak has met the Prabhu (Mool, Source, Reality, Jot…) who is Achintaa (beyond thought…). (Now within me), there are endless joys and wonders. ||1|| O Nanak! True is the Hari Keerati (Hari Naam, Honor, ਸਿਫਤ-ਸਲਾਹ…). Set the mind to it, again and again. ||1||Pause|| The Love of the Achint (Worry-free Prabhu, Source, Jot…) is my food (for spiritual life). I am engaged in the Naam of the Achint. I am being saved (from Bikaar – lust, anger, greed, etc.) through the Shabad (Naam,Hukam, Wisdom…) of the Achint. Treasures (of the Naam) of the Achint are filled within me. ||2|| My tasks are perfectly accomplished (by the Naam of the) Achint. I am rid of my sorrows (by the Naam of the) Achint. I (treat my) enemies as friends (because of the Naam of the) Achin. My mind is brought under control (by the Naam of the) Achint. ||3|| I am comforted Achint Prabhu. My hopes (of becoming one with our Mool) are fulfilled (by the Naam of the) Achint. (To realize or understand the Naam of the) Achint is the entire Sidhaant for me. The Guroo has given me this Mant (Mantra, Naam…) of the Achint. ||4|| (sggs 1157).
Difference between a “Sidhaant” and a “doctrine”
Let’s patiently try to find out the difference between a “Sidhaant” and a “doctrine”.
If we can understand it, we can then appreciate the Gurmat Sidhaant — we can then appreciate all that the Gurbani (SGGS) wants us to understand. Otherwise, we might miss…!
- A Sidhaant is a personal Vision of Reality — one comes upon it, one sees it with the inner eyes, it is revealed to one, etc.
- A Sidhaant has nothing to do with logic, theory, counting, calculated efforts, etc.
- A Sidhaant is a personal realization; it is existential; it is beyond speculations of the mind, etc.
- A Sidhaant is a personal experience — it’s deeply personal.
- A Sidhaant is thus absolutely original, new, authentic.
- A Sidhaant is virgin — absolutely fresh, etc.
- A Sidhaant is something that happened to you.
- A Sidhaant does not go on changing.
- A Sidhaant is paradoxical, for the life consists of contradictions.
- A Sidhaant is pure, unadulterated, unconditioned, immaculate.
- A Sidhaant cannot be made to an order, or given to somebody as a gift, or given to somebody as a ready-made package.
- A Sidhaant is a statement of Mool-realization — assertion of a Sidha (a perfected one, a person of great spiritual attainment, etc.
- A Sidhaant is not a proposal of a theory, it’s an expression of personal experience, ultimate understanding, final attainments, conclusions, etc…
- A Sidhaant cannot be manufactured in a university or in a laboratory through grants, gifts, assignments…
- A doctrine is man-made.
- A doctrine is a consistent logical theory, logical syllogism.
- A doctrine is intellectual, manufactured by the mind.
- A doctrine is imaginary.
- A doctrine is borrowed thing. The borrower hides his borrowing in subtle and cunning ways — by reformulating stuff taken from other sources, rearranging things in various ways, then talking about it or writing a new Ph.D. thesis on it, etc.
- A doctrine is adulterated, molested, used, un-fresh, not original, etc.
- A doctrine thus is not virgin — it is secondhand, it has been moving through many minds.
- A doctrine is that which has happened to somebody else. One may have heard about it.
- A doctrine goes on changing.
- A doctrine is never paradoxical. Instead, it’s consistent and logical. the mind does not like contradictions. In fact the mind becomes agitated when it comes across a contradiction.
- A doctrine is a mind game, and mind is very logical. So it has nothing to do with Reality.
- A doctrine is dirty, a product of the mind. And, according to the Gurbani, the mind is filled with the “filth” of egotism, Bikaar, doubt, love for Maya, etc.
- A doctrine can be made to an order through grants, gifts, assignments…
Thus, in nutshell, one can come up with a great theory or doctrine, without being transformed by it. However, to achieve a Sidhaant, one will have to be totally transformed — Inner Transformation!
Gurmat Vs. Scholars (Pandits-ਵਿੱਦਵਾਨ) and clergy
What happened to Baabaa Nanak is a Sidhaant, not a doctrine.
What happened to All Bhagats is a Sidhaant, not a doctrine.
In nutshell, what happens to those who become the Gurmukh (Bhagat, Daas, Jan…) is a Sidhaant, not a doctrine.
Hence, the Gurmat is a Sidhaant, not a doctrine.
However, what Sikh “scholars” (Pandits or ਵਿੱਦਵਾਨ) and self-appointed clergy (Pujaaree group) go on bragging, propounding, or talking about is a “doctrine”! No wonder — throughout the Gurbani — they are called “fool” (“ਮੂਰਖ”)…
- ਮੂਰਖ ਪੰਡਿਤ ਹਿਕਮਤਿ ਹੁਜਤਿ ਸੰਜੈ ਕਰਹਿ ਪਿਆਰੁ ॥: The foolish Pandit, by their clever arguments (crafty tricks…), are fond of gathering wealth (Maya…). (sggs 469).
- ਬਾਹਰਹੁ ਪੰਡਿਤ ਸਦਾਇਦੇ ਮਨਹੁ ਮੂਰਖ ਗਾਵਾਰ ॥: Outwardly, (Manmukh) call themselves Pandit, but mentally they are foolish and ignorant (sggs 1091).
- ਮਾਇਆ ਕਾ ਮੁਹਤਾਜੁ ਪੰਡਿਤੁ ਕਹਾਵੈ ॥: Infatuated by (the hunger of Maya), (he) calls himself Pandit (sggs 231).
Understandably, no wonder Baabaa Nanak and Kabeer Sahib proclaim abandoning the scholars and clergy (ਪੁਜਾਰੀ ਲਾਣਾਂ):
- ਪੰਡਿਤ ਮੁਲਾਂ ਜੋ ਲਿਖਿ ਦੀਆ ॥ ਛਾਡਿ ਚਲੇ ਹਮ ਕਛੂ ਨ ਲੀਆ ॥੩॥: Whatever the Pandit and the Mullaan have written (the path of Karamkaand, Shariyat…), I have abandoned (all of that); I have not taken any of it ||3||. (sggs 1159).
- ਹਮਰਾ ਝਗਰਾ ਰਹਾ ਨ ਕੋਊ ॥ ਪੰਡਿਤ ਮੁਲਾਂ ਛਾਡੇ ਦੋਊ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: (Now) I have no quarrel with anyone anymore; because I have abandoned both the Pandit and the Mullaan (ਦੋਹਾਂ ਦੇ ਦੱਸੇ ਰਸਤੇ ਨਾਲ ਮੇਰਾ ਕੋਈ ਵਾਸਤਾ ਨਹੀਂ – the path of Karamkaand, Shariyat…). |1|| Pause || (sggs 1158).