The Gurbani Teaches us that “I-am-the body” idea is erroneous – mistaken identity. This error arises out of the body-consiousness or body-attachment (ਦੇਹ-ਅੱਧਿਆਸ, Mayaic consciousness, conditioned or contaminated consciousness, etc.).
The Gurbani removes this doubt (ਭਰਮ-ਜਾਲ:Bharam-Jaal).
Sidh asked Baabaa Nanak:
- ਤੇਰਾ ਕਵਣੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਜਿਸ ਕਾ ਤੂ ਚੇਲਾ ॥: Who is your guroo? Whose disciple are you? (sggs 942).
Here is Baabaa Nanak’s reply — (1) Shabad (Giaan or Wisdom) is my Guroo, (2) my consciousness (Surat-ਸੁਰਤ) or the mind (Soch-ਸੋਚ) is the Sikh (ਸਿਖਿਆਰਥੀ, or a learner, or a student) of the Giaan or Wisdom of the Shabad-Guroo.
- ਸਬਦੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਧੁਨਿ ਚੇਲਾ ॥: The Shabad (i.e. Giaan or Wisdom is my) Guroo. (Not the body, but) abidance of the Consciousness (i.e., my mind or Soch-ਸੋਚ) is the disciple (of this Shabad-Guroo). (sggs 943).
Literally, Surti (ਸੁਰਤਿ) = Consciousness, memory, recollection, Budhi, Soch-ਸੋਚ, etc.; and Dhuni (ਧੁਨਿ) = sound.
Now, the “ਸਬਦੁ-Shabadu“, and the “ਸੁਰਤਿ ਧੁਨਿ – Surti Dhuni” are all formless.
In other words, the Shabad has no gross body (Upadesh, Giaan, Wisdom, etc., which can be heard but not seen by the eyes). Similarly, the “ਸੁਰਤਿ ਧੁਨਿ – Surti Dhuni” has no gross body (which can be heard but not seen by the eyes).
- ਕਬੀਰ ਜੋ ਹਮ ਜੰਤੁ ਬਜਾਵਤੇ ਟੂਟਿ ਗਈਂ ਸਭ ਤਾਰ ॥ ਜੰਤੁ ਬਿਚਾਰਾ ਕਿਆ ਕਰੈ ਚਲੇ ਬਜਾਵਨਹਾਰ ॥੧੦੩॥: Kabeer, all the strings of the instrument (of the Shareer or the body: body-consciousness or body-attachment or ਦੇਹ-ਅੱਧਿਆਸ ਦਾ ਵਾਜਾ) that I (always) played are broken. (Now) What can the poor instrument (body) do, when the Player (who was playing this instrument of the body within) has departed. ||103|| (sggs 1369).
In nutshell, the Gurbani tells us that neither the Guroo is a body nor the disciple is a body. Thus, the Gurbani here repudiates (Khandan) the body-consciousness, body-attachment, “I-am-the-body” idea, or ਦੇਹ-ਅੱਧਿਆਸ.
If we mistakenly confound our Real Identity or Mool (Joti-Svaroopa) with the gross body, then that’s our Bharam (ਭਰਮ-doubt). The Gurbani labors to remove this Bharam (of body-consciousness or “I am the body” idea – ਦੇਹ-ਅੱਧਿਆਸ) .
But, on account of the Bharam-Jaal (doubts or ਭਰਮ, ignorance, etc.), we are calling this body “you” and “me”. However, as asserted by the Gurbani, neither “you” is body, nor “me” is body. It is something else that animates this body from within. That is the Real “us” of “you” and “me”, which is formless or without the gross body. When that Real Factor (which is common Factor in all of us – the Real “us”) departs from this body, then the body instrument becomes dead – there remains no “ਸੁਰਤਿ ਧੁਨਿ – Surti Dhuni” in it.
Now, how can we remove the Bharam (doubt)?
The Gurbani reveals that we can remove this Bharam through the constant Shabad-Vichaar [Sodh, Inquiry, Investigation, Reflections, Search or Khoj, ਬਿਦਿਆ ਸੋਧੈ ਤਤੁ ਲਹੈ…॥: Bidiaa Sodhai tatu lahai …: (sggs 938)].