Fatih-ਫਤਿਹ

Literally, Fatih (“ਫਤਿਹ”) = Victory…

The question is: victory over what?

We often see Sikhs greeting each other saying: “ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕਾ ਖਾਲਸਾ || ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹਿ ||” – Waheguroo Jee Kaa Khaalsaa. Waheguroo Jee kee Fatih.

When we greet each others by saying this, do we know, or are we aware of as to what this “Fatih” is, according to the Gurbani (Gurmati)?

Or, over what this “Fatih” or victory is to be obtained? And how do we go about abtaining this “Fatih” or victory?

According to the Gurbani (Gurmati), this “Fatih” or victory is to be obtained on one’s own doubt ridden and deluded mind, which is gone strayed from its Mool (Source…). For it is this Haumai, Mayaic, or instinctive mind that needs to be annihilated or conquered.

The Gurbani says:

  • ਫਾਹੇ ਕਾਟੇ ਮਿਟੇ ਗਵਨ ਫਤਿਹ ਭਈ ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤ ॥: Faahe kaate mite gavan fatih bhaee mani jeet: When one conquers his (own) mind, victory (Fatih-“ਫਤਿਹ”) is obtained; (Maya’s) sanares are cut (ਮਾਇਆ ਦੇ ਮੋਹ ਦੇ ਬੰਧਨ ਕੱਟੇ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਹਨ); and one’s (Mayaic-ਮਾਇਆ ਪਿਛੇ ਭਟਕਣਾ) wanderings cease. (sggs 258).

Without conquering of the mind, there cannot be victory (Fatih-ਫਤਿਹ) over the world (Gurmukh Life, Divine Consciousness, Universal Consciousness, Cosmic Consciousness, Spiritual Consciousness, etc.). In other words, victory over the mind is victory over the world (“ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤੈ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤੁ ॥”: Mani jeetai jagu jeetu, sggs 6)! In that state of Divine Consciousness, no one remains Aakee (“ਆਕੀ”-Recalcitrant, disobedient, rebel, defiant, one who does not obey Hukam – ਭਾਣਾ ਨਹੀ ਮੰਨਦਾ, ਹੁਕਮ ਮੰਨਣ ਤੋਂ ਆਕੀ… ).

Now, the question is: how one can one go about conquering one’s own mind?

The Gurbani says that one can do that by the Internalizing the Shbad (Enlightenment: Gurmukhi-Hood State of the Mind.

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮਨੁ ਜੀਤਾ ਹਉਮੈ ਮਾਰਿ ॥: Gurmukh manu jeetaa houmai maar: The Gurmukh conquers his mind by killing his Haume (false ego-sense). (sggs 946).

Now, who is the Gurmukhi?

Again – according to the Gurbani – the Gurmukhi is he who is fully established in the Truth (ਸਚ, Mool, Aatam-Giaan, Shabad-Giaan, Gurmati, Divine Knowledge, Spiritual Wisdom…) within.

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਸਾਚੈ ਰਹੈ ਸਮਾਏ ॥: Gurmukh saachai rahai samaae: By becoming the Gurmukhi, (one) remains absorbed in ਸਚ-Truth (sggs 942).
  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਸਾਚੁ ਸਬਦੁ ਬੀਚਾਰੈ ਕੋਇ ॥ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਸਚੁ ਬਾਣੀ ਪਰਗਟੁ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮਨੁ ਭੀਜੈ ਵਿਰਲਾ ਬੂਝੈ ਕੋਇ ॥ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਨਿਜ ਘਰਿ ਵਾਸਾ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜੋਗੀ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਪਛਾਣੈ ॥ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਏਕੋ ਜਾਣੈ ॥੬੯॥ : The spirituality of the Shabad the Message/Enlightenment of the Shabad (Gurmukh-Hood State of the Mind) brings one to contemplate on the Essence of the Creator-Connecting Shabad. The spirituality of the Shbad brings brings Realization of the Creator-Connecting Baanee. The spirituality of the Shabad accords one the exceptional Creator-Imbued Mind. The spirituality of the Shabad creates Realization (of the Creator) Within my Conscience (Nij Ghar). The spirituality of the Shabad Internalizes the Way towards Creator-Realization (Within the Conscience-Nij Ghar). Nanak Realized the One Creator through the spirituality of the Shabad. ॥69॥ (sggs 946).

Thus, by conquering his mind, the Gurmukh has conquered the world (“ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤਾ…” – Gurmukhi Jagu jeetaa.., (sggs 946):

As defeat (Haar-ਹਾਰ) is opposite of victory (Fatih-“ਫਤਿਹ”), similarly, a Manmukh (self-willed, ignorant, fool, Mayadhaaree, Saakat…) is opposite of a Gurmhkhi. Accordingly, a Manmukh always fails or faces defeat (Haar-ਹਾਰ). A Manmukh does not care about understanding the Gurbani (Gur-Shabad, Gurmati, Aatm-Giaan…).

  • ਮਨਮੁਖ ਹਾਰ ਗੁਰਮੁਖ ਸਦ ਜੀਤਿ ॥੪॥੧੬॥੧੮॥: Manmukh haar Gurmukh sad jeeti ||4||16||18|| A Manmukhs fails or obtains defeat (in the game of life: ਜੀਵਨ-ਬਾਜੀ ਵਿਚ), while the Gurmukh always wins. ||4||16||18|| (sggs 867).

In other words, according to the Gurmat Wisdom of the SGGS, here is the real winner and the real loser in life:

  • ਤੇਰੈ ਨਾਇ ਰਤੇ ਸੇ ਜਿਣਿ ਗਏ ਹਾਰਿ ਗਏ ਸਿ ਠਗਣ ਵਾਲਿਆ ॥: Those who are imbued with Your Naam (Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…) win (the game of human-life), while the cheaters lose it. (sggs 463).

1 comment

  1. Excellent post Ji!
    The state ” ਰਾਜ ਕਰੇਗਾ ਖਾਲਸਾ ਆਕੀ ਰਹੇ ਨਾ ਕੋਇ ॥ ” dawns when “Fatih” is attained on the mind (i.e., mind is won over, conquered).

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