Don’t Take Anything at Face Value

In general there are three approaches to discover truth: (1) scientific, and (2) logical (ਤਰਕ). Truth can never be understood or known through the glasses of blind-faith (ਅੰਧ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ਼, ਅੰਨੀ ਸ਼ਰਧਾ).

Aptly, the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) does NOT teach us to follow the path of blind-faith (ਅੰਧ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ਼, ਅੰਨੀ ਸ਼ਰਧਾ). Irrationality or illogical thinking (ਤਰਕਹੀਣਤਾ) symbolizes mental slavery.

The Gurbani of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) is full of arguments (ਦਲੀਲਾਂ), logic (ਤਰਕ) and questions (ਸਵਾਲ). Hence, the SGGS teaches us the Way of Bibek (discernment, logic, rationality, Tarak-ਤਰਕ, Daleel-ਦਲੀਲ…).

Using logic (Tarak-ਤਰਕ, Daleel-ਦਲੀਲ…), the logical mind evaluates pros and cons and then reasons out the truth and draws conclusions. The entire exercise is subjective and in the mind. In other words, the logical approach is pure mind work and it deals with the subjective and is of the interior.

The logical path differs from the scientific approach in that (1) scientific approach is of the material or the exterior world as oppose to the interior, hence (2) scientists will experiment and test repeatedly in the material or the exterior world until there is some sort of proof.

The well known material scientist Albert Einstein in his final days is attributed to saying that, ‘Sometimes I suspect that my life has been a waste. I inquired into the farthest of stars and forgot completely to inquire into myself—and I was the closest star!’

The Gurmat (Wisdom, Upadesh or the Way of the SGGS) teaches all its learners (i.e. Sikhs or Sikhiaarthee-ਸਿਖਿਆਰਥੀ) about knowing and searching onself.

In short, the SGGS makes us Wise (ਗਿਆਨਵਾਨ, ਤਰਕਸ਼ੀਲ, ਬਿਬੇਕੀ, ਪਾਰਖੂ-Paarkhoo, logical, Bibeki …). It does NOT make us arrogant and followers of the blind-faith (ਅੰਧ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ਼ੀ, ਸ਼ਰਧਾਵਾਨ).

  • ਪਾਰਖੀਆ ਵਥੁ ਸਮਾਲਿ ਲਈ ਗੁਰ ਸੋਝੀ ਹੋਈ ॥: Those Appraisers or ‘PAARKHOO’ (persons of commonsense, logic, discerning intellect, Bibek Budh, Wisdom, appraiser…) of spiritual life who obtained the Understanding from the Guru, cherished the Wealth of Naam (Wisdom / Virtues). (sggs 425).
  • ਧਰਮੁ ਅਰਥੁ ਸਭੁ ਹਿਰਿ ਲੇ ਜਾਵਹਿ ਮਨਮੁਖ ਅੰਧੁਲੇ ਖਬਰਿ ਨ ਪਈਆ ॥੨॥: (The five thieves: lust, anger, greed, etc.) steal his wealth of Dharma (from within), but the mentally blind (ignorant or unwise) Manmukh does not even know it. ||2|| (sggs 833).

In nutshell, the Gurbani teaches that a person of blind faith (ਸ਼ਰਧਾਵਾਨ, ਅੰਧ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ਼ੀ) cannot be a Wise person (ਗਿਆਨਵਾਨ, ਤਰਕਸ਼ੀਲ, ਬਿਬੇਕੀ, ਪਾਰਖੂ-Paarkhoo, logical, Bibeki …).

  • ਖੋਟੇ ਕਉ ਖਰਾ ਕਹੈ ਖਰੇ ਸਾਰ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ॥ ਅੰਧੇ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ਪਾਰਖੂ ਕਲੀ ਕਾਲ ਵਿਡਾਣੈ ॥੩॥: Ignorant people consider falsehood to be true; (unfortunately) they are not wise to recognize the true. The blind (mentally blind i.e. ignorant or foolish) man is known as an appraiser (or wise); this is the sign of Kal Yuga (i.e. Kal Yuga = corrupt state of the mind). ||3|| (sggs 229).
  • ਅੰਧੇ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ਪਾਰਖੂ ਏਵੈ ਕਰੇ ਗੁਆਉ ॥: The blind (mentally blind-ignorant) man is known as an appraiser; this is how people talk (contrary, ਉਲਟੀਆਂ ਗੱਲਾਂ). (sggs 1288).

Hence, a true Sikh (a learner or a student – ਸਿਖਿਆਰਥੀ) of the Giyan-Wisdom of the SGGS is supposed to be a ‘Paarkhoo‘ (ਪਾਰਖੂ – examiner, appraiser, assayer of Truth…) and Wise (Giyni – ‘ਸਿਆਣਾ’)! This is important for creating better humans, and a better human society.

  • ਕਬੀਰ ਹਰਿ ਹੀਰਾ ਜਨ ਜਉਹਰੀ ਲੇ ਕੈ ਮਾਂਡੈ ਹਾਟ ॥ ਜਬ ਹੀ ਪਾਈਅਹਿ ਪਾਰਖੂ ਤਬ ਹੀਰਨ ਕੀ ਸਾਟ ॥੧੬੨॥: O Kabeer! The Divine Naam (Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…) is the Diamond, and the ‘Jan’ (the Gurmukh, Bhagat, Daas) is the jeweler who takes the Naam-Diamond to Beautify his inner self. As soon as a ‘Paarkhoo‘ (i.e, examiner, appraiser, or assayer of Truth…) is found, the value of the Naam-Jewel is set (or shared, sold-purchased…). ||162|| (sggs 1373).
  • ਗੁਰ ਸਿਖੀ ਗੁਰ ਸਿਖ ਸੁਣ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਸਿਆਣਾ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਭੋਲਾ।: listening to the Gur-Giaan (Wisdom, Upadesh..), Gur-Sikh become Wise within and simple (innocent) without. (Bhai Gurdaas, Vaar 17).

In this context, the Gurmat Wisdom of the SGGS urges our minds to pay attention to the words of deep wisdom as follows:

  • ਸੁਣਿ ਮੁੰਧੇ ਹਰਣਾਖੀਏ ਗੂੜਾ ਵੈਣੁ ਅਪਾਰੁ ॥ ਪਹਿਲਾ ਵਸਤੁ ਸਿਞਾਣਿ ਕੈ ਤਾਂ ਕੀਚੈ ਵਾਪਾਰੁ ॥: O beautiful mind (soul)! Listen to this deepest secret (ਡੂੰਘੀ ਭੇਤ ਦੀ ਗੱਲ). First, (when we start buying something, we should first examine (verify, test or try that) thing and then trade it (then we should buy it) (sggs 1410).

Three words are very significant in the verse above:

  1. ‘Vasat-ਵਸਤ’: An item, an article, an object, a substance, stuff, material, thing, truth, ਪਦਾਰਥ, ਵਸਤੂ, ਚੀਜ, etc.
  2. Sijhaanaa-ਸਿਞਾਣਾ’: To examine, verify, test, try, ਪਰਖਣਾਂ, ਪਛਾਣਨਾ, ਵਿਚਾਰ ਕਰਨਾ, etc.
  3. Vaapaar-ਵਾਪਾਰ’: Trade, business, purchase, ਵਣਜ, ਸੌਦਾਗਰੀ, and so on.

Compositions carrying the Message of all the 35 composers of Bani (ਬਾਣੀਕਾਰ) who are included in the SGGS are based on Wisdom, logic, rationale, reasoning, Bibek or discerning intellect (Tarak-ਤਰਕ). They challenged Brahmins, Pandits, Mullas, Yogis, Jains etc., with Wisdom and Tarak.

  • ਹਿੰਦੂ ਅੰਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ਤੁਰਕੂ ਕਾਣਾ ॥ ਦੁਹਾਂ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਸਿਆਣਾ ॥: The Hindu is blind (mentally blind, spiritually unintelligent, etc., who has made-up phony stories and claims God is limited only to the temple…) and the Muslim is one-eyed (i.e., who has some intelligence – but claims Allah is limited only to the mosque, etc.). The Giani (the knower of Truth…) is wiser than both of them. (sggs 875).

Hence, instead of meaningless Karamkaand, a true Sikh always wants to develop or awaken his Bibek-Budh or discerning intellect (‘ਦੀਜੈ ਬੁਧਿ ਬਿਬੇਕਾ – Deejai Budhi Bibekaa‘).

  • ਬਿਬੇਕ ਬੁਧਿ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਪਾਈ ਗੁਰ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੇਰਾ ॥: Bibek Budh is obtained from the Satigur; the Guru reveals the Divine Wisdom. (sggs 711).
  • ਸੋ ਧਨਵੰਤਾ ਜਿਸੁ ਬੁਧਿ ਬਿਬੇਕ ॥: Wealthy is that person who has Bibek Budh. (sggs 1150).

Using his Bibek Budh or Tarak (discerning intellect, logic, commonsense, Vichaar …), a Sikh of the SGGS is supposed to be able to distinguish between truth and untruth, real and unreal, false and genuine, etc., and live daily life accordingly.

This is the reason SGGS strongly asks Sikhs not to take anything at its face value – not to deem false to be real, and so on. This is possible only with the intellect Awakenied to the Bibek (discerning intellect, commonsense, logic, Tarak-ਤਰਕ).

The SGGS affirms: (1) Bibek or GiyanWisdom is the Guru of Sikhs, (2) hence, it’s the consciousness (Surat-ਸੁਰਤ) or the mind (Soch-ਸੋਚ) that needs to become a Sikh of the Giyan or Wisdom of the Shabad Guru.

  • ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਮੈ ਸੋ ਗੁਰੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਜਾ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ਬਿਬੇਕੋੁ ॥੪॥੫॥: Says Kabeer, I have found that Guru, whose Name is ‘Bibek(u)‘ (Wisdom, Discerning Intelligence…). ||4||5|| (sggs 793).
  • ਸਬਦੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਧੁਨਿ ਚੇਲਾ ॥: The SHABAD is my GURU, and my consciousness (Surat) is the disciple (of this SHABAD GURU). (sggs 943).
  • ਗੁਰ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਨਾਮ ਰਤਨੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥: The Jewel of Giaan (Wisdom) is obtained from the Guru (sggs 1044).

In a nutshell, Tarak or Bibek-Budh + Gurbani’s Wisdom (ਗਿਆਨ) = Sikhi of the SGGS.

Not to take anything at face value is a metaphor. For example, the face value of something is its apparent worth; but its real value may not be the same as its face value. In other words, what something might appear to mean – it’s ‘face value’ – is not exactly what it may actually mean.

  • ਮਾਧਵੇ ਕਿਆ ਕਹੀਐ ਭ੍ਰਮੁ ਐਸਾ ॥ ਜੈਸਾ ਮਾਨੀਐ ਹੋਇ ਨ ਤੈਸਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ : O God, what can we say, we are so deluded by doubt, that what we believe, the reality is not  like that. ||1||Pause|| (sggs 657).

Applying this expression from a worldly standpoint, for example, if someone takes something at face value, he is not questioning its apparent or true worth.

Being street smart from a worldly standpoint is good. However, being street smart from a Spiritual standpoint is also as important, if not more, to shield oneself from fraud and deception!

The Gurbani teaches this to prompt us to use commonsense to verify for ourselves that what we are being told, taught, or preached is correct, particularly the self-serving clergy clique (Pujaaree).

If we don’t, then we put ourselves in a position to be cheated by the religious con artists, who are pullulating the world for the sake of their hunger for Maya (business in the name of Gurmat or Dharma – ਧੰਧਾ). For example, the professional Pujaaree sell fake god, fake Sachkhand, fake hell and heaven, fake Jum Doot, and so on. It is so because they have different agenda in mind – greed, money (Golak), power, wealth, securing return business, bending backward to please the host, enslaving people’s minds, etc.! Such fake religion and spirituality makes people arrogant, mentally trapped and slave, suspicious, distant, hostile, destructive, superstitious etc.

  • ਰੋਟੀਆ ਕਾਰਣਿ ਪੂਰਹਿ ਤਾਲ ॥: For the sake of bread, they perform melodiously (sggs 465).
  • ਮੂਰਖ ਪੰਡਿਤ ਹਿਕਮਤਿ ਹੁਜਤਿ ਸੰਜੈ ਕਰਹਿ ਪਿਆਰੁ ॥: The greedy Learned fools (Pundit, priest, clergy, religious scholars) gathers wealth through chicanery and clever arguments. (sggs 469).

Because of our mind’s own hunger or love of Maya (ਮਾਇਆ ਦੀ ਭੁੱਖ), its pretty easy for the greedy and crafty Pujaaree groups to deceive or defraud (ਛਲ-ਕਪਟ) us, and mislead us further from the Truth of the Gurbani. Aptly, the Gurbani calls them ‘ਬਾਨਾਰਸਿ ਕੇ ਠਗ – Thugs of Banaras‘.

No wonder the Gurbani urges us to renounce whatever the greedy and crafty Pujaaree- system has to say.

  • ਪੰਡਿਤ ਮੁਲਾਂ ਜੋ ਲਿਖਿ ਦੀਆ ॥ ਛਾਡਿ ਚਲੇ ਹਮ ਕਛੂ ਨ ਲੀਆ ॥੩॥: ALL that the Pandit and Mullah Clergy have prescribed or presented to us, I have DISCARDED (while walking on the Path of Spirituality). I DISCARD IT ALL and have ACCEPTED NOTHING at all. ||3|| (sggs 1159).

If we accept everything blindly (ਅੰਧ ਵਿਸ਼ਵਾਸ਼ – blind-faith), our minds are sure to sink more into the mire of doubts; dogmas; rituals (Karamkaand); religious paraphernalia, religious robes, vices/Bikaar, etc., which have been rejected in the SGGS. The entire Gurbani attest to that.

  • ਮਨੁ ਅੰਧੁਲਾ ਅੰਧੁਲੀ ਮਤਿ ਲਾਗੈ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਕਰਣੀ ਬਿਨੁ ਭਰਮੁ ਨ ਭਾਗੈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: The (ignorant or mentally) blind man follows the blind counsel. Unless one takes the Gurmat (Wisdom, Upadesh or Way of the SGGS), his doubt is not dispelled. ||1||Pause|| (sggs 1190).

The Gurbani’s Giyan-Wisdom) makes one immune from deception, fraud or trickery: Protects one from being cheated of his Wisdom and Spiritual Life (Aatmak Jeevan). The Gurbani teaches us that the Gurmukhs (Enlightened/God-Oriented/Guru Shabad-Oriented beings) are ever absorbed in such Tatt Giyan (ਤੱਤ ਗਿਆਨ – true Wisdom…).

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਤਤੁ ਗਿਆਨੋ ॥: By becoming the Gurmukh, realize the Essence of the Spiritual Wisdom (Aatam Giaan-ਅਸਲੀ ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ ਦੀ ਸੂਝ). (sggs 1006).
  • ਗਿਆਨ ਪਦਾਰਥੁ ਖੋਇਆ ਠਗਿਆ ਮੁਠਾ ਜਾਇ ॥੧॥: (Whosoever) loses the Giaan Padaarath (Naam-Dhann, Wealth of Spiritual Wisdom…), they depart defrauded and plundered (from their Spirittual Life-ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ ਵਲੋਂ…). ||1|| (sggs 60).

To the contrary, due to lack or absence of the Gurbani’s Tatt Giaan or Understanding, we put ourselves in a position to be cheated. The Gurmat (Wisdom, Upadesh or Way of the SGGS) protects us from fraud, deceit and trickery.

Since the Way of Sikhi is a Giyan Maarag (ਗਿਆਨ ਮਾਰਗ – Way of Wisdom, Bibek, Tarak, commonsense…), there is no room in it for blind-faith (ਅੰਨੀ ਸ਼ਰਧਾ) as propagated by the sel-serving Pujaaree (clergy clique) — the freeloading Deraa-Vaad Baabaas (ਵੇਹਲੜ) and their trained Granthis, Parcharaks, Ragis, Dhadees etc. pullulating all over the world.

A ‘rare‘ person who chooses this Giyan Maarag is called the ‘Gurmukh‘ in the SGGS. The reason such person is ‘rare’, because living a truthful or a Gurmukh mindset is like uphill climb or walking on a double-edged sword! Accordingly, falsehood always draws crowds whilst the Truth or the true Teachings are neglected.

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਕੋਈ ਸਚੁ ਕਮਾਵੈ ॥ : A rare one, as Gurmukh, earns (lives…) the Truth (sggs 1344).

Some Related Posts:

14 comments

  1. Thank you Bhai Sahib Harvinder Singh Jio for sharing the Shabad-Vichaar.

    “Shabad” means divine knowledge/Giaan.

    Thank you!

    But people nowadays are so lost in it’s Literal meaning and only trying to obtain one particular “shabad (secret)” from fake derawaad baba ji’s…

    Very true!
    Thank you again!

  2. During my watching of Gurbani Vyakaran videos on You Tube,,,,,I have concluded that
    “aunkarr” and “sihari” are very dominant and play a vital role in understanding Gurbani’s meanings and therefore efforts must be made to understand all applications of
    “aunkarr” and “sihari”.

  3. “Shabad” means divine knowledge/Giaan.
    But people nowadays are so lost in it’s Literal meaning and only trying to obtain one particular “shabad (secret)” from fake derawaad baba ji’s or just reciting on one particular word from Gurbani OR focusing too much on yogic exercises like inhaling (wah) and exhaling(guru) or vice versa.
    While Gurbani says… “Jin prem kiyo, tinhi prabh payo”

  4. Parkash singh ji….SSA!!
    There is no need to add “N” with word “Naam”. English and Punjabi are two different languages with different alphabets and can not be mixed up to reflect its meaning.
    This letter “u” entirely changes the meaning of the word “naam”
    For ex.. ” Ram” and then add “u” to make it “Ramu” (Arth da anarth ho jaanda hai”

    Please check out the links below for Gurbani Vyakaran. I learnt so much from these 10-part series videos on youtube in last few months.

    That way you would know how to pronounce the words where “aunkarr” is used/not used and their meanings.

  5. Thank you Bhai Sahib Jio.

    There are good youtube videos on Gurbani Vyakaran

    In fact, we have linked two youtube videos in the footer of this site (“external resources”). If you know more such resources, please let us know so we can add that to this list too. Thanks.

  6. Trilochan Singh Duggal Ji, I can’t agree more with you on the need of understanding the grammatcal fcsets of Gurbani. Only on onderstanding these intricaies, does one pay attention to proper pronunciations. Even as a kid, I had always wondered as to why (in Japji Sahib) the first of the four Manne pauris (pauris 12 to 15) starts with Manne while the other three (pauris 13 to 15) start with Mannae. But after understanding the grammar, it became clear that Manne (the one who believes) is noun whereas Mannae (having beleved on) is a sort of verb. There are good youtube videos on Gurbani Vyakaran as well as Proff Sahib Singh’s books that make very good resource. If you know any other useful resources / tips please do share. Trilochan Ji, if possible contact me at []. I would love to hear more from you on Gurbani Grammar and more.

    Regards

  7. Yes, many Katha-vachaks, Kirtani Jathas, preachers and Deras are misleading the innocent Sikhs.

    No doubt Ji!

    if grammatical stance of each word is given, perhaps that would help the readers to understand the composition more clearly,

    Satt Vachan Ji!

  8. Gurbani guides us from deceitful entrapments, I believe an obvious reason is lack of understanding the true inspirational meaning of the Shabad-Text. Yes, many Katha-vachaks, Kirtani Jathas, preachers and Deras are misleading the innocent Sikhs. As you are making excellent efforts to enlighten the general public about ‘Gurbani’, at the same time if grammatical stance of each word is given, perhaps that would help the readers to understand the composition more clearly, and surely it would change an apparent observations.

  9. VERY TRUE SIR,Without making KESO(HARI) as true companion nothing can be achieved.

  10. Kabeer Sahib says in the SGGS:
    ਕਬੀਰ ਸਿਖ ਸਾਖਾ ਬਹੁਤੇ ਕੀਏ ਕੇਸੋ ਕੀਓ ਨ ਮੀਤੁ ॥ ਚਾਲੇ ਥੇ ਹਰਿ ਮਿਲਨ ਕਉ ਬੀਚੈ ਅਟਕਿਓ ਚੀਤੁ ॥੯੬॥: Kabeer Sikh sakhaa bahute keeae keso keeaa na meetu. Chaale thae Hari milan kaou beechai atakio cheetu (sggs 1369).
    Thank you Bhai Sahib Jio.

  11. I think in this context Kabir Das ji seems to be most smartest thru a Quote as
    “RAAM NAAMu KI LOOT HAE,LOOT SAKE TO LOOT”

  12. I have an alternative title for this masterpiece – Be Spritually Street Smart

    Very fitting title, indeed: “Be Spritually Street Smart”!
    I’ll certainly use it in a future post!
    Thank you Bhai Sahib Jio For your Vichaar and sharing.

  13. Thanks for adorning us with yet another rare pearl from the inestimable Gurbani treasure.

    I have an alternative title for this masterpiece – Be Spritually Street Smart

  14. Very nice post sir,This is really a great collection for getting the true knowledge as per Gurbaanee.

Share Your Thoughts

Your email address will not be published. * = required fields. Comment Policy.