Corrupt and the Best of the Best Men

As repeatedly indicated in the the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS), there are only two different groups of people living together on earth: the ‘rare’ Gurmukhs and the majority Manmukhs.

The Gurbani asks us to become the Gurmukhs and live a Divine Life.

Throughout the SGGS, the Gurmat Wisdom talks about the corrupt beings (i.e. the Manmukhs-Saakat-Mayadhaaree), and the best of the best beings (supreme, distinguished, eminent or ‘Pardhaan‘ etc.) — the ‘perfect’ human being (i.e., the Gurmukhs)!

  • ਸਾਰਾ ਦਿਨੁ ਲਾਲਚਿ ਅਟਿਆ ਮਨਮੁਖਿ ਹੋਰੇ ਗਲਾ ॥ ਰਾਤੀ ਊਘੈ ਦਬਿਆ ਨਵੇ ਸੋਤ ਸਭਿ ਢਿਲਾ ॥ ਮਨਮੁਖਾ ਦੈ ਸਿਰਿ ਜੋਰਾ ਅਮਰੁ ਹੈ ਨਿਤ ਦੇਵਹਿ ਭਲਾ ॥ ਜੋਰਾ ਦਾ ਆਖਿਆ ਪੁਰਖ ਕਮਾਵਦੇ ਸੇ ਅਪਵਿਤ ਅਮੇਧ ਖਲਾ ॥ ਕਾਮਿ ਵਿਆਪੇ ਕੁਸੁਧ ਨਰ ਸੇ ਜੋਰਾ ਪੁਛਿ ਚਲਾ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਆਖਿਐ ਜੋ ਚਲੈ ਸੋ ਸਤਿ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਭਲ ਭਲਾ ॥: All day long, a Manmukh is occupied with greed and talks about other things (i.e. other than Naam…). At night, he is overcome by fatigue (due his occupation with greed and related activities during all day along), and all his nine senses (ਇੰਦੀਆਂ) become sluggish (ਢਿੱਲੇ). Over the head of such Manmukh (controlled by his lustful propensities-ਵਿਛੇ ਦਾ ਮਾਰਿਆ ਹੋਇਆ ਗੰਦੇ ਆਚਰਨ ਵਾਲਾ…) is the order of the woman; he ever gives them (shower them with) good (many gifts). (Such) men who (are controlled by their lustful propensities…) act according to the orders of women are corrupt, filthy and foolish (of corrupt intellect, devoid of Bibek-Budhi, unwise…). Such corrupt men (ਕਾਮੀ, Manmukh…) engrossed in lust (lustful propensities, ਕਾਮ-ਵਾਸਨਾ, ਵਿਛੇ-ਵਾਸਨਾ…), consult their women and walk accordingly. One who walks as the Satgur (true Wisdom-ਸੱਚਾ ਗਿਆਨ) tells him to is the true man, the best of the best.  (sggs 304).
  • ਸਾਕਤ ਜਾਇ ਨਿਵਹਿ ਗੁਰ ਆਗੈ ਮਨਿ ਖੋਟੇ ਕੂੜਿ ਕੂੜਿਆਰੇ ॥: Even if the Saakat beings bow down before the Satguru, (yet) they remain false in mind and remain corrupt. (sggs 312).
  • ਸਾਕਤ ਬਧਿਕ ਮਾਇਆਧਾਰੀ ਤਿਨ ਜਮ ਜੋਹਨਿ ਲਾਗੇ ॥: People who make Maya the mainstay of their life break away from Truth, become ruthless, ‘Jamm’ (Bikaar: lust, anger, greed etc.) stalks them. (sggs 172).
  • ਮਾਇਆਧਾਰੀ ਅਤਿ ਅੰਨਾ ਬੋਲਾ ॥ ਸਬਦੁ ਨ ਸੁਣਈ ਬਹੁ ਰੋਲ ਘਚੋਲਾ ॥: One who is attached to Maya is (spiritually) very much blind and deaf (to the Gur-Shabad…). (In such conditioned state), he is unable to listen (i.e., don’t pay attention…) to the Shabad; (but, in love or hunger of Maya) he makes much uproar and tumult (ਰੌਲਾ-ਗੌਲਾ, noise, chatter, etc.). (sggs 313).
  • ਰੰਨਾ ਹੋਈਆ ਬੋਧੀਆ ਪੁਰਸ ਹੋਏ ਸਈਆਦ ॥ ਸੀਲੁ ਸੰਜਮੁ ਸੁਚ ਭੰਨੀ ਖਾਣਾ ਖਾਜੁ ਅਹਾਜੁ ॥ : (Without Giaan or Wisdom) men are becoming hunters (i.e. tyrannical, cruel, oppressors, ਸ਼ਿਕਾਰੀ, ਜ਼ਾਲਮ…) and women are becoming advisers to this cruelty (oppression; tyrant behavior…). Sweet temperament, self-control, and purity of heart – all these things are gone (from within both men and women) and the illicit or Haraam have become the favorite food of these people. (sggs 1243).

In short, a Gurmukh (Bhagat, Daas, Jan…) is a person who is Wise, brave, good, virtuous, stable, fearless, blissful (Anand), pious, Joyful, positive, Happy, balanced and poised etc. (ਵਿਦਵਾਨ, ਬਹਾਦੁਰ, ਭਲਾ, ਨੇਕ, ਗੁਣੀ, ਖੁਸ਼, ਅਡੋਲ, ‘ਸਹਜਿ ਸੁਭਾਇ’, ਹਮੇਸ਼ਾ ਚੜ੍ਹਦੀ ਕਲਾ ਵਿਚ…).

As indicated throughout the Gurbani, a Manmukh-Saakat-Mayadhaaree is a corrupt person for he follows the dictate of his Bikaars (i.e. lust, anger, greed etc.).

In nutshell, a Manmukh-Saakat-Mayadhaaree is the denier or resistant of the Gurmat (opposes the Gurbani’s Wisdom…) or Truth (‘ਸਚ’); he is full of Bikaar (ਬਿਕਾਰੀ ਬੰਦਾ, Mayadhaaree…); he is disconnected from his Mool (True Nature or Jot Saroop…); his mind is free to escape through his defiled senses and run after sense-objects; his Akal (intellect) follows his mind’s dictates; he remains uncontended; he remains in love with Maya -ਮਾਇਆ ਨਾਲ ਜੁੜਿਆ ਹੋਇਆ; he is doubt-ridden and duality-ridden; he is ‘Mugadhu Gubaaru‘ (ਮੁਗਧੁ ਗੁਬਾਰੁ-foolish…); he is the self-willed (ਮੱਨਮਤੀਆ); and so on.

Also, as indicated throughout the Gurbani, one who walks as the Satgur’s Giaan or Wisdom, is the true man, the best of the best (supreme, distinguished, eminent or ‘Pardhaan‘ etc.) — the ‘perfect’ human being!

  • ਸੋ ਸਾਹੁ ਸਾਚਾ ਜਿਸੁ ਹਰਿ ਧਨੁ ਰਾਸਿ ॥ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਪੂਰਾ ਤਿਸੁ ਸਾਬਾਸਿ ॥ : He alone is the True banker (wealthy), who possesses the capital of the Naam (Wisdom…). By becoming the Gurmukh, one becomes Perfect, (say) wow wow to him. (sggs 232).
  • ਜਿਨ ਕਉ ਤਖਤਿ ਮਿਲੈ ਵਡਿਆਈ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਸੇ ਪਰਧਾਨ ਕੀਏ ॥: By becoming the Gurmukh, people who have the honor of sitting on the Hirda-Takht (i.e. Mool-abidance) become ‘Pardhaan‘. (sggs 1172).
  • ਅਚਾਰਵੰਤਿ ਸਾਈ ਪਰਧਾਨੇ ॥: He alone is Pardhaan who is of a good moral character (leads a pure life). (sggs 97).

In other words, the one who follows the Gurmat (Wisdom, Upadesh or Way of the SGGS) is the true, and best of the best. They are also called the ‘rare’  Gurmukhs in the Gurbani.

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਬਿਬੇਕ ਬੁਧਿ ਹੋਇ ॥: The Gurmukh is blessed with spiritual wisdom and discerning intellect (sggs 317).

In short, a Gurmukh (Bhagat, Daas, Jan…) is a person who is Wise, brave, good, virtuous, stable, fearless, blissful (Anand), pious, Joyful, positive, Happy, balanced and poised etc. (ਵਿਦਵਾਨ, ਬਹਾਦੁਰ, ਭਲਾ, ਨੇਕ, ਗੁਣੀ, ਖੁਸ਼, ਅਡੋਲ, ‘ਸਹਜਿ ਸੁਭਾਇ’, ਹਮੇਸ਼ਾ ਚੜ੍ਹਦੀ ਕਲਾ ਵਿਚ…).

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਰਤਨੁ ਕੋ ਵਿਰਲਾ ਲੇਵੈ ॥: Rare is the person, who, by becoming the Gurmukh, take the Jewel of the Naam (Wisdom…). (sggs 233).
  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਲਾਹਾ ਲੈ ਗਏ ਮਨਮੁਖ ਚਲੇ ਮੂਲੁ ਗਵਾਇ ਜੀਉ ॥੧੯॥: Those who have become Gurmukhs, reap their (Spiritual) Profits (of Naam, Wisdom, Virtues, Truth…) and leave, while Manmukhs lose their investment (ਰਾਸ-ਪੂੰਜੀ or life) and depart. ||19|| (sggs 74).

4 comments

  1. No one can enlighten others. You have to be free from all desires to be enlightened…

    True Ji. But, as he Gurbani says, it will require spiritual efforts (“ਉੱਦਮ”) on our part:
    • ਆਪਣ ਹਥੀ ਆਪਣਾ ਆਪੇ ਹੀ ਕਾਜੁ ਸਵਾਰੀਐ ॥੨੦॥ (sggs 474).
    • ਸਗਲ ਉਦਮ ਮਹਿ ਉਦਮੁ ਭਲਾ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਜਪਹੁ ਜੀਅ ਸਦਾ ॥ (sggs 266).
    • ਉਦਮੁ ਕਰਤ ਮਨੁ ਨਿਰਮਲੁ ਹੋਆ ॥: Oudamu karat manu nirmalu hoaa (sggs 99).
    • ਆਪੈ ਜਪਹੁ ਆਪਨਾ ਜਾਪ ॥੫॥: Aapai japahu aapanaa jaap (sggs 343).

    Thank you for taking the time to share Vichaar Ji.

  2. Jasvinderji,
    No one can enlighten others. You have to be free from all desires to be enlightened and this can not be achieved without the grace of Almighty. After reading all the scriptures and preaching the whole world people (so called Gianis) depart from this world without achieving anything.
    There is nothing to be achieved. It’s only the realisation that we are all one being Ek Onkar. He himself is manmukh and gurmukh. He himself created maya and then created the world. Maya created the separation (delusion) from the source of creation.
    You, T Singh and I are all same. Ek noor te sab jag upjio.
    We are in materialistic world and maya runs the show in His Hukam. He himself gives a very few that wisdom. “Nanak Gurmukh Janyae ja ko aap kare parkash”
    There is nothing to do to be enlightened. It is the realisation of His hukam (command) brings the ultimate peace.
    Remember that you are that pure consciousness but realise this truth that you are not there and He is everywhere.
    Finally, as Socrates said “The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.”

  3. Overcome with lust (Bikaar), one is most likely to follow his animal-consciousness and transact in this world of things and beings at that level, or consult or seek counsel (ਸਲਾਹ) of beings at that level.
    • ਕਾਮਣਿ ਦੇਖਿ ਕਾਮਿ ਲੋਭਾਇਆ ॥: Kaamani dekhi kaami lobhaaiaa (sggs 1342).
    • ਕਾਮਵੰਤ ਕਾਮੀ ਬਹੁ ਨਾਰੀ ਪਰ ਗ੍ਰਿਹ ਜੋਹ ਨ ਚੂਕੈ ॥: Kaamvant kaamee bahu naaree par grih joh n chookai (sggs 672).
    • ਕਾਮਿ ਦਾਮਿ ਚਿਤੁ ਪਰ ਵਸਿ ਸੇਈ ॥: Kaami daami chitu par vasi seaee (sggs 226).

    In other words, when fascinated with lust (ਕਾਮ-ਵਾਸਨਾ ਵਿਚ ਫਸਿਆ), it is highly unlikely for anyone to seek the counsel of the Gur-Shabad!!

    In nutshell, enticed and blinded by the lustful propensities (attachment of the fleeting lusty pleasures rising from a purely flesh-fleshy biological function, attachment of Maya, etc.), one (i.e., Manmukh) will oppose the Hukam, Naam, Gurmat (ਗੁਰਮਤ-Aatam Giaan or Divine Knowledge of the Gurbani)…

    Accordingly, the Gurbani urges us to replace our fleshly nature (Manmukh lifestyle) with the Divine Nature (Gurmukh Lifestyle).

    Thank you Jasvinder Ji for taking time to comment on this post.

    Bhul Chuk Maaf Ji.

  4. Dear Respected T Singh Ji

    Gurbani tells us that over the head of a manmukh is the order of women, how do we know this means women in the physical sense, or does it have a mystical reference to the woman maya, who has us all walking to her order ?

    Please enlighten us.

    Kind Regards and best website for spiritual seekers looking to find the true wisdom in the Gurus teachings.

    Jasvinder

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