It is repeatedly indicated in the Gurbani that there are only two different groups of people living together on earth:the Manmukhs and the Gurmukhs.
The Gurbani asks us to become the Gurmukhs and live a Divine Life.
The Gurbani talkls about the corrupt men (the Manmukhs), and the best of the best men (the Gurmukhs) in the following Gur-Shabad:
- ਸਾਰਾ ਦਿਨੁ ਲਾਲਚਿ ਅਟਿਆ ਮਨਮੁਖਿ ਹੋਰੇ ਗਲਾ ॥ ਰਾਤੀ ਊਘੈ ਦਬਿਆ ਨਵੇ ਸੋਤ ਸਭਿ ਢਿਲਾ ॥ ਮਨਮੁਖਾ ਦੈ ਸਿਰਿ ਜੋਰਾ ਅਮਰੁ ਹੈ ਨਿਤ ਦੇਵਹਿ ਭਲਾ ॥ ਜੋਰਾ ਦਾ ਆਖਿਆ ਪੁਰਖ ਕਮਾਵਦੇ ਸੇ ਅਪਵਿਤ ਅਮੇਧ ਖਲਾ ॥ ਕਾਮਿ ਵਿਆਪੇ ਕੁਸੁਧ ਨਰ ਸੇ ਜੋਰਾ ਪੁਛਿ ਚਲਾ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਆਖਿਐ ਜੋ ਚਲੈ ਸੋ ਸਤਿ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਭਲ ਭਲਾ ॥ ਜੋਰਾ ਪੁਰਖ ਸਭਿ ਆਪਿ ਉਪਾਇਅਨੁ ਹਰਿ ਖੇਲ ਸਭਿ ਖਿਲਾ ॥ ਸਭ ਤੇਰੀ ਬਣਤ ਬਣਾਵਣੀ ਨਾਨਕ ਭਲ ਭਲਾ ॥੨॥: Saaraa dinu laalachi atiaa manmukhi hore galaa…: The Manmukh (self-willed perverse, who does not follow the Gurbani’s Teaching…) is occupied with greed all day long, talks about otherthings (i.e. except the Naam…). At night, he is overcome by fatigue (due his occupaton with greed and related activities during all day along), and all his nine senses (ਇੰਦੀਆਂ) become sluggish (ਢਿੱਲੇ). Over the head of such Manmukh (controlled by his lustful propensities-ਵਿਛੇ ਦਾ ਮਾਰਿਆ ਹੋਇਆ ਗੰਦੇ ਆਚਰਨ ਵਾਲਾ…) is the order of the woman; he ever gives them (shower them with) good (many gifts). (Such) men who (are controlled by their lustful propensities-ਵਿਛੇ ਦੇ ਮਾਰੇ ਹੋਏ ਗੰਦੇ ਆਚਰਨ ਵਾਲੇ…) act according to the orders of women are corrupt, filthy and foolish (of corrupt intellect, devoid of Bibek-Budhi, unwise…). Such corrupt men (ਕਾਮੀ, Manmukh…) engrossed in lust (lustful propensities, ਕਾਮ-ਵਾਸਨਾ, ਵਿਛੇ-ਵਾਸਨਾ…), consult their women and walk accordingly. One who walks as the Satgur tells him to (ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਦੇ ਹੁਕਮ ਵਿਚ), is the true man, the best of the best. (The Lord) Himself created all women and men; the Lord Himself plays the entire Play. O Nanak! You (O Lord!) created the entire creation, (You are) the best of the best. ||2|| (sggs 304).
As indicated in the foregoing Gur-Shabad and throughout the Gurbani, the Manmukh is a corrupt person. For he follows the dictate of his Bikaars (e.g., lustful propensities, etc.).
Just as an elephant (Maigal-ਮੈਗਲ) intoxicated with Kaam (lust) gets trapped, similarly the Manmukh overwhelmed and blinded with Kaam (lust) will follow any order, do or say anything to get his Kaam-Vaasanaa gratified, though momentarily.
- ਮੈਗਲਹਿ ਕਾਮੈ ਬੰਧੁ ॥ Maigalahi kaamai bandhu (sggs 838).
In nutshell, the Manmukh is the denier or resistant of the Gurmat (“ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਮਤਿ” ਦਾ ਵਿਰੋਧੀ , the opposer of the Gurbani’s Teaching…) or Truth (“ਸਚ”); he is full of Bikaar (ਬਿਕਾਰੀ ਬੰਦਾ, Mayadhaaree…); he is disconnected from his Mool (Source, Origin Truth…); his mind is free to escape through his defiled senses and run after sense-objects; his Akal (intellect) follows his mind’s dictates; he remains uncontended; he remains in love with Maya -ਮਾਇਆ ਨਾਲ ਜੁੜਿਆ ਹੋਇਆ; he is doubt-ridden and duality-ridden; he is “Mugadhu Gubaaru” (ਮੁਗਧੁ ਗੁਬਾਰੁ-foolish…); he is the self-willed (ਮੱਨਮਤੀਆ); and so on.
Also, as indicated in the foregoing Gur-Shabad and throughout the Gurbani, one who walks as the Satgur tells him to (ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਦੇ ਹੁਕਮ ਵਿਚ), is the true man, the best of the best.
In other words, the one who follows the Gurmat (ਗੁਰਮਤ-Aatam Giaan or Divine Knowledge of the Gurbani) is the true, and best of the best men.
Such men are also called the Gurmukhs in the Gurbani.
In nutshell, a Gurmukh is the follower of the Gurmat (“ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਮਤਿ”, the Gurbani’s Teaching…) or Truth (“ਸਚ”); he has transcended Maya – he remains detached in the midst of Maya (ਮਾਇਆ ਵਿਚ ਉਦਾਸੀ); he is free of the false ego-sense (Haumai, ਆਪਾ ਭਾਵ, “ਮੈ ਮੈ”); he is free of doubts (ਭਰਮ) and duality (Doojaa-Bhaav, two-ness, ਦੁਚਿੱਤੀ…); he abides in the Divine Hukam (ਹੁਕਮੀ ਬੰਦਾ-ਅਮਲੀ ਜੀਵਨ, ਹੁਕਮੀ ਜੀਵਨ…); he is ever linked to his Mool within (ਮੂਲ: Source, Origin, Truth, Jot…) and ever remains so; he is contented in all situations (Satt-Santokhee); his mind is linked to Antar-Aatmaa; he restrains his mind instead of following his mind; he remains integrated in the state of “ਇਕ ਮਨਿ ਇਕ ਚਿਤਿ ” – Ik Mani Ik Chiti; he is established in Bibek Budhi – ਜਿਸ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰਮਤ ਦੀ ਪੂਰੀ ਸੋਝੀ ਹੈ; his Akal (ਅਕਲ , wisdom, intellect, reason, etc.) he follows the Gurbani (Aatam Giaan, Spiritual Wisdom of the Gur-Shabad); he is Aatam Giaanee or Brahm Giaanee; he is established in Chauthaa Pada or Turiyaa Avasthaa (Tenth Gate, Sahaj Avasthaa – Natural State of Being; Sunn Samaadhi, ਆਤਮਕ ਅਡੋਲਤਾ, Shabad-Surti, etc.); he knows all the “Way of the soul” (“ਜਾਨੈ ਆਤਮ ਕੀ ਰਹਤ”, ਆਤਮਕ ਜੀਵਨ…); he is the Jeevan Mukat (living Liberated or living Enlightened); he is the fully “Awakened” being who is established at Dasam Duaar (the Tenth-Gate, the Highest Plane of Pure Consciousness)…