A Paradox

The Wisdom of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) spares no effort in trying to save us, but the majority of us (over 99.9 percent) remain unresponsive and unwilling to take it. Why?

The reason is of the nature of a paradox. It is the Gurbani that is the treasure of Giaan (Wisdom). But to understand the Gurbani, we need Giaan (Wisdom)! This is the paradox.

Thus, there seems to be no way out for human beings.

However, the Gurbani tells us there is the way. For example, the Gurbani says:

  • ਸਾਧ ਕੈ ਸੰਗਿ ਪ੍ਰਗਟੈ ਸੁਗਿਆਨੁ ॥: Saadh Kai Sangi Pragatai Sugiaan(u)(sggs 271).

In the foregoing verse, the term ‘Saadh Kai‘ (‘ਸਾਧ ਕੈ’) and ‘Sangi‘ (‘ਸੰਗਿ’) are pretty significant.

The term ‘Saadh Kai‘ essentially indicates by disciplining, by preparing, by controlling, by conquering, by annihilating, by purifying of Maya‘s pollution or conditionings…

The term ‘Sangi‘ essentially indicates ‘a companion’.

Now, who is the companion of who?

Summing up, here the Gurbani is calling out our intellect (Budhi) to mend its ‘Sangi‘ – the doubt-ridden mind. For our mind is the ‘Sangi‘ or ‘a companion’ of our Budhi (intellect). Then, the Gurbani guarantees us of manifestation of the excellent Wisdom [(‘Sugiaan(u)-ਸੁਗਿਆਨੁ’ ==> ਸੁ (excellent, sublime…) + ਗਿਆਨੁ (Wisdom)].

In other words, a mended mind becomes holy (Good, virtuous, unerring etc.. Thus, the company of such mended mind (i.e. the Gurmukh, holy etc.) also become holy.

  • ਸਾਧ ਕੈ ਸੰਗਿ ਪਾਏ ਨਾਮ ਨਿਧਾਨ: In the holy company (Gurmukhs…) one obtain jewel of Naam (Wisdom). (sggs 271).

Why does the mind need to be mended? Because, It is the mind that is inflicted with ‘Sootak‘ of duality (Doojaa Bhaav, etc.). It’s the mind that has become ‘black‘ with the filth of false ego-sense (Haumai), lust, anger, greed, attachment, pride (i.e. Bikaar) etc. So, the Gurbani tells us that our real business is with our mind.

  • ਮਨ ਕਾ ਸੂਤਕੁ ਦੂਜਾ ਭਾਉ ॥: Sootak of the mind is the love of duality. (sggs 229).
  • ਜਨਮ ਜਨਮ ਕੀ ਇਸੁ ਮਨ ਕਉ ਮਲੁ ਲਾਗੀ ਕਾਲਾ ਹੋਆ ਸਿਆਹ ॥: The scum (i.e., impurity) of so many births is attached to this mind and it has become pitch black (sggs 651).
  • ਮਮਾ ਮਨ ਸਿਉ ਕਾਜੁ ਹੈ ਮਨ ਸਾਧੇ ਸਿਧਿ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਮਨ ਹੀ ਮਨ ਸਿਉ ਕਹੈ ਕਬੀਰਾ ਮਨ ਸਾ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥੩੨॥: MAMMA: (The mortal’s real purpose or business of life) is with his own mind; (and that purpose or business) is to discipline or control his mind; by doing so, Spiritual Understanding (Soojh or Samajh of the Formless or Niraakaar…) is obtained (and thus life’s real purpose is realized). Kabeer says (that the real work of a person) is with the mind alone. (For he) has not met anything like the mind! ||32|| (sggs 342).


  1. The Gurbani says:
    • ਸਭ ਕਿਛੁ ਘਰ ਮਹਿ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਨਾਹੀ ॥ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਟੋਲੈ ਸੋ ਭਰਮਿ ਭੁਲਾਹੀ ॥: (The Divine Virtues, Wisdom, Spiritual tranquility, Naam, Shabad, Amrit, Prabh, ਆਤਮਕ ਸੁਖ…) all that is within the Heart-Home; not outside. Who searches outside is deluded by doubts (sggs 102).

    A few possibly related: http://www.gurbani.org/gurblog/o-wandering-mind-come-home/

  2. If I’m not mistaken then everything in Gurbani is about the self and all internal with yourself? I don’t believe that anything in Gurbani is leading us to outside of ourself. The mind trains the mind to look into itself to realize it’s connection to the Divine so it works for the best interest of the self rather than wondering around in the outer world. Do I understand this correctly??

  3. I fully agree with ..
    But to understand the Gurbani, we need Giaan!! This is the paradox.
    I believe that the basic reason for this Paradox is that we are still to understand from where and How to understand Gurbanee. Unless this way is known ,clarified and accepted by all
    then only this Paradox can be elliminated oyjerwise this is going to be there for times to come


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