Mool – ਮੂਲ

The Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS) reveals to us that the True Nature of our mind is Jot Sroop (embodiment of Pure Light or Consciousness, Pure Nature, Original or Real Nature, Wisdom, Virtues, Truth …). The Gurbani asks us to recognize this Truth, here and now (ਅਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ, recognition of Original or True Nature…).

  • ਇਉ ਕਹੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਨ ਤੂੰ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਰੂਪੁ ਹੈ ਅਪਣਾ ਮੂਲੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ ॥੫॥: Thus says Nanak – O mind! You are embodiment of Pure Light (Pure Consciousness, Pure Nature, Original or Real Nature, Wisdom, Virtues – Jot Saroop …)! Recognize your Mool (ਅਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ, recognition of mind’s Original or True Nature – Jot Saroop…) ||5|| (sggs 441).

The SGGS repeatedly reminds us this very purpose of human birth — Recognizing or Understanding the mind’s True Nature (ਅਪਣੇ ਅਸਲੀ ਸਰੂਪ ਨੂੰ ਪਛਾਣ ਲੈਣਾਂ), and thus become One with one’s Mool within (ਮੂਲ : Source, Aapaa, Jot Saroop, Wisdom or Giaan-Saroop, Original or True Nature, ਅਸਲਾ…).

  • ਯਾ ਜੁਗ ਮਹਿ ਏਕਹਿ ਕਉ ਆਇਆ ॥ ਜਨਮਤ ਮੋਹਿਓ ਮੋਹਨੀ ਮਾਇਆ ॥: (Man) is born in this life only to become ONE (with Prabh, Mool, etc. – through Naam…). (But) ever since (man’s) birth, (he) has been enticed and deceived by Maya. (sggs 251).

Once we become One with our Mool within (i.e., become Saabat Soorat-ਸਾਬਤ ਸੂਰਤਿ, recognition of ownself-ਅਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ…), then we become One with everything else.

In nutshell, the mind’s Mool is the untainted Inner Consciousness, while our Mayaic or ego-impacted mind is our outer consciousness (perplexed, Bikaaree…).

The Gurbani tells us without being united (linked) with one’s Mool or one’s True self within, the mind will not be satisfied (truly contented-ਸਤ ਸੰਤੋਖੀ, annihilated, frozen or conquered…).

If not connected to its True Nature, the mind will certainly remain connected to Maya outside (Bhav Saagar, the sense of duality, Doojaa-Bhaav, Dubidhaa, two-ness, the principle of plurality…). This is the edict (ਫੈਸਲਾ) of the universal Wisdom the SGGS:

  • ਮਮਾ ਮੂਲ ਗਹਿਆ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨੈ ॥: MAMAA: Clinging to the Mool, the mind is satisfied (ਮੰਨੇ, ਸਮਝੇ, comply…). (sggs 342).
  • ਮੂਲੁ ਛੋਡਿ ਲਾਗੇ ਦੂਜੈ ਭਾਈ ॥: Abandoning the Mool, (Mayaic Jeev) become attached to the love of duality. (sggs 232).
  • ਮੂਲੁ ਨ ਬੂਝਹਿ ਸਾਚਿ ਨ ਰੀਝਹਿ ਦੂਜੈ ਭਰਮਿ ਭੁਲਾਈ ਹੇ ॥੩॥: (The false ones) do not understand their Mool, they are not pleased (satisfied or gratified) with the Truth, and so they wander in duality and doubt. ||3|| (sggs 1024).
  • ਮੂਲੁ ਨ ਬੂਝਹਿ ਆਪਣਾ ਸੇ ਪਸੂਆ ਸੇ ਢੋਰ ਜੀਉ ॥: Those who do not Understand their own Mool (Source, True Nature or Jot Saroop…); they are beasts, they are cattle (i.e., great fools-ਡੰਗਰ ਬੁਧੀ ਵਾਲੇ ਮਹਾਂ ਮੂਰਖ)! ||3|| (sggs 751).

Question: If Jot Sroop is man’s Real Nature, what did shatter it? In other words, what did go wrong?

Simply put: it is the rise of Mayaic Budhi or false ego-sense (Haumai), doubts, etc., that create havoc in the forest of the body – the birth of man’s all troubles.

On account of Doojaa Bhaav (duality), doubts (Bharam), false intellect (ਝੂਠੀ ਮਤ), etc., Haumai, our psychological or mental conditioning veils the mind’s True Nature. As a result, one thinks himself either “other” than his Mool, or separate from his it.

This is the notion of two-ness (ਦੁਬਿਧਾ-Dubidhaa…). Thus, duality is nothing but our love (Bhaav) of two-ness (Doojaa…).

To put it otherwise, by associating with duality one looses True Understanding (Aatam Giaan, Wisdom, Bibek…). This loosening of Divine Understanding gives rise to forgetfulness, ignorance, or obliviousness of one’s Mool so much talked about in the SGGS.

As a result, we miss out the opportunity to Realize the True Nature of our mind (ਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਦੀ ਪਛਾਣ). It is Maya with her dualistic principle of delusion or the law of opposites that deludes us from our very birth.

  • ਨਉ ਘਰ ਦੇਖਿ ਜੁ ਕਾਮਨਿ ਭੂਲੀ ਬਸਤੁ ਅਨੂਪ ਨ ਪਾਈ ॥: Seeing the nine openings of the body, the soul-bride (ਜੀਵ-ਇਸਤ੍ਰੀ, Jeev) is led astray, and does not attain the Incomparable Substance (peerless, unequal, unique, or Real Thing within – Mool, ਜੋਤ-ਰੂਪ…). (sggs 339).

As a result – although our Mool within is our Mooring – but we have lost that Mooring, and consequently have gone astray due to our doubts (Bharam), egotism (Haumai), love or hunger for Maya (ਮਾਇਆ ਦੀ ਭੁੱਖ, Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, etc.), and so on. In other words, it’s one’s Manmukh or Saakat or Mayadhaaree lifestyle that is responsible for losing connection with the Mool, within.

  • ਮਨਮੁਖ ਮੂਲਹੁ ਭੁਲਿਆ ਵਿਚਿ ਲਬੁ ਲੋਭੁ ਅਹੰਕਾਰੁ ॥: The Manmukh (self-willed…) forget the Mool; for they are caught in greed, avarice, and pride (i.e., Bikaar). (sggs 316).
  • ਸਾਕਤ ਨਿਰਗੁਣਿਆਰਿਆ ਆਪਣਾ ਮੂਲੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ ॥: O devoid of all virtues – ਗੁਣ-ਹੀਨ, Saakat – recognize your own Mool! (sggs 63).
  • ਮੂਲੁ ਨ ਬੂਝੈ ਆਪੁ ਨ ਸੂਝੈ ਭਰਮਿ ਬਿਆਪੀ ਅਹੰ ਮਨੀ ॥੧॥: Engrossed in doubt and egotism, (The mortal does) not know the Mool; he does not understand his ownself. ||1|| (sggs 1186).

The Gurbani says we can still regain our link with our Original Mooring (Mool) while still living in the midst of the happenings of the world (Maya). But, that requires making our Mann (ਮਨ), Chit (ਚਿਤ), and Hukam (Law of Nature, Kudrat…) as One — Gurmukh Lifestyle.

  • ਤ੍ਰਿਤੀਆ ਤੀਨੇ ਸਮ ਕਰਿ ਲਿਆਵੈ ॥ ਆਨਦ ਮੂਲ ਪਰਮ ਪਦੁ ਪਾਵੈ ॥: Triteeaa (Third…), one who maintains his equilibrium (Aatmac Adolataa-ਆਤਮਕ ਅਡੋਲਤਾ) amidst the three modes (of Maya – making Mann, Chit, and Hukam as One…), realize the Mool, and the Param Pada (the Supreme State of becoming One with the Shabad within, ਉੱਚੀ ਆਤਮਕ ਅਵਸਥਾ…). (sggs 343).
  • ਜੇ ਇਕੁ ਹੋਇ ਤ ਉਗਵੈ ਰੁਤੀ ਹੂ ਰੁਤਿ ਹੋਇ ॥: The seed sprouts only if the seed is whole (undivided, Saabat-ਸਾਬਤ…) and if the season is proper (similarly, the Naam-seed sprouts within only if the mind and Consciousness – ਮੱਨ ਅਤੇ ਚਿੱਤ – are one: whole, complete, unfragmented, total, Saabat-ਸਾਬਤ…). (sggs 468).

The Gurbani is the Way of understanding. For one to link with his Mool, the Gurbani says that he needs to become the Gurmukh (the follower of Truth…). Because, the Gurbani indicates that only by becoming the Gurmukh one can come out of the egg of doubt (Bharam-ਭਰਮ) and eliminate the egotism (Haumai), and become established in Sahaj Avasthaa (Natural State of Being, enlightened state, ਗਿਆਨ ਅਵਸਥਾ, ਆਤਮਕ ਅਡੋਲਤਾ, ਜਾਗਰਤ ਅਵਸਤਾ…)…

  • ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਨਿਹਚਲੁ ਹਿਰਦੈ ਵਸੀਅਲੇ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮੂਲੁ ਪਛਾਣਿ ਰਹੈ ॥: By becoming the Gurmukh, when one Realizes his Mool, then his mind (that has become stable-ਅਡੋਲ) abides in the Heart within (sggs 945).

A Manmukh only knows how to get trapped in Bhav Saagar. But, the Gurmukh is opposite of the Manmukh. That is, the Gurmukh’s mind has united with his Mool within by removing the division or duality (Maya) through the Shabad-Vichaar or churning the Gurbani —  Gurmat (Wisdom, Giaan, Upadesh or Way of the SGGS…).

The Gurbani indicates that when the Surat (ਸੁਰਤ, consciousness, recollection…) gets absorbed in its Mool from which it was born, then the fear of death, Mayaic thoughts, imaginations, etc., do not come near it (i.e., becomes Free from repeated suffering).

  • ਮੂਲੁ ਪਛਾਣਨਿ ਤਿਨ ਨਿਜ ਘਰਿ ਵਾਸਾ ਸਹਜੇ ਹੀ ਸੁਖੁ ਹੋਈ ॥: (Those who) understand their own Mool dwell within the Home of their Inner Being (Nij Ghar) in Peace and Sahaj (Natural State of Being, ਆਤਮਕ ਅਡੋਲਤਾ, ਗਿਆਨ ਅਵਸਤਾ…). (sggs 1334)
  • ਮੂਲੁ ਜਾਣਿ ਗਲਾ ਕਰੇ ਹਾਣਿ ਲਾਏ ਹਾਣੁ ॥: (One who assays his ownself…) Speaks with those (ਆਪਣੇ ਸੁਭਾਉ ਵਾਲੇ, who have similar inclinations…) who know the Mool. (sggs 148).

Gurbani must be read by oneself, its true meanings understood through Shabad-Vichaar, and its instructions (Giaan, Wisdom…) then applied to one’s day-to-day living. Merely keeping the Gurbani wrapped in fancy fabric and worshiping it like an idol as propagated by the crafty Pujaaree system and their Dhaarmic Pakhand will not do the trick — Mool Realization cannot be made to an order or given to somebody as a mundane gift! This is the Gurbani’s edict.

  • ਆਪਣ ਹਥੀ ਆਪਣਾ ਆਪੇ ਹੀ ਕਾਜੁ ਸਵਾਰੀਐ ॥੨੦॥: (So long there is breath — Praan) With own hands (with effort, ਉੱਦਮ ਕਰ ਕੇ: Shabad-Vichaar …), resolve your own affair yourself. ||20|| (sggs 474).

According to the SGGS, the key is one has to mend the mind through the Wisdom — reform the mind, bring about positive change in thinking …

  • ਆਪੁ ਸਵਾਰਹਿ ਮੈ ਮਿਲਹਿ ਮੈ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਸੁਖੁ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਫਰੀਦਾ ਜੇ ਤੂ ਮੇਰਾ ਹੋਇ ਰਹਹਿ ਸਭੁ ਜਗੁ ਤੇਰਾ ਹੋਇ ॥੯੫॥: “If (O man) you reform yourself, you will meet me, and meeting me, you will be at Peace. O Fareed! If you will be mine, the whole world will be yours”. ||95|| (sggs 1382).

Most importantly, therefore, after reading or listening the Gurbani, it must be thoroughly Understood through the Shabad-Vichaar, and then lived in daily life.

In other words, mere robotic, mechanical, or ritualistic reading (for the sake of Mayaic hunger…) and hearing of the Gurbani without living it and without understanding the Mool with the help of its Divine Knowledge would be unavailing.

  • ਮੂਰਖ ਦੁਬਿਧਾ ਪੜ੍ਹਹਿ ਮੂਲੁ ਨ ਪਛਾਣਹਿ ਬਿਰਥਾ ਜਨਮੁ ਗਵਾਇਆ ॥: Fools read in duality, (as a result, they) do not recognize their Mool; (thus, they) waste their lives uselessly. (sggs 1133).
  • ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਸੁਨਿ ਕਛੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਨ ਉਪਜਿਓ ਪਸੁ ਜਿਉ ਉਦਰੁ ਭਰਉ ॥: Listening to the Gurmat (Shabad-Giaan, Teaching of the Gurbani, etc.), (if) no Spiritual Wisdom (understanding of the Spiritual Life…) wells up within; (then it would be) like a beast (routinely) filling its belly (sggs 685).

One of the examples used in the Gurbani is that of “ladles” (ਕੜਛੀਆ). Although ladles cruise through all sorts of food, but they do not know the relish of that food – they just remain empty of it!!


  1. Veer ji,
    After reading ur article. One question arise in my mind. That is… What is mool? We can connect to it through guru. Bt mind always ask what mool you are seeking for? Whats that mool gives for? As veer ji…human mind is always seek for the destiny which it can feel and see through its surat (focus). As only gursikh one can help me with my doubt. As vairagya arise, when we see ultimate mool is very important above all and our mind questions get end… What is that mool? contact – 9999215489

  2. Yes, it’s all is within according to the SGGS.
    We all are seekers (learners, ਸਿਖਿਆਰਤੀ…), learning along with each other!
    Thank you Chitranjan Ji!

  3. SSA, I think here Guruji referring Mool to be a Ananad/ Blissful state…. Sehaj Avastha can only b realised through love for God… Guruji teaches that God is within you… I am a seeker…

  4. Old[previous] scripts have clear Gurmukhi alphabets, in the instant casem there are verticle rectangles at those places where there should be spaces. How do I get rid of these to have a clear reading. Other than this, I pay my very very respectful thanks to yourself, and I sincerely pray that God bestows His benedictions on you in an abundant measure so that you continue guiding immortals like me. Am fully [100%] receptive to your thought process, understanding but need to know where you yourself are now. Thanks and regards once again. Bikar

  5. Baba ..

    “The Gurbani tells us that the very purpose of this human birth is to Recognize or Understand our True Nature”

    Whole lifetimes fit within those quotes for all but a true bakti ..

    Maya is a vast ocean .. and She reliquishes not, to all but the rarest of the rare.
    Were describing that distant and lofty Goal Which is closer than the very self be a matter of description the whole of creation would disappear into bursts of Light without number as sparks returning to the flame.

    Unless you are calling down fire and lighting, now, do as much physical service in universal love as possible.

    An abundance of understanding never liberated anyone. service in love surrender in love and sacrifice in love + time invariably produces the Divine Spark which all wise men seek

    God Speed

  6. Thank you Dharmendra Ji for taking time to share your Vichaar.
    The Gurbani indicates Bhagti is to recieve the Gur-Giaan (Gurmat…):
    • ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਮਤਿ ਤੂੰ ਲੇਹਿ ਇਆਨੇ ॥ ਭਗਤਿ ਬਿਨਾ ਬਹੁ ਡੂਬੇ ਸਿਆਨੇ ॥: Gur kee mati toon lehi iaane. Bhagti binaa bahu doobe siaane (sggs 288).

    The Gurbani indicates its essential to understand one’s true own self to eradicate doubts:
    • ਜਨ ਨਾਨਕ ਬਿਨੁ ਆਪਾ ਚੀਨੈ ਮਿਟੈ ਨ ਭ੍ਰਮ ਕੀ ਕਾਈ ॥੨॥੧॥: Jan Nanak binu aapaa cheenai mitai n bhram kee kaaee ||2||1|| (sggs 224).

    The Gurbani tells us the excellent “Karanee” (“ਕਰਣੀ” – practice, deed, etc.) is the Shabad-Vichaar:
    • ਊਤਮ ਕਰਣੀ ਸਬਦ ਬੀਚਾਰ ॥: Ootam karanee sabad beechaar (sggs 158).

  7. Kindly,correct-idle to read idol-,in article on MOOL
    May!Waheguru bless you for the unique sewa you have been rendering to the humanity.

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