The World Is Consumed By Hidden Fire

The Gurbani compares this material world (Jagat, Sansaar) with a Jungle! Furthermore, the Gurbani tells us this world-jungle is burning! Consequently, there is chaos and confusion in the lives of those who live in this world-jungle, resulting in suffering.

  • ਬਾਰਿ ਵਿਡਾਨੜੈ ਹੁੰਮਸ ਧੁੰਮਸ ਕੂਕਾ ਪਈਆ ਰਾਹੀ ॥ ਤਉ ਸਹ ਸੇਤੀ ਲਗੜੀ ਡੋਰੀ ਨਾਨਕ ਅਨਦ ਸੇਤੀ ਬਨੁ ਗਾਹੀ ॥੧॥ : In this alien forest (of the world – ਸੰਸਾਰ-ਰੂਪ ਬਿਗਾਨੀ ਜੂਹ), there is Hummas (chaos, tumult, the heat from the fire of Mayaic desires…) and Dhummas (confusion…); shrieks (ਚੀਕ ਚਿਹਾੜਾ, ਪੁਕਾਰਾਂ, ਦੁਹਾਈ…) resound from this path (of Maya…). (But) O Beloved (O Prabhoo, I…) Nanak is in love with You, (consequently, I am) going across (this world-) jungle Blissfully (ਆਤਮਕ ਆਨੰਦ ਨਾਲ). ||1|| (sggs 520).
  • ਨਾਨਕ ਦੁਖੀਆ ਸਭੁ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ॥: O Nanak! The whole world is suffering (sggs 954).

However, we are told by the Gurbani that this fire is hidden (“Gujhee” or “Goojhee”) — concealed, latent, mysterious, secret, smoldering…

  • ਕਿਝੁ ਨ ਬੁਝੈ ਕਿਝੁ ਨ ਸੁਝੈ ਦੁਨੀਆ ਗੁਝੀ ਭਾਹਿ ॥: The world is a hidden fire. (People inflicted with this fire) have no understanding (or Soojh-Boojh of the true or spiritual Way of life). (sggs 1378).

What is this fire, which remains hidden but continues to smolder?

This fire is created within by the false ego-sense, ignorance, doubts, the hunger for Maya — desires, passions, Bikaar, corrupt thinking, or the “five” thieves (lust, anger, greed, attachment, and pride along with their numerous variations), etc.

  • ਮਾਇਆ ਅਗਨਿ ਜਲੈ ਸੰਸਾਰੇ ॥: The world is burning in the fire of Maya (hunger or love of Maya…). (sggs 1049).
  • ਤਿਸਨਾ ਅਗਨਿ ਜਲੈ ਸੰਸਾਰਾ ॥: The world is burning in the fire of desire (sggs 120).
  • ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਅਗਨਿ ਜਗਤ ਪਰਜਾਰੈ ॥: The fire of corrupt thinking (wickedness, foolishness, ignorance…) is burning up the world (sggs 225).
  • ਮਨਮੁਖ ਮੂੜ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਜਲਤ ਅਹੰਕਾਰੀ ਹਉਮੈ ਵਿਚਿ ਦੁਖੁ ਪਾਈ ॥: The foolish Manmukh burns in the fire of pride; and suffers in egotism (sggs 1265).

Called in the Gurbani by various names such as “Mahabali” (i.e, of great power or strength – very powerful, etc.),“Panj Doot”, “Panj Mahaabalee”, “Chor-thieves”, “Dust”, etc, these  Bikaar (lust, anger, greed, etc., and their numerous variations) are the ailments of the conditioned or the outgoing mind — faults or defects of the false ego-sense (Haumai). They instigate problems in an individual life and in the world. They disappear when the false ego-sense (Haumai) has dissolved and disappeared. Also, they all rush back in marching with the rise of the delusion or psychological ego in the individual’s mind. In nutshell, it is the result of one’s forgetfulness of his True Nature as Pure Consciousness: Jot-Saroop, Mool…

These powerful “five thieves” (i.e., all Bikaar) continually loot one’s Spiritual Wealth (Naam, Aatmic Giaan, Divine Wisdom…) or Spiritual Life (Aatmak Jeevan).

  • ਪੰਜੇ ਬਧੇ ਮਹਾਬਲੀ ਕਰਿ ਸਚਾ ਢੋਆ ॥: (Who has) obtained the True Support, has chained the five “Mahabali” (sggs 1193).
  • ਕਾਮ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਮਦ ਲੋਭ ਮੋਹ ਦੁਸਟ ਬਾਸਨਾ ਨਿਵਾਰਿ ॥: (O “Prabh”! From within me) take away the evil “Baasanaa” (tendencies…) of lust, anger, pride, greed, and attachment (sggs 523).
  • ਇਸੁ ਦੇਹੀ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਪੰਚ ਚੋਰ ਵਸਹਿ ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਲੋਭੁ ਮੋਹੁ ਅਹੰਕਾਰਾ ॥ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਲੂਟਹਿ ਮਨਮੁਖ ਨਹੀ ਬੂਝਹਿ ਕੋਇ ਨ ਸੁਣੈ ਪੂਕਾਰਾ ॥: Is dehee andari panch chor … (sggs 600).
  • ਪੰਚ ਚੋਰ ਤਿਨਾ ਘਰੁ ਮੁਹਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ਹਉਮੈ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਸੰਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ॥: Panch chor …(sggs 854).

The Gurbani indicates that so long the egotism and related Bikaar dwell in the mind, the Divine Knowledge (Aatam Giaan..) or Virtues will not flower within.

  • ਜਬ ਲਗੁ ਸਿੰਘੁ ਰਹੈ ਬਨ ਮਾਹਿ ॥ ਤਬ ਲਗੁ ਬਨੁ ਫੂਲੈ ਹੀ ਨਾਹਿ ॥ ਜਬ ਹੀ ਸਿਆਰੁ ਸਿੰਘ ਕਉ ਖਾਇ ॥ ਫੂਲਿ ਰਹੀ ਸਗਲੀ ਬਨਰਾਇ ॥੨॥: As long as the lion (of ego or Haumai – lust, anger, greed, attachment, and pride…) lives in the forest (of the body), the forest (of the body) does not flower (with Giaan, Divine Knowledge, Virtues…). But when the jackal (i.e., ਨਿਮ੍ਰਤਾ, humility, Giaan, Divine Knowledge…) eats the lion (of the ego or Haumai), then the entire forest flowers. ||2|| (sggs 1161).

The fire produced by the “five thieves” brings man down to the animal nature. These are the negative pulls of human nature. The destructive nature of these negative pulls keep worldly people illusioned, confused, doubt-ridden, or ignorant of the Mool (Source, Jot…).

  • ਸੂਤਕੁ ਅਗਨਿ ਭਖੈ ਜਗੁ ਖਾਇ ॥: The world is consumed by the fire of Sootak (impurity). (sggs 413).
  • ਕਲਜੁਗਿ ਰਥੁ ਅਗਨਿ ਕਾ ਕੂੜੁ ਅਗੈ ਰਥਵਾਹੁ ॥੧॥: Kaljugi is the chariot of fire, and falsehood is the charioteer ||1|| (sggs 470).

The Gurbani says patience (i.e., composure, solace, tranquility, Sahaj, ਮਨ ਦਾ ਟਿਕਾਉ…) cannot be kept or sustained in the mind so long these major fires of Bikaar are burning within (ਅੰਤਰਿ ਪੰਚ ਅਗਨਿ ਕਿਉ ਧੀਰਜੁ ਧੀਜੈ ॥: Antari panch agani kiou dheeraju dheejai, sggs 905).

Therefore, the Gurbani’s urges us to pour the cooling Water of Naam on the fire of these Bikaar (i.e., lust, anger, greed, etc.).

  • ਆਤਸ ਦੁਨੀਆ ਖੁਨਕ ਨਾਮੁ ਖੁਦਾਇਆ ॥੨॥: The world is (like) fire; the Lord’s Naam is cooling. ||2|| (sggs 1291).
  • ਕਬੀਰ ਮਨੁ ਸੀਤਲੁ ਭਇਆ ਪਾਇਆ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨੁ ॥ ਜਿਨਿ ਜੁਆਲਾ ਜਗੁ ਜਾਰਿਆ ਸੁ ਜਨ ਕੇ ਉਦਕ ਸਮਾਨਿ ॥੧੭੫॥: O Kabeer! (One who has) obtained Brahm Giaan (Spiritual Knowledge, his) mind remains cool (stable, intuitively balanced, devoid of hunger for Maya or Bikaar – lust, etc.). The fire which has burnt the world is (cold) like water to the “Jan” (Bhagat, Daas, Gurmukh…). (sggs 1373).
  • ਗੂਝੀ ਭਾਹਿ ਜਲੈ ਸੰਸਾਰਾ ਭਗਤ ਨ ਬਿਆਪੈ ਮਾਇਆ ॥੪॥: The world is being consumed by this (Maya’s) hidden fire, but Maya does not cling to the Bhagat. ||4|| (sggs 673).

In nutshell, as when the wind blows away the clouds and the sun is seen clearly again, similarly, when the breeze of pure Divine knowledge (Brahm-Giaan obtained through Shabad-Vichaar…) blows away the mental impurities (Bikaar…) — puts out the hidden fire within the mind.

  • ਕੂਅਟਾ ਏਕੁ ਪੰਚ ਪਨਿਹਾਰੀ ॥ ਟੂਟੀ ਲਾਜੁ ਭਰੈ ਮਤਿ ਹਾਰੀ ॥੩॥ ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਇਕ ਬੁਧਿ ਬੀਚਾਰੀ ॥ ਨਾ ਓਹੁ ਕੂਅਟਾ ਨਾ ਪਨਿਹਾਰੀ ॥੪॥੧੨॥ : ਕੂਅਟਾ ਏਕੁ – Koo-ataa ek = one well of human body (or body-consciousness), and ਪੰਚ ਪਨਿਹਾਰੀ – Panch panihaaree = five bodily senses – which like water carriers constantly work on this body for sense-gratification on account of ignorance (or lack of Aatam Giaan or Divine Knowledge), (ਟੂਟੀ ਲਾਜੁ – Tootee laaj = broken rope) and polluted intellect (ਭਰੈ ਮਤਿ ਹਾਰੀ – Bharai mati haaree). But its all in vain just as one’s efforts to draw water from a well with broken rope. Kabeer Says: when Spiritual Wisdom is awakened within (ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਇਕ ਬੁਧਿ ਬੀਚਾਰੀ – Kahu kabeer ik budh beechaaree), then there is no more menacing body-consciousness and senses along with their sensuous demands (ਨਾ ਓਹੁ ਕੂਅਟਾ ਨਾ ਪਨਿਹਾਰੀ – Naa oh koo-ataa naa panihaaree) ||4||12|| (sggs 325).

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