Mortality

The Gurbani indicates that “death is pre-ordained”. As pointed out in the following verses, Jeeva (individual beings, embodied beings…) come into this world with a fixed departure from here.

  • ਮਰਣੁ ਲਿਖਾਇ ਮੰਡਲ ਮਹਿ ਆਏ ॥: Destined to die, (one) comes into the world (sggs 685).
  • ਕੋ ਰਹੈ ਨ ਭਰੀਐ ਪਾਈਐ ॥੫॥: Ko rahai n bhreeai paaeeai (sggs 465).
  • ਮਨਮੁਖ ਅੰਧੇ ਕਿਛੂ ਨ ਸੂਝੈ ॥ ਮਰਣੁ ਲਿਖਾਇ ਆਏ ਨਹੀ ਬੂਝੈ ॥: Manmukh andhe kichhoo n soojhai… (sggs 114).
  • ਮਰਣੁ ਲਿਖਾਇ ਆਏ ਨਹੀ ਰਹਣਾ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਜਪਿ ਜਾਪਿ ਰਹਣੁ ਹਰਿ ਸਰਣਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Maranu likhaai… (sggs 153).

Sanjog (ਸੰਜੋਗ – union…) of Jeevaatmaan and body (ਜਿੰਦ ਤੇ ਸਰੀਰ) is considered the life (ਜੀਵਨ), and Vijog (ਵਿਜੋਗ –  separation…) of these two constitutes death (of the physical body – ਮੌਤ, ਮਰਣ).

According to the Gurbani, Sanjog (ਸੰਜੋਗ – union…) and  Vijog (ਵਿਜੋਗ –  separation…) are pre-ordained.

  • ਸੰਜੋਗੁ ਵਿਜੋਗੁ ਧੁਰਹੁ ਹੀ ਹੂਆ ॥: Union (ਜਿੰਦ ਤੇ ਸਰੀਰ ਦਾ – Jeevaatmaan and body) and separatinchon (ਜਿੰਦ ਤੇ ਸਰੀਰ ਦਾ – Jeevaatmaan and body) are ordained by the Primal Power (sggs 1007).

Also, it’s called the union (ਮਿਲਾਪ, ਮਿਲਣ) when two (or more) individuals meet. To the contrary, it’s the separation (ਵਿਜੋਗ, ਵਿਛੋੜਾ, ਜੁਦਾਈ) when they separate from each other.

This duo of Sanjog and Vijog (union and separation – ਜੀਵਨ, ਮਿਲਾਪ, ਮਿਲਣ, ਵਿਛੋੜਾ, ਜੁਦਾਈ, ਮੌਤ, ਮਰਣ, etc.) make the world go. That is, as stated in the Gurbani, this duo sets the “foundations of the Universe”. Based on each Jeeva’s (individual’s) Karma, people come and meet here, and then, after awhile, they die separate from each other.

  • ਸੰਜੋਗੁ ਵਿਜੋਗੁ ਦੁਇ ਕਾਰ ਚਲਾਵਹਿ ਲੇਖੇ ਆਵਹਿ ਭਾਗ ॥: (These two powers of the Primal Being – ) Union separation make to world go (ਦੋਵੇਂ ਸੰਸਾਰ ਦੀ ਕਾਰ ਨੂੰ ਚਲਾ ਰਹੀਆਂ ਹਨ). (Based on our Karma – ਸਭ ਜੀਵਾਂ ਦੇ ਕੀਤੇ ਕਰਮਾਂ ਦੇ ਲੇਖ ਅਨੁਸਾਰ) we come to receive what is written in our destiny. (sggs 6).

The Gurbani time and again urges us not to be afraid of death. Instead, we are urged to understand it through the Shabad.

  • ਜਿਹ ਮਰਨੈ ਸਭੁ ਜਗਤੁ ਤਰਾਸਿਆ ॥ ਸੋ ਮਰਨਾ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦਿ ਪ੍ਰਗਾਸਿਆ ॥੧॥: That death which terrifies the entire world – the nature of that death has been revealed to me, through the Gur-Shabad (ਗੁਰੂ ਦੇ ਸ਼ਬਦ ਦੀ ਬਰਕਤਿ ਨਾਲ ਮੈਨੂੰ ਸਮਝ ਆ ਗਈ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਮੌਤ ਅਸਲ ਵਿਚ ਕੀਹ ਚੀਜ਼ ਹੈ). ||1|| (sggs 327).

The urbani also tells us exactly how to escape death:

  • ਸਬਦਿ ਮਰੈ ਫਿਰਿ ਮਰਣੁ ਨ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਬਿਨੁ ਮੂਏ ਕਿਉ ਪੂਰਾ ਹੋਇ ॥: One who dies in the Shabad, will never again have to die. Without such a death, how can one attain Perfection? (sggs 153).
  • ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਜੀਵਤੁ ਮਰੈ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਸੈ ਮਨਿ ਆਇ ॥੧॥: Gur kai Sabadi jeevat marai Hari Naam vasai mani aai ||1|| (sggs 33).

Now, what is it to die in the Shabad? We will attempt to reflect on it in a separate post.

Mortality was last modified: May 7th, 2017 by T. Singh
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T. Singh

T. Singh

He's not a "Giani", "Sant", "Baba", "Priest", "Parcharak", "Swami", "Teacher", “scholar”, "writer", "Mahatama", etc. He was neither born in such a family, nor lived with any, nor wants to be one of them. More about T. Singh »

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  1. Gopal Singh

    Thanks for starting this Gurbani Blog.

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