HOW DOES THE GURMUKH PRACTICES YOGA?

Ho does a Gurmukh attains Yoga? The Gurbani asserts that a Gurmukh attains Yoga through the practice of the Shabad-Vichaar.

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜੋਗੁ ਕਮਾਵੈ ਅਉਧੂ ਜਤੁ ਸਤੁ ਸਬਦਿ ਵੀਚਾਰੀ ॥੨੦॥: Gurmukh Yog kamaavai aoudhoo jat sat sabad veechaaree ||20||:O hermit! By becoming the Gurmukh, (one) practices Yoga; to contwmplate or reflect on the Shabad is his abstinence and truth ||20|| (sggs 908).

What is Yoga? It would be an understatement to say there are many misconceptions and misunderstandings that exist with regard to the purpose and meaning of Yoga.

The word “Yoga” (or “Yog”) comes from the Sanskrit root “Yuj“, meaning “Join”. Thus, Yoga simply means the joining of the ego-self (Haume or the sense of “I, me, mine, you”, etc.) to the Higher, Pure Being within (“Joti-Svaroopa“) — our True Nature. In other words, Yoga means uniting of the time-bound consciousness with the Timeless Source within; experience or realization of Unity, Unison, Integration, or linking with God; Spiritual Enlightenment; existing as an Indivisible Whole, complete merger with Totality, and so on. Thus, its the skill in thoughts, words and action (Karma) that leads to the state of Perfection (Pooran) which is full of Bliss (Anand) and totally free from the experience of repeated suffering (sorrow or Dukha).

  • ਸੋ ਜੋਗੀ ਜੋ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਪਛਾਣੈ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਪਰਸਾਦੀ ਏਕੋ ਜਾਣੈ ॥: So Yogi jo jugat pashaanai. Gur parasaadee eko jaanai: He alone is a Yogi, who understands the Way (to live life properly to Realize God). By the Guru’s Grace, he Realizes the One Lord (sggs 662).

Particularly In the West, also in India, the majority associate Yoga with methods of disciplining the body and the mind, gymnastic like feats, indulging in sex and intoxication (Smoking Sulphaa, Gaanjaa, and so on), mere physical postures (Aasan), mental and breathing exercises, showing women in seemingly impossible poses on covers of magazines, and so on.

This is Pakhandbaajee (hypocrisy, pretension, humbug, heterodoxy, etc.) on the name of Yoga. Accordingly, the Gurbani repudiates any and all sorts of Pakhandbaajee associated with Yoga practices.

  • ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਖਿੰਥਾ ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਡੰਡੈ ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਭਸਮ ਚੜਾਈਐ ॥ ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਮੁੰਦੀ ਮੂੰਡਿ ਮੁਡਾਇਐ ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਸਿੰਙੀ ਵਾਈਐ ॥ ਅੰਜਨ ਮਾਹਿ ਨਿਰੰਜਨਿ ਰਹੀਐ ਜੋਗ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਇਵ ਪਾਈਐ ॥੧॥ ਗਲੀ ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਹੋਈ ॥ ਏਕ ਦ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਕਰਿ ਸਮਸਰਿ ਜਾਣੈ ਜੋਗੀ ਕਹੀਐ ਸੋਈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਮੜੀ ਮਸਾਣੀ ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਤਾੜੀ ਲਾਈਐ ॥ ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਦੇਸਿ ਦਿਸੰਤਰਿ ਭਵਿਐ ਜੋਗੁ ਨ ਤੀਰਥਿ ਨਾਈਐ ॥ ਅੰਜਨ ਮਾਹਿ ਨਿਰੰਜਨਿ ਰਹੀਐ ਜੋਗ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਇਵ ਪਾਈਐ ॥੨॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਭੇਟੈ ਤਾ ਸਹਸਾ ਤੂਟੈ ਧਾਵਤੁ ਵਰਜਿ ਰਹਾਈਐ ॥ ਨਿਝਰੁ ਝਰੈ ਸਹਜ ਧੁਨਿ ਲਾਗੈ ਘਰ ਹੀ ਪਰਚਾ ਪਾਈਐ ॥ ਅੰਜਨ ਮਾਹਿ ਨਿਰੰਜਨਿ ਰਹੀਐ ਜੋਗ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਇਵ ਪਾਈਐ ॥੩॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਜੀਵਤਿਆ ਮਰਿ ਰਹੀਐ ਐਸਾ ਜੋਗੁ ਕਮਾਈਐ ॥ ਵਾਜੇ ਬਾਝਹੁ ਸਿੰਙੀ ਵਾਜੈ ਤਉ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਪਦੁ ਪਾਈਐ ॥ ਅੰਜਨ ਮਾਹਿ ਨਿਰੰਜਨਿ ਰਹੀਐ ਜੋਗ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਤਉ ਪਾਈਐ ॥੪॥੧॥੮॥: Yog na khinthaa Yog na dandai Yog na bhasam charraaeeai…: Union with God (Yoga) is not obtained by putting on a patched coat; Union with God (Yoga) is not attained by (walking with) the staff (in hand); Union with God (Yoga) is not attained by smearing the body with ashes. Union with God (Yoga) is not attained by wearing the ear-rings, nor by the shaven head. Union with God (Yoga) is not attained by blowing of the horn. (Union with God or Yoga) is attained by remaining unblemished in the midst of the worldly filth (Maya) — this is the way to attain Yoga. Union with God (Yoga) is not attained by mere words. One who looks upon all with a single eye (even vision), and knows them to be one and the same — he alone is known as a Yogi (the one who has attained Union with God) ||1|| Pause|| Union with God (Yoga) is not attained by wandering to the tombs of the dead; Union with God (Yoga) is not attained by sitting in trances. Union with God (Yoga) is not attained by wandering through native and foreign lands or bathing at places of pilgrimage. (Union with God or Yoga) is attained by remaining unblemished in the midst of the worldly filth (Maya) — this is the way to attain Yoga ||2|| Meeting with the Satguru, doubt is dispelled, and the wandering mind (running towards its Bikaars or negativity) is restrained. Nectar (of the Lord’s Name) rains down, celestial music resounds (Sahaj Avasthaa), and deep within, wisdom is obtained (i.e., one unites with God within). (Union with God or Yoga) is attained by remaining unblemished in the midst of the filth of the world – this is the way to attain Yoga ||3|| O Nanak, remain dead while yet alive — practice such a Yoga. When the horn is blown without being blown, then you will attain the fearless state. (Union with God or Yoga) is attained by remaining unblemished in the midst of the filth of the world (Maya) — this is the way to attain Yoga ||4||1||8|| (sggs 730).
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