Gurbani Asks Us To Investigate This Mind

The Gurbani asks us to (Spiritually) inquire into this mind (“Khoj-ਖੋਜ” = search, investigation, exploration, quest, finding examination, inquiry, trace, and so on):

  • ਇਸੁ ਮਨ ਕਉ ਕੋਈ ਖੋਜਹੁ ਭਾਈ ॥: O brother! Let someone search this mind (sggs 330).

Why trace the mind? Because, the Gurbani says that only a “Maramee” can understand the mind [“Maramee-ਮਰਮੀ” = Khojee (“ਖੋਜੀ”), who engages in Spiritual Inquiry, who knows the purport or import or mystery or the secret meaning, ਭੇਦੀ, ਮਰਮ ਨੂੰ ਜਾਨਣ ਵਾਲਾ…]:

  • ਮਰਮੀ ਹੋਇ ਸੁ ਮਨ ਕਉ ਜਾਨੈ ॥: One who is “Maramee” understands the mind. (sggs 342).
  • ਲਾਗੀ ਚੋਟ ਮਰੰਮ ਕੀ ਰਹਿਓ ਕਬੀਰਾ ਠਉਰ ॥੧੮੨॥: Kabeer maare… (sggs 1374).
  • ਮਨੁ ਖੋਜਤ ਨਾਮੁ ਨਉ ਨਿਧਿ ਪਾਈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥: Manu khojat naamu… (sggs 1128).
  • ਖੋਜਤ ਖੋਜਤ ਤਤੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਿਓ ਦਾਸ ਗੋਵਿੰਦ ਪਰਾਇਣ ॥: Khojat khojat tatu… (sggs 714).

Bhagat Kabeer Sahib further elaborates:

  • ਮਮਾ ਮਨ ਸਿਉ ਕਾਜੁ ਹੈ ਮਨ ਸਾਧੇ ਸਿਧਿ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਮਨ ਹੀ ਮਨ ਸਿਉ ਕਹੈ ਕਬੀਰਾ ਮਨ ਸਾ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥੩੨॥: MAMMA: (The mortal’s real purpose or business of life) is with his own mind; (and that purpose or business) is to discipline or control his mind; by doing so, Spiritual Understanding (Soojh or Samajh of the Formless or Niraakaar…) is obtained (and thus life’s real purpose is realized). Says Kabeer, only the mind (i.e., the Pure Mind or the Mool which is Unattached to Maya…) can counsel (Upadesh or advise the Mayaic) mind; (says Kabeer I) have not met any (counselor, adviser, teacher…) like this mind. ||32|| (sggs 342).

The Gurbani is a powerful antidote to unawareness (Manmukhataa…). The Gurbani urges us to examine the mind by becoming the Gurmukh (one who understands the Gurbani, adopts it, and practices it…).

  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਹੋਵੈ ਮਨੁ ਖੋਜਿ ਸੁਣਾਏ ॥: One who becomes Gurmukh examines his own mind, and instructs others. (sggs 1059).

Thus – as the the Gurbani tells us – the Gur-Shabad is the subject of searching (ਖੋਜ), understanding (ਬੂਝ, Samajh, ਸਮਝ, ਸੂਝ, etc.), and practice through constant Shabad-Vichaar.

  • ਖੋਜ ਬੂਝਿ ਜਉ ਕਰੈ ਬੀਚਾਰਾ ॥ ਤਉ ਭਵਜਲ ਤਰਤ ਨ ਲਾਵੈ ਬਾਰਾ ॥੪੦॥: When someone searches (God), and by Understanding engages in Vichaar (reflection, contemplation…), then (he) crosses over the Bhavjal (dreadful ocean of Maya, etc.) in no time. ||40|| (sggs 342).
  • ਖੋਜਤ ਖੋਜਤ ਖੋਜਿ ਬੀਚਾਰਿਓ ਤਤੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਇਹੁ ਜਾਨਾ ਰੇ ॥: Khojat khojat… (sggs 404).

Hence, “Khoj” leads to “Samajh” and “Boojh”. Which, in turn, leads to the stage of “ਬੁਧਿ ਬਦਲੀ – Budhi Badalee” – transmutation of Mayaic Budhi (Haumai, worldly intelligence or  wisdom, conditioned mind, etc.).

  • ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦਿ ਸਮਾਵੈ ਬੂਝੈ ਹਰਿ ਸੋਈ ॥੩॥: Who merges in the Gur-Shabad, comes to Understand the Lord. ||3|| (sggs 160).
  • ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਹੋਵੈ ਸੋਈ ਬੂਝੈ ਗੁਣ ਕਹਿ ਗੁਣੀ ਸਮਾਵਣਿਆ ॥੧॥: Gurmukhi hovai soee boojhai gun kahi… ||1|| (sggs 110).
  • ਕਹਿ ਕਬੀਰ ਬੁਧਿ ਹਰਿ ਲਈ ਮੇਰੀ ਬੁਧਿ ਬਦਲੀ ਸਿਧਿ ਪਾਈ ॥੨॥੨੧॥੭੨॥: Kahi Kabeer… (sggs 339).

In nutshell, the Gurbani’s Soojh-Boojh or Bibek-Budhi tells us that the mind, in its True Nature, is Joti-Svaroopa. In other words, when we unbrokenly dwell in that knowledge (“ਮਨ ਤੂੰ ਜੋਤਿ ਸਰੂਪੁ ਹੈ”), we are not the instinctive mind that we know of – we are other than the mind:

  • ਕਬੀਰ ਜਾ ਕਉ ਖੋਜਤੇ ਪਾਇਓ ਸੋਈ ਠਉਰੁ ॥ ਸੋਈ ਫਿਰਿ ਕੈ ਤੂ ਭਇਆ ਜਾ ਕਉ ਕਹਤਾ ਅਉਰੁ ॥੮੭॥ (sggs 1369).

When not with its Mool, the same mind is the thoughts-stuff. And this force of the thoughts-stuff continuously flows, which means the imaginations or words (ਫੁਰਨੇ, “ਖਿਆਲੀ”) continuously rise as the agitated or restless waves on the surface of the ocean (“ਲਹਰੀ”, “ਤਰੰਗ”, “ਤਰੰਗਾ”).

  • ਮਨਹਿ ਬਿਆਪਤ ਅਨਿਕ ਤਰੰਗਾ ॥੧॥ (sggs 759).
  • ਜਿਚਰੁ ਇਹੁ ਮਨੁ ਲਹਰੀ ਵਿਚਿ ਹੈ ਹਉਮੈ ਬਹੁਤੁ ਅਹੰਕਾਰੁ ॥ (sggs 1247).
  • ਮਾਇਆ ਮਮਤਾ ਪਵਹਿ ਖਿਆਲੀ ॥ (sggs 993).

Clearly, the Gurbani is not the subject of mere reading as in Akhand-Paath, Nit-Nem, etc.; or mere words (ਨਿਰੀਆਂ ਗੱਲਾਂ), or mere counting beads (ਮਾਲਾ ਫੇਰਨੀ), and so on. In other words, mere reading, mere words or talks, mere counting beads, etc., wouldn’t accomplish the Gurbani’s purpose unless adopted and practiced.

  • ਪੜਿਐ ਨਾਹੀ ਭੇਦੁ ਬੁਝਿਐ ਪਾਵਣਾ ॥: Not by reading (books), but through Understanding, is the Mystery Realized. (sggs 148).
  • ਖੋਜੀ ਉਪਜੈ ਬਾਦੀ ਬਿਨਸੈ ਹਉ ਬਲਿ ਬਲਿ ਗੁਰ ਕਰਤਾਰਾ ॥: Khojee oupajai… (sggs 1255).

In nutshell, the mind that does not understand the Divine Hukam (Bhaanaa-ਭਾਣਾਂ) is captive to delusion, resulting in its cracked or divided state. Upon understanding the Hukam (“ਹੁਕਮੁ ਬੂਝਿ”), it remains permeated with its Mool. Through “Khoj” via Shabad-Vichaar, doubts are removed and the Hukam is understood.

  • ਇਸੁ ਮਨ ਕਉ ਨਹੀ ਆਵਨ ਜਾਨਾ ॥ ਜਿਸ ਕਾ ਭਰਮੁ ਗਇਆ ਤਿਨਿ ਸਾਚੁ ਪਛਾਨਾ ॥੬॥ ਇਸੁ ਮਨ ਕਉ ਰੂਪੁ ਨ ਰੇਖਿਆ ਕਾਈ ॥ ਹੁਕਮੇ ਹੋਇਆ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਬੂਝਿ ਸਮਾਈ ॥੭॥ ਇਸ ਮਨ ਕਾ ਕੋਈ ਜਾਨੈ ਭੇਉ ॥ ਇਹ ਮਨਿ ਲੀਣ ਭਏ ਸੁਖਦੇਉ ॥੮॥ ਜੀਉ ਏਕੁ ਅਰੁ ਸਗਲ ਸਰੀਰਾ ॥… (sggs 330).
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8 Comments On This Post Join the Shabad-Vichaar ...

  1. prakash.s.bagga

    These are excellent quotes giving the knowledge about one is being asked to do.
    But what is to be searched? And how it is to be searched?
    The answer to what can be seen in a Quote as
    ਸੋਰਠਿ ਮਹਲਾ ੫ ॥ ਖੋਜਤ ਖੋਜਤ ਖੋਜਿ ਬੀਚਾਰਿਓ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮੁ ਤਤੁ ਸਾਰਾ ॥ pp611
    Thus there is a definie hint about what to be searched.
    Prakash.S.Bagga

  2. shammi wadhwa

    Dear All
    I had already left my comments regarding understanding gurbani. I have just enrolled myself at Sikh missionary college, ludhiana.
    Plz tell me the ways or tips to understanding gurbani and learn SGGS. It is a fact that Lord will bless upon who is ready to search for him.
    But we should know, how to search for him.
    You are request to let me know the ways to deeply understanding SGGS.

    • Welcome back Shammi Ji!
      If I may add, the Gurbani guides us:
      • ਖੋਜ ਬੂਝਿ ਜਉ ਕਰੈ ਬੀਚਾਰਾ ॥ ਤਉ ਭਵਜਲ ਤਰਤ ਨ ਲਾਵੈ ਬਾਰਾ ॥੪੦॥: Khoj boojhi jaou kare beechaaraa. Taou bhavajal tarat n laavai baaraa. (sggs 342).
      • ਲੰਗਰੁ ਚਲੈ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦਿ ਹਰਿ ਤੋਟਿ ਨ ਆਵੀ ਖਟੀਐ ॥: Lanagr chalai gur sabadi hari toti n aavee khateeai (sggs 967).
      • ਹਰਿ ਜਪਿ ਪੜੀਐ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦੁ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਜਪਿ ਪੜੀਐ ਹਉਮੈ ਮਾਰਿ ॥: Hari japi parheeai gur sabadu veechari… (sggs 424).

  3. prakash.s.bagga

    respected Shammi Wadhwa ji,
    First of all you deserve great appreciation for developing interest in understanding of Gurbanee from SGGS ji.This thought iyself should be a great blessing of the GuRu.
    It would be my pleasure to give you few hints if you are benifited
    1..First most important thing is that you should become familiar with the script of Gurbanee.
    The script of Gurbanee is Gurmukhi.you will appreciate a point it should be worth while to
    get basic understanding of the language so that it becomes easier for you to understand the messages from GuROoO itself.
    If you are not familiar with Gurmukhi script you should refer to SGGS ji in Devnagari script.
    But you should totally avoid Roman script in the start itself.
    If possible get some Basic Knowledge of Gurbanee grammar this would be a great help.
    2..You can undertake reading of translations by some eminent scholars in Gurbanee,
    You may refer Books by Prof Sahib Singh ji.
    You may proceed gradually with efforts to get the correct meaning of every word .Make it a daily habit with as much time as you can devote.
    Before starting make a n Ardaasi before Sati GuRu ji for what you want to have.This way I am sure Sati GuRu ji will grace you with its own understanding
    With best wishes
    Prakash.s.Bagga

    • shammi wadhwa

      Thank you Sir ji for giving my such beatiful tips and I am sure with the blessing of Guru, will start to understand gurbani.
      There is no doubt, a man who is covered with so much karmic coverings cannot understand the words as shared by Guru Sahib ji.
      But if HE blesses HIS GRACe upon us, then we can put efforts.
      Therefore, i will put efforts and hope guru will lead me towards the right destination and this blog is always a stick for me to move on my journey
      Thank you once again.

      • i will put efforts and hope guru will lead me towards the right destination

        That’s the spirit – Charhdi Kala!!
        • ਚਰਨ ਸਰਨਿ ਗੁਰ ਏਕ ਪੈਡਾ ਜਾਇ ਚਲ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਕੋਟਿ ਪੈਡਾ ਆਗੇ ਹੋਇ ਲੇਤ ਹੈ । (Kabit Bhai Gurdas).
        • ਆਪਣ ਹਥੀ ਆਪਣਾ ਆਪੇ ਹੀ ਕਾਜੁ ਸਵਾਰੀਐ ॥੨੦॥ (sggs 474)
        • ਸੁਣਿ ਸਖੀਏ ਮਿਲਿ ਉਦਮੁ ਕਰੇਹਾ ਮਨਾਇ ਲੈਹਿ ਹਰਿ ਕੰਤੈ ॥ (sggs 249).

  4. prakash.s.bagga

    Shammi Wadhwa ji,
    Last but one suggestion,You are on the right blog to visit .
    Continue to read over here .

  5. Trilochan Singh Duggal

    Mind at birth exists in its purest form and remain attached with its source of emanation. However in ageing situation, it perceives what is available around and it is easy to get attached to materialistic vibes. Maya then overpowers the mind and it starts becoming murkier as it rolls on.
    In order to revert it to its original state of spirtuality, one needs to divert to the company of the Saints. Nam Simran, understanding of Shabad-Guru and by practsing the proclamation Order, one can change the voyage path to subdue mind from worldly allurements.

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