Literally, Fatih (“ਫਤਿਹ”) = Victory…
The question is: victory over what?
We often see Sikhs greeting each other saying: “ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕਾ ਖਾਲਸਾ || ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹਿ ||” – Waheguroo Jee Kaa Khaalsaa. Waheguroo Jee kee Fatih.
When we greet each others by saying this, do we know, or are we aware of as to what this “Fatih” is, according to the Gurbani (Gurmati)?
Or, over what this “Fatih” or victory is to be obtained? And how do we go about abtaining this “Fatih” or victory?
According to the Gurbani (Gurmati), this “Fatih” or victory is to be obtained on one’s own doubt ridden and deluded mind, which is gone strayed from its Mool (Source…). For it is this Haumai, Mayaic, or instinctive mind that needs to be annihilated or conquered.
The Gurbani says:
- ਫਾਹੇ ਕਾਟੇ ਮਿਟੇ ਗਵਨ ਫਤਿਹ ਭਈ ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤ ॥: Faahe kaate mite gavan fatih bhaee mani jeet: When one conquers his (own) mind, victory (Fatih-“ਫਤਿਹ”) is obtained; (Maya’s) sanares are cut (ਮਾਇਆ ਦੇ ਮੋਹ ਦੇ ਬੰਧਨ ਕੱਟੇ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਹਨ); and one’s (Mayaic-ਮਾਇਆ ਪਿਛੇ ਭਟਕਣਾ) wanderings cease. (sggs 258).
Without conquering of the mind, there cannot be victory (Fatih-ਫਤਿਹ) over the world (Gurmukh Life, Divine Consciousness, Universal Consciousness, Cosmic Consciousness, Spiritual Consciousness, etc.). In other words, victory over the mind is victory over the world (“ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤੈ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤੁ ॥”: Mani jeetai jagu jeetu, sggs 6)! In that state of Divine Consciousness, no one remains Aakee (“ਆਕੀ”-Recalcitrant, disobedient, rebel, defiant, one who does not obey Hukam – ਭਾਣਾ ਨਹੀ ਮੰਨਦਾ, ਹੁਕਮ ਮੰਨਣ ਤੋਂ ਆਕੀ… ).
Now, the question is: how one can one go about conquering one’s own mind?
The Gurbani says that one can do that by becoming the Gurmukhi.
- ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮਨੁ ਜੀਤਾ ਹਉਮੈ ਮਾਰਿ ॥: Gurmukh manu jeetaa houmai maar: The Gurmukh conquers his mind by killing his Haume (false ego-sense). (sggs 946).
Now, who is the Gurmukhi?
Again – according to the Gurbani – the Gurmukhi is he who is fully established in the Truth (ਸਚ, Mool, Aatam-Giaan, Shabad-Giaan, Gurmati, Divine Knowledge, Spiritual Wisdom…) within.
- ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਸਾਚੈ ਰਹੈ ਸਮਾਏ ॥: Gurmukh saachai rahai samaae: By becoming the Gurmukhi, (one) remains absorbed in ਸਚ-Truth (sggs 942).
- ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਸਾਚੁ ਸਬਦੁ ਬੀਚਾਰੈ ਕੋਇ ॥: Gurmukhi saach sabad beechharai koi: Rare is the one who, by becoming a Gurmukh (Spiritual Being), reflects on the True Shabad (sggs 946).
Thus, by conquering his mind, the Gurmukh has conquered the world (“ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤਾ…” – Gurmukhi Jagu jeetaa.., (sggs 946):
As defeat (Haar-ਹਾਰ) is opposite of victory (Fatih-“ਫਤਿਹ”), similarly, a Manmukh (self-willed, ignorant, fool, Mayadhaaree, Saakat…) is opposite of a Gurmhkhi. Accordingly, a Manmukh always fails or faces defeat (Haar-ਹਾਰ). A Manmukh does not care about understanding the Gurbani (Gur-Shabad, Gurmati, Aatm-Giaan…).
- ਮਨਮੁਖ ਹਾਰ ਗੁਰਮੁਖ ਸਦ ਜੀਤਿ ॥੪॥੧੬॥੧੮॥: Manmukh haar Gurmukh sad jeeti ||4||16||18|| A Manmukhs fails or obtains defeat (in the game of life: ਜੀਵਨ-ਬਾਜੀ ਵਿਚ), while the Gurmukh always wins. ||4||16||18|| (sggs 867).